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A New Methodology for Assessing the Effectiveness of Marine Protected Areas OceanDocs
Angulo-Valdés, J.A.; Hatcher, B.G..
La efectividad de manejo se entiende como el grado en que los objetivos de manejo de un área protegida han sido cumplidos. Antes del 1993 no existían en la literatura trabajos sobre este tema, y solo se encontraban artículos que trataban sobre los objetivos y beneficios de las áreas protegidas vistos desde una perspectiva biológica solamente. En el presente trabajo se desarrolla una nueva metodología para evaluar la efectividad de manejo de un área marina protegida y la misma se aplica a un estudio de caso real. La metodología propuesta constituye una herramienta interdisciplinaria que pudiera mejorar el manejo de las áreas marinas protegidas. Esta metodología constituye un paso adelante que se nutre de las contribuciones anteriores y provee un nuevo...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Management; Marine sciences; Protected areas.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4926
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A Spatial-Intertemporal Model for Tropical Forest Management Applied to Khao Yai National Park, Thailand AgEcon
Albers, Heidi J..
This paper discusses the application of a spatial-intertemporal model for tropical forest management to Khao Yai National Park in Thailand. This type of model, especially the spatial components, finds different optimal land allocations than do traditional models at empirically relevant levels of benefits. The spatial analysis here suggests that most of this park can be best used as a preserved area and also provides support for expanding the park into an adjacent unpopulated area. The analysis demonstrates that the park's benefits to regional agriculture and villagers are large enough that preservation can proceed without international support, and that local people, as a group, have incentives to maintain most of the area as preserved land. Although the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Parks; Protected areas; People-park conflict; Spatial; Biodiversity; Option value; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q2; Q15; O13.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10751
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Agroforestry system as a buffer zone in a Brazilian Atlantic Forest conservation unit: an artificial nest predation perspective Biota Neotropica
Galvão,Camila André; Francisco,Mercival Roberto; Schlindwein,Marcelo Nivert.
Abstract Here we inferred about the effectiveness of a buffer zone composed by an Agroforestry System (AS) for providing reproductive conditions for Atlantic Forest birds by comparing artificial nest predation rates between a buffer zone, a primary forest area, and a set of small and isolated Atlantic Forest fragments. We have used 237 nests throughout the three areas, of which 100 (42.2%) were depredated. Predation frequencies were 28.6% in the continuous forest, 100% in the AS, and 51.9% in the fragments, differing significantly. We could detect nest predators in 48 of the 100 depredated nests (48%) using camera traps. Differences between areas may be attributed to changes in nest predator species. We support previous evidences that the conservation of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Protected areas; Management; Mesopredators; Birds; Camera traps.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-06032018000100203
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Bats (Mammalia, Chiroptera) from the Nísia Floresta National Forest, with new records for the state of Rio Grande do Norte, northeastern Brazil Biota Neotropica
Barros,Marília A. S.; Morais,Camila Martins Gomes; Figueiredo,Bruna Maria Braga; Moura Júnior,Gilberto Benigno de; Ribeiro,François Fernandes dos Santos; Pessoa,Daniel Marques Almeida; Ito,Fernanda; Bernard,Enrico.
Abstract The state of Rio Grande do Norte is considered a data gap for bat species records in Brazil. The state is also currently target of large economic projects with potential impacts on bats, especially wind farms and mining enterprises. In addition, Rio Grande do Norte has few conservation units in which there is no systematic study on bat fauna. The Nísia Floresta National Forest (NFNF), a federally protected area of 174 hectares, is located in the eastern coast of Rio Grande do Norte and corresponds to one of the last remnants of Atlantic Forest in the state, in its northernmost limits. A bat inventory was conducted in NFNF using mist nets set at ground level, from sunset to sunrise, from December 2011 to December 2012, totaling 25 sampling nights....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Atlantic Rainforest; Chiropteran inventory; Conservation units; Neotropical biodiversity; Protected areas.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-06032017000200303
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Benthic macroinvertebrates as bioindicators of water quality in an Atlantic forest fragment Iheringia, Sér. Zool.
Oliveira,Augusto; Callisto,Marcos.
The objective of this study was to evaluate benthic macroinvertebrate communities as bioindicators of water quality in five streams located in the "Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural" (RPPN) Mata Samuel de Paula and its surroundings, in the municipality of Nova Lima near the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, southeastern Brazil. This region has been strongly modified by human activities including mining and urbanization. Samples were collected in the field every three months between August 2004 and November 2005, totaling six samplings in the rainy and dry seasons. This assessment identified one area ecologically altered while the other sampling sites were found to be minimally disturbed systems, with well-preserved ecological conditions....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Benthic inventory; Biodiversity; Seasonal distribution; Protected areas; Functional feeding groups.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212010000400003
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Birds of the Grota do Angico Natural Monument in the semi-arid Caatinga scrublands of northeastern Brazil Biota Neotropica
Ruiz-Esparza,Juan; Gouveia,Sidney Feitosa; Rocha,Patricio Adriano da; Beltrão-Mendes,Raone; Ribeiro,Adauto de Souza; Ferrari,Stephen Francis.
An inventory of the avian fauna of the Grota do Angico Natural Monument in the Caatinga of northern Sergipe, Brazil, revealed the presence of at least 140 species, including nine that are endemic to the Caatinga and seasonal forest adjacent. Despite the limited scope of the study (two expeditions in July and August, 2008), the species richness recorded at the site appeared to be typical of the region and the Caatinga biome.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Avian inventory; Birds conservation; Caatinga; Protected areas; Sergipe.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-06032011000200027
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CAMPFIRE and Human-Wildlife Conflicts in Local Communities Bordering Northern Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe Ecology and Society
Gandiwa, Edson; Resource Ecology Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands; Scientific Services, Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority, Chiredzi, Zimbabwe; egandiwa@gmail.com; Lokhorst, Anne M.; Knowledge, Technology and Innovation Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands; annemarike.lokhorst@wur.nl; Prins, Herbert H.T.; Resource Ecology Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands; School of Life Sciences, University of Kwazulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Durban, South Africa; Herbert.Prins@wur.nl; Leeuwis, Cees; Communication and Innovation Studies Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands; Cees.Leeuwis@wur.nl.
Human-wildlife conflicts are a global problem, and are occurring in many countries where human and wildlife requirements overlap. Conflicts are particularly common near protected areas where societal unrest is large. To ease conflict, integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs) have been implemented. The Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE) is an example of an ICDP. We hypothesized that (i) a higher perceived effectiveness of CAMPFIRE would be associated with a decline in human-wildlife conflicts, and (ii) local communities with higher perceived effectiveness of CAMPFIRE programs would have more favorable attitudes towards problematic wild animals. Four focus group discussions and interviews with 236...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Attitudes; Benefits; Human-wildlife conflicts; Integrated conservation and development projects; Perception; Protected areas.
Ano: 2013
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CHARM : Atlas des Habitats des Ressources Marines de la Manche Orientale ArchiMer
Carpentier, Andre; Coppin, Franck; Dauvin, Jean-claude; Desroy, Nicolas; Dewarumez, Jean-marie; Eastwood, Paul D.; Ernande, Bruno; Harrop, Stuart; Kemp, Zarine; Koubbi, Philippe; Williams, Nigel Leader; Lefebvre, Alain; Lemoine, Michel; Loots, Christophe; S. Martin, Corinne; Meaden, Geoff J.; Ryan, Nick; Tan, Lei; Vaz, Sandrine; Walkey, Mike.
INTRODUCTION: The Dover Strait (Figure 1) connects the North Sea to the English Channel. Here, northern France and South-East England are at their closest. This narrow corridor, one of the world's busiest straits for maritime shipping, is a key economic area for numerous activities, such as leisure and tourism, international ports and shipping, plus the exploitation of living or abiotic marine resources. This area is a significant resource for fisheries because many commercial fish species are abundant there, but also because of the presence of nursery and spawning areas and migratory routes linked to specific environmental characteristics. The vulnerability of these resources, which are subjected to strong anthropogenic pressures, has brought together...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Survey; Landings; Larvae; Eastern channel; Benthos; Fish; Sig; Policy analysis; Species protection; Habita protection; Protected areas; Marine biodiversity conservation.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/rapport-2350.pdf
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Cladocerans (Crustacea, Anomopoda and Ctenopoda) from Cerrado of Central Brazil: Inventory of phytophilous community in natural wetlands Biota Neotropica
Sousa,Francisco Diogo Rocha; Elmoor-Loureiro,Lourdes Maria Abdu; Mendonça-Galvão,Luciana de.
The aim of this study was to inventory the cladoceran fauna in wetlands located in two large areas that protect fragments of Cerrado. Located in the Brasília National Park-DF and Campo de Instrução de Formosa-GO, these wetlands are formed by upwelling groundwater, with extensive vegetation cover. We found 24 species in the Brasília National Park and 30 in the Campo de Instrução de Formosa. The observed richness reached approximately 80% of the estimated values for both protected areas. Moreover, the community of cladocerans in the kind of environment studied appears to be influenced by depth, with higher values of richness and similarity in wetlands of higher average depths. However, shallow wetlands contributed to the total richness with exclusive...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: High Paraná River Basin; High São Francisco River Basin; Protected areas; Richness; Shallow wetlands.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-06032013000300222
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Community Participation in the Planning and Management of Marine Protected Areas: A Study Of Kenya and the Philippines OceanDocs
Ole-MoiYoi, L.K..
For countless centuries, fishing-dependent indigenous communities have protected their marine environments from over-exploitation. Understanding that proper conservation guaranteed food for future generations, many of these communities fished only during certain times of the year, or divided up fishing grounds based on familial ties. However, as these communities lost water rights following the formation of certain nation-states, and international fishing fleets moved into the world’s oceans, a need arose to devise new techniques for protecting marine environments. Not only is this protection necessary to maintain biodiversity, but also to guarantee food security and the cultural traditions of fishing villages around the world. In 1957, British biologists...
Tipo: Theses and Dissertations Palavras-chave: Protected areas; Marine parks; Local communities; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_9000107.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/369
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Conservation narratives in Peru: envisioning biodiversity in sustainable development Ecology and Society
In the mega-diverse country Peru, a resource intensive development model collides with the interest of conserving biodiversity. Peruvian biodiversity experts have developed different lines of argumentation as to how to integrate conservation into the sustainable development of their country. Applying grounded theory, I define five groups of conservation narratives based on the analysis of 72 qualitative interviews with experts working in areas of biodiversity conservation. I have labeled them: biodiversity protectionists, biodiversity traditionalists, biodiversity localists, biodiversity pragmatists, and biodiversity capitalists. These groups are each discussed in connection with what they have to say about biodiversity in relation to human life,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Environmental discourses; Extractivism; Latin America; Natural capital; Political ecology; Protected areas; Sustainability.
Ano: 2016
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Current distribution and conservation of the huemul (Hippocamelus bisulcus) in Argentina and Chile Mastozool. neotrop.
Vila,Alejandro R.; López,Rodrigo; Pastore,Hernán; Faúndez,Ricardo; Serret,Alejandro.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Conservation; Current distribution; Protected areas.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0327-93832006000200012
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Developing Indicators for Monitoring and Evaluating Joint Management Effectiveness in Protected Areas in the Northern Territory, Australia Ecology and Society
Izurieta, Arturo; Research Institute for Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University; arturo_izurieta@hotmail.com; Sithole, Bevlyne; Research Institute for Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University;; Stacey, Natasha; Research Institute for Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University; natasha.stacey@cdu.edu.au; Hunter-Xenie, Hmalan; Research Institute for Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University;; Campbell, Bruce; Research Institute for Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University;; Donohoe, Paul; Northern Land Council;; Brown, Jessie; Wardaman Traditional Owner;; Wilson, Lincoln; Department of Natural Resources, Environment, The Arts and Sport/NT Parks and Wildlife Service;.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Evaluation; Indigenous people; Joint management; Management effectiveness; Monitoring; Participation; Partnership; Protected areas.
Ano: 2011
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Do we underestimate the impact of roads on arboreal animals? Roadkill as an important threat to Chaetomys subspinosus (Mammalia: Rodentia) Biota Neotropica
Srbek-Araujo,Ana Carolina; Alvarenga,Aline de Castro; Bertoldi,Ariane Teixeira.
Abstract: The Thin-spined Porcupine (Chaetomys subspinosus) is a medium-sized and mainly arboreal rodent, endemic to the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, and threatened with extinction. Habitat loss, hunting, forest fires, agriculture and livestock are threats identified for the species. Here we raise the alert to the impact of roads on remaining populations of C. subspinosus based on roadkill records from the state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Mortality due to roadkill is likely to impact C. subspinosus in different regions of the state, and is a widespread problem, not unique to a single location or population. The pattern of roadkills in the studied regions suggest that the species is more susceptible to collisions with vehicles in the breeding...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Atlantic Forest; Protected areas; Road ecology; Thin-spined Porcupine.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-06032018000300501
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Does Pastoralists' Participation in the Management of National Parks in Northern Norway Contribute to Adaptive Governance? Ecology and Society
Risvoll, Camilla ; University of Nordland; camilla.risvoll.godo@uin.no; Fedreheim, Gunn Elin; Nordland Research Institute; gef@nforsk.no; Sandberg , Audun ; University of Nordland; audun.sandberg@hibo.no; BurnSilver, Shauna; School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University; Shauna.Burnsilver@asu.edu.
Norwegian protected areas have historically been managed by central, expertise bureaucracy; however, a governance change in 2010 decentralized and delegated the right to manage protected areas to locally elected politicians and elected Sámi representatives in newly established National Park Boards. We explore how this new governance change affects adaptive capacity within the reindeer industry, as the reindeer herders are now participating with other users in decision-making processes related to large tracts of protected areas in which they have pasture access. Aspects within adaptive capacity and resilience thinking are useful as complementary dimensions to a social-ecological system framework (Ostrom 2007) in exploring the dynamics of complex...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Decentralization; National park governance; Participation; Pastoralists; Protected areas; Reindeer herding; SES framework; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2014
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Economic Constraints to the Management of Marine Protected Areas OceanDocs
Tessema, Y.; Emerton, L..
Eastern Africa contains an extensive network of marine protected areas (MPAs), stretching from the Red Sea states of Sudan, Eritrea and Djibouti, along the Indian Ocean coastline of Somaliland, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique, and out to the Indian Ocean islands of Seychelles, Comoros, Réunion, Mauritius and Madagascar. Most of these MPAs have been gazetted because they contain species or habitats of particular interest, importance or conservation concern that are under threat in some way. The main threats to Eastern Africa’s MPAs arise from human economic activities. These include over-fishing and destructive fishing techniques (such as poison fishing, dynamite fishing and the use of small-mesh nets), the over-harvesting of other marine products...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Marine parks; Protected areas.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/373
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Ecosystem Services, Governance, and Stakeholder Participation: an Introduction Ecology and Society
Paavola, Jouni ; University of Leeds; j.paavola@leeds.ac.uk; Hubacek, Klaus; Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland; hubacek@umd.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive; Ecosystem services; Governance; Participation; Payment for ecosystem services; Protected areas; Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Stakeholders.
Ano: 2013
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Effectiveness of a Cuban marine protected area in meeting multiple management objectives OceanDocs
Angulo-Valdés, J. A..
In this work the management effectiveness of a Cuban MPA is assessed using an interdisciplinary approach. A series of three hypotheses are tested to determine how effective the Punta Frances Marine Protected Area (PFMPA) has been in meeting the multiple objectives of conserving biological diversity and ecological integrity, while allowing for the development of economic opportunities for tourism, and satisfying the needs of local and distant human populations. A new typology of benefits derived from MPAs was produced to provide managers with a practical tool that enable them to: 1) identify the benefits at the early stages of MPA creation, 2) state MPA objectives in a clear and measurable way, 3) assess the effectiveness of their MPA in meeting...
Tipo: Theses and Dissertations Palavras-chave: Protected areas; Methodology; Abundance.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/5483
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Effects of protected area downsizing on habitat fragmentation in Yosemite National Park (USA), 1864 – 2014 Ecology and Society
Golden Kroner, Rachel E.; Department of Environmental Science and Policy, George Mason University; Betty and Gordon Moore Center for Science, Conservation International; rachelelizabethgolden@gmail.com; Krithivasan, Roopa; Department of Geography, Clark University; rkrithivasan@clarku.edu; Mascia, Michael B.; Betty and Gordon Moore Center for Science, Conservation International; m.mascia@conservation.org.
Protected area downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement (PADDD) has been documented worldwide, but its impacts on biodiversity are poorly understood. To fill this knowledge gap, we reviewed historical documents to identify legal changes that altered the boundaries of Yosemite National Park. We identified two downsizes and five additions between 1905 and 1937 that reduced the size of Yosemite National Park by 30%. To examine the effects of these downsizing events on habitat fragmentation by roads, we compared protected, never-protected, and downsized lands at three spatial scales using four habitat fragmentation metrics: road density, fragment (land surrounded by roads) area-to-perimeter ratio, fragment area, and fragment density. In general, lands that...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Downsizing; Governance; Habitat fragmentation; PADDD; Protected areas; Yosemite National Park.
Ano: 2016
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Etats des lieux nationaux - Projet CEPIA: dynamiques halieutiques et systèmes de gestion des pêches OceanDocs
Projet CEPIA, Construire Ensemble une gestion des Pêches Intégrant les Amp, Dakar (Sénégal); Centre de Recherches Océanographiques de Dakar Thiaroye, Dakar (Sénégal); Djiga Thiaw; Moustapha Déme; Hamed Diaw Diadhiou; Adama Mbaye.
Commission Sous Régionale des Pêches
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Fisheries management; Fishery legislation; Ecosystems; Demersal fisheries; Fishery policy; Protected areas.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4585
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