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A cadeia produtiva do melao no Nordeste. Repositório Alice
DIAS, R. de C. S.; COSTA, N. D.; CERDAN, C.; SILVA, P. C. G. da; QUEIROZ, M. A. de; OLIVEIRA, F. Z. de; LEITE, L. A. de S.; PESSOA, P. F. A. de P.; TERAO, D..
Caracterizacao geral da cadeia produtiva no agronegocio; descricao da metodologia utilizada no estudo; analise diagnostica, analise prognostica e caracterizacao de demandas prioritarias.
Tipo: Parte de livro Palavras-chave: Nordeste; Chain; Productivity; Demand; Northeast; Melon.; Melão; Agronegócio; Cadeia Produtiva; Cucumis Melo; Demanda.; Agribusiness; Melons..
Ano: 1998 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/131874
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A case study of changes in economic performance of an irrigated dairy farm in northern Victoria AgEcon
Ho, Christie K.M.; Malcolm, Bill; Armstrong, Dan P.; Doyle, Peter T..
Average total factor productivity measures for the dairy industry provide an insight into how the industry is performing as a whole, but reveal little about what may be happening on individual farms. A case study of an irrigated dairy farm in northern Victoria, over a 37-year period, found that total milk production and some measures of partial productivity increased substantially. The economic performance of this case study farm over the 37-year period is described and analysed. From records of income and expenses, operating profit, returns to capital, labour and management and total productivity measures were calculated. Between 1980 and 2000, the business achieved productivity gains at higher than the rate estimated for the whole industry. This...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Dairy farming systems; Productivity; Long-term case study; Farm production measures; Farm Management.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122239
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A cultura da soja no sul do Maranhão. Infoteca-e
PALUDZYSZYN FILHO, E..
Evolucao da area cultivada; Caracteristicas regionais; Area; Temperatura; Precipitacao e necessidades hidricas; Produtividade; Epoca de plantio; Cultivares; Teor de oleo e proteina; Producao de sementes; Cultivares de ciclo precoce; Cultivares de ciclo medio; Cultivares de ciclo tardio; Comercializacao e transportes.
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Cultivar; Brasil; Maranhao; Regiao norte; Soybean; Production; Productivity; Transport; North region.; Comercialização; Cerrado; Época de Semeadura; Melhoramento; Pesquisa; Produtividade; Produção; Transporte; Variedade; Soja.; Commercialization; Brazil; Research; Plant breeding; Trade; Varieties.; Sowing date; Savannas.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/445817
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A depredação dos castanhais nativos na região de Marabá. Repositório Alice
KITAMURA, P. C.; MÜLLER, C. H..
Tipo: Parte de livro Palavras-chave: Castanha do brasil; Exploração de recurso; Marabá; Pará; Brasil; Production; Productivity; Resources exploitation.; Bertholletia Excelsa; Fruta; Produtividade; Produção.; Amazonia..
Ano: 1984 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/394810
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A evolução do leite no Brasil em cinco décadas. Repositório Alice
VILELA, D.; RESENDE, J. C. de; LEITE, J. B.; ALVES, E. R. de A..
O objetivo deste trabalho é caracterizar a evolução do setor leiteiro nacional nas últimas cinco décadas, mas começando pela história do leite no Brasil nos primórdios do descobrimento. O primeiro registro oficial da produção de leite nacional é da FAO, em 1961, com 5,2 milhões de toneladas. Em 1974, inicia-se a série histórica do IBGE, estendendo-se até hoje, com estimativa de 35 milhões de toneladas de leite em 2015 – crescimento sete vezes superior ao do início da série, sendo a produtividade um dos principais protagonistas do desempenho. A produção nacional não é suficiente para o consumo interno e para exportar. Na verdade, está distante disso quando se considera o consumo recomendado pela OMS, de 220 litros por habitante por ano. Dados mostram que o...
Tipo: Artigo de periódico Palavras-chave: Produção e preço do leite; Tendência; Consumption; Milk production and price; Productivity; Trends; Balança comercial; Consumo; Trade balance.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1074678
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A Game Theoretic Framework for Cooperative Benefits in South Africa’s Land Redistribution Process: A Case of Northern Kwa-Zulu Natal Sugarcane Farmland Transfers AgEcon
Mbatha, C. Nhlanhla; Antrobus, G.G..
A good indicator of successful farm redistribution cases has to be the continuation of viable productivity rates in their post transfer periods. Continued productivity benefits all the stakeholders that are involved in the process. Unfortunately negative productivity levels have been reported in numerous South African land redistribution transfers in recent years. A game theoretic perspective is adopted to argue that cooperation among key stakeholders, which could be enforced through long term contracts between a land buyer, sellers and new owners, would lead to higher productivity levels and other benefits. Additional benefits would, for example, include market related prices paid by a buyer. Sugarcane farm transfer cases from two municipality districts...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Sugarcane; Farms; Redistribution; Productivity; Cooperation; Games; Land Economics/Use; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96156
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A KÜLFÖLDI TŐKE SZEREPE ÉS A GAZDÁLKODÁS EREDMÉNYESSÉ-GÉRE GYAKOROLT HATÁSA AZ ÉLELMISZERIPARBAN AgEcon
Hodina, Peter; Lamfalusi, Ibolya.
A kilencvenes évtized első éveiben a külföldi tőkebefektetés egyik kiemelt cél-pontja az élelmiszeripar volt. A rendkívül gyors vállalat-felvásárlás és a megva-lósított tőkeemelés hatására 1993-ban a (vizsgált) élelmiszeripar összes jegyzett tőkéjének már 43 százaléka volt külföldi tulajdonban. Ez a részesedés 2000-re meghaladta a 60 százalékot. A dinamikusan növekvő tőkebefektetési tendencia 2000 után megtört, s azóta minden évben, kisebb-nagyobb mértékben mind a jegyzett tőke, mind pedig a külföldi tőke csökken az élelmiszeriparban. A 2000. évet megelőző időszakban az élelmiszeriparban jelentkező többletki-bocsátás teljes egészében a külföldi tőkét is működtető vállalkozásokhoz kapcso-lódott. A 2000. évben, illetve utána alapvető változás következett...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Külföldi tőke; Élelmiszeripar; Nyereség¬termelő-képesség; Foglalkoztatás; Termelékenység - foreign capital; Food industry; Profitability; Employment; Productivity; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54331
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A produção de leite no Rio Grande do Sul: produtividade, especialização e concentração (1990 – 2009) AgEcon
Marion Filho, Pascoal Jose; Fagundes, Jones de Oliveira; Schumacher, Gabriela.
This article evaluates the evolution of productivity, specialization and concentration of milk production in microregions of Rio Grande do Sul in the period 1990 to 2009. Productivity is measured by the ratio between milk production and the number of cows milked, the specialization is calculated from the location quotient (QL) and concentration is determined by the location Gini (GL), according to the geographical division of microregions of IBGE. The survey results showed that increases productivity, specialization and concentration in milk production, with emphasis on microregions of Três Passos, with QL equal to 2,33 in 2008, and Passo Fundo, with productivity of 4.197 liters/cow in 2009. The location Gini also showed a significant growth in the period...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Milk; Productivity; Location Quotient; Location Gini; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121297
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A utilizacao economica da erva-mate, o codigo florestal e o mercado. Repositório Alice
AHRENS, S..
Palestra.
Tipo: Parte de livro Palavras-chave: Erva mate; Codigo florestal; Erval nativo; Erval cultivado; Productivity; Legislation.; Agrossilvicultura; Ilex Paraguariensis; Mercado; Produtividade.; Agroforestry..
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/301874
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Abacate: uma fruta promissora para as áreas irrigadas do Nordeste brasileiro. Infoteca-e
GONZAGA NETO, L.; COSTA, J. M.; SILVA, E. F. da.
bitstream/item/45475/1/PA-80-1997.pdf
Tipo: Comunicado Técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Cultivo; Nordeste; Productivity; Avocado; Production.; Abacate; Fruta tropical; Irrigação; Produtividade; Produção; Variedade.; Irrigation..
Ano: 1997 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/132167
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Access to Credit, Factor Allocation and Farm Productivity: Evidence From the CEE Transition Economies AgEcon
Ciaian, Pavel; Falkowski, Jan; Kancs, d'Artis.
This paper analyses how farm access to credit affects farm input allocation and farm efficiency in the CEE countries. Drawing on a unique farm level panel data with 37,409 observations and employing a matching estimator we are able to control for the key source of endogeneity – unoberserved heterogeneity. We find that farms are credit constrained both in the short-run as well as in the long-run, but that credit constraint is asymmetric between inputs. Our estimates suggest that farm access to credit increases TFP up to 1.9% per 1000 EUR of additional credit. The use of variable inputs and capital investment increases up to 2.3% and 29%, respectively, per 1000 EUR of additional credit. Due to credit-financed investment in labour-saving farm equipment,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Access to credit; Investment; Factor allocation; Productivity; Transition countries; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Q12; P14.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61347
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Accounting for water use and productivity AgEcon
Molden, David J..
This paper presents a conceptual framework for water accounting and provides generic terminologies and procedures to describe the status of water resource use and consequences of water resources related actions. The framework applies to water resource use at three levels of analysis: a use level such as an irrigated field or household, a service level such as an irrigation or water supply system, and a water basin level that may include several uses. Water accounting terminology and performance indicators are developed and presented with examples at all the three levels. Concepts and terminologies presented are developed to be supportive in a number of activities including: identification of opportunities for water savings and increasing water...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Water management; Irrigation management; Water supply; Terminology; Performance indexes; Water use; Water allocation; Productivity; Water balance; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113623
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Adaptabilidade e estabilidade de cultivares de milho no Nordeste brasileiro no biênio 1997/98 a 1998/99. Repositório Alice
CARVALHO, H. W. L. de; LEAL, M. de L. da S.; CARDOSO, M. J.; SANTOS, M. X. dos; TABOSA, J. N.; CARVALHO, B. C. L. de; LIRA, M. A.; ALBUQUERQUE, M. M. de; SANTOS, D. M..
Dezoito cultivares de milho foram avaliadas em trinta e nove ambiente do Nordeste brasileiro, no decorrer dos anos agricolas de 1997/98 e 1998/99, em blocos ao acaso, com tres repeticoes, visando conhecer a adaptabilidade e a estabilidade desses materiais para fins de recomendacao em diferentes condicoes ambientais. Foram detectadas, na analise de variancia conjunta, diferencas entre as cultivares e comportamento inconsistente das cultivares frente as variacoes ambientais. A metodologia utilizada mostrou-se de facil interpretacao dos resultados, alem de propiciar um melhor discernimento das cultivares com adaptacoes especificas aos ambientes favoraveis e desfavoraveis. As variedades AL 30-Tiete, BR 5039 Sao Vicente, BR 5028-Sao Francisco, Sintetico...
Tipo: Artigo de periódico Palavras-chave: Previsibilidade; Brasil; Nordeste; Maize; Productivity; Hybrid; Northeast; Hibrido; Milho; Produtividade; Variedade; Zea Mays; Brazil; Varieties.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/485197
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Adaptability and stability of canola hybrids in different sowing dates Rev. Ciênc. Agron.
Lima,Luiz Henrique da Silva; Braccini,Alessandro Lucca; Scapim,Carlos Alberto; Piccinin,Gleberson Guillen; Ponce,Raissa Marrafon.
ABSTRACT Canola is an important crop in the world market, mainly for its oil being used for human consumption and biodiesel production, being a great economical option for the farmer, which are the reasons to the increase in its cultivation in Brazil. This study aimed to evaluate the adaptability and stability of canola hybrids, depending on the sowing dates. The canola hybrids (Hyola 61, Hyola 76, Hyola 411 and Hyola 433) were evaluated in three sowing dates (04/10, 04/25 and 05/10) in the agricultural years of 2013 and 2014, under a randomized complete block design with five replications. The response variables analyzed were seed yield and oil content. Adaptability and stability of the hybrids were evaluated by three methods: Wricke's ecovalence (1962);...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Brassica napus L; Oil content; Productivity.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1806-66902017000200374
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Adaptation of progenies/cultivars of arabica coffee (Coffea arabica L.) al. in mountainous edafoclimatic conditions. Repositório Alice
KROLING, C. A.; MATIELLO, J. B.; ALMEIDA, S. R. de; EUTRÓPIO, F. J.; CARVALHO, C. H. S. de.
Brazil is known for production and worldwide export of coffees. Study of adaptation of new progenies/cultivars of Arabica coffee (C. arabica L.) with resistance to rust in mountainous edaphoclimatic conditions is important for crop renewal and also for new plantations. This study was performed in the mountainous region of the Espírito Santo state, Brazil, with 30 progenies/cultivars of Arabica coffee planted at 2.5 x 0.7 m spacing with four replicates and seven plants/plot. The objective of the study was to evaluate the adaptation of rust-resistance coffee genotypes and compare them with the standard cultivars (Yellow and Red Catuaís), with regards to the characteristics of productivity, rust infection, productivity, sieve, aspect, plant vigor and yield...
Tipo: Artigo de periódico Palavras-chave: Productivity; Rust; Plant vigor; Vigor vegetativo; Peneira; Produtividade; Ferrugem; Rendimento; Yields; Sieves.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1108705
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Adoption and Impacts of Improved Maize Production Technology: A Case Study of the Ghana Grains Development Project AgEcon
Morris, Michael L.; Tripp, Robert; Dankyi, A.A..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Ghana; Maize; Zea mays; Plant production; Seed production; Productivity; Production factors; High yielding varieties; Fertilizer application; Cropping systems; Farming systems; Farm income; On farm research; Extension activities; Research projects; Technology transfer; Appropriate technology; Innovation adoption; Socioeconomic environment; Economic analysis; Economic trends; Economic policies; Human nutrition; Surveys; Sampling; Case studies; Agroecological zones; Ghana Grains Development Project; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48767
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Aflatoxins and fumonisins in feed from a broiler operation system from São Paulo state, Brazil Ciência Rural
Kobashigawa,Estela; Corassin,Carlos Humberto; Franco,Larissa Tuanny; Uliana,Rômulo Dutra; Oliveira,Carlos Augusto Fernandes de.
ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to assess the occurrence of aflatoxins (AFs) and fumonisins (FBs) in feed ingredients (corn and soybean meal) and finishing feed in a broiler operation system, as well was to evaluate their effect on the productivity of 20 batches of broilers produced and the histology status of broilers’ liver after slaughter. Corn samples presented the highest frequencies of AFs and FBs, at mean levels of 29.1 and 2,100µg/kg, respectively. Soybean samples presented mean levels of 1.5 and 70µg/kg for AFs and FBs, respectively. Batches of broilers receiving feed containing FB levels higher than 1,000µg/kg had lower weight gain and higher mortality rates, while those fed rations with AFs equal or above the limit of quantification...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Mycotoxins; AFB1; FB1; Broiler chickens; Productivity.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782019000200652
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AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AND EFFICIENCY IN RUSSIA AND UKRAINE: BUILDING ON A DECADE OF REFORM AgEcon
Osborne, Stefan; Trueblood, Michael A..
This study examines the impact of agriculture-specific and economywide institutional reform in Russia and Ukraine on the productivity and efficiency of agricultural production. Production in the agricultural sector in Russia and Ukraine has fallen since reforms began in 1992. The decline is to a certain extent an inevitable result of reform as input and output prices realign to world prices. However, some of the decline is due to incomplete agriculture-specific and economywide institutional reform. Russia and Ukraine have the potential to increase grain exports significantly if reforms are implemented: the most likely scenario projects that wheat and barley exports from Russia and Ukraine could double from current projections, reaching 21 million metric...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Russia; Ukraine; Reform; Productivity; Efficiency; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33937
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Agricultural Productivity, Drought, and Economic Growth in Sahel AgEcon
Boubacar, Inoussa.
A standardized precipitation index is used in a regression analysis to quantify the impact of climate change on agricultural productivity in Sahel. I first estimate a Malmquist productivity index and its efficiency and technical change components. I further assess the statistical significance of the indices by estimating some confidence intervals via a bootstrap method. In the second stage of the analysis, I use a Probit model to estimate the extent to which climate variables affect agricultural productivity. It appears that agricultural performance has been disastrous in many Sahelian countries from 1970 to 2000. Using a comparable cross-country measure of drought, I provide evidence that precipitation variability is constraining not only Sahel’s...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Productivity; Agriculture; Sahel; International Development; Production Economics; O13; O55; Q54.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56321
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Agricultural Productivity Growth in the European Union and Transition Countries AgEcon
Lissitsa, Alexej; Rungsuriyawiboon, Supawat.
Economic reform in the Central and Eastern European countries in the 1980s helped transform the structure and volume of agricultural production, consumption and trade, and resulted in significant agricultural productivity improvements. However, there are large differences among the transition countries in the magnitude and direction of these changes. The main objective of this study is to measure and compare the levels and trends in agricultural productivity in transition countries with those of the European Union (EU) countries making use of the most recent data available from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). This study employs a parametric distance function approach to measure Malmquist productivity index as well as the magnitude and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Parametric; Productivity; Transition countries; Biased technical change; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25353
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