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Registros recuperados: 29
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A Comparative Study of China's and Australia's Cotton Production AgEcon
Zhao, Xufu; Tisdell, Clement A..
After providing information about the global importance of cotton as a textile and China’s and Australia’s contribution to global cotton production, this paper examines and compares trends in the time-series of cotton production of China and Australia for the period 1980-2007. In doing so, it takes account of changes in the area planted with cotton and its yield. Correlation estimates and decomposition analysis are used to determine the relative contribution to variations in the total output of cotton of changes in the total area planted with cotton and its yield in both countries. These relative contributions are found to be quite different for Australia and China. In addition, there is a comparative analysis of fluctuations in the production of cotton,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Australia; Agricultural economics; China; Cotton production; Cotton supply responses; Fibre markets; Fluctuations in agricultural production; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Q00; Q10; Q11; Q13; Q18; Q19.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90622
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A Herculean Task? Economics, Politics, and Realigning Government in the Case of U.S. Polar-Orbiting Weather Satellites AgEcon
MacAuley, Molly K..
In 1994 one of the most radical institutional restructurings in the U.S. government's provision of critical weather information took place after eight unsuccessful attempts. A presidential decision directive merged weather data collection by satellites operated by the Department of Defense for military operations and satellites operated by the Department of Commerce for civilian weather forecasting. Such radical restructuring involving government agencies with different objectives, economic constraints, and operating cultures is rare. This paper reviews the decision that led to "convergence," discusses economic arguments advanced for the merger, and finds that the problem of an incomplete contract, from the perspective of contract theory, is the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Weather economics; Space economics; Value of information; Government policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q28; O32; Q00.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10539
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A Multi-Factorial Risk Prioritization Framework for Food-borne Pathogens AgEcon
Henson, Spencer J.; Caswell, Julie A.; Cranfield, John A.L.; Fazil, Aamir; Davidson, Valerie J.; Anders, Sven M.; Schmidt, Claudia.
To lower the incidence of human food-borne disease, experts and stakeholders have urged the development of a science- and risk-based management system in which food-borne hazards are analyzed and prioritized. A literature review shows that most approaches to risk prioritization developed to date are based on measures of health outcomes and do not systematically account for other factors that may be important to decision making. The Multi-Factorial Risk Prioritization Framework developed here considers four factors that may be important to risk managers: public health, consumer risk perceptions and acceptance, market-level impacts, and social sensitivity. The framework is based on the systematic organization and analysis of data on these multiple factors....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Risk analysis; Risk prioritization; Food-borne pathogens; Benefits and costs; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; I18; L51; Q00; K32; H11.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7385
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A Retail Sales / Sales Tax Paradox AgEcon
Lansford, Notie H., Jr.; Brorsen, B. Wade; Woods, Michael D..
Small communities experiencing slow to negative growth sometimes increase their local sales tax rate in order to maintain or expand public services. A cross-sectional, time series model is used to investigate possible unintended consequences. Negative elasticities are found for tax rates above the norm, resulting in reduced retail trade.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community development; Sales tax; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Public Economics; Q00; R51.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92071
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Agricultural Economists' Use of Classroom Economic Experiments AgEcon
Barnett, Barry J.; Kriesel, Warren.
Results are presented from a Web-based survey of instructors in agricultural economics and related departments about their use of, and attitudes about, classroom economic experiments.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Classroom economic experiments; Teaching; A20; Q00.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43208
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Alternative Model Selection Using Forecast Error Variance Decompositions in Wholesale Chicken Markets AgEcon
McKenzie, Andrew M.; Goodwin, Harold L., Jr.; Carreira, Rita I..
Although Vector Autoregressive models are commonly used to forecast prices, specification of these models remains an issue. Questions that arise include choice of variables and lag length. This article examines the use of Forecast Error Variance Decompositions to guide the econometrician’s model specification. Forecasting performance of Variance Autoregressive models, generated from Forecast Error Variance Decompositions, is analyzed within wholesale chicken markets. Results show that the Forecast Error Variance Decomposition approach has the potential to provide superior model selections to traditional Granger Causality tests.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Broiler markets; DAGs; Forecasting; Market structure; VAR; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries; Risk and Uncertainty; C53; D4; L1; Q00.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48750
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Are tourists rational? Destination decisions and other results from a survey of visitors to a North Queensland natural site - Jourama Falls AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
This paper reports on and interprets the results of a survey of visitors to the Jourama Falls Section of the Paluma Range National Park located in Northern Queensland. It reports, amongst other things, on how much knowledge visitors to the site had about it before their visit, the procedures they adopted in deciding to visit it and how generally they go about deciding to visit tourist sites when on holidays. The results are consistent with those predicted by theories of bounded rationality and behavioural economics. Information is also provided on the value visitors placed on attractions at the Jourama Falls sites, their attitudes to the private supply of tourist/visitor services and facilities in national parks, the importance of wildlife as an attraction...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Austrian School of Economics; Behavioural economics; Bounded rationality; Camping procedures; Decisions to visit tourist attractions; Entrance fee to national parks; Jourama Falls; Mahogany glider; Mental accounting; National parks; Neoclassical economics; Paluma Range national park; Private versus public supply of facilities; Proximity effect; Transaction cost theory; Wildlife valuation; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; L83; Q00; Q26; Q57.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90878
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ASSESSING KOSOVO'S HORTICULTURAL POTENTIAL - THE MARKET FOR FRUIT AND VEGETABLES ON THE BALKANS AgEcon
Fischer, Christian.
SUMMARY Kosovo had been a net exporter – at least of some – fruit and vegetables in the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia before the civil war. Current reconstruction efforts therefore focus on restoring the past horticultural potential of the now independent province. This paper analyses the competitiveness of the Kosovar fruit and vegetable sector. By calculating average net trade flows during 1996-2000 for more than 20 individual fruit and vegetables and seven ag-gregates, demand potentials for the Balkan regional market are identified for potatoes, lettuce, garlic, dried beans and pears. In addition, average export unit values are calculated as price proxies in order to assess export price competitiveness in the region. While demand potentials for...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Kosovo; Balkans; Horticulture; Market analysis; Export potential; Agriculture in international trade; Agricultural and natural resource economies; Aggregate supply and demand analysis; Prices; Kosovo; Balkan; Marktanalyse; Nachfragepotential; Internationaler Agrar-handel; Agrar- und Ressourcenökonomie; Analysen des aggregierten Ange-bots und der aggegrierten Nachfrage; Preise; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing; D40; F14; O52; Q00; Q11; Q17.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14931
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BEHAVIOURS OF CONSERVATION ORGANIZATIONS AND THEIR ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS. Analysis based on New (and not so new) Institutional Economics AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
This article draws mostly (but not entirely) on new institutional economics to consider the likely behaviours of non-government conservation organizations and the implications of these behaviours for biodiversity conservation. It considers how institutional factors may result in behaviour of conservation NGOs diverging from their objectives, including their support for biodiversity conservation; examines aspects of rent capture and conservation alliances; specifies social factors that may restrict the diversity of species supported by NGOs for conservation; considers bounded rationality in relation to the operation of conservation NGOs; and using game theory, shows how competition between NGOs for funding can result in economic inefficiencies and narrow...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Australia; Biodiversity conservation; Bounded rationality; Civil society; Common Agricultural Policy; European Union; Landcare; Mixed goods; New institutional economics; New Zealand; NGOs; Principal-and-agent problem; Political acceptability; Environmental Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy; Q00; Q2; Q5; Q57; Z13.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6185
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CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES PROVIDED BY SEASONAL CLIMATE FORECASTS: A LITERATURE REVIEW AgEcon
Hill, Harvey S.J.; Mjelde, James W..
Use of seasonal climate forecasts is a rapidly evolving area. Effective research and application of climate forecasts require close cooperation between scientists in diverse disciplines and decision makers. Successful collaboration requires all players to at least partially understand each other's perspectives. Issues associated with seasonal forecasts, through a selected review of both physical and social sciences literature, is presented. Our hope is that the review will improve research in this area by stimulating further collaborations.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Climate forecasts; Review; Value of information; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; D80; D81; O30; Q00.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15071
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Climate Change and Individual Decision Making: An Examination of Knowledge, Risk Perception, Self-interest and Their Interplay AgEcon
Pongiglione, Francesca.
In this essay, three separate yet interconnected components of pro-environmental decision making are considered: (a) knowledge, in the form of basic scientific understanding and procedural knowledge, (b) risk perception, as it relates to an individual’s direct experience of climate change and (c) self-interest, either monetary or status-driven. Drawing on a variety of sources in public policy, psychology, and economics, I examine the role of these concepts in inducing or discouraging pro-environmental behavior. Past researches have often overemphasized the weight of just one of those variables in the decision making. I argue, instead, that none of them alone is capable of bringing about the behavioral change required by the environmental crisis. Evidence...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Individual Behavior; Climate-Change; Psychology; Uncertainty; Environmental Economics and Policy; D03; D80; Q00.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119094
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Comportamiento de los sectores de la industria alimentaria desde la perspectiva de las tasas de absorcion interna AgEcon
Rios, Merce Sala.
Resumen: El presente trabajo analiza la evolución de la industria alimentaria de la economía española a lo largo del período 1986-1998. El objetivo es llegar a conclusiones acerca de la especialización productiva, la demanda y los intercambios con el exterior. Conclusiones que se abordan a nivel sectorial. Ello es así desde el momento en que se ha desglosado la industria alimentaria en 12 sectores que serán sobre los que se trabajará. En definitiva, se trata de evaluar los principales cambios en la estructura de mercado de los distintos sectores mediante el análisis de un modelo contable que parte de la igualdad entre recursos y empleos. Dicho modelo nos permitirá aproximar conceptos como la tasa de absorción, la tasa de apertura, la tasa de penetración y...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; L22; Q00; L22; Q00.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28784
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Distributional effects of direct payments in Switzerland AgEcon
El Benni, Nadja; Mann, Stefan; Lehmann, Bernard.
The switch from market-support to direct payments in Switzerland had impacts on the income distribution among farmers. In this paper, the distributional effect of the switch as a whole and of the different kinds of direct payments are elaborated through a presentation of different decomposed Gini coefficients. Although the income distribution in Swiss Agriculture is still more equal than in most other countries, the Gini coefficient has risen from 0.27 in 1990 to 0.38 in 2009 and is by now strongly dependent on the composition of direct payments. Off-farm income and direct payments decrease, while market income increases income inequality.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income distribution; Direct payments; Gini decomposition; Agricultural policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q00; Q18; Q28..
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99368
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Do Community Characteristics Determine Environmental Outcomes? Evidence from the Toxics Release Inventory AgEcon
Arora, Seema; Cason, Timothy N..
This research uses neighborhood characteristics (at the zipcode level) to explain changes in toxic releases between 1990 and 1993. It combines the Toxics Release Inventory data with demographic data from the 1990 US Census. We first analyze the location of manufacturing facilities in a particular neighborhood using a sample selection model, and then attribute changes in the level of emissions between 1990 and 1993 to the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the neighborhood in 1990. The results indicate that variables likely to affect the propensity for communities to engage in political action significantly influence environmental performance. Economic characteristics of neighborhoods (such as income levels and unemployment) also affect...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Q00.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10531
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Equity and Justice in Global Warming Policy AgEcon
Kverndokk, Snorre; Rose, Adam Z..
Many countries are implementing or at least considering policies to counter increasingly certain negative impacts from climate change. An increasing amount of research has been devoted to the analysis of the costs of climate change and its mitigation, as well as to the design of policies, such as the international Kyoto Protocol, post-Kyoto negotiations, regional initiatives, and unilateral actions. Although most studies on climate change policies in economics have considered efficiency aspects, there is a growing literature on equity and justice. Climate change policy has important dimensions of distributive justice, both within and across generations, but in this paper we survey only studies on the intragenerational aspect, i.e., within a generation. We...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economics of Climate Change; Intragenerational Equity; Distributive Justice; Environmental Economics and Policy; D62; D63; H23; H41; Q00.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44230
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Estimation of Agricultural Total Factor Productivity in China: A Panel Cointegration Approach AgEcon
Wang, Jintian; Gao, Feng; Wang, Xuezhen.
Using a panel cointegration approach to estimate the agricultural total factor productivity in China
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Total Factor Productivity; Panel Unit Root; Panel Cointegration; DOLS; FMOLS; Productivity Analysis; C13; C23; Q00.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50927
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Invasive Species and Delaying the Inevitable: Results from a Pilot Valuation Experiment AgEcon
McIntosh, Christopher R.; Shogren, Jason F.; Finnoff, David C..
Herein we explore the economic value of delaying inevitable environmental damage due to aquatic invasive species, which is a problem especially relevant to tropic and subtropical regions. We developed an analytical framework and tested it using a stated preference survey. The results suggest that delaying the impacts can be valuable. Other tests reveal characteristics of the willingness-to-pay estimates that are consistent with economic theory.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Environmental damage; Invasive aquatic species; Nonmarket valuation; Q00; Q29; Q29.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37127
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Issues at the Forefront of Public Policy for Environmental Risk: Comments for the American Meteorological Society's Annual Policy Colloquium AgEcon
MacAuley, Molly K..
The lay of the policy land for addressing and managing environmental risk includes the hillock of the precautionary principle, the mountain of the practice and ethics of monetary valuation, and the tectonic plates of real-world innovations in markets and trading exchanges for nonmarketed environmental goods. This paper offers an overview of these contemporary and as yet unresolved issues and asks how each might be addressed in disparate environmental risks such as lightning, climate change, and severe weather. The overview focuses on issues that may be of interest to the American Meteorological Society's annual policy colloquium.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Risk; Environment; Public policy; Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q00; D89.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10494
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La nueva economía institucional y la economía de los recursos naturales: comunes, instituciones, gobernanza y cambio institucional AgEcon
Caballero-Miguez, Gonzalo; Garza-Gil, Maria Dolores.
In recent decades, the New Institutional Economics has brought about the “return of institutions” to the economic mainstream, and institutional theory and analysis have been developed from Ronald Coase’s notion of transaction costs and Douglass North’s view on institutions. The Nobel Prize award in Economics to Oliver Williamson and Elinor Ostrom in 2009 has pointed out the relevance of the new institutional approach. Natural Resource Economics has included the institutional determinants of the management of natural resources into its research agenda. In this sense, the advances of the New Institutional Economics allows the development of institutional analysis in the field of the Economics of Natural Resources, such as Elinor Ostrom’s work has shown. This...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; B52; Q00; L22.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99096
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Resolving Range Conflict in Nevada? Buyouts and Other Compensation Alternatives AgEcon
van Kooten, G. Cornelis; Thomsen, Roy W.; Hobby, Thomas G..
Updated version of REPA Working Paper 2003-07.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Compensation for grazing rights; Environmental services; Range economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q00; R14.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37023
Registros recuperados: 29
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