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20 Jahre Modellbetrieb für Ökolandbau in Müncheberg. Teil 2: Wie ertragslabil sind Körnerleguminosen im Vergleich zu Getreide und Mais? Organic Eprints
Reckling, Moritz; Döring, Thomas F.; Bloch, Ralf; Stein-Bachinger, Karin; Bachinger, Johann.
Auf dem Modellbetrieb für Ökolandbau in Müncheberg wurden von 1993 bis 2013 Feldversuche zur Ermittlung der Ertragsstabilität von zwei Körnerleguminosen (Schmalblättrige Lupine und Futtererbse), Wintergetreide (Roggen und Weizen), Hafer und Silomais durchgeführt. Zwei orthogonale Datensätze wurden genutzt um die temporären Ertragsschwankungen der Einzelkulturen zu vergleichen. Beide Körnerleguminosen zeigten die geringste Ertragsstabilität von allen untersuchten Kulturen. Dies war sowohl für varianzbasierte als auch für regressionsbasierte Stabilitätsparameter der Fall. Gründe für die geringe Ertragsstabilität sind unzureichend bekannt. Es müssen Strategien für das Management entwickelt werden, um mit den großen Schwankungen umzugehen.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/26912/1/26912_reckling.pdf
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A participatory approach to variety trials for organic systems Organic Eprints
Clarke, Dr Sarah M.; Hinchsliffe, Miss Kay E.; Haigh, Miss Zoe; Jones, Dr Hannah; Pearce, Dr Bruce; Wolfe, Prof Martin S; Thomas, Dr Jane.
A participatory research methodology was used to compare the performance of UK wheat varieties under organic conditions. Plots of three breadmaking winter wheat varieties (Hereward, Solstice and Xi19) and a mixture (1:1:1) of the varieties were grown at 19 UK farms in two seasons (2003/04 and 2004/05). Meas-urements were taken of growth habit, yield and grain quality. Grain yields in both seasons showed significant site by variety interactions, although the variation among sites was greater than among varieties in both instances. Wheat grown at Western sites was significantly shorter and higher-yielding than that grown at Eastern sites in 2003/04 but significantly taller in 2004/05. As with grain yield, greater variation among site than variety was found...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/7444/1/denmark_congress_agronomic_PC_paper.pdf
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Ackerbauliche Auswertung von Praxiserhebungen in Beständen verschiedener Körnerleguminosen: Erste Ergebnisse zu Unkraut und Bestandesdichte Organic Eprints
Schmidt, H.; Langanky, L..
Data of approx. 325 organic and conventional grain legume fields between 2015 and 2018 will be analysed regarding agronomic issues. On this selection of farms that are involved in the exemplary demonstration networks of the German governments protein crop strategy additionally to the data collected in the network, management information will be evaluated and various soil and plant parameters will be measured. The main goal is the identification of agronomic factors influencing the success of the grain legume cultivation. First results show the higher weed pressure and the closer connection of weed cover ratio and legume plant density in organic compared to conventional systems.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31742/1/Ackerbauliche%20Auswertung%20von%20Praxiserhebungen%20in.pdf
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Aislamiento y caracterización de cepas de Bacillus asociadas al cultivo del arroz (Oryza sativa L.) Organic Eprints
Badía, Marcia M. Rojas; Hernández, Berto Tejera; Murrel, Jeny A. Larrea; Mahillon, Jacques; Perez, Mayra Heydrich.
El presente trabajo muestra el aislamiento y la caracterización de bacterias del género Bacillus provenientes de la rizosfera del cultivo del arroz (Oryza sativa L.) variedad J-104 utilizando el modelo microcosmos. Se realizaron además aislamientos directos del suelo que se encontraba cultivado con la variedad INCA LP-5. Se llevó a cabo la caracterización fisiológica de 13 aislados en cuanto a la producción de compuestos indólicos, la determinación de antagonismo frente a hongos fitopatógenos Del arroz (Alternaria solani, Pyricularia grisea, Fusarium sp. y Curvularia sp.), la capacidad de solubilización de fosfatos y la determinación cualitativa de la fijación de nitrógeno. Teniendo en cuenta los resultados obtenidos se seleccionaron a través de un...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farming Systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/23097/1/Bad%C3%ADa_Aislamiento.pdf
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Aligning Insect IPM Programs With a Cropping Systems Perspective: Cover Crops and Cultural Pest Control in Wisconsin Organic Corn and Soybean Organic Eprints
Cullen, E.M.; Holm, K.M..
This article presents a conversation among researcher, agroecology student, and farmers about the association between cover crops and seedcorn maggot in organic grain crops. Survey data showed that Wisconsin organic farmers would use cover crop management, insect degree day forecasting, and planting date cultural controls, given appropriate knowledge context and extension information provision. We developed electronic and print resources and engaged with farmers and educators nationally through the eOrganic Community of Practice. Project outcomes exemplify student and farmer ability to effect change in land grant university extension recommendations through integrated pest management content and delivery aligned with a cropping systems perspective.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Crop combinations and interactions Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/24311/7/24311.pdf
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Análise não destrutiva de crescimento do gergelim consorciado com feijão caupi em sistema orgânico de cultivo. Organic Eprints
Araujo, Afrânio César de; Aloufa, Magdi Ahmed Ibrahim; Silva, Apolino José Nogueira da Silva; Costa, Ana Alessandra; Santos, Iranilson Silva dos.
Um trabalho de campo foi conduzido objetivando estudar o crescimento do gergelim solteiro e consorciado com o feijão caupi, avaliando-se o efeito de épocas relativas de plantio da Fabaceae. O experimento foi realizado em delineamento de blocos casualizados com parcelas subdivididas e quatro repetições. Os tratamentos principais foram cinco sistemas de cultivo do gergelim: monocultivo de gergelim (MG) e consórcio gergelim + feijão caupi, com quatro épocas relativas de plantio da Fabaceae (0, 7, 14 e 21 dias após o plantio do gergelim, respectivamente, C0, C7, C14 e C21). Os tratamentos secundários foram as épocas das coleta de dados: 15, 30, 45, 60, 75 e 90 dias após a emergência. Houve pouca influência dos sistemas de cultivo no crescimento do gergelim....
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farming Systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/26268/1/Ara%C3%BAjo_An%C3%A1lise.pdf
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Anbauwürdigkeit und Vorfruchtwert verschiedener Körnerleguminosen-Anbausysteme im Praxisversuch in Luxemburg Organic Eprints
Stoll, Evelyne; Heidt, Hanna; Bohn, Thomas; Heß, Jürgen; Zimmer, Stephanie.
Due to the protein deficit in Europe and the many negative impacts related to soy imports from overseas, it is important to increase the cultivation of grain legumes for regional fodder production. Therefore, as part of the COBRA project, two on-farm trial of different grain legume cropping systems were set up at two Luxembourgish organic farms, with the aim to demonstrate the practicality of growing grain legumes and to study their fodder and pre-crop value, as well as their suitability for cultivation under organic growing conditions in Luxembourg. Overall, all the tested grain legumes, with the exception of winter faba bean in Colmar-Berg, showed good suitability for regional high-protein fodder production. Both lupin species showed a good previous...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31743/1/Anbauw%C3%BCrdigkeit%20und%20Vorfruchtwert%20verschiedener.pdf
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Bodennahe Wärmeprozesse und vegetatives Wachstum bei Sonnenblumen Organic Eprints
Jancáryová, Danica; Fuchs, Nikolai; Leiber, Florian.
Wärme als qualitativer Naturprozess ist mehr als ein Temperaturzustand. In einem Versuch wurde das Wachstum von Sonnenblumen an zwei unterschiedlich exponierten Standorten mit und ohne Folie untersucht. Ein sensibler Zusammenhang zwischen Wärmeprozessen an der Erdoberfläche und der vegetativen Entwicklungsdynamik wurde festgestellt.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/28334/1/2006-6.pdf
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Consumo foliar de batata submetida a diferentes tinturas de Meliácias e óleo de nim por adultos de Diabrótica speciosa (Germar, 1824) (Coleoptera:Chrysomelidae). Organic Eprints
Gonçalves, Marcio de Medeiros; Medeiros, Carlos Alberto; Nava, Dori Edson.
Testes para avaliar o consumo foliar de batata submetida a diferentes tinturas de Meliáceas e óleo de nim por adultos de Diabrotica speciosa (Ger.) foram conduzidos no Laboratório de Entomologia da Embrapa Clima Temperado, Pelotas, Brasil. Discos foliares de plantas de batata, cultivadas em vaso, foram utilizados nos testes com e sem chance de escolha. No teste sem chance de escolha cada placa de Petri (90 mm) contendo um disco de determinado tratamento recebeu um casal de adultos, no teste com chance de escolha cada placa de Petri (140 mm) contendo um disco de cada tratamento recebeu três casais de adultos. Utilizaram-se a mesma metodologia para os ensaios com óleo de nim. Os produtos a base de Trichilia claussenii C. DC. nas concentrações de 10 e 20%...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems Farming Systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/23089/1/Gon%C3%A7alves_Consumo.pdf
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Desempenho agronômico de milho, feijão, soja e abóbora em sistema orgânico de monocultivo e consórcio. Organic Eprints
Veiga Silva, Julio Carlos Bittencourt; Comin, Jucinei José.
Comparou-se quatro sistemas de consórcio em relação ao monocultivo em um experimento a campo sob manejo orgânico, na safra 2006/2007, em um Gleissolo Melânico Alumínico típico em Pinhais PR. Os tratamentos foram: i) milho + feijão + abóbora (MFA) ; ii) milho + soja + abóbora (MAS) ; iii) milho + feijão (MF); iv) milho + soja (MS); v) milho (M); vi) feijão (F); vii) soja (S); e viii) abóbora (A). Avaliou-se a produção comercial, a produção de matéria seca (MSS), o uso eficiente da terra (UET), o rendimento em dias/homem/ha na realização de capinas e o retorno monetário relativo à mão de obra utilizada. Os consórcios, em geral, apresentaram melhor desempenho, com destaque para MFA, o qual obteve o maior rendimento das culturas, de MSS, melhor UET e retorno...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems Farming Systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25664/1/Veiga%20Silva_Desempenho%20agron%C3%B4mico%20de%20milho%2C%20feij%C3%A3o%2C%20soja%20e%20ab%C3%B3bora%20em%20sistema%20org%C3%A2nico.pdf
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Desenvolvimento rural e práticas tradicionais de agricultores familiares: o caso do milho no vale do Capivari, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Organic Eprints
Rebollar, Paola Beatriz May; Miller, Paul Richard Momsen; Carmo, Victor Barbosa do.
A diversidade genética do milho é importante para milhões de famílias de agricultores em todo o mundo. A existência de populações de milho crioulo tem forte relação com processos sociais específicos. Este estudo busca compreender estes processos sociais e sua relação com as políticas de desenvolvimento rural brasileiras. Entre junho de 2006 e novembro de 2009, 13 famílias de agricultores em 3 municípios do vale do Capivari foram entrevistados e visitados diversas vezes para a coleta de dados qualitativos. A partir da análise dos resultados, é possível afirmar que políticas de desenvolvimento rural contribuíram para modificar os processos sociais que historicamente promoveram a diversidade genética do milho. Apesar disso, algumas famílias de agricultores...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/24534/1/Rebollar_Desenvolvimento.pdf
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Die Anbauwürdigkeit der Blauen Lupine in Bayern Organic Eprints
Ostermaier, Miriam; Jobst, Florian; Deyerler, Manuel; Heinzinger, Markus; Urbatzka, Peer.
Blue lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.) could be an additional local protein crop in Bavaria for animal and human food production. It would also enlarge crop rotation in organic agriculture. At the moment, this crop is mainly cultivated in the northeastern parts of Germany. It is adapted to pH until 6.8 and sandy loamy soils. Currently, it is not re-commended for cultivation in Bavaria. In field trials, different varieties of blue lupins proved to be worth cultivating on organically managed sandy loam and loamy sand on three sites in Bavaria. Boregine and Probor were tested for four years, Mirabor and Boruta for one year. All varieties showed high crop and protein yield, also compared to white lupins. Boregine had the highest crop yield, whereas Probor the...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31744/1/Die%20Anbauw%C3%BCrdigkeit%20der%20Blauen%20Lupine%20in%20Bayern.pdf
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Diversity of the arthropod fauna in organically grown garlic intercropped with fodder radish. Organic Eprints
Silva, André Wagner Barata; Haro, Marcelo Mendes; Silveira, Luís Cláudio Paterno.
The cultivation of garlic faces several problems, which include pest attack, and the diversification of habitat through intercropping with attractive plants comes up as a method to pest management. The objective of this research was to verify the effect of the association of garlic with fodder radish on richness, abundance and diversity of arthropods under organic production system in Lavras, MG, Brazil. The treatments were composed of garlic in monoculture and garlic in association with fodder radish, in plots of 40 garlic plants, intercropped or not with two lines of fodder radish. Weekly, 25 samples were collected for a period of 10 weeks (n=250). Species accumulation curves, species richness, abundance, and diversity index were determined, and T or...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Pasture and forage crops Farming Systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/22980/1/Silva_Diversidade.pdf
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Economic Efficiency of the Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and Winter Spelt (Triticum spelta L.) Growing in Organic Farming Organic Eprints
Sramek, Jan; Konvalina, Petr; Zdrhova, I.; Moudry, Jan (Jr.); Moudry, Jan.
Comparison of economic efectivity of the winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and winter spelt (Triticum spelta L.) growing in organic farming systems. The differences of yield of two species wheats in organic farming system and factors are evaluated. In relation to standart technological procedures in farming systems are defined costs for area nad for production unit. Structure of costs on production, price differences between the winter wheat and winter spelt are analysed.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2009
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Efeito de extratos de plantas espontâneas na germinação e no crescimento inicial do feijão comum. Organic Eprints
Coelho, Flávia Monteiro; Oliveira, Sthefani Gonçalves de; Baliza, Danielle Pereira; Campos, André Narvaes da Rocha.
O feijão comum sofre interferência das plantas espontâneas, resultando em sérios prejuízos no crescimento, produtividade e operacionalização de colheita. Objetivou-se com esse trabalho avaliar o efeito de extratos vegetais de tiririca (Cyperus rotundus) e picão-preto (Bidens pilosa) na germinação e no crescimento inicial do feijoeiro. Foram avaliados cinco tratamentos que consistiram na irrigação das sementes de feijão com os diferentes extratos: tiririca (extrato aquoso e etanólico), picão-preto (extrato aquoso e etanólico) e controle (apenas água). A aplicação de extratos etanólicos inibiu a germinação das sementes de feijão. Extrato aquoso de tiririca apresenta efeito sobre o número de folhas do feijoeiro ao 35º dia, enquanto o extrato aquoso de...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farming Systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/27384/1/Coelho_Efeito%20de%20extratos%20de%20plantas%20espont%C3%A2neas%20na%20germina%C3%A7%C3%A3o.pdf
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Eignung verschiedener Körnerleguminosen als Vorfrucht für Winterweizen in ökologischen Fruchtfolgen Organic Eprints
Schulz, H.; Zimmer, Stephanie; Stoll, Evelyne; Bohn, Thomas; Hupe, Anke; Heß, Jürgen.
The Aim of this study has been to evaluate in two two-year field trials the pre-crop effect of different grain legumes (e.g. soy bean, peas or lupines) in the same environment and to detect possible effects of grain legumes on the N-supply, the yield potential and the yield structure of the subsequent crop winter wheat. According to different pre-crop yields, a higher but different nitrogen supply for subsequent winter wheat was observed in all N2-fixing pre-crop treatments. In contrast to non-fixings control higher NO3-N contents in soil and higher yields in subsequent winter wheat (up to 24 dt*ha- 1 surplus) were observed.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31813/1/Eignung%20verschiedener%20K%C3%B6rnerleguminosen%20als%20Vorfrucht.pdf
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Einfluss der Futterleguminosenart, deren Saatzeit und Nutzung auf die Nachfrucht Winterweizen Organic Eprints
Urbatzka, Peer; Rehm, Anna; Eckl, T.; Salzeder, Georg.
The preceding crop effect of fodder legumes concerning sowing date, type of legume and utilization were conducted in field trials at two sites in Upper Bavaria in 2012- 2013. All in all, seven types of clover in pure stands or clover/grass leys were grown one main production year. Sowing dates were undersowings in triticale in spring, stubble seeds after harvest of preceding crop triticale and spring seed in the main production year. Utilization variants were mulching or cutting without organic fertilization in the subsequent crop winter wheat. Mulching of fodder legumes resulted in higher yields and mostly higher baking quality (crude protein content, wet gluten content and baking volume) of the succeeding wheat. Earlier sowings leaded mostly to...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31814/1/Einfluss%20der%20Futterleguminosenart.pdf
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Futterqualität, Vorfruchtleistung und Nitratauswaschung von über Winter beweideten Kleegrasbeständen Organic Eprints
Loges, Dr Ralf; Westphal, Dr Derk; Taube, Prof. Dr. Friedhelm.
In comparison to harvesting, grazing is less cost intensive. For economical reasons an extended duration of grazing period is recommended. Grazing during winter can cause pasture damages, which is of minor relevance for older grass clover grown on arable land, which will be ploughed in the following spring. Against this background yield and forage quality of 3 different legume species, i.e. white clover, red clover and alfalfa, grown in binary mixtures with two grass species, perennial ryegrass and tall fescue, respectively, were examined before grazing the third growth in autumn or winter. Nitrate leaching losses during winter and yield of the following spring wheat were recorded. Yield and forage quality of the total sward was not significantly...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Pasture and forage crops Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/14572/1/Loges_14572.pdf
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Gemengeanbau von Saatwicken (Vicia sativa L.) als Alternative im Körnerleguminosenanbau Organic Eprints
Böhm, Herwart.
Six Vicia sativa varieties were cultivated in the year 2011 in northern Germany in pure stand and in different seed ratios in mixed cropping with oat. Parameters of yield differentiated to V. sativa and oat as well as yield performance and weed development were assessed. Results showed a better yield performance of V. sativa compared to other grain legumes. The harvest of V. sativa in pure stand with the combine is not advised because of the low resistance to lodging. A mixed cropping of V. sativa and oat with 50 % of the seed rates of pure stand showed for the most tested varieties the highest yield of V. sativa and total yield of V. sativa and oat.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/21396/1/21396_Boehm.pdf
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Gute Chancen für den Öko-Sojaanbau in Deutschland Organic Eprints
Wilbois , Klaus-Peter; Nußbaumer, Helmut; Recknagel, Jürgen.
From 2011 to 2013 a total of 35 different soybean cultivars were tested in organically managed replicated trials under a wide range of pedo-climatic conditions in Germany. The resulting yields were affected by the climatic region, soybean maturity group, water availability during grain filling and soybean cultivar. From our results we can conclude that with current cultivars a successful soybean cropping in most parts of Germany is possible. Only in the cooler regions of northern Germany and in the uplands yields are usually not competitive with other crops.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/27125/1/27125_wilbois.pdf
Registros recuperados: 47
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