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3 præsentationer fra Økologisk-Kongres 2017 Organic Eprints
Hermansen, J.E.; Kongsted, Anne Grete; Dorca-preda, Teodora; Hestbjerg, Bertel; Holm, Brian.
3 præsentationer fra pEcoSystem projektet til Økologi-Kongress 2017 1)Bedre grisemiljø versus lavere klima- og miljøpåvirkning? Eller både og? 2)10 ugers fravænning 3)Træer i folde fordele og ulemper
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Pigs; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/33785/1/%C3%98ko.pdf
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A diversified organic pork production – presentation of a concept based on seasonal outdoor rearing of very small entire males Organic Eprints
Kongsted, A.G.; Hermansen, J.E.; Claudi-Magnussen, C.; Andersen, B.H..
The risk of boar taint in entire males is supposed to increase with increased age and weight. Thus, a method to reduce this risk may be to slaughter the pigs at a low age and weight. This strategy is investigated as part of a new concept for organic pig production. It is hypothesised that organic pork has to differ markedly from conventional in order to overcome the heavy price competition. A seasonal outdoor rearing system based on production of small entire males, large female pigs and sows slaughtered after their first litter is believed to be a feasible strategy for producing organic pork with high credibility and superior eating quality. The study included a traditional breed, the Danish Black-Spotted. 17 gilts farrowed in April. Within the first week...
Tipo: Proceedings Palavras-chave: Pigs.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/14807/1/14807.pdf
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A study on four feeding strategies of 100% organic origin for piglets concerning performance, health status, losses and economy in organic agriculture Organic Eprints
Weißmann, Friedrich; Bussemas, Ralf; Falk, Anna.
Organic agriculture is defined as a low-external-input-system but piglets’ necessity for high quality diets seems to contradict low-external-input feeding strategies. Hence, a total of 361 piglets was tested from day 14 – 63 post natum concerning performance, health status, losses and diet costs by means of four feeding strategies of 100% organic origin: (i) high-external-input diet, (ii) medium-external-input diet, (iii) lowexternal-input diet, each with grass-clover-silage as roughage source, and (iv) above mentioned low-external-input diet with straw replacing grass-clover-silage. The highexternal-input-diet achieved the significantly highest live weight gain; all other strategies were similar at a lower level. There were no differences in health...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Animal husbandry; Feeding and growth; Pigs.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/24630/1/weissmann_feeding-strategies_paper_1.pdf
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Activities with male pigs - Power point presentation Organic Eprints
Maribo, Hanne.
Presents different activities in Denmark with male pigs.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Production systems; Feeding and growth; Health and welfare; Pigs.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/24973/7/24973.pdf
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Adición de ractopamina a dietas con baja proteína formuladas con tres niveles de lisina digestible para cerdos en engorda. Colegio de Postgraduados
Estrada Godoy, Jesús.
Se ha tratado de encontrar el menor nivel de proteína cruda (PC) en dietas sorgo-pasta de soya adicionada con AA sintéticos que mantenga los resultados productivos de la dieta estándar; también se ha tratado de encontrar un aditivo capaz de mejorar la respuesta productiva de cerdos alimentados con dietas con baja proteína (DBP). Uno de estos aditivos podría ser el compuesto β-adrenérgico Ractopamina (RAC). Por ello, se realizó un experimento para evaluar el comportamiento productivo (ganancia diaria de peso, GDP; consumo de alimento, CAL; conversión alimenticia, CA; ganancia de carne magra, GCM), las características de la canal (área del músculo longissimus, AML; grasa dorsal, GD; porcentaje de carne magra, %CM) y la concentración de urea en plasma de 36...
Palavras-chave: Cerdos; Dietas con baja proteína; Ractopamina; Lisina; Concentración de urea en plasma; Pigs; Low-protein diets; Ractopamine; Lysine; Plasma urea nitrogen concentration.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/442
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Adición de ractopamina a dietas con baja proteína formuladas con tres niveles de lisina digestible para cerdos en engorda. Colegio de Postgraduados
Estrada Godoy, Jesús.
Se ha tratado de encontrar el menor nivel de proteína cruda (PC) en dietas sorgo-pasta de soya adicionada con AA sintéticos que mantenga los resultados productivos de la dieta estándar; también se ha tratado de encontrar un aditivo capaz de mejorar la respuesta productiva de cerdos alimentados con dietas con baja proteína (DBP). Uno de estos aditivos podría ser el compuesto β-adrenérgico Ractopamina (RAC). Por ello, se realizó un experimento para evaluar el comportamiento productivo (ganancia diaria de peso, GDP; consumo de alimento, CAL; conversión alimenticia, CA; ganancia de carne magra, GCM), las características de la canal (área del músculo longissimus, AML; grasa dorsal, GD; porcentaje de carne magra, %CM) y la concentración de urea en plasma de 36...
Palavras-chave: Cerdos; Dietas con baja proteína; Ractopamina; Lisina; Concentración de urea en plasma; Pigs; Low-protein diets; Ractopamine; Lysine; Plasma urea nitrogen concentration.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/442
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Agricultural land use in Danish organic pig production Organic Eprints
Knage-Drangsfeldt, Kristian.
In Denmark the organic sows farrow outdoor on pasture (picture 1) and the gestation sows are outdoor from 15 April to 1 November on pasture (picture 2). Some farmers also keep their weaned piglets on outdoor pasture (picture 3). In the project pEcosystem data from five herds have delivered their crop plan for 2016. This gives unique information on the land use in Danish organic pig production.
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Pigs.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33779/1/Faktaark_agricultural_land_use_TRYK.pdf
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Aim of the breeding research in LIB-SP3 and the methods to be used Organic Eprints
Merks, Jan.
‘Low input’ pig production systems are usually characterised by smaller herd size, more space per animal, lower capital investment, often outdoor management, provision of bedding, greater labour requirement and focus on animal welfare. Examples of ‘low input’ pig production systems are “Iberico” in Spain, “Neuland” pigs in Germany, “Scharrelvarkens” in The Netherlands, “Natura Farm” in Switzerland, “Label Rouge” in France and “Freedom Food” in United Kingdom. Organic pig production systems have similar characteristics to those described for ‘low input systems’ above. However, organic farming standards prescribe e.g. low stocking densities, access to outdoor runs, restrict the level of ‘bought in, non-organic’ feeds etc, which usually results in higher...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Breeding and genetics; Pigs.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/18708/1/Merks%2DPigs%2Daims.pdf
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Airborne biological hazards and dust in fattening pig facilities with and without straw Organic Eprints
Hartung, E.; Ollesch, K.; Häussermann, A.; Rieger, M.A.; Diefenbach, H.; Sundrum, A.; Ebke, M.; Lohmeyer, M..
Against the background of a high prevalence of respiratory diseases among the workers with the housing of fattening pigs as well as conspicuous negative pulmonary results among the fattening pigs it will be necessary to determine within the framework of an interdisciplinary cooperating project the impact of and hazards for humans, animals and the environment wherever it occurred in fattening pig facilities. To achieve this research has been carried out in representative systems of housing fattening pigs especially taking into account organic systems with the use of straw in deep litter or minimal litter systems in comparison to conventional systems, where the straw was used as on occupation material. In correspondence with the current discussion in the...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Pigs; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/15194/1/Hartung%2Detal%2D2004%2DConferenceAgEng%2DLuft%2DSchweinemast.pdf
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Airborne biological hazards in different pig fattening systems Organic Eprints
Diefenbach, H.; Hartung, E.; Sundrum, A.; Lohmeyer, M.; Rieger, M.A..
In this research project two organic and two conventional housing systems for fattening pigs are assessed in regard to the emission of microorganisms, endotoxins and dust. The concentrations of microorganisms and endotoxins varied between the different housing systems while no distinct differences for the dust concentrations were observed. Endotoxins concentrations reached up to 14 495 EU/m³ (median) in deep litter stable, indicating the high exposure with biological agents during farm work. The differences between the stables could not be assigned to the organic or conventional kind of husbandry but to the management of the systems. Copyright © by BIOLIFE, s.a.s.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Pigs; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/15191/1/diefenbach%2Detal%2D2006%2Dair%2Dquality%2Dpig%2Dfattening.pdf
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Allium sativum L. for prophylaxis of diarrhea in weaned piglets Organic Eprints
Ayrle, Hannah; Mevissen, Meike; Nathues, Heiko; Walkenhorst, Michael.
Background Postweaning infection with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli strains leads to high morbidity and mortality in piglets. Garlic (Allium sativum L.) exhibits antibacterial, antidiarrheal, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects. Garlic could be an alternative or complementary prophylaxis and therapy, but established dose regimens are missing.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Health and welfare; Pigs.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32071/1/Poster_Allium_pigets_GABasel_HAyrle_online.pdf
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ALLOMETRIC GROWTH OF PRIMAL CUTS AND TISSUES IN THE PIG Ciência Rural
Siewerdt,Frank; Farias,José Viriato da Silva; Osório,José Carlos da Silveira; Jacondino,Ilo Francisco Ribeiro.
Data from 82 purebred and crossbred Large White and Duroc barrows and gilts were used to describe the growth of carcass primal cuts, of tissues, and of several organs. Pigs were allowed ad libitum to a conventional diet, which contained com and soybean meal. Pigs were weighted weekly and were slaughtered when attained a liveweight over 90kg. An allometric pattern of growth was assumed. Within the observed range of liveweight, the carcass grew slower than the whole animal. An increase of carcass weight corresponds to a similar increase of lean, but also corresponds to a larger increase of fat tissues. A suggestion to slaughter pigs near to 90kg of liveweight is presented, in order to obtain leaner carcasses.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Allometric growth; Carcasses; Pigs.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84781994000300031
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Alt oder Neu - Welche Rassen passen für die ökologische Schweinefleischerzeugung? Organic Eprints
Weißmann, Friedrich; Baulain, Ulrich; Brade, Wilfried; Werner, Daniela; Brandt, Horst.
In der ökologischen Schweinemast wird immer wieder über die Eignung alter und moderner Schweinegenotypen sowie die Notwendigkeit eigener Zuchtprogramme diskutiert. Um beide Punkte beantworten zu können, sind Informationen über das Ausmaß möglicher Genotyp- Umwelt-Interaktionen bei relevanten Leistungsmerkmalen notwendig. Daher wurden 682 Schweine von 7 merkmalsdifferenzierten Genotypen auf zwei Leistungsprüfungsanstalten in jeweils ökologischer und konventioneller Haltung auf Merkmale der Mastleistung sowie Schlachtkörper- und Fleischqualität geprüft. Es zeigte sich, dass in der Mastleistung und der Schlachtkörperqualität sowohl die modernen den alten Genotypen als auch die konventionellen den ökologischen Prüfbedingungen überlegen waren. Beim...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Pigs.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/17012/1/509_lbf_sh335_02_Weissmann_et_al%2DOEL.pdf
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Alternativ kontrol af indvoldsorm hos svin Organic Eprints
Mejer, Helena; Roepstorff, Allan.
De fleste almindelige indvoldsorm i danske svin er helt afhængige af værtsdyrenes nærmiljø, fordi en del af deres livscyklus skal gennemføres uden for værtsdyret. Ormene udskiller æg, som deponeres med værtens gødning i dennes omgivelser, hvor æggene dernæst udvikler sig til mere eller mindre hårdføre infektive stadier, som enten kan gensmitte værten eller smitte nye værtsdyr. Danske svin er gennem mange år blevet koncentreret i stadig større og mere intensive besætninger. Sammen med en udbredt brug af medicinering har dette forårsaget en markant reduktion i forekomsten og intensiteten af parasitter. Den økologiske driftsform, hvor forebyggende medicinsk behandling ikke er tilladt, og hvor dyrene skal have rigelig strøelse og adgang til udendørs...
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: Pigs; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/3243/1/3243.pdf
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Alternative Fütterungskonzepte für Geflügel und Schweine im Biolandbau Organic Eprints
Früh, Barbara; Leiber, Florian; Spengler Neff, Anet; Dierauer, Hansueli.
Alternative Fütterungskonzepte für hohe Leistungen im Biolandbau sind eine Herausforderung. Kurz- und mittelfristig fokussieren die Alternativen eine Äquivalenz zur konventionellen Fütterungspraxis. Hierfür benötigt die Schweizer Biolandwirtschaft mehr Ackerflächen, um hochwertige Eiweissfuttermittel ökologisch und nachhaltig produzieren zu können. Partiell können Nebenprodukte die Eigenversorgung erhöhen. Langfristig muss der Biolandbau aus dem konventionellen Sog der Leistungssteigerung in der Tierhaltung aussteigen. Das bedingt eigene Leistungs-, Qualitäts-, Markt- und andere Konsumentenansprüche, damit der Markt für tierische Produkte weiter an Bedeutung gewinnen kann.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Pigs; Poultry.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/22699/1/frueh-etal-2013-alternative-fuetterungskonzepte-ETH.pdf
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Alternative plant protein sources for pigs and chickens in the tropics – nutritional value and constraints: a review JARTS
Martens, Siriwan D.; International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Tropical Forages Program; Tiemann, Tassilo T.; International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Tropical Forages Program; Bindelle, Jérôme; University of Liège Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech; Peters, Michael; International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Tropical Forages Program; Lascano, Carlos E.; National University of Colombia, Bogotá.
In the tropics, a large number of smallholder farms contribute significantly to food security by raising pigs and poultry for domestic consumption and for sale on local markets. The high cost and, sometimes, the lack of availability of commercial protein supplements is one of the main limitations to efficient animal production by smallholders. Locally-grown forages and grain legumes offer ecological benefits such as nitrogen fixation, soil improvement, and erosion control which contribute to improve cropping efficiency. Besides these agronomical assets, they can be used as animal feeds in mixed farming systems. In this paper we review options to include locally-grown forages and grain legumes as alternative protein sources in the diets of pigs and poultry...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal Nutrition; Forage Science; Animal Husbandry tropical forages; Pigs; Poultry; Protein supplementation.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2012092441794
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Alternative protein crops in diets of organically housed weanling pigs Organic Eprints
van der Peet-Schwering, C.M.C.; van Krimpen, M.M.; Kemme, P.; Binnendijk, G.P.; Jongbloed, A.W.; Henniphof-Schoonhoven, C..
The effects of feeding weanling piglets diets with three different levels of three organic protein crops on performance and health were studied. Diets with 10, 20 or 30% field beans (Vicia faba, variety Aurelia, tannin-free), 10, 20 or 30% white lupins (Lupinus albus, variety Dieta, alkaloid-low) and 20, 40 or 60% quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, variety Atlas, saponin-free) were compared with a control diet containing 15% soybean expeller and 2.2% soybeans. Besides, the apparent ileal digestibility and the apparent total tract digestibility of nutrients of the control diet and the diets with 30% field beans, 30% lupins and 40% quinoa were assessed. At weaning, 1,055 weanling piglets were assigned to one of the 10 experimental treatments. The piglets were...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Pigs; Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2006
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Alternativen zum Einsatz von synthetischem Vitamin B2 und Vitamin B2 GVO Derivaten - Erhebung der Vitamin B2-Versorgung bei Bioschweinen Organic Eprints
Oehen, Bernadette; Schneider, Claudia; Früh, Barbara.
Derzeit wird in allen Bereichen der konventionellen Lebens- und Futtermittelherstellung Vitamin B2 als GVO-Derivat, welches im Fermenter mit Hilfe von gentechnisch verändertem Bacillus subtilis hergestellt wird, eingesetzt. Die Produktionen unter Biolabels bilden hier eine Ausnahme. Im Herbst 2007 wurde von Seiten der Hersteller von Biofuttermitteln eine europaweite Mangelsituation bei der Versorgung von synthetischem Vitamin B2 gemeldet. Es wurde der Wunsch geäussert, die Bio Suisse solle beim BLW eine Ausnahmebewilligung für Vitamin B2 aus Prozessen mit GVO beantragen. Im September 07 entschied der Bio Suisse Vorstand aber, dass keine GVO Derivate im Biolandbau eingesetzt werden dürfen. In der neuen EU Bioverordnung 834/07 fällt Vitamin B2 unter die...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Pigs; Regulation.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18722/1/Vitamin_B2_Versorgung_Bioschweine.pdf
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Alternativen zur betäubungslosen Ferkelkastration für Biobetriebe – Umsetzung in der Praxis (Workshop) Organic Eprints
Werne, Steffen.
Die betäubungslose Ferkelkastration ist ab 2010 in der Schweiz verboten. Auch in den EU - Ländern ist das Thema brandaktuell und vor allem die Bioverbände sind aufgefordert, eine Vorreiterrolle in der tiergerechten Ferkelerzeugung einzunehmen. Daher ist der Zeitpunkt für Wissenschaftler, Berater und Landwirte optimal, um sich im Rahmen eines Workshops über die vorhandenen Möglichkeiten auszutauschen. Für die Ferkelerzeuger gibt es verschiedene alternative Methoden. Neben den Betäubungsmethoden ist die Ebermast die Produktionsform der Wahl für biologisch wirtschaftende Betriebe. Bei der Umsetzung in der Praxis stellen sich den Betrieben bei allen Methoden Herausforderungen, die es zu meistern gilt. Rechtliche, arbeitswirtschaftliche, hygienische und...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Pigs.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/13739/1/WS21_Ferkelkastration_13739.pdf
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Alternatives for the substitution of synthetic vitamin B2 or vitamin B2 produced from GMOs Organic Eprints
Oehen, Bernadette; Früh, Barbara; Schneider, Claudia.
Today in conventional food and feed production added vitamin B2 is produced almost exclusively from a GMO,1 namely the genetically modified Bacillus subtilis. Vitamin B2 applied in certified organic food and feed productions is an exception, as it is still synthesized conventionally. In fall 2007 and also recently, there has been a lack of non-GMO derived vitamin B2 on the European market, which has caused temporary supply problems for organic producers. This event triggered the political will to conduct new research in order to find alternative solutions for the substitution of synthetic vitamin B2 in organic agriculture.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Pigs; Regulation.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/18721/1/Summary_Vitamin_B2_2011.pdf
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