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Registros recuperados: 22
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A Survey of mid and large bodied mammals in Núcleo Caraguatatuba, Serra do Mar State Park, Brazil Biota Neotropica
Norris,Darren; Ramírez,José Moreira; Zacchi,Carlos; Galetti,Mauro.
We applied complementary survey techniques to obtain a baseline species list of mid and large bodied mammals in Núcleo Caraguatatuba, Serra do Mar State park, Brazil. Between May and September 2011 we surveyed the community of mid and large bodied mammals using diurnal line transect census (212.4 km), camera-traps (223.2 camera-trap days) and track-stations (478 track-station days). A total of 18 species were recorded from 14 families in eight orders. We recorded the presence of seven species considered threatened in the State of São Paulo, including Primates (Brachyteles arachnoides), Artiodactyla (Mazama cf. americana and Tayassu pecari), Carnivora (Leopardus pardalis, Leopardus tigrinus and Puma concolor) and Perissodactyla (Tapirus terrestris). Based...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Atlantic forest; Inventory; Mammals; Protected area.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-06032012000200013
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Addressing Trade-offs: Experiences from Conservation and Development Initiatives in the Mkuze Wetlands, South Africa Ecology and Society
Dahlberg, Annika C.; Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University; annika.dahlberg@natgeo.su.se; Burlando, Catie; Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba; umburlac@cc.umanitoba.ca.
Present-day conservation policies generally include the aim to integrate biodiversity conservation and local development, and describe this as a win–win solution that can satisfy all interests. This is challenged by research claiming that many efforts fail to match practice to rhetoric. South Africa has made strong commitments to fulfill the dual goals of conservation and development, and the iSimangaliso Wetland Park is promoted as an example of this. We explore present and potential outcomes of conservation and development interventions in a community bordering the Wetland Park through the perspective of different stakeholders, with the aim of uncovering opportunities and risks. In terms of improving local livelihoods as well as involvement in...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Integrated conservation and development; Mkuze wetlands; Natural resource management; Protected area; Rural livelihoods; South Africa; Trade-offs.
Ano: 2009
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Analysis of the contribution and efficiency of the Santuario de la Naturaleza Yerba Loca, 33º S in protecting the regional vascular plant flora (Metropolitan and Fifth regions of Chile) RChHN
ARROYO,MARY T. K; MARTICORENA,CLODOMIRO; MATTHEI,OSCAR; MUÑOZ,MÉLICA; PLISCOFF,PATRICIO.
Santuario de la Naturaleza Yerba Loca (SN Yerba Loca), Metropolitan Region (MR), 33º S, Chile is analyzed for its conservation value and efficiency in protecting native vascular plants in a regional context. The reserve's flora of 500 species and subtaxa was evaluated for species richness, endemism, range size and marginally distributed taxa, using species-area analysis, and tendencies in the floras of the MR (1.434 species and subtaxa) and MR-Fifth regions (1,841 species and subtaxa) to set the regional pattern. The reserve (0.7 % of MR land area and 0.3 % MR-Fifth land area) contains 34 % of the MR and 27% of the MR-Fifth floras, and around 16-17 % of the mediterranean-climate area (regions IV-VIII) flora of central Chile. Veech's Relative Richness Index...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Conservation efficiency; Endemism; Hotspot; Protected area; Mediterranean flora; Species richness.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-078X2002000400012
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Bacia hidrográfica do Alto Tocantins: retrato e reflexões. Repositório Alice
FERREIRA, E. A. B.; TOKARSKI, D. J..
2007
Tipo: Livro científico (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Recurso hídrico; Meio ambiente; Unidade de conservação; Socioeconomia; Qualidade da água; Environment; Water resources; Protected area; Socioeconomics; Water quality.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/570866
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Biodiversity within the subfamily Alyssinae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) in the Natural Park Peñas de Aya (Spain) Rev. Bras. entomol.
Peris-Felipo,Francisco Javier; Jiménez-Peydró,Ricardo.
Biodiversity within the subfamily Alyssinae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) in the Natural Park Peñas de Aya (Spain). The study of parasitoid Hymenoptera is of significance for the assessment of diversity in a given area because of their role in the regulation of insects populations. The present work analyses diversity within Alysiinae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) in the Forested Estate of Artikutza, located in the Natural Park Peñas de Aya, western Pyrenees, Spain. Collection of specimens was spread over two years and was carried out in two different habitats: mixed forest and beech forest. A total of 2,270 specimens, belonging to 22 separate genera, were captured. Subsequently, alpha, beta and gamma diversities were analysed, and the beech forest was proven to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Diversity; Forest system; Parasitoids; Protected area; Pyrenees.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0085-56262011000300015
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Biogeographic analysis and key to the genera of ferns and lycophytes of Mburucuyá National Park, Corrientes, Argentina RChHN
MEZA-TORRES,ESTEBAN I; DE LA SOTA,ELÍAS R; FERRUCCI,MARÍA S.
The diversity of ferns and lycophytes of Corrientes province, Argentina is not well understood. Our field work in the Mburucuyá National Park in Corrientes province as well as a literature review finds 29 genera and 48 infrageneric taxa of ferns and lycophytes for this Park. A comparison of the Park's species diversity with other protected areas in northeastern Argentina using Jaccard's similarity coefficient and the infrageneric taxa biodiversity index proposed by Squeo et al. (1998) are analized. A key to the Park's ferns and lycophytes genera is provided.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Floristic diversity; Monilophytes; Protected area; Pteridophytes.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-078X2013000100005
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Birds at Santa Bárbara Ecological Station, one of the last Cerrado remnants in the state of São Paulo, Brazil Biota Neotropica
Lucindo,Anderson da Silva; Antunes,Alexsander Zamorano; Kanashiro,Marina Mitsue; Dias,Manoel Martins.
In the state of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil, the phytophysiognomy known as Cerrado takes less than 1% of its original cover. Thus, the establishment and management of protected areas are essential to save a significant sample of biodiversity of this environment in the region. The Santa Bárbara Ecological Station is one of the largest protected areas in São Paulo, and one of the few ones to cover a mosaic with most of the vegetation types of Cerrado. This article aims to increase the knowledge of avifauna in the reserve, showing new bird records and evaluating the association of species to their physiognomies. We carried out surveys from 2008 to 2013, which resulted in the record of 226 species, or 246 when in regard to Willis & Oniki’s works (1981,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Conservation; Protected area; Management; Savanna.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-06032015000400203
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Economic Benefits Generated by Protected Areas: the Case of the Hoge Veluwe Forest, the Netherlands Ecology and Society
Hein, Lars; Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University; lars.hein@wur.nl.
Eliciting the economic benefits provided by protected areas is important in order to ensure that they are properly considered in policy and decision making. There are relatively few studies that provide a comprehensive overview of the economic benefits provided by European forest ecosystems, in spite of the large share of forests in the protected area system in most countries. An economic valuation of the ecosystem services supplied by the Hoge Veluwe forest in the Netherlands is presented. The Hoge Veluwe forest is one of the largest and most well-known protected areas in the country. The services included in the study are wood production, supply of game, groundwater recharge, carbon sequestration, air filtration, recreation, and nature conservation. A...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Europe; Forest; Hoge Veluwe forest; Protected area; Valuation.
Ano: 2011
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Empowering Local People through Community-based Resource Monitoring: a Comparison of Brazil and Namibia Ecology and Society
Rostant, Luke; University of the West Indies; lrostant@gmail.com; Marinelli, Carlos Eduardo; Instituto Socioambiental; caemari@gmail.com.
Biological resource monitoring systems are implemented in many countries and often depend on the participation of local people. It has been suggested that these systems empower local participants while promoting conservation. We reviewed three wildlife monitoring systems in indigenous lands and sustainable development reserves in Brazilian Amazonia and one in Namibian Caprivi conservancies, analyzing the strategies adopted and conditions that facilitated local empowerment, as well as potential impacts on conservation. This provided insights into potential avenues to strengthen empowerment outcomes of monitoring systems in Latin America and Africa. We assessed four dimensions of empowerment at individual and community scales: psychological, social,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Acre; Amazô Nas; Caprivi; Community participation; Decentralization; Indigenous people; Protected area; Wildlife management.
Ano: 2012
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Establishment of a protected area in Vanuatu AgEcon
Centre for International Economics.
The Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) project ANREI/90/20 assisted in the establishment of a number of protected areas in Vanuatu by improving information flows and by establishing appropriate institutional structures. The total research benefit from this project is estimated to be: - A$1.89 million divided up as follows.$0.14 million is the present value to landowners, based on estimates of the surplus—return on land above logging returns foregone. For most areas, the benefits to the landowners exceeded the returns from logging and the landowners were willing to establish the area without compensation arrangements. - $1.07 million is the project’s contribution to improving the net returns on logging activities—assuming that...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Venuatu; Forestry; Protected area; Land value; Logging; Timber harvest; Harvesting; Tourism; Tourist; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Development; Land Economics/Use; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47192
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Establishment of leguminous trees in the soil of a shooting range. Repositório Alice
SCORIZA, R. N.; CORREIA, M. E. F..
Shooting range activities risk contaminating the soil, posing potential risks to human health, the local biota, and water sources. Considering that soil organisms are the first to be affected by contamination, this study aimed to evaluate the initial growth of the leguminous tree Albizia polycephala and its association with microbes in soil taken from this area. The collected soil was placed in 60-ml tubes with legume seeds and stored in a greenhouse for 60 days. The differences in the legumes? growth were not related to the physical and chemical properties of the soil, norto its metal content, but rather to mycorrhizal colonization and nodulation, which were shown to be effective in creating favorable conditions. This indicates that the site under study...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Soil contamination; Protected area; Albizia polycephala; Soil restoration.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1114407
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Evaluating Forest Management in Nepal: Views across Space and Time Ecology and Society
Nagendra, Harini; Indiana University; nagendra@indiana.edu; Karmacharya, Mukunda; Nepal Forestry Resources and Institutions; Nepal@ifri.wlink.com.np; Karna, Birendra; Nepal Forestry Resources and Institutions; Nepal@ifri.wlink.com.np.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Buffer zone; Community forestry; Co-management; Institutions; Land-cover change; Nepal; Protected area; Remote sensing.
Ano: 2005
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Freshwater protected areas: an effective measure to reconcile conservation and exploitation of the threatened European eels (Anguilla anguilla)? ArchiMer
Cucherousset, J; Paillisson, J; Carpentier, A; Thoby, V; Damien, J; Eybert, M; Feunteun, Eric; Robinet, T.
For decades, the European eel Anguilla anguilla (L.) population has been declining strongly despite several management attempts, so additional experiments need to be conducted on management measures. The use of freshwater protected areas has been advocated but their efficiency has never been assessed. In this study, we investigated whether the population structure and the silver eel (mature migrating stage) production differ in fished and protected areas within a marsh wetland (Briere, 7000 ha, Northwest France), using an intensive biological study (electrofishing and trapping) and a survey of the traditional fishery (licenses, questionnaires and creel surveys). First, we found that fishermen mainly targeted > 320-mm yellow eels (sedentary stage) using...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Coastal freshwater marsh; Habitat restoration; Protected area; Spawners production; Anguilla anguilla.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3522.pdf
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Herpetofauna of Parque Estadual Altamiro de Moura Pacheco: one of the last remnants of seasonal forest in the core region of the Brazilian Cerrado Pap. Avulsos de Zool. (São Paulo)
Ramalho,Werther Pereira; França,Daniella Pereira Fagundes; Guerra,Vinicius; Marciano,Rosy; Vale,Nilton Carlos do; Silva,Hélder Lúcio Rodrigues.
ABSTRACT Studies in remnants of semi-deciduous seasonal forest of the Cerrado are needed to fill sampling gaps and improve basic knowledge of biodiversity. This study presents data on the herpetofauna of Parque Estadual Altamiro de Moura Pacheco, one of the last protected areas of seasonal forest in the core region of the Brazilian Cerrado. Fourteen sites were sampled between March 2007 and April 2008 using pitfall traps and active searches. A total of 35 anuran species were recorded, most of which were found in hygrophilous environments near forest fragments, open areas and riparian or gallery forest. A total of 29 reptile species were recorded, most of which were found in semi-deciduous forest and riparian or gallery forest. Fourteen of the amphibians...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Semi-deciduous forest; Protected area; Mato Grosso de Goiás; Amphibians; Reptiles.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0031-10492018000100249
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How Effective is the Buffer Zone? Linking Institutional Processes with Satellite Images from a Case Study in the Lore Lindu Forest Biosphere Reserve, Indonesia Ecology and Society
Mehring, Marion; University of Greifswald; Institute for Social-Ecological Research (ISOE); Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F); mehring@isoe.de; Stoll-Kleemann, Susanne; University of Greifswald; stollkle@uni-greifswald.de.
Biosphere reserves seek to reconcile nature conservation with local development goals, for example by delineating buffer zones of sustainable resource use around core areas with primary conservation objectives. Here we evaluate buffer zone effectiveness in reducing deforestation within the Lore Lindu Biosphere Reserve in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Socio-economic and remote-sensing data were combined in an integrated approach. We applied a systematic qualitative social research design and carried out in-depth interviews with local, sub-national, and national authorities. Data collected through the interviews were used to interpret satellite images: (1) spatially, that is, forest cover change in the buffer zone versus the core area and, (2) over time, that is,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biosphere reserve; Buffer zone; Indonesia; Management effectiveness; Protected area; Remote sensing.
Ano: 2011
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Integrating Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Ecological Science: a Question of Scale Ecology and Society
The benefits and challenges of integrating traditional ecological knowledge and scientific knowledge have led to extensive discussions over the past decades, but much work is still needed to facilitate the articulation and co-application of these two types of knowledge. Through two case studies, we examined the integration of traditional ecological knowledge and scientific knowledge by emphasizing their complementarity across spatial and temporal scales. We expected that combining Inuit traditional ecological knowledge and scientific knowledge would expand the spatial and temporal scales of currently documented knowledge on the arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) and the greater snow goose (Chen caerulescens atlantica), two important tundra species. Using...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Arctic; Inuit; Protected area; Scale; Chen caerulescens atlantica; Traditional ecological knowledge; Vulpes lagopus; Alopex lagopus; Local ecological knowledge; Scientific knowledge.
Ano: 2009
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Management Effectiveness and Land Cover Change in Dynamic Cultural Landscapes—Assessing a Central European Biosphere Reserve Ecology and Society
Ohnesorge, Bettina; Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities; ohnesorge@bbaw.de.
Protected areas are a central pillar of efforts to safeguard biodiversity and ecosystem services, but their contribution to the conservation and management of European cultural landscapes that have complex spatial-temporal dynamics is unclear. The conservation strategy of biosphere reserves aims at integrating biodiversity and ecosystem service conservation with economic development by designating zones of differing protection and use intensities. It is applied worldwide to protect and manage valuable cultural landscapes. Using the example of a German biosphere reserve, we developed a framework to assess the effectiveness of Central European reserves in meeting their land cover related management goals. Based on digital biotope maps, we defined and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biosphere reserve; Cultural landscape; Land cover change; Management effectiveness; Protected area.
Ano: 2013
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Management priorities for exotic plants in an urban Atlantic Forest reserve Acta Botanica
Petri,Laís; Aragaki,Sonia; Gomes,Eduardo Pereira Cabral.
ABSTRACT Biological diversity is directly affected by alien species, even though the diagnosed impacts vary with scale. Early identification of the invasion of natural patches is essential for effective conservation actions. We aimed to determine the exotic plant species present inside Fontes do Ipiranga State Park (PEFI), an urban protected area located in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, and their relative proportions of occurrence in the native forest. Our goal was to use these data to assess their invasion status according to specific literature and to define management priorities for them. Therefore, we surveyed the presence of exotic plants within the canopy layer and understory of three native forest areas with different levels of disturbance. We...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Botanical garden; Disturbance; Invasion biology; Invasion status; Protected area; Species population ecology.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062018000400631
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Social-ecological Resilience and Biodiversity Conservation in a 900-year-old Protected Area Ecology and Society
Newton, Adrian C; Bournemouth University; anewton@bournemouth.ac.uk.
Protected areas are increasingly being recognized as coupled social-ecological systems, whose effectiveness depends on their resilience. Here I present a historical profile of an individual case study, the New Forest (England), which was first designated as a protected area more than 900 years ago. Uniquely, a traditional pattern of land use has been maintained ever since, providing a rare opportunity to examine the resilience of an integrated social-ecological system over nine centuries. The New Forest demonstrates that over the long term, coupled social-ecological systems can be resilient to major internal and external shocks, including climate change, mass human mortality and war. Changes in governance had the greatest impact on the reserve itself, with...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Biodiversity conservation; Effectiveness; Protected area; Resilience; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2011
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Traditional Wisdom: Protecting Relationships with Wilderness as a Cultural Landscape Ecology and Society
Watson, Alan; Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute; awatson@fs.fed.us; Matt, Roian; The Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation, Forest Management Department; greeneyednativewoman@yahoo.com; Knotek, Katie; Powell Ranger District, Clearwater National Forest; kknotek@fs.fed.us; Williams, Daniel R.; Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service; drwilliams@fs.fed.us; Yung, Laurie; Department of Society & Conservation, College of Forestry & Conservation, The University of Montana; laurie.yung@umontana.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Cultural resources; Landscape meanings; Protected area; Public involvement; Tribal land management.
Ano: 2011
Registros recuperados: 22
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