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Clinical Applications of Electrointestinography in the Horse OAK
SASAKI, Naoki; LEE, Inhyung; AYUKAWA, Yu; YAMADA, Haruo; 佐々木, 直樹.
It is thought that in order to effectively treat gastrointestinal dysfunction, it should be detected at an early stage. The present study aimed to observe the movement via Electrointestinography (EIG) in the small intestine, cecum, right ventral colon and right dorsal colon, and to examine the procedure for assessing gastrointestinal function. Seven healthy thoroughbred horses were used. They were allowed food twice a day. EIG was measured at ten-minute intervals over a 24 hr period, and running spectral analysis was used. As a result, it was clear that EIG could non-invasively assess gastrointestinal function by setting the cut-off value of the frequency band to 1.8-12.0 cpm for a part of the digestive tract which is in a comparatively fixed position. The...
Palavras-chave: Electrointestinography; Equine; Intestine; Power spectral analysis; Running spectral analysis.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3101
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Heart rate variability in athletes and nonathletes at rest and during head-up tilt BJMBR
Martinelli,F.S.; Chacon-Mikahil,M.P.T.; Martins,L.E.B.; Lima-Filho,E.C.; Golfetti,R.; Paschoal,M.A.; Gallo-Junior,L..
The purpose of the present study was to determine if autonomic heart rate modulation, indicated by heart rate variability (HRV), differs during supine rest and head-up tilt (HUT) when sedentary and endurance-trained cyclists are compared. Eleven sedentary young men (S) and 10 trained cyclists (C) were studied. The volunteers were submitted to a dynamic ECG Holter to calculate HRV at rest and during a 70º HUT. The major aerobic capacity of athletes was expressed by higher values of <img src="/img/revistas/bjmbr/v38n4/Vo.gif">at anaerobic threshold and peak conditions (P < 0.05). At rest the athletes had lower heart rates (P < 0.05) and higher values in the time domain of HRV compared with controls (SD of normal RR interval, SDNN, medians): 59.1...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Endurance; Power spectral analysis; Heart rate variability; Autonomic heart rate modulation; Training bradycardia; Orthostatic stress.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2005000400019
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Neuropeptides in the posterodorsal medial amygdala modulate central cardiovascular reflex responses in awake male rats BJMBR
Quagliotto,E.; Casali,K.R.; Dal Lago,P.; Rasia-Filho,A.A..
The rat posterodorsal medial amygdala (MePD) links emotionally charged sensory stimuli to social behavior, and is part of the supramedullary control of the cardiovascular system. We studied the effects of microinjections of neuroactive peptides markedly found in the MePD, namely oxytocin (OT, 10 ng and 25 pg; n=6/group), somatostatin (SST, 1 and 0.05 μM; n=8 and 5, respectively), and angiotensin II (Ang II, 50 pmol and 50 fmol; n=7/group), on basal cardiovascular activity and on baroreflex- and chemoreflex-mediated responses in awake adult male rats. Power spectral and symbolic analyses were applied to pulse interval and systolic arterial pressure series to identify centrally mediated sympathetic/parasympathetic components in the heart rate variability...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Baroreceptor and chemoreceptor reflexes; Power spectral analysis; Symbolic analysis; Oxytocin; Somatostatin; Angiotensin II.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2015000200128
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Reproducibility of heart rate variability parameters measured in healthy subjects at rest and after a postural change maneuver BJMBR
Dantas,E.M.; Gonçalves,C.P.; Silva,A.B.T.; Rodrigues,S.L.; Ramos,M.S.; Andreão,R.V.; Pimentel,E.B.; Lunz,W.; Mill,J.G..
Heart rate variability (HRV) provides important information about cardiac autonomic modulation. Since it is a noninvasive and inexpensive method, HRV has been used to evaluate several parameters of cardiovascular health. However, the internal reproducibility of this method has been challenged in some studies. Our aim was to determine the intra-individual reproducibility of HRV parameters in short-term recordings obtained in supine and orthostatic positions. Electrocardiographic (ECG) recordings were obtained from 30 healthy subjects (20-49 years, 14 men) using a digital apparatus (sampling ratio = 250 Hz). ECG was recorded for 10 min in the supine position and for 10 min in the orthostatic position. The procedure was repeated 2-3 h later. Time and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Heart rate variability; Power spectral analysis; Reproducibility; Autonomic nervous system.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2010001000010
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