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Registros recuperados: 45
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A framework for assessing impacts of community-based enterprises on poverty reduction: a case study in northern Thailand AgEcon
Terrakul, Nuttamon; Villano, Renato A.; Wood, Fiona; Mounter, Stuart W..
Poverty alleviation remains a challenge for Thailand’s socio-economic development. A key strategy of the Thai government to help meet this challenge at the ‘grass roots’ level has been the promotion of Community-Based Enterprises (CBEs). And national statistics and descriptive studies have shown that CBEs have led to both income improvement and employment creation. However, poverty is a multi-dimensional concept and also some groups are more adversely affected (such a women) than others. By investigating poverty from a number of different angles, this research aims to assess whether CBES are a genuine tool for poverty reduction at the individual household level. This paper provides an outline of the framework developed for assessing CBE impact on poverty...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Impact assessment; Community-based enterprise; Poverty reduction; Gender empowerment; Northern Thailand; International Development; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59165
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A microsimulation of the Uganda tax system (UGATAX) and the poor from 1999 to 2003 AgEcon
Ssewanyana, Sarah N.; Okidi, John A..
Like most developing countries, Uganda faces serious fiscal challenges in her effort to mobilize and effectively use resources for poverty reduction. however, the tax base remains small as reflected in the low tax-to-GDP. the government is under internal and external pressure to increase its domestic revenue collection and i turn, reduce its dependency on donors. In response to the pressure the government endeavored to maintain fiscal discipline, partly by raising taxes. the consequences of this move on the poor remains unclear. the main purpose of this paper is to throw light on the effects of alternative reforms to existing tax system on those households living in poverty. The analysis was carried out using the nationally representative Uganda national...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Taxation; Ssewanyana; Okidi; Economic policy research center; Domestic revenue; Taxing systems; Poverty reduction; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54940
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A Review of Milk Production in Bangladesh with Particular Emphasis on Small-Scale Producers AgEcon
Hemme, Torsten; Garcia, Otto; Khan, A.R..
The purpose of the study is to assess the economics of dairy farming in Bangladesh and the prospects for improving the dairy income for small-scale producers, which currently form the backbone of the dairy industry. The document begins with a general overview of milk production in the country, followed by a detailed study of dairy farming in the in the northern district of Sirajganj. The study applies a method of farm-level economic analysis developed by the International Farm Comparison Network (IFCN) which is based on the concept of ‘'typical farms’'. Three farm types were identified as ‘'typical'’ in the district and were subjected to detailed analysis: A two cow farm with 0.4 ha of land, a ten cow farm with 1.6 ha of land and a 25 cow farm with 1.8 ha...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Costs of production; Bangladesh; Milk; Policy; Poverty reduction; Small scale dairy; Typical farms; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23774
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Agricultural Growth, Poverty Reduction and Millennium Development Goals in Africa: Outcomes of AAAE Conference AgEcon
Nambiro, Elizabeth; Omare, Musa N.; Nkamleu, Guy Blaise.
This report is a summary of emerging issues affecting African agriculture, recent experiences and policy proposals that can guide interventions in improving the sector’s productivity. Agriculture is at the centre of rural poverty reduction in Africa and urgent measures are needed to increase farm yields and incomes in order to stem collapse of economies and societies.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: AAAE; African Association of Agricultural Economists; Millennium development goals in Africa; Agricultural policies; Agricultural research systems; Poverty reduction; Agricultural productivity; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q010; Q130; Q170; Q180; Q560.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50144
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Agricultural science and technology policy for growth and poverty reduction AgEcon
Omamo, Steven Were; Naseem, Anwar.
This paper argues that the largely unrealized potential of agricultural science and technology (S&T) in promoting growth and poverty reduction in developing countries results from deeply rooted incompatibility among policy environments, institutional arrangements, and micro conditions and behavior in agricultural research and development (R&D). Achieving growth and poverty reduction based on greater agricultural productivity therefore means achieving greater compatibility among these three dimensions of agricultural innovation systems. Research is sorely needed to build understanding of (1) the “big picture” influencing agricultural S&T policy design and implementation in developing countries, (2) strategies for sustainable funding and delivery...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Science; Technology; Policy; Institutions; Poverty reduction; Agricultural technology; Agricultural science; Policy research; Food Security and Poverty; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59694
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Aid allocation effects on growth and poverty: A CGE framework AgEcon
Twimukye, Evarist P.; Nabiddo, Winnie; Matovu, John Mary.
It has been argues that increased aid causes Dutch disease as a result of appreciation of the exchange rate which reduces the competitiveness of the country's exports. In this paper, we argue that if the aid is used productively, there are both short and long term gains. Applying a recursive dynamic general equilibrium model on Uganda, we find that while the currency appreciates and some exports decline, the overall impact on growth outweighs the losses in competitiveness. In addition, it aid is used productively, poverty would be substantially reduced as long as the aid increase is sustained.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Aid; Exchange rate; Dutch disease; Twimukye; Nabiddo; Matovu; Exports; Foreign aid; Poverty reduction; Economic policy research center; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Financial Economics; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54937
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Assessing the potential for synergy in the implementation of Payment for Environmental Services (PES) programs: an empirical analysis in Costa Rica AgEcon
Zhang, Wei; Pagiola, Stefano.
Payment for environmental services (PES) is a promising mechanism for conservation. It also has the potential to contribute to social objectives such as poverty reduction. To promote synergy in the implementation of PES, however, a number of conditions on spatial, economic, ecological, and institutional feasibilities are essential. This study discusses factors affecting the synergy prospect of PES and provides a simple framework for assessing the potential for synergy in the implementation of PES, focusing on spatial correlation of thematic areas and funding availability for payments. We apply the framework to an empirical analysis of the “water funding” in Costa Rica, a new conservation financing source generated by water tariff revenue and will be...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Payment for Environmental Services (PES); Synergy; Poverty reduction; Watershed conservation; Biodiversity conservation; Costa Rica; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51794
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Belize Rural Development Programme (BRDP): Strategy, achievements and lessons learnt AgEcon
Avila, Marcelino.
Bridgetown, Barbados 6th – 10th July, 2009
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Belize; 9th EDF; Agriculture; Rural development; Poverty reduction; Small and micro enterprises; Empowerment of stakeholders; Institutional strengthening; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R11.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122666
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Can Bt Technology Reduce Poverty Among African Cotton Growers? An Ex Ante Analysis of the Private and Social Profitability of Bt Cotton Seed in Mozambique. AgEcon
Pitoro, Raul; Walker, Thomas S.; Tschirley, David L.; Swinton, Scott M.; Boughton, Duncan; de Marrule, Higino Francisco.
This paper presents an ex ante analysis of the private and social profitability of the introduction of Bt cotton for a major cotton producing area of northern Mozambique. Cotton is especially relevant to rural poverty reduction because smallholders often have few alternative cash earning activities, and yields are among the lowest in Africa. Multivariate regression is used to quantify the relationship between pest control and yield loss at farm level as a basis for estimating the expected yield gain from the introduction of Bt cotton. Partial budget analysis of technical packages with and without Bt cotton seed reveals a strong divergence between private (negative) and social (positive) profitability. The Mozambique case indicates that effective...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bt cotton; Social profitability; Poverty reduction; Mozambique; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; International Development; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51633
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Can Process Conditionality Enhance Aid Effectiveness? The Role of Bureaucratic Interest and Public Pressure AgEcon
Hefeker, Carsten; Michaelowa, Katharina.
Can process conditionality really enhance poverty reduction in developing countries? This question is addressed in the framework of a politico-economic model considering political distortions both on the recipient and on the donor side. It turns out that process conditionality is a very useful tool to raise the welfare of the poor as long as the international aid organizations hold all necessary information to assess the political situation in recipient countries and to select the true representatives of the poor into a participatory process. If they do not hold this information or if other bureaucratic interests reduce their incentive to acquire this information, process conditionality loses its effectiveness in achieving the desired objective.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Poverty reduction; Process conditionality; Political economy of international organizations.; Food Security and Poverty; Political Economy; D72; D73; F35; O19.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26389
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Collective Action and Property Rights for Poverty Reduction: A Review of Methods and Approaches AgEcon
Mwangi, Esther; Markelova, Helen.
While much attention has been given to examining various aspects of poverty, a number of studies have shown that institutional environment in which the poor exist conditions welfare outcomes, thus highlighting the inherently crucial importance of institutions for poverty reduction. The institutions of property rights and collective action are among those identified as playing a major role in the livelihood strategies of the poor. This paper highlights ways to operationalize the conceptual framework developed by Di Gregorio and colleagues (2008), which provides an analytical tool to study poverty through the institutional lens with a special focus on collective action and property rights. By emphasizing the multidimensionality of poverty, the authors...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Collective action; Property rights; Poverty reduction; Evaluation; Vulnerability; Power; Institutions; Wellbeing; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44355
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Comparing Food and Cash Transfers to the Ultra Poor in Bangladesh AgEcon
Ahmed, Akhter U.; Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Nasreen, Mahbuba; Hoddinott, John; Bryan, Elizabeth.
Bangladesh has some social safety net programs that transfer food to the poor, some that transfer cash, and some that provide a combination of both. This study evaluates the relative impacts of food and cash transfers on food security and livelihood outcomes among the ultra poor in Bangladesh. The programs impacts are evaluated according to various measures, including how well transfers are delivered; which transfers beneficiaries prefer; how accurately the programs target the extremely poor; effects on food security, livelihoods, and women’s empowerment; and cost effectiveness. The report identifies what has and has not worked in food and cash transfers and recommends ways of improving these programs. This study will be valuable to policymakers and others...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Safety net programs; Food security; Women empowerment; Poverty reduction; Cash transfers; Cost effectiveness; Poverty; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92803
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CONTRIBUTIONS OF AGRICULTURAL IMPROVED TECHNOLOGIES TO RURAL POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: CASE OF IMAZAPYR-RESISTANT MAIZE IN WESTERN KENYA AgEcon
Mignouna, D.B.; Mutabazi, K.D.S.; Senkondo, E.M.; Manyong, Victor M..
Last two decades have been dominated by issues on poverty as major growth area with the adoption by United Nations member countries of the Millennium Development Goals, the first of which calls for halving the incidence of poverty and hunger by 2015, this has underlined the importance of introduction of improved agricultural technologies. Most poor rural households in developing countries usually depend on agriculture and have to cope with poverty stills a rural phenomenon. Agricultural production has continuously decreased, subject to serious limitations such as declining soil fertility, diseases, pests, drought and erosion plaguing crops growing areas. This situation should have encouraged rural households to increasingly consider the use of promising...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: IRM technology; Striga control; Poverty reduction; Kenya.; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100685
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Determinants of change in house-hold level of consumption and poverty in Uganda, 1992/93 - 1999/00 AgEcon
Benin, Samuel; Mugarura, Samuel.
Recent estimates showing increase in the incidence of poverty in Uganda has kindled interest in understanding the factors that cause changes in poverty, as the reversal of the positive trend in the 1990s threatens the government’s poverty eradication plan of reducing poverty to a level below 28% by 2014. Using a household and community panel dataset, this paper analyzes the factors contributing to change in household-level consumption and poverty.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Poverty reduction; Household; Economic aspects; Economic assistance; Consumption; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55407
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Determinants of participation in rural non-farm economy in Zvimba District, Zimbabwe JARTS
Dalu, Mwazvita T. B.; Dalu, Tatenda.
The capacity of agriculture to provide sustainable livelihood opportunities is exceeded by the rural populations of developing countries, and with limited opportunities available in urban centres, the rural non-farm economy (RNFE) becomes pivotal in improving rural livelihoods. Within an empowerment agenda, it is important for policy makers to understand why households enter into the RNFE. We investigated participation in the RNFE of farm worker livelihoods along with the motivation for participation in RNF employment. Moreover, we sought to determine the key barriers and enablers to the adoption of high return strategies in RNFE activities by rural farm workers in Zimbabwe. Quantitative household surveys and qualitative focus group discussions were used...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Barriers and enablers; Farm workers; Agriculture; Poverty reduction; Sustainable livelihoods; Zimbabwe.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/20190613555
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Determinants of Rural Income, Poverty, and Perceived Well-Being in Mozambique in 2001-2002 AgEcon
Walker, Thomas S.; Tschirley, David L.; Low, Jan W.; Tanque, M. Pequentino; Boughton, Duncan; Payongayong, Ellen M.; Weber, Michael T..
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Directorate of Economics, Republic of Mozambique
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Rural income; Mozambique; Poverty reduction; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q18.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56061
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DEVELOPMENT AND POVERTY REDUCTION: DO INSTITUTIONS MATTER? A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF LOCAL INSTITUTIONS IN RURAL INDIA AgEcon
Gandhi, Vasant P.; Marsh, Robin.
The paper examines the impact of local institutions on development and poverty in the rural areas of India. Recent research on the role of institutions on the path of economic development indicates the importance of both "macro" and "micro" institutions including local institutions. The study finds a large number of both formal and informal local institutions in the surveyed villages, and a substantial degree of interaction of the households with the institutions. These include both formal institutions such as service cooperatives and dairy cooperatives, as well as informal institutions such as savings groups, community associations and labour groups. The study finds that apart from the standard factors included such as land, capital and labour, the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Institutions; Development; Poverty reduction; International Development.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25928
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Economic Significance of Specific Export Promotion on Poverty Reduction and Inter- Industry Growth of Ethiopia AgEcon
Chala, Zelalem T.; Norton, George W.; Grant, Jason H..
Micro simulated general equilibrium approach was used to analyze the economic significance of the current export promotion policy of Ethiopia. Simulation results, in general, indicated little achievements of economic growth and poverty reduction under selective export promotion. In this policy approach, only rural households were able to acquire higher income and lower poverty incidence. These achievements however were transmitted to small and big urban households when export promotion was assumed to be implemented across the board of all agricultural activities. Significant economic and inter-industrial growths were attained when the coffee industry was given equal policy treatments like other export agriculture
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Selective export promotion policy; Computable general equilibrium; Poverty reduction; Foreign direct investment; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61739
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Editorial: Special Feature on Scenarios for Ecosystem Services Ecology and Society
Carpenter, Stephen R; University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA; srcarpen@wisc.edu; Bennett, Elena M.; McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; elena.bennett@mcgill.ca; Peterson, Garry D; McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; garry.peterson@mcgill.ca.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Adaptive governance; Ambiguity; Ecological change; Ecosystem services; Poverty reduction; Regime shift; Resilience; Scenarios..
Ano: 2006
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From the Ground Up: Impacts of a Pro-Poor Community-Driven Development Project in Nigeria AgEcon
Nkonya, Ephraim M.; Phillip, Dayo; Mogues, Tewodaj; Pender, John L.; Yahaya, Muhammed Kuta; Adebowale, Gbenga; Arokoyo, Tunji; Kato, Edward.
The community-driven development (CDD) approach has become increasingly popular because of its potential to develop projects that are sustainable, are responsive to local priorities, empower local communities, and more effectively target poor and vulnerable groups. The purpose of this study is to assess the impacts of Fadama II, which is a CDD project and the largest agricultural project in Nigeria. This study used propensity score matching (PSM) to select 1728 comparable project beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries. The study also used double difference methods to compare the impact indicators. Our results show that Fadama II project succeeded in targeting the poor and women farmers in its productive asset acquisition component. Participation in the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community driven development; Poverty reduction; Propensity score matching; Difference-in-difference; Fadama; And Nigeria; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42344
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