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100% local and organic: closing the protein gap for poultry in the ICOPP Project Organic Eprints
Nelder, Rebecca; Smith, Jo; Clements, Ruth; Pearce, Bruce.
A key challenge in improving the sustainability of organic poultry production is meeting the required levels of nutrients from locally sourced organic feeds. 100% organic diets for monogastrics will become compulsory in the EU from 1st January 2015. The ICOPP project brings together knowledge, from 10 EU countries, of local feeds for monogastrics and their wider impact on growth, health and welfare and the environment to identify feeding strategies which comply with organic principles. This poster will report on feeding trials carried out with broilers in the UK by FAI and ORC to investigate the impact of algae, peas and lupins on broiler performance and welfare.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Poultry.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/21763/1/Nelder%202OAHC%20proceedings_2012.pdf
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100 % organic ration works for organic table birds Organic Eprints
Woodward, Lawrence; O'Brien, Josie.
Poultry researcher Josie O’Brien and Lawrence Woodward present some results from a series of EFRC trials that are questioning the need for the conventional feed derogation in organic poultry production. Currently the use of up to twenty percent of non-organic components is allowed in the feed ration of organically certified table birds. Although this derogation is supposed to be removed in August 2005, there is mounting pressure to allow it to continue in some form. The derogation was introduced due to concerns that without it the bird’s nutritional needs could not be met by certified organic sources alone and therefore their health, welfare and growth would be compromised. The primary concern relates to amino acid levels and in particular methionine....
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Poultry; Health and welfare; Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/4185/1/4185.pdf
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100%-Biofütterung mit Rapskuchen und heimischen Körnerleguminosen bei der Fütterung von Legehennen verschiedener Herkünfte Organic Eprints
Rahmann, Gerold; Holle, Romana; Andresen, B; Andresen, C.J..
Rations of 100% organic and local origin were tested. Up to 18% of thermally proc-essed rape cake was fed in different rations to two groups of laying hens. Faba beans, Vicia sativa and blue lupines were used as protein supplements to create a feeding ration. High vicine and covicine contents, especially in Vicia sativa, led to a refusal of some food rations. No ration has been found suitable for daily use. Chicken fed with a rape cake ration laid eggs with a positive fatty acid pattern, which is favourable for human diets.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Poultry; Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/9242/1/9242_Rahmann_Vortrag.pdf
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A cadeia produtiva do frango de corte no Brasil e na Argentina. Infoteca-e
CANEVER, M. D.; TALAMINI, D. J. D.; CAMPOS, A. C.; SANTOS FILHO, J. I. dos.
O desenvolvimento da agroindustria avicola brasileira e argentina; A agroindustria avicola no Brasil; A agroindustria avicola na Argentina; A teoria competitiva e o modelo de "Porter"; Evolucao da teoria competitiva; O modelo competitivo de "Porter" na agroindustria do frango de corte; Os determinantes da competitividade da agroindustria avicola brasileira e argentina; Condicoes de demanda; As interrelacoes da demanda; Estrategias mercadologicas e composicao da demanda; Condicoes de fatores; Custos de producao do frango vivo; As condicoes de fatores de maior importancia na producao do frango vivo; Instalacoes e equipamentos; Cama; Graos; Recursos energeticos; Mao-de-obra; Transportes; Industrias correlatas e de apoio; Material genetico; Produtos...
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Frango de corte; Producao; Economia; Argentina; Brasil; Poultry; Broiler; Production; Economy; Brazil.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/433669
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A new method for analysis of plasma carotenoids in poultry Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Teixeira,M.; Meleiro,C.H.A..
A study was carried out to evaluate a new quantitative analytical technique for determination of plasma carotenoids in poultry. Plasma carotenoides were extracted and measured from 30 blood samples of male Cobb broilers. The new technique was efficient in detecting plasma carotenoids of chickens and also showed advantages upon those techniques currently in use such as the form of presentation of results, use of a compatible solvent, and the scanning method for reading. The new technique did not increase the cost of the analysis.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Poultry; Plasma carotenoid; New analytical technique.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352008000600014
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A note on fear reaction of three different genetic strains of laying hens to a simulated hawk attack in the hen run of a free-range system Organic Eprints
Zeltner, Esther; Hirt, Helen.
Hens well adapted to free-range systems should react quickly to avoid an attack by a predator but should also be able to return to the hen run soon after to ensure good use of the outside area.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Poultry; Breeding and genetics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/14778/1/zeltner%2Dhirt%2D2008%2DAPPLAN2898.pdf
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A NOVEL GREEN BIOREFINERY CONCEPT: Protein refining by lactic acid fermentation and biogas production from green biomass Organic Eprints
Fernandez, Maria Santamaria.
The extraction of proteins from leaves, integrated in a green biorefinery, may represent an attractive solution to the increasing demand for protein-rich animal feeds while decreasing the dependency on soybean imports. Thereby such green biorefineries could contribute to the development of more self-sufficient and sustainable agricultural systems in Europe. The framework of this PhD study is a green biorefinery concept for the production of protein concentrate, biogas and fertilizer from organic and locally grown green crops like alfalfa, clover or grass. After the screw pressing of the fresh crops, lactic acid fermentation of the green juice with Lactobacillus salivarius BC 1001 was assessed as the key method for the recovery of proteins. A leaf protein...
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Pasture and forage crops; Production systems; Farming Systems; Poultry.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33337/1/PhD%20thesis.%20Santamaria-Fernandez%2C%20Maria.pdf
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A Review of Household Poultry Production as a Tool in Poverty Reduction with Focus on Bangladesh and India AgEcon
Dolberg, Frands.
This Working Paper for the South Asia regional hub of the Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Initiative presents the case for using poultry, in very small units of 5-10 adult birds, as a means of alleviating the poverty of rural women in the region. Policies and procedures that affect the success of such initiatives are examined. The author draws on personal experience and an extensive literature review. The main focus of the paper is a review of what is known as the Bangladesh Model. Emphasising that this is not a static model, the author explains its evolution by Bangladesh’'s largest NGO, BRAC, working with the government department responsible for livestock services. The main feature of the model is that the supply of inputs and services are turned into income...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Pro-poor livestock policy; Livelihoods; Poultry; Poverty alleviation; Food Security and Poverty; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23762
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A study tour of organic poultry production in France - current & future implementation of standards & EU legislation Organic Eprints
Anon,.
Introduction There have recently been major changes in the regulations governing the production of organic poultry products in the EU. Member States have been required to set Standards for production that meet the minimum set in Regulation (EC) 1804/99 if products, including poultry, are to be sold as organic within the EU. This has raised concerns over consistency of implementation in other Member States, and whether, directly or through derogation, this might lead to competitive advantage over the UK. MAFF were aware that France had drafted derogations in accordance with Regulation (EC) 1804/99, and intended to implement some aspects of the Regulation which were claimed to be more stringent than the basic requirements. The aim of this project...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Regulation; Poultry; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://orgprints.org/6612/1/OF0303_2551_FRP.pdf
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A survey for maintenance of virulent newcastle disease virus-free area in poultry production in Brazil BJM
Orsi,M.A; Doretto Jr,L; Camillo,S.C.A; Reischak,D; Ribeiro,S.A.M; Ramazzoti,A; Mendonça,A.O; Spilki,F.R; Buzinaro,M.G; Ferreira,H.L; Arns,C.W.
In 2003, Brazil was recognized as a pathogenic Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) strain-free country for commercial poultry. This research was conducted in Brazil between December 2003 and March 2005 to verify the maintenance of this virulent NDV-free status. Serum samples from 5,455 flocks for commercial poultry farms were collected, comprising 81,825 broiler chickens. The farms were located in nine states of the country, grouped in three geographic regions. Serological evidence of NDV infection was detected in 28.8% of the surveyed farms. However, all fifteen viruses isolated and identified as Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) were characterized as nonpathogenic strains, based on the Intracerebral Pathogenicity Index. These results showed that Brazil preserves...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Newcastle Disease Virus; Pathogenicity; Poultry; Biological characterization.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822010000200017
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Åbent Landbrug hos Aarhus Universitet i Foulum Organic Eprints
Steenfeldt, S..
Til Åbent Landbrug søndag den 15. september 2013 var universiteterne repræsenteret ved hos Aarhus Universitet i Foulum.
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Poultry.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/28018/6/28018.pdf
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Ability of non-linear mixed models to predict growth in laying hens R. Bras. Zootec.
Galeano-Vasco,Luis Fernando; Cerón-Muñoz,Mario Fernando; Narváez-Solarte,William.
In this study, the Von Bertalanffy, Richards, Gompertz, Brody, and Logistics non-linear mixed regression models were compared for their ability to estimate the growth curve in commercial laying hens. Data were obtained from 100 Lohmann LSL layers. The animals were identified and then weighed weekly from day 20 after hatch until they were 553 days of age. All the nonlinear models used were transformed into mixed models by the inclusion of random parameters. Accuracy of the models was determined by the Akaike and Bayesian information criteria (AIC and BIC, respectively), and the correlation values. According to AIC, BIC, and correlation values, the best fit for modeling the growth curve of the birds was obtained with Gompertz, followed by Richards, and then...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Chickens; Mathematical models; Poultry; Regression analysis; Weight gain.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982014001100573
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Acari predatori contro parassiti delle galline Organic Eprints
Maurer, Veronika.
In numerosi pollai con il tempo umido e caldo gli acari rossi si moltiplicano in modo esponenziale. La loro presenza è riconoscibile dai depositi brizzolati vicino alle fessure.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Health and welfare; Poultry.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33292/1/Bioattualit%C3%A0_3_2018_V.Maurer.pdf
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Acariens prédateurs contre parasites des volailles Organic Eprints
Maurer, Veronika.
Lorsque le temps est chaud et humide, les acariens des volailles se multiplient de manière explosive dans de nombreux poulaillers et forment, près des fissures, des dépôts ressemblant à du sel et du poivre. Les acariens vont sur les volailles pendant la nuit, leur sucent du sang puis se retirent dans leurs cachettes.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Health and welfare; Poultry.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33290/1/Bioactualites_3_2018_V.Maurer.pdf
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Ackerbohnen als Futterkomponente des ökologischen Landbaus für Masthühner-Elterntiere und verschiedene Mastbroilerherkünfte Organic Eprints
Abel, Hansjörg; Gerken, Martina.
Es wurden die Wirkungen ackerbohnenreicher Fütterung bei Hubbard ISA 57 Mastelterntieren und ihren Nachkommen sowie bei Mastbroilern der Herkünfte ISA 657, ISA 957 und ISA Red JA auf die Legeleistung, Bruteiqualität, Mast- und Schlachtleistung, die Futterverwertung sowie auf morphophysiologische und histomorphometrische Kenngrößen der Dünndarmmucosa, der Leber und des Pankreas unter den Bedingungen des Ökologischen Landbaus untersucht. Bei Mastelterntieren führten Vicin-/convicinreiche Ackerbohnen (15% im Futter) gegenüber vicin-/convicinarmen Ackerbohnen oder ackerbohnenfreier Kontrollfütterung zu verminderten Eigewichten, Bruteiqualitäten und Schlupfgewichten. Niedrigere Schlupfgewichte hatten zum Mastbeginn niedrigere Zunahmen der Küken zur Folge, die...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Poultry; Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/8941/1/8941%2D02OE622%2Duni%2Dgoettingen%2Dabel%2D2004%2Dackerbohne.pdf
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Ackerbohnen als Futterkomponente des ökologischen Landbaus für Masthühner-Elterntiere und verschiedene Mastbroilerherkünfte Organic Eprints
Ziel der Untersuchungen ist die Eignung der Ackerbohnen mit reduziertem Pyrimidinglycosidgehalten als Futterkomponente für Broilerelterntiere und Broiler. Geprüft werden soll der Einfluss der Ackerbohnen auf die Legeleistung, die Eiqualität, die Befruchtungsrate, die Schlupfrate sowie die Mast- und Schlachtleistungen von Broilern. Untersucht wird, ob sich die Eltern- tierfütterung mit unterschiedlich vicinhaltigen Ackerbohnen auf die Mast- und Schlachtleistung der Nachkommen auswirkt und ob es einen Einfluss der ackerbohnenreichen Fütterung auf histologische Organ- und Gewebeparameter gibt. Gehalten werden die Tiere in Bodenhaltung mit Auslauf bis zur 42. Lebenswoche. Die Einteilung der 6 Versuchsgruppen erfolgt zu je 40 Hennen und 5 Hähnen und die Tiere...
Tipo: Project description Palavras-chave: Poultry; Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2019
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Adding more value to added-value. An exploration of consumers’ perceptions and attitudes towards improved animal welfare standards in organic meat production processes Organic Eprints
Marian, Livia; Thøgersen, John.
The expansion of the organic food market and the growing competition are factors that fuel the differentiation of organic food products. Differentiation may be achieved by developing “organic-plus” products that integrate other value-adding characteristics beyond the organic quality. In this context, the aim of this study was to explore whether consumers would notice and value further improvements in the animal welfare standards than those imposed by organic regulation. The results of three focus groups designed as a concept test reveal positive attitudes towards the proposed production process from both regular and occasional organic buyers. The results further indicate that the proposed “organic-plus” products would probably be valued by a niche of...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Consumer issues; Poultry.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/30799/1/Adding%20more%20value%20to%20added.pdf
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Addition of urease inhibitor has no effect on ammonia volatilization following soil application of poultry litter or organomineral fertilizer, unlike urea. Repositório Alice
LOURENÇO, K. S.; ERNANI, P. R.; CORREA, J. C.; SULIAN JUNKES DAL MOLIN; LOURENÇO, L. S..
Abstract: Quantification of ammonia volatilization after addition of animal residues and nitrogen (N) mineral fertilizers to the soil is important for N management in fertilization programs. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of adding a urease inhibitor to N fertilizers to minimize ammonia losses following soil application. The experiment was carried out in a laboratory with samples of a Brazilian Oxisol containing 790 g kg-1 clay and 23 g kg-1 organic matter. Treatments consisted of addition of poultry litter (PL), organic mineral fertilizer (OMF) and urea to the soil, with and without the urease inhibitor N-(n-butyl) thiophosphoric triamide (NBPT), plus a control with no fertilizer. We applied the fertilizers over the soil surface,...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Dejeto; Frango; Fertilizante nitrogenado; Waste treatment; Poultry; Nitrogen fertilizers.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1058452
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Adjust of regression models to estimate the rectal temperature of broilers for the first 14 days of life REA
Ponciano,Patrícia F.; Yanagi Junior,Tadayuki; Lima,Renato R. de; Schiassi,Leonardo; Teixeira,Vitor H..
The broiler rectal temperature (t rectal) is one of the most important physiological responses to classify the animal thermal comfort. Therefore, the aim of this study was to adjust regression models in order to predict the rectal temperature (t rectal) of broiler chickens under different thermal conditions based on age (A) and a meteorological variable (air temperature - t air) or a thermal comfort index (temperature and humidity index -THI or black globe humidity index - BGHI) or a physical quantity enthalpy (H). In addition, through the inversion of these models and the expected t rectal intervals for each age, the comfort limits of t air, THI, BGHI and H for the chicks in the heating phase were determined, aiding in the validation of the equations and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Thermal environment; Poultry; Thermal comfort; Mathematical modeling; Physiological responses.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162012000100002
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Adjusting weight growth curve of male quails Coturnix japonica reared in the semi-arid region of the State of Pernambuco Animal Sciences
Lucena, Leandro Ricardo Rodrigues de; Holanda, Marco Aurélio Carneiro de; Holanda, Mônica Calixto Ribeiro de; Anjos, Marcelo Lopes dos.
This study adjusted different regression models to describe the growth pattern of meat quails from birth to 42 days of age. Data of 300 male quails were used. Weight and height information of all quails were collected weekly from the 1st to the 42nd day of age. Body weight of poultry was subjected to the polynomial, logistic, Gompertz, Weibull, and log-normal regression models. The criteria used to choose the best model to explain the growth curve of quails were the coefficient of determination of the model, Akaike’s information criterion, sum of squared residuals and Willmott’s index. For all the models used, the variables age and height were significant to explain the weight of quails. The polynomial (R² = 99.99%, AIC = 24.68, SSR = 27.5, d = 0.9999) and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Modelling; Poultry; Regression model..
Ano: 2018 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/42563
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