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A novel technique for the pre-concentration and extraction of inositol hexakisphosphate from soil extracts with determination by phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance NWISRL
Turner, Benjamin L.; McKelvie, Ian D..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Phosphorous; Research methodology; Mass Import - autoclassified (may be erroneous).
Ano: 2002 URL: http://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/163/1/1105.pdf
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Adoption of Phytase by Livestock Farmers AgEcon
Stahlman, Michael; McCann, Laura M.J.; Gedikoglu, Haluk.
Phytase represents a potential win/win management practice for non-ruminant producers since it can reduce the need for phosphorous supplementation and also result in lower phosphorous runoff. Cost of phytase has decreased and cost of phosphorous has increased. The reported adoption rate for phytase for non-ruminants was 17.2 percent, however it is currently added to virtually all swine and poultry premixes by feed manufacturers due to the cost savings. People were more likely to say they use phytase if they think it is profitable, not time intensive, and improves water quality.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Manure; Phytase; Phosphorous; Adoption; Environmental Economics and Policy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43235
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Assessing the Market for Poultry Litter in Georgia: Are Subsidies Needed to Protect Water Quality? AgEcon
Mullen, Jeffrey D.; Bekchanov, Ulugbek; Karali, Berna; Kissel, David; Risse, Mark L.; Rowles, Kristin; Collier, Sam.
Concerns about nutrient loads into our waters have focused attention on poultry litter applications. Like many states with a large poultry industry, Georgia recently designed a subsidy program to facilitate the transportation of poultry litter out of vulnerable watersheds. This paper uses a transportation model to examine the necessity of a poultry litter subsidy to achieve water protection goals in Georgia. We also demonstrate the relationship between diesel and synthetic fertilizer prices and the value of poultry litter. Results suggest that a well functioning market would be able to remove excess litter from vulnerable watersheds in the absence of a subsidy.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Fertilizer; Phosphorous; Poultry litter; Subsidy; Transportation model; Water quality; Environmental Economics and Policy; Marketing; Q12; Q13; Q25; Q53.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117948
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Biosolids Application to No-Till Dryland Agroecosytems NWISRL
Ippolito, J.A.; Barbarick, K.A.; McDaniel, J.P.; Hansen., N.C.; Peterson, G.A..
Dryland agroecosystems are generally ideal environments for recycling biosolids. However, what is the efficacy of biosolids addition to a no-till dryland management agroecosystem? From 2000 to 2010, we studied application of biosolids from the Littleton/Englewood, CO Wastewater Treatment Plant versus commercial nitrogen fertilizer in dryland no-till wheat (Triticum aestivum, L.)-fallow (WF) and wheat-corn (Zea mays, L.)-fallow (WCF) rotations at a site approximately 50 miles east of Denver, CO. We tested if biosolids would produce the same yields and grain phosphorus, zinc, and barium concentrations as an equivalent rate of nitrogen fertilizer, that biosolids-borne phosphorus, zinc, and barium would not migrate below the 4 inch soil depth, and that...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Small grain; Dryland crops; Nitrogen; Phosphorous.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/1446/1/1411.pdf
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Bragg soybeans grown on a Southern Coastal Plain soil. IV. Seasonal changes in nodal N and P concentrations NWISRL
Sojka, R.E.; Karlen, D.L.; Scott, H.D..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Bean / dry bean; Nitrogen; Phosphorous; Mass Import - autoclassified (may be erroneous).
Ano: 1989 URL: http://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/524/1/689.pdf
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Caracterização nutricional de acessos provenientes da Etiópia de Café Arábica. Repositório Alice
SANTOS, T. B. dos; MEDA, A. R.; SITTA, R. B.; VESPERO, E. B.; PAVAN, M. A.; CHARMETANT, P.; PIPOLO, V. C.; PEREIRA, L. F. P.; VIEIRA, L. G. E.; DOMINGUES, D. S..
Devido à necessidade cada vez maior de cultivares que apresentem boa produtividade com impactos menores ao meio ambiente, a introgressão de características relacionadas ao uso eficiente de nutrientes minerais é uma estratégia relevante para o melhoramento genético do café. Nesse sentido, a caracterização de acessos provenientes do centro de origem da espécie é um importante subsídio para os programas de melhoramento visando à seleção de materiais de interesse para produção de novas cultivares. Objetivou-se,no presente trabalho, caracterizar a concentração de nove nutrientes minerais em 12 acessos de Coffea arabica L., provenientes da Etiópia, em casa de vegetação, visando identificar genótipos com acumulação diferencial de nutrientes minerais em folhas,...
Tipo: Artigo de periódico Palavras-chave: Phosphorous; Café; Germoplasma; Nitrogênio; Fósforo; Germplasm.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1039997
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Changes in bicarbonate-extractable inorganic and organic phosphorus by drying pasture soils NWISRL
Turner, Benjamin L.; Haygarth, Philip M..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Phosphorous; Mass Import - autoclassified (may be erroneous).
Ano: 2003 URL: http://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/149/1/1090.pdf
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Changes in soil test phosphorus and phosphorus in runoff from calcareous soils receiving manure, compost, and fertilizer application with and without alum NWISRL
Leytem, A.B.; Bjorneberg, D.L..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Calcareous soil; Manure; Phosphorous; Furrow irrigation.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/1355/3/1332.pdf
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Changes in soil test phosphorus and phosphorus in runoff from calcareous soils receiving manure, compost, and fertilizer application with and without alum NWISRL
Leytem, A.B.; Bjorneberg, D.L..
Intensification of the dairy industry in southern Idaho had led to the over-application of manures and a buildup of soil phosphorus (P) which is a potential threat to water quality in the region. As the use of alum has been shown to reduce both soluble manure P and runoff P from alum treated manures, the objective of this study was to determine if surface applications of alum to dairy manure and compost prior to soil incorporation would reduce P losses under furrow irrigation on a calcareous soil. The effects of manure, compost, and fertilizer application with and without alum treatment on soil P, runoff P and aluminum (Al) under furrow irrigation, crop yield, tissue P concentrations and P removal over a four year period were investigated in Kimberly, ID,...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Manure; Calcareous soil; Phosphorous.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/1432/1/1332.pdf
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Changes in soil test phosphorus from broiler litter additions NWISRL
Leytem, A.B.; Sims, J.T..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Chemistry; Phosphorous; Mass Import - autoclassified (may be erroneous).
Ano: 2007 URL: http://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/52/1/1213.pdf
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Combined application of bio-organic phosphate and phosphorus solubilizing bacteria (Bacillus strain MWT 14) improve the performance of bread wheat with low fertilizer input under an arid climate BJM
Tahir,Muhammad; Khalid,Umaira; Ijaz,Muhammad; Shah,Ghulam Mustafa; Naeem,Muhammad Asif; Shahid,Muhammad; Mahmood,Khalid; Ahmad,Naveed; Kareem,Fazal.
Abstract This study was aimed to investigate the effect of bio-organic phosphate either alone or in combination with phosphorus solubilizing bacteria strain (Bacillus MWT-14) on the growth and productivity of two wheat cultivars (Galaxy-2013 and Punjab-2011) along with recommended (150–100 NP kg ha−1) and half dose (75–50 NP kg ha−1) of fertilizers. The combined application of bio-organic phosphate and the phosphorous solubilizing bacteria strain at either fertilizer level significantly improved the growth, yield parameters and productivity of both wheat cultivars compared to non-inoculated control treatments. The cultivar Punjab-2011 produced the higher chlorophyll contents, crop growth rate, and the straw yield at half dose of NP fertilizer; while...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Phosphorous; Phosphorous solubilizing bacteria; Bioavailability; Rhizosphere; Low fertilizer input.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822018000500015
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Controlling Soil Crusting with Phosphoric Acid NWISRL
Robbins, C.W.; Carter, D.L.; Leggett, G.E..
Tipo: Technical Bulletin Palavras-chave: Phosphorous; Mass Import - autoclassified (may be erroneous).
Ano: 1972 URL: http://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/1153/1/249.pdf
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Controlling Soil Crusting with Phosphoric Acid to Enhance Seedling Emergence NWISRL
Robbins, C.W.; Carter, D.L.; Leggett, G.E..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Phosphorous; Mass Import - autoclassified (may be erroneous).
Ano: 1972 URL: http://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/224/1/232.pdf
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Corrective phosphate application as a practice for reducing oxidative stress and increasing productivity in sugarcane Rev. Ciênc. Agron.
Silva,Ariane Márcia de Sousa; Oliveira,Emídio Cantídio Almeida de; Willadino,Lilia Gomes; Freire,Fernando José; Rocha,Alexandre Tavares da.
ABSTRACT Corrective phosphate application increases the levels of phosphorus (P) in the surface layer of the soil, stimulates plant root growth and increases the volume of soil exploited for water and nutrient uptake, which may reduce abiotic oxidative stress in sugarcane. The aim of this study was to evaluate the productivity and the response of the antioxidant enzyme system in sugarcane when grown in soil that received corrective phosphate application, using doses and sources of P of varying solubility. The experiment was conducted under field conditions in the southern Forest Zone of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. The treatments were arranged in a randomised block design, in a (4 × 3) +1 factorial scheme with four replications. The factors consisted...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Saccharum spp.; Phosphorous; Antioxidant enzymes; Mineral nutrition.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1806-66902019000200188
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Delayed sample filtration and storage effects on dissolved nutrients measured in agricultural runoff NWISRL
Lentz, R.D..
Standard water quality analysis methods recommend that sediment-laden runoff waters sampled to determine dissolved nutrient concentrations be filtered immediately after collection. Few research studies have examined the influence of delayed filtration on sample stability or nutrient loss assessments. Twenty eight runoff water volumes were collected from 3 irrigation furrows during a 12-h irrigation set. Four subsamples of each volume were obtained; 2 were filtered (45 µm) in the field and the other 2 were filtered 10 days later, with or without boric acid treatment (1 mL saturated H3BO3 solution per 100 mL sample). All samples were refrigerated at 4 deg. C. Dissolved reactive P (DRP), NO3-N, and NH4-N concentrations were measured in all filtered...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Nitrogen; Phosphorous; Nutrients.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/1516/1/1480.pdf
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Efeitos da adubação fosfatada e da aplicação de resíduo de celulose no crescimento de Eucalyptus dunnii PFB - Pesquisa Florestal Brasileira
Andrade, Guilherme de Castro; Silva, Helton Damin da; Bellote, Antonio Francisco Jurado; Ferreira, Carlos Alberto.
No Brasil, os plantios de árvores de rápido crescimento, principalmente espécies de Eucalyptus e de Pinus, representam uma oferta de milhares de empregos e significativa contribuição ao PIB. Do ponto de vista ambiental, contribuem para reduzir a pressão sobre as florestas nativas, concorrendo assim para a sua preservação e a dos recursos naturais nelas existentes. Esses povoamentos florestais, implantados na sua maioria em solos de baixa fertilidade, apresentam altas taxas de crescimento, necessitando de quantidades significativas de água e nutrientes do solo, o que causa preocupações com a sustentabilidade desses sistemas e com a necessidade de reposição futura de nutrientes. A utilização de resíduos para esta finalidade é considerada prioritária. Neste...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Reflorestamento; Fertilização; Nutrientes; Fósforo; Produtividade de madeira Reforestation; Fertilization; Wastes; Nutrients; Phosphorous; Wood productivity.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://pfb.cnpf.embrapa.br/pfb/index.php/pfb/article/view/1607
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Evaluation of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Placement With Strip Tillage for Irrigated Pacific Northwest Corn Production NWISRL
Tarkalson, D.D.; Bjorneberg, D.L..
Nutrient placement options with strip tillage (ST) can potentially improve plant nutrient utilization and increase crop yield compared to conventional fertilizer placement practices under conventional tillage (CT). The effects of tillage practice and nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) placement on grain yield, biomass yield (whole plant, sum of grain, cobs, and stover), and N and P uptake of field corn (Zea mays L.) were assessed on four sites during 2007 and 2009 at the USDA-ARS Northwest Irrigation & Soils Research Laboratory at Kimberly, ID. During each year, two locations (eroded and not eroded from furrow irrigation) were utilized as study locations. Band placement of fertilizer with ST increased corn grain yield by 12.5 percent (689 kg per ha) and...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Fertilizer; Soil; Nitrogen; Phosphorous.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/1383/1/1358.pdf
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Evaluation of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Placement With Strip Tillage for Irrigated Pacific Northwest Corn Production NWISRL
Tarkalson, D.D.; Bjorneberg, D.L..
Nutrient placement options with strip tillage (ST) can potentially improve plant nutrient utilization and increase crop yield compared to conventional fertilizer placement practices under conventional tillage (CT). The effects of tillage practice and nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) placement on grain yield, biomass yield (whole plant, grain + cobs + stover), and N and P uptake of field corn (Zea mays L.) were assessed on four sites during 2007 and 2009 at the USDA-ARS Northwest Irrigation & Soils Research Laboratory at Kimberly, ID. During each year, two locations (eroded and not eroded from furrow irrigation) were utilized as study locations. Band placement of fertilizer with ST increased corn grain yield by 12.5 % (11 bu/acre) and 25.9% (26 bu/acre)...
Tipo: Conference or Workshop Item Palavras-chave: Tillage; Nitrogen; Phosphorous.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/1386/1/1361.pdf
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Evaluation of poultry litter on sorghum straw intake and dry matter disappearance using dry cows R. Bras. Zootec.
Álvarez Zapata,Ramón; Combellas Láres,Jorge.
An experiment was carried out to evaluate supplementation of sorghum straw (SS) with poultry litter (PL) in a single offering/day, and minerals and their effects on feed intake, sorghum straw dry matter disappearance (DMD) in nylon bags and rumen liquid ammonia N concentration. A 4x4 latin square design with 17-day periods and four rumen fistulated stalled cows was used to compare four treatments: (0) SS alone, (M) SS + mineral mixture offered ad libitum (P) SS + 1 kg/day of a concentrate with 83.5 % PL and (PM) SS + supplements used in M and P. The concentrate was offered in one meal and rumen N concentration increased to just over 100 mg/L between 1 and 3 h after feeding, decreasing to less than 50 mg/L after 7 h, levels similar to those on treatments...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Calcium; Crude protein; Neutral detergent fiber; Phosphorous; Ruminal ammonia.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982005000200028
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Feed management practices to reduce manure phosphorus excretion in dairy cattle NWISRL
Kebreab, Ermias; Hansen V, Anja; Leytem, A.B..
Phosphorus (P) is an essential mineral that needs to be supplied in sufficient quantities for maintenance and growth and milk production in dairy cattle. However, over 60% of the P consumed can be excreted in faeces with a potential to cause environmental pollution. Concern over higher levels of P in intensively managed livestock systems has led to legislation such as the Water Framework Directive in the European Union. In this manuscript, several methods of reducing P pollution are discussed. A major source of environmental P pollution has been overfeeding P mainly due to addition of ‘safety margin’ over the animal’s requirement and concerns related to fertility. Matching the animal’s requirement and feeding in groups so that animals at the same...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Animal; Manure; Phosphorous.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/1512/1/1476.pdf
Registros recuperados: 60
Primeira ... 123 ... Última
 

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