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Registros recuperados: 7
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Genetic improvement and selection in shellfish : a review based on oyster research and production ArchiMer
Boudry, Pierre; Barre, Marc; Gerard, Andre.
Despite the economic importance of shellfish, genetic improvement has not yet had a great impact on these species. Shellfish farming is traditionally based on wild species whose natural populations are often overexploited and do not fulfil market demand. Up to now, the most effective answer 10 disease problems or for the improvement of productivity has been the introduction of new species. However, the introduction of new species is constrained by their ecological impact and is also limited by the availability 01 suitable species. Genetic improvement of local species should therefore be of great importance as a viable alternative for the long term sustainability 01 the shellfish Industry. The different approaches 10 genetic improvement include...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Selective breeding; Hybridization; Polyploidy; Introduction; Oyter; Sélection; Hybridation; Polyploïdie; Introduction; Huîtres.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1998/publication-2740.pdf
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Mise au point de méthodes de manipulation embryonnaire de mollusques bivalves. Application en génétique et pathologie infectieuse ArchiMer
Cadoret, Jean-paul.
Après vingt ans de programmes pivilégiant les méthodes d'élevage, les recherches concernant l'aquaculture, évoluent maintenant vers les domaines de la pathologie infectieuse et la génétique. La maîtrise des productions larvaires a en effet favorisé l'étude de la reproduction et de l'embryologie, et permet désormais d'aborder des travaux expérimentaux sur les différents stades embryonnaires. La polyploïdisation d'oeufs de moules ou d'huîtres a d'abord été envisagée par l'application d'un procédé d'électrofusion. Des expérimentations à grande échelle ont permis l'obtention d'embryons triploïdes (55% chez les huîtres et 36% chez les moules) ainsi que tétraploïdes (20% chez les huîtres et 26% chez les moules). La microinjection de spermatozoïdes a permis de...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mollusques; Bivalves; Polyploïdie; Electrofusion; Microinjection; Fécondation assistée; Rickettsies; Embryoculture; Trasfert de gène; B-galactosidase; Résistance; Pathologie; Génétique.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00440/55127/56585.pdf
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Obtention de souches conchylicoles performantes par polyploïdisation (2ème partie) ArchiMer
Gerard, Andre.
Following a phase of experimental system development, acquisition and improvement of triploidisation techniques carried out in 1989, the 1990 program divides into four main actions:1) significant production of diploid and triploid populations of cupped oysters and Pacific clams in order to compare their performances in French coastal waters2) first trials of triploidy induction in European clam3) development of a ploidy control technique at any stage of the animal life, through digital imaging4) summary of the first trials of tetraploidy induction in C. gigas and R. philippinarum
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Imagerie numérique; Ruditapes decussatus; Ruditapes philippinarum; Crassostrea gigas; Cytogénétique; Tétraploïdie; Triploïdie; Polyploïdie.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1991/rapport-3855.PDF
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Obtention de souches conchylicoles performantes par polyploïdisation (3ème partie) ArchiMer
Gerard, Andre; Peignon, Jean-marie; Ledu, Christophe; Phelipot, Pascal; Noiret, Christophe; Bodoy, Alain; Heurtebise, Serge; Garnier, Jacqueline.
The third part of the polyploidisation program of the main French species of commercial interest, this report presents the actions and results for the year 1991 which was devoted to:- continuation of the development trials of the triploidy induction technique in Ruditapes decussates (i.e. indigenous clam)- production of diploid and triploid populations of Ostrea edulis (i.e. flat oyster)- control of diploid and triploid population performances in cupped oyster and Pacific clam in their natural habitat- continuation of the development of a ploidy control technique through image analysis- beginning of the development of a new polyploidy induction technique in bivalve molluscs
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ruditapes decussatus; Ostrea edulis; Ruditapes philippinarum; Crassostrea gigas; Imagerie numérique; Cytogénétique; Polyploïdie.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1992/rapport-3857.PDF
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Obtention de souches conchylicoles performantes par polyploïdisation (4ème partie) ArchiMer
Gerard, Andre; Naciri, Yamama; Peignon, Jean-marie; Ledu, Christophe; Phelipot, Pascal; Bodoy, Alain; Heurtebise, Serge; Garnier, Jacqueline; Baud, Jean-pierre; Nourry, Max; Haure, Joel; Martin, Anne-genevieve; Claude, Serge; Barret, Jean; Devauchelle, Nicole; Joly, Jean-pierre; Goulletquer, Philippe; Coatanea, Denis; Oheix, Jocelyne; Zanette, Yvan; Blachier, Philippe.
This fourth part of the polyploidisation program reports the experiments that were conducted in 1992 and that were devoted to : - the acquiring of a new method using an epifluroescent microscope - the development o a new technique for inducing polyploidy - the triploidy induction for the Europena clam Ruditapes decussatus - the settlement of performance controls conducted on diploid and triploid populations of Ostrea edulis - results of performance controls conducted on diploid and triploid populations of Crassostrea gigas and Ruditapes philippinarum
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ruditapes decussatus; Ruditapes philippinarum; Ostrea edulis; Crassostra gigas; Cytongenetics; Polyploidy; Ruditapes decussatus; Ruditapes philippinarum; Ostrea edulis; Crassostrea gigas; Cytogénétique; Polyploïdie.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1993/rapport-3859.PDF
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Obtention de souches conchylicoles performantes par polyploïdisation (5ème partie) ArchiMer
Gerard, Andre; Naciri, Yamama; Peignon, Jean-marie; Ledu, Christophe; Phelipot, Pascal; Baud, Jean-pierre; Nourry, Max; Haure, Joel; Heurtebise, Serge; Garnier, Jacqueline; Martin, Anne-genevieve; Claude, Serge; Langlade, Aime; Joly, Jean-pierre; Goulletquer, Philippe; Ruelle, Francois; Coatanea, Denis; Oheix, Jocelyne; Vercelli, Catherine; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Maurer, Daniele; Borel, Michel; Cardinal, Mireille; Cornet, Josiane; Le Pennec, Marcel; Le Mercier, A..
This fifth part of the polyploidisation program reports the experiments that were conducted in 1993 and that were devoted to : - monitoring growth performance of Ostrea edulis diploids and triploids in La Trinité sur Mer and Palavas - monitoring growth performance of Crassostrea gigas diploids and triploids in Port en Bessin, Marennes Oleron (2 locations), Arcachon and Palavas - comparative study of gametogenesis for C. gigas diploids and triploids - comparative study of C. gigas diploids and triploids using sensorial analysis At the end of fifth year, it was clear that triploids are advantageous although such a statement must be moderated according to locations. The gametogenesis stydy showed that triploidy is associated with partial to complete...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Ostrea edulis; Cytogenetics; Polyploidy; Crassostra gigas; Ostrea edulis; Cytogénétique; Polyploïdie.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1994/rapport-3860.PDF
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Reproduction uniparentale et polyploidie induites chez la truite arc-en-ciel (Oncorhynchus mykiss) et chez les bivalves Crassostrea gigas, Ruditapes philippinarum et Chlamys varia ArchiMer
Diter, Alain.
Methods of gynogenesis, androgenesis and polyploidy induction were developed with the aim of genetic improvement in the rainbow trout, the Pacific oyster, the Manila clam and the black scallop. In the trout: · haploid androgenesis was induced by means of a pressure shock applied on diploid eggs, probably at the time of karyogamy. Diploid androgenetic individuals were directly produced from eggs fertilized with sperm from tetraploid male. · a heat shock treatment effective for suppressing the first egg mitosis was developed. This treatment allows the production of homozygous gynogenetic lines (checked using enzyme electrophoresis technique) from eggs inseminated with ultraviolet irradiated sperm. The treatment also induced tetraploidy in eggs normally...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Méthode induction gynogenèse; Androgenèse; Polyploïdie; Oncorhynchus mykiss; Crassostrea gigas; Ruditapes philippinarum; Chlamys varis; Génétique; Methods of gynogenesis; Androgenesis; Polyploidy; Oncorhynchus mykiss; Crassostrea gigas; Ruditapes philippinarum; Chlamys varis; Genetic.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00210/32097/30553.pdf
Registros recuperados: 7
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