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Characterization of Breast Meat Collected from Spent Lohmann Brown Layers in Comparison to Commercial Ross Broilers Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Limpisophon,K; E-tun,S; Koeipudsa,C; Charoensuk,D; Malila,Y.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to compare characteristics and properties of breast meat from spent Lohmann Brown layers (SP, 90 weeks old, n = 24) and those of commercial broilers (BR, 6 weeks old, n = 24). The breasts of both SP and BR were collected from a local processing plant, vacuum-packed in a plastic bag, and stored at -18ºC until further analyses. The SP showed a greater water-holding capacity, tougher and chewier texture (p<0.05). Both raw and cooked SP breasts comprised the greater total collagen but lower soluble collagen than those of BR (p<0.05). Muscle fibers of the SP, observed under scanning electron microscope, were small, with average fiber diameter of 37.85±1.40 μm, densely packed and surrounded by complex networks of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Muscle fiber; Physicochemical properties; Protein fractionation; Technological properties; Thermal properties..
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2019000300315
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Chemical characterization of Brazilian hulless barley varieties, flour fractionation, and protein concentration Scientia Agricola
Helm,Cristiane Vieira; Francisco,Alicia de.
Even though hulless barley is widely known due to its nutritional potential, in Brazil it is only grown at a few agricultural experimental stations. There is no published data about the chemical composition of Brazilian hulless barley varieties; however, research laboratories have studied their agronomical characteristics. The objectives of this study were to present the chemical characterization and effect of flour fractionation on protein concentration of six Brazilian hulless barley varieties, namely IAC IBON 214/82, IAC 8612/421, IAC 8501/31, IAC 8501/12, IAPAR 39-Acumaí, and IAC 8501/22. The analyses included: ash, ether extract, total protein, starch, total insoluble and soluble dietary fiber, and beta-glucans. Flour fractionation was carried out by...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cereals; Naked barley; Protein fractionation; Sieving; Chemical composition.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162004000600005
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Corn plant arrangement and its effect on silage quality R. Bras. Zootec.
Skonieski,Fernando Reimann; Nörnberg,José Laerte; Kessler,Julcemar Dias; David,Diego Bitencourt de; Azevedo,Eduardo Bohrer de; Brüning,Gilmar; Pimentel,Concepta Margaret McManus.
This experiment was carried out to evaluate the effects of the row spacing between corn plants on silage quality. Different spacing between corn rows (40, 60, and 80 cm) was used, but the population of plants was maintained around 65,000/ha in all treatments. Analysis of variance was carried out and means were compared by Tukey's test at 5% of probability. A reduction in row spacing provided better spatial distribution of plants, but did not alter morphological composition or dry matter production. The corn with most equidistant spatial distribution (lowest row spacing) showed an increase in lignin concentration, neutral detergent fiber, and total carbohydrates, and showed a decrease in total digestible nutrients when compared with 80 cm row spacing....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Carbohydrate fractionation; Nutritional value; Protein fractionation; Row spacing.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982014000300002
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Metabolism and ruminal parameters of Holstein × Gir heifers fed sugarcane and increasing levels of crude protein R. Bras. Zootec.
Queiroz,Maria Fernanda Soares; Berchielli,Telma Teresinha; Signoretti,Ricardo Dias; Ribeiro,Andressa Ferreira; Morais,Juciléia Aparecida da Silva.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of increasing levels of crude protein (CP) in the diet (13, 15, 19 and 22 g/100 g of dry matter, DM) on the metabolism and ruminal parameters of crossbred heifers fed forage sugarcane. Four crossbred Holstein × Gir heifers of average initial weight of 200 kg and average age of 14 months were used. The experimental design was in a 4 × 4 latin square. The intake values of DM, organic matter (OM), neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and non-fibrous carbohydrates (NFC) were not affected by the protein contents of the diet. The apparent and ruminal digestibility of DM and OM were affected by the protein content of the diet. Greater total apparent digestibility coefficient of CP (0.749) was observed for the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Digestibility; Microbial synthesis; Plasma urea; Protein fractionation.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000900019
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Nutritional value of baled rice straw for ruminant feed R. Bras. Zootec.
Peripolli,Vanessa; Barcellos,Julio Otávio Jardim; Prates,Ênio Rosa; McManus,Concepta; Silva,Leila Picolli da; Stella,Laion Antunes; Costa Junior,João Batista Gonçalves; Lopes,Rúbia Branco.
ABSTRACT The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of cultivation and hay making factors on chemical composition, protein fractionation, and digestibility in rice straw, as well as to identify the chemical fractions that contribute to the variation in its nutritional value for ruminants. Statistical procedures were performed in a model that included rice crop cycle, sowing season, baling season, soil classification, fertilizer application, and productivity (kg/ha) as fixed effects and the hay bale as random effect. Chemical composition, protein fractionation, and digestibility data were subjected to multivariate analyses including factor, cluster, and discriminant. Considering the cultivation and haymaking factors, development cycle, baling...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Digestibility; Forage conservation; Protein fractionation.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982016000700392
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