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Registros recuperados: 43
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20 Jahre Modellbetrieb für Ökolandbau in Müncheberg. Teil 2: Wie ertragslabil sind Körnerleguminosen im Vergleich zu Getreide und Mais? Organic Eprints
Reckling, Moritz; Döring, Thomas F.; Bloch, Ralf; Stein-Bachinger, Karin; Bachinger, Johann.
Auf dem Modellbetrieb für Ökolandbau in Müncheberg wurden von 1993 bis 2013 Feldversuche zur Ermittlung der Ertragsstabilität von zwei Körnerleguminosen (Schmalblättrige Lupine und Futtererbse), Wintergetreide (Roggen und Weizen), Hafer und Silomais durchgeführt. Zwei orthogonale Datensätze wurden genutzt um die temporären Ertragsschwankungen der Einzelkulturen zu vergleichen. Beide Körnerleguminosen zeigten die geringste Ertragsstabilität von allen untersuchten Kulturen. Dies war sowohl für varianzbasierte als auch für regressionsbasierte Stabilitätsparameter der Fall. Gründe für die geringe Ertragsstabilität sind unzureichend bekannt. Es müssen Strategien für das Management entwickelt werden, um mit den großen Schwankungen umzugehen.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/26912/1/26912_reckling.pdf
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Anbauverfahren mit Körnerleguminosen im Ökologischen Landbau [Production methods for legume grains in organic agriculture] Organic Eprints
Pommer, G.
Für viehlose Ökobetriebe ist beim Anbau von Körnerleguminosen deren Ertragsleistung und die Nachfruchtwirkung auf den sich anschließenden Getreideanbau von Belang. Futtererbse und Ackerbohne erzielten hohe Erträge von über 50 dt/ha, während von der Lupine nur 25 dt/ha geerntet wurden. In der Nachfruchtwirkung auf Winterweizen und nachfolgend Winterroggen konnten nur geringfügig Unterschiede festgestellt werden. Veränderungen in der Anbautechnik der Körnerleguminosen durch engere Reihenabstände oder Zwischenfrüchte führten zu keinen signifikanten Einflüssen auf den Ertrag der Körnerleguminosen oder auf die Erträge der nachfolgenden Getreidearten. Ein Vergleich der Nachfruchtwirkung von Körnerleguminosen mit der von Kleegras als Rotationsgrünbrache zeigte...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://orgprints.org/787/1/787%2Dpommer%2Dg%2D2000%2Dkoernerleg.pdf
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Crop management of linseed Organic Eprints
Alföldi, Thomas.
What should you bear in mind to successfully cultivate linseed in terms of location, varieties, tillage, fertilisation, crop rotation, maintenance and harvesting? In particular, its low nutrient demand and the high market demand make linseed an interesting specialty crop for organic farms. Thomas Frei sums up his experience of having cultivated organic linseed for ten years. Hansueli Brasselsberg and Hans-Georg Kessler (Biofarm) and linseed producer Mischa Scherer provide further statements. The film was realised in Brütten, Canton of Zurich, at the Swiss Bioackerbautag. The Bioackerbautag is an annual event in Switzerland including field visits, variety trials, information on cultivation and machinery demonstrations.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/31127/1/video.php_y%3Dhttps_%252F%252Fwww.youtube.com%252Fwatch_v%3D5SZ8M9gKI0k
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Crop Management of Rapeseed and Pollen Beetle Control Organic Eprints
Alföldi, Thomas.
Rapeseed stays in the field for eleven months. During this time, there are various threats that an organic farmer has to pay attention to in order to achieve good yields. In the first part of the video, FiBL researcher Claudia Daniel summarizes the main recommendations on variety selection, fertilisation, cultivation system as well as disease and pest control. Farmer Michel Arn shares his experiences with organic rapeseed cultivation. In the second part, Claudia Daniel and Deborah Kaiser (Agroscope) provide insight into ongoing research on pollen beetle (Rapsglanzkäfer) control using aromatic substances and entomophagous fungi. Hans-Georg Kessler (Biofarm) explains the economic aspect and shows that the good producer price compensates for occasional...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop health; Quality; Protection Weed management.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/31003/1/video.php_y%3Dhttps_%252F%252Fwww.youtube.com%252Fwatch_v%3DXqpRU75DTVY
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Cultivating a diverse wheat population suitable for low-input and organic farming Organic Eprints
Caldbeck, Janie.
The Population produces more stable yields than those of the parent varieties due to more efficient use of soil nutrients and water, and lower plant disease and pest levels. When compared to the parent varieties, it produces yields of higher quality; increased protein content, improved hardness, good baking quality, comparable nutrition levels, and it is suitable for animal feed. Practical recommendation • The Population is most suitable for growing in low input or organic systems (under high input conditions it maintains its stability, but could yield significantly lower than pure line varieties). • It is able to adapt to changing environmental and weather conditions and cope with variation in diseases and weeds. To further increase crop resilience,...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Breeding; Genetics and propagation Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31043/1/PA_017_ORC_Wakelyns_Population_new_QR.pdf
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Desenvolvimento de leguminosas herbáceas perenes, semeadas na época das águas no sul do Tocantins. Organic Eprints
Collier, Leonardo Santos; Silva, Valdivino Veloso da; Oliveira, Fabio Luiz de; Souza, Djalma Junior de Almeida Tavares; Maranhão, Deyvid Diego Carvalho; Silva, Atila Reis da.
O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o desenvolvimento de leguminosas herbáceas perenes semeadas na época das águas no sul do Tocantins, onde foram utilizadas: cudzu tropical (Pueraria phaseoloides), siratro (Macroptilium atropurpureum) e centrosema (Centrosema pubescens). O estudo foi conduzido na Universidade Federal do Tocantins, no município de Gurupi-TO, com delineamento experimental em blocos casualizados com quatro repetições avaliando: velocidade de emergência; capacidade de cobertura do solo; supressão sobre as plantas invasoras; decomposição e acúmulo de nutrientes na parte aérea. O siratro apresentou maior velocidade de emergência, enquanto o cudzu tropical obteve crescimento mais lento, porém reduziu maior número de plantas invasoras. Não foi...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry Vegetables.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/22806/1/10425-54113-1-PB.pdf
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Desenvolvimento do feijoeiro sob o uso de biofertilizante e adubação mineral. Organic Eprints
Galbiatti, João A.; Silva, Flávia G. da; Franco, Claudenir F.; Caramelo, Anaira D..
A produção intensiva de alimentos exige manejo adequado do solo para garantir a produtividade e a sustentabilidade ambiental. Uma das alternativas é a utilização de resíduos orgânicos no desenvolvimento das culturas, diminuindo a dependência de adubos minerais. Com o objetivo de avaliar o desenvolvimento da cultura de feijão (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), utilizando biofertilizante e adubação mineral, conduziu-se o experimento com seis tratamentos dispostos ao acaso, em esquema fatorial, em quatro blocos, com parcelas de 8,0 x 5,0 m. Os tratamentos sob solo cultivado com a cultura de feijão caracterizaram-se como: com e sem biofertilizante (CB e SB, respectivamente) e para a adubação mineral foram utilizadas a dose recomendada no plantio, ½ dose de adubação e...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/22631/1/Galbiatti_Desenvolvimento.pdf
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Desenvolvimento rural e práticas tradicionais de agricultores familiares: o caso do milho no vale do Capivari, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Organic Eprints
Rebollar, Paola Beatriz May; Miller, Paul Richard Momsen; Carmo, Victor Barbosa do.
A diversidade genética do milho é importante para milhões de famílias de agricultores em todo o mundo. A existência de populações de milho crioulo tem forte relação com processos sociais específicos. Este estudo busca compreender estes processos sociais e sua relação com as políticas de desenvolvimento rural brasileiras. Entre junho de 2006 e novembro de 2009, 13 famílias de agricultores em 3 municípios do vale do Capivari foram entrevistados e visitados diversas vezes para a coleta de dados qualitativos. A partir da análise dos resultados, é possível afirmar que políticas de desenvolvimento rural contribuíram para modificar os processos sociais que historicamente promoveram a diversidade genética do milho. Apesar disso, algumas famílias de agricultores...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/24534/1/Rebollar_Desenvolvimento.pdf
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Direct Sowing of Maize Organic Eprints
Alföldi, Thomas; Böhler, Daniel; Dierauer, Hansueli; Hegglin, Django; Böhler, Josef; Breiter, Hanspeter.
In organic farming, the plough is generally used in maize cultivation because it provides a simple way to control weed. Unfortunately, regarding soil erosion, compaction and runoff, ploughing is especially harmful in maize cultivation. Direct sowing of maize could largely solve these problems. The video presents the technique of direct sowing of maize, for example in a field of rolled field pea. In the last years, FiBL tests have shown that under optimal conditions, the direct sowing of maize in organic farming is possible without significant yield losses.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/30998/1/video.php_y%3Dhttps_%252F%252Fwww.youtube.com%252Fwatch_v%3DTFxNdCZes60%26index%3D64%26list%3DPL1dOum9RiVPiVw2Acuc7vg9MfPdEtqM1i
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Direct sowing with green manure Organic Eprints
Apostolov, Stoylko; Kirov, P.; Tihov, N..
Practical recommendations > After harvesting the main crop (cereals or rape), perform the stubble cultivation in August. > Sow the wheat‐legume mixture – winter forage peas and wheat (triticale) – by mid‐October. > At the end of May, grind the cover crop (mixture) with a roller crimper, then sow the corn with a direct sowing machine (drill). The mulch lying on the soil surface should dry before sowing. > The mulch reduces mineralization, so it might be better to use nitrogen fertilizer in the row.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Soil tillage Soil.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/32605/1/PA_023_BIOSELENA_green_manure_direct_sowing_final.pdf
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Divergência genética entre cultivares locais e cultivares melhoradas de feijão. Organic Eprints
Rodrigues, Lessandra Silva; Antunes, Irajá Ferreira; Teixeira, Marcelo Grandi; Silva, João Baptista da.
A grande variabilidade genética presente no germoplasma de feijão (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) em uso na agricultura familiar no Brasil tem sido plenamente reconhecida. A eficiência da conservação e o aproveitamento desta variabilidade aumentam quando esta é devidamente caracterizada. O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar a variabilidade genética de parte do germoplasma existente em poder de produtores de feijão no Rio Grande do Sul, e de cultivares produzidas pela pesquisa, e reuni-las em grupos de similaridade genética. Foi avaliada a divergência genética de 37 cultivares locais (land races) e 14 cultivares indicadas pela pesquisa no Estado, utilizando 40 descritores morfológicos; a grande maioria desses descritores são necessários à proteção legal....
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Soil tillage.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/22652/1/Rodrigues_Diverg%C3%AAncia.pdf
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Kvælstofudvaskning Organic Eprints
Olesen, Jørgen Eivind.
Kvælstofudvaskningen bestemmes i højere grad af afgrødedække om efteråret end af hvor meget gødning, der gives.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Air and water emissions.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25722/7/25722.pdf
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Kvælstofudvaskningen fra økologisk planteavl kan reduceres Organic Eprints
Olesen, Jørgen E.; Sørensen, Peter.
Kvælstofudvaskningen fra økologisk planteavl er på niveau med eller højere end ved konventionel dyrkning. Efterafgrøder er effektive til at mindske udvaskningen, men der er brug for sikker etablering.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Air and water emissions.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/31544/1/Kv%C3%A6lstofudvaskning%20fra%20%C3%B8kologisk%20planteavl%20kan%20mindskes.docx
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LeNiBa - the KTBL / isip app for nitrogen balancing of legumes Organic Eprints
Informationssystem Integrierte Pflanzenproduktion (ISIP) e.V., Bad Kreuznach.
With LeNiBa app it is possible to calculate nitrogen fixation and the N balance for different legumes, taking into account yield and site conditions. It is designed for both organic and conventional farmers and advisers who want to optimise the rotations for specific enterprises growing legumes. The tool can be used on any android mobile device and thus almost everywhere.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Soil.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://orgprints.org/31681/1/index.html
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Mechanical Weed Control in Maize Organic Eprints
Alföldi, Thomas; Taramarcaz, Josy.
The video shows a demonstration of new, powerful and relatively expensive machines (therefore suitable for joint use or contractors) that are doing excellent work; but there are also very useful lighter, classic, well-adjusted machines that are sometimes supplemented with new features (e.g. rotary weeders).
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Buildings and machinery Weed management.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/30999/1/video.php_y%3Dhttps_%252F%252Fwww.youtube.com%252Fwatch_v%3DBD2m8Sg13pw
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Modification/change of sowing date in winter wheat Organic Eprints
PURE, ..
The purpose of this tool is to advise farmers and crop advisors on modifications that can be made to sowing time in winter wheat based cropping systems that reduce weed, disease and pest pressures. This is for systems where there are reduced use of pesticides. The tool is a presentation that covers a number of strategies including sowing date and variety choice that will improve the performance of the crop. The tool is not specific for organic farming. The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) under the grant agreement n°265865
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop health; Quality; Protection Weed management.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/31795/1/Delayed%20sowing%20in%20winter-wheat%20based%20systems.pptx
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No-till cultivation of maize in rolled forage peas Organic Eprints
Dierauer, Hansueli; Siegrist, Franziska; Weidmann, Gilles.
The non-tilled, constantly covered soil has improved water retention and also shows a better carrying capacity during harvest, and is less affected by weed infestation, compaction, nutrient-leaching, and erosion. Stockless farms especially benefit from the nitrogen input of the legume-green manure. • At the beginning of August, carry out 1 to 2 stubble-tillage operations after cereal or rape harvest. • Sow the wintering forage peas in October. • At the end of May, kink the peas' stems with a knife-cylinder roller, after which you drill in the maize with row cleaners. The green manure lying on the ground must be properly dried off for sowing. • The mineralisation performance, lowered due to the soil cover, can be compensated for with focused nitrogen...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Soil tillage.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31020/33/PA_005_Direct-sowing-maize_final_QR.pdf
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Nouvelles approches dans la lutte contre le méligèthe du colza en agriculture biologique : régulation dynamique à l’aide de Vitalsel Organic Eprints
Bussereau, Floriane.
Résumé La culture de colza bio en Suisse ne permet pas de couvrir la demande du marché. Cela est, en partie, dû au fait que cette culture est chaque année attaquée par les méligèthes du colza qui engendrent d’importants dégâts voir des destructions totales. Les moyens de lutte mis à disposition des agriculteurs en agriculture biologique sont relativement restreints. De plus, aucun d’eux n’a, à l’heure actuelle, démontré une grande efficacité. Dans le canton de Vaud, M. Roulin produit du colza bio avec un rendement moyen avoisinant les 30 dt/ha. Une étude est donc menée afin de déterminer si la production atteinte par cet exploitant est le résultat de la lutte par dynamisation de méligèthes et des produits Vitalsel. Afin de mettre en évidence...
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/24874/1/BA%20rapport.docx
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Oat varieties for organic systems Organic Eprints
Fradgley, Nick.
Oats are valuable crop in organic rotations owing to their good nutrient use efficiency and weed competitive ability. Although Leaf Area Index is linked to height, varieties with high LAI but short height would confer good weed suppression with less risk of lodging.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25338/1/Organic%20Research%20A1%20board%20at%20Cereals%202013.pdf
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Optimizing spatial arrangement for durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) and subclover (Trifolium subterraneum L.) intercropping system Organic Eprints
Campiglia , Enio; Mancinelli , Roberto; Radicetti, Emanuele; Baresel, Jörg Peter.
The aim of this poster is to find a suitable spatial arrangement for the subclover living mulch-durum wheat system in order to provide a high cereal grain yield and a sufficient subclover reseeding after wheat harvesting. The study was carried out at the experimental farm of Tuscia University from 2011 to 2013. Field experiments included: (i) 5 cropping systems including the monoculture of durum wheat and subclover and three different durum wheat/subclover intercropping spatial arrangements (Fig. 1); (ii) 2 nitrogen fertilization levels (0 and 100 kg ha-1 of N, hereafter called N0 and N100, respectively); (iii) 2 weed managements [weed-free (WF) and weedy (We)]. The wheat planting density was 400 seeds m-2 regardless the cropping system, while the...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/29672/1/Intercropping%20FCR.pdf
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