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Registros recuperados: 63
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A Comparative Analysis of Agricultural Transportation and Logistics Systems in the United States and Argentina AgEcon
Goldsby, Thomas J..
Interest is high in Argentina as an emerging economic power in the Americas. This paper analyzes issues pertinent to the relative advantages and disadvantages of transportation and logistics systems between the United States and Argentina in the context of distribution to significant global markets. Designed as a tool for agribusiness students and prospective investment and trade partners, it provides a side-by-side analysis of U.S. and Argentine rail, motor, and water transportation systems. Also from a comparative perspective, it examines grain storage capacities and systems.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Global markets; Infrastructure; Logistics systems; Transportation systems; Privatization; Public Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18694
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A Pro-Market Agenda for El Salvador AgEcon
Engel, Eduardo M.R.A..
This paper argues that, despite important productivity gains, reforms have benefited consumers much less than expected in El Salvador. Antitrust legislation, consumer protection and an adequate regulation of privatized utilities are central ingredients of a successful market economy. Major reforms that are needed in each one of these areas in El Salvador are described.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Market reform; Antitrust legislation; Consumer protection; Privatization; Regulation of utilities; Political Economy; D18; L40; L51; L94; L96; O12.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28438
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A proposed framework for irrigation management transfer in Iran: Lessons from Asia and Iran. AgEcon
Ul Hassan, Mehmood; Qureshi, Asad Sarwar; Heydari, Nader.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Privatization; Water policy; Economic aspects; Institutional development; Water users associations; Irrigation systems; Irrigation canals; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91875
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A well of one's own: gender analysis of an irrigation program in Bangladesh AgEcon
Jordans, Eva H.; Zwarteveen, Margreet Z..
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Groundwater irrigation; Gender; Women in development; Poverty; Households; Agricultural production; Privatization; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113611
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Agricultural Extension in Kenya: Practice and Policy Lessons AgEcon
Muyanga, Milu; Jayne, Thomas S..
A consensus exists that extension services, if functioning effectively, improve agricultural productivity through providing farmers with information that helps them to optimize their use of limited resources. Variations in management practices and husbandry skills among small farmers in Kenya are very great. Tremendous poverty-reducing benefits could be reaped by bringing the production costs of the most inefficient farmers to mean productivity levels. Achieving these gains in maize production efficiency will depend on many factors, but extension is likely to be among the most important. Therefore, the costs to the nation of having an underperforming extension service – in terms of smallholder productivity, incomes, and poverty reduction, and the ability...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Extension services; Kenya; Policy reforms; Privatization; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55168
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An assessment of the Small-Scale Irrigation Management Turnover Program in Indonesia AgEcon
Vermillion, Douglas Lynn; Samad, Madar; Pusposutardjo, Suprodjo; Arif, Sigit S.; Rochdyanto, Saifal.
Examines the extent to which the Government of Indonesia's aspirations were realized through turnover program adopted in 1987. The impacts of management turnover on irrigation management and irrigated agriculture in selected systems in West and Central Java are analyzed. This study is part of a comparative research program to examine the impacts of irrigation management transfer in several countries using a common methodology.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Privatization; Small scale systems; Irrigation systems; Water distribution; Performance; Operations; Maintenance; Productivity; Crop yield; Economic impact; Costs; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Production Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44574
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Asian-driven Resource Booms in Africa: Rethinking the Impacts on Development AgEcon
Breisinger, Clemens; Thurlow, James.
Today’s resource boom in Africa, driven by Asian economic growth, offers new opportunities for resource-rich African countries. Contrary to the experience of previous booms, however, most mining profits now accrue to foreign companies, leaving little room for governments to use revenues for pro-poor investments or to mitigate adverse distributional impacts. Taking Zambia as a case study, this paper shows that despite privatization, Dutch disease remains a valid concern and may hamper economic diversification, worsen income distribution, and undermine poverty reduction strategies. Mining royalties must, therefore, be increased and used to finance growth-inducing investments that encourage pro-poor economic diversification, else many African countries will...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Dutch disease; Resource booms; Privatization; Income distribution; Africa; Zambia; International Relations/Trade; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42351
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Assessing the outcomes of IWMI’s research and interventions on irrigation management transfer AgEcon
Giordano, Meredith A.; Samad, Madar; Namara, Regassa E..
The purpose of this paper is to summarize IIMI/IWMI's past research and interventions related to irrigation management transfer and to document, to the extent possible, the academic, policy, and technical outcomes of these efforts. The application of a range of direct and indirect measurement techniques suggests an overall positive contribution from IWMI to IMT theory and application.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Participatory management; Privatization; Water users associations; Farmers associations; Gender; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44524
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Assessment of participatory management of irrigation schemes in Sri Lanka: Partial reforms, partial benefits AgEcon
Samad, Madar; Vermillion, Douglas Lynn.
Describes the application of a standard methodology developed by IWMI to assess the impact of irrigation management transfer on the performance of irrigation schemes. Includes detailed analysis of the effects of participatory management on the performance of irrigation schemes in Sri Lanka.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Privatization; Policy; Performance evaluation; Indicators; Operating costs; Irrigation management; Economic aspects; Returns; Participatory management; Farmer participation; Government managed irrigation systems; Small scale systems; Large-scale systems; Regression analysis; Models; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44577
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Biodiversity offsetting: Clearing up misunderstandings between conservation and economics to take further action ArchiMer
Vaissiere, Anne-charlotte; Levrel, Harold; Scemama, Pierre.
Biodiversity offsetting (BO) is increasingly adopted as a conservation tool by many countries while it has received several critics among which its possible links to several forms of Nature economicization. We believe that some of these concerns rest on misunderstandings generated by the difficulty to interpret economic principles from ecological viewpoints and the lack of a common language between conservationists and economists. Because this issue is vivid and the concepts not yet stabilized, key aspects of the potential advances and limits of BO to conservation practice must be clarified. This short communication (1) addresses the links between the BO concept and the central sustainability principle and (2) clarifies key assumptions regarding three...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biodiversity offsetting; Sustainability; Commodification; Marketization; Privatization; Ecological restoration.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00361/47215/47450.pdf
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Certifying the commons: eco-certification, privatization, and collective action Ecology and Society
Foley, Paul; Environmental Policy Institute, Memorial University, Grenfell Campus; pfoley@grenfell.mun.ca; McCay, Bonnie; Department of Human Ecology, Rutgers the State University; mccay@AESOP.RUTGERS.EDU.
We examine new dynamics of privatization and collective action in common pool resource situations facilitated by the nonstate multistakeholder institutions of the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC), the global leader in sustainability certification for wild caught seafood. Through a review of the literature and two case studies of fishing cooperatives in Baja California Sur, Mexico and on Fogo Island in the Canadian Province of Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), we advance two interrelated arguments. First, certification and eco-labeling institutions privatize fisheries governance in largely unexamined ways through the injection of new forms of exclusive rights or privileges into common pool resource situations already complicated by access and property...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Baja California Sur Mexico; Collective action; Common pool resources; Commons; Community-based fisheries; Cooperatives; Environmental certification; Environmental governance; Fisheries; Fogo Island Newfoundland and Labrador Canada; Governance; Marine Stewardship Council; MSC; Northern shrimp; Privatization; Property rights; Spiny lobster; Sustainable.
Ano: 2014
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Changing Incentives to Sow Cotton for African Farmers: Evidence from the Burkina Faso Reform AgEcon
Kaminski, Jonathan.
Over the last 10 years, Burkina Faso has experienced a reform of its cotton sector, and is now the largest African cotton producer and exporter. The cotton ”boom” consisted of a rapid expansion of cotton areas through the growth of land shares allocated to cotton (and new producers), together with an overall increase in total cultivated land. In this paper, we present an empirical framework to determine the contribution of total farmland changes in the increase of land dedicated to cotton, where both processes are represented by ordered endogenous variables. We then analyze data that we collected in rural Burkina Faso in March 2006 within this framework. From measurable indicators of farmer behavior and variables that measure farmer statements for the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Parastatal; Burkina Faso’s cotton; Land extension; Privatization; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45779
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Common and Privatized: Conditions for Wise Management of Matsutake Mushrooms in Northwest Yunnan Province, China Ecology and Society
Yang, Xuefei; Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biogeography, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Laboratory of Ethnobotany, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences; xuefei@mail.kib.ac.cn; Wilkes, Andreas; World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), China Program; awilkes@mail.kib.ac.cn; Yang, Yongping; Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biogeography, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Laboratory of Ethnobotany, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences; yangyp@mail.kib.ac.cn; Xu, Jianchu; Laboratory of Ethnobotany, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences; World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), China Program; jxu@mail.kib.ac.cn; Geslani, Cheryl S; University of Hawai'i at Manoa; geslani@hawaii.edu; Yang, Xueqing; Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biogeography, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences; yangxueqing@mail.kib.a.cn; Gao, Feng; Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biogeography, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences; gaofeng@mail.kib.ac.cn; Yang, Jiankun; Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biogeography, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences; yjk@mail.kib.ac.cn; Robinson, Brian; University of Wisconsin-Madison; berobinson@wisc.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Common-pool resource; Management strategies; Matsutake mushroom; Open access; Privatization; Yunnan Province.
Ano: 2009
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Does Privatization Deliver? Access to Telephone Services and Household Income in Poor Rural Areas Using a Quasi-Natural Experiment for Peru AgEcon
Chong, Alberto E.; Galdo, Virgilio; Torero, Maximo.
We take advantage of a quasi-natural experiment in Peru by which the privatized telecommunications company was required by government to randomly install and operate public pay phones on small rural towns along the national territory. Using a especially designed household survey for a representative sample of rural towns we are able to link access to telephone services with household income. We find, that regardless of the income measurement, most characteristics of public telephone are positively linked with income. Remarkably, the benefits are given at both non-farm and farm income levels. Not only do the findings hold when using instrumental variables but they are further confirmed when using propensity scores matching methods.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Privatization; Institutions; Rural; Poverty; Telecommunications; Consumer/Household Economics; G32; H10; J45; O1.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25691
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El impacto social de la privatización y de la regulación de los servicios públicos en el Perú AgEcon
Torero, Maximo; Pasco-Font Quevedo, Alberto.
Casi cinco años después de haber culminado las privatizaciones en telecomunicaciones y electricidad, así como haber realizado importantes reformas en agua potable y alcantarillado, es necesario realizar un balance sobre los resultados de dichas reformas. A fin de determinar si el resultado fue positivo o negativo, esta investigación trata de cuantificar los efectos de las privatizaciones de los servicios públicos (agua, telecomunicaciones y electricidad) sobre el consumo y bienestar de los hogares urbanos peruanos. Por tanto, nuestro principal objetivo es analizar los efectos sobre la distribución del ingreso e identificar que hogares se beneficiaron y cuales se perjudicaron por los cambios en precios originados por las privatizaciones. Para lograr este...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Servicios públicos; Telecomunicacions; Electricidad; Privatización; Saneamiento; Perú; Public Services; Telecomunications; Electricity; Sanitation; Privatization; Peru; Public Economics; L3.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37758
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Environmental Remediation Law and Economies in Transition AgEcon
Boyd, James.
The paper discusses the design of environmental remediation laws in countries struggling with fundamental market and institutional reforms. Optimal cleanup standards, liability rules, and enforcement are discussed from the standpoint of both economic efficiency and practical implementation. Particular attention is paid to financing mechanisms and issues that arise during privatization.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental remediation; Liability; Privatization; Transitional economies; Environmental Economics and Policy; K32; P21; Q28.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10721
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Evaluación de la concesión del Puerto de Matarani: ¿quién ganó y quién perdió? AgEcon
Alcázar, Lorena; Lovaton, Rodrigo.
En el contexto de un proceso de concesiones portuarias paralizado y de un debate acerca de la conveniencia de retomarlo, este estudio evalúa el desempeño del terminal de Matarani, administrado desde 1999 por la empresa Terminal Internacional del Sur S.A. (TISUR), y único puerto peruano entregado en concesión hasta el momento. El objetivo es evaluar las características del proceso de concesión, estimar su impacto en la economía e identificar las implicancias de entregar en concesión otros puertos del país. Con este fin, se analizó el modelo utilizado para introducir la participación privada, se examinó si existe evidencia de una mejor operación del puerto con la concesión y se estimó el impacto sobre el bienestar de cada grupo involucrado. Los resultados...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Puertos; Privatización; Infraestructura del transporte; Perú; Ports; Privatization; Transport infrastructure; Peru; L92; H54.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37731
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Farmer-based financing of operations in the Niger Valley irrigation schemes AgEcon
Abernethy, Charles L.; Sally, Hilmy; Lonsway, Kurt; Maman, Chegou.
Presents the results of case-studies of the functioning of four pump-based irrigation systems in the Niger River Valley. Prospects for sustainability are analyzed, especially in the light of the government's policy of promoting irrigator organizations to take over responsibilities for operation and maintenance.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Irrigation systems; River basin development; Sustainability; Water resources development; Low-lift irrigation; Low-lift pumps; Farmer managed irrigation systems; Farmers' associations; Institution building; Privatization; Performance evaluation; Constraints; Case studies; Financing; Costs; Climate; Food production; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Production Economics; Public Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44573
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Farmers' perceptions of the social mobilization of water user organizations in the Sindh, Pakistan AgEcon
Starkloff, Ralf.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water users' associations; Participatory management; Farmer participation; Leadership; Water supply; Water distribution; Maintenance; Privatization; Irrigation programs; Irrigation canals; Farmers' associations; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92778
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Free-riders or victims: Women's nonparticipation in irrigation management in Nepal's Chhattis Mauja Irrigation Scheme. AgEcon
Zwarteveen, Margreet Z.; Neupane, Nita.
Examines multiple factors in women's involvement/non-involvement in irrigation in the Chhattis Mauja irrigation scheme in Nepal. Includes an empirical analysis of the livelihood strategies of farm households, documentation of the level and nature of participation of women and men in the water users' organizations, analysis of women's access to irrigation services, and an examination of the need and desirability of increasing the participation of woman in the scheme organization.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Farmer-managed irrigation systems; Irrigation programs; Privatization; Water users' associations; Irrigated farming; Irrigation canals; Water delivery; Water allocation; Water distribution; Maintenance; Gender; Women in development; Farmers; Female labor; Agricultural manpower; Households; Family labor; Living standards; Social aspects; Agricultural production; Villages; Social organization; Performance evaluation; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52731
Registros recuperados: 63
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