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Registros recuperados: 24
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An Assessment of the Economic, Environmental and Social Impacts of the Ricecheck Program AgEcon
Singh, Rajinder Pal; Brennan, John P.; Lacy, John; Steel, Felicity.
Ricecheck, a best management practices extension program for rice production in Australia, was developed by the NSW Department of Primary Industries advisory staff, Finley, in 1986. The program is based on eight best management practice recommendations called ‘Key Checks’ that are considered essential for achieving high yields. Economic analysis of the program reveals that there are significant financial, social and environment benefits from the adoption of the program. The results further reveal that the funds invested since 1986 by both NSW Department of Primary Industries and the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation have been sound investments.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Rice; Extension; Economic; Evaluation; Australia; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42652
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An Economic Evaluation of a Pest Management Control Program: "Outfox the Fox" AgEcon
Jones, Randall E.; Saunders, Glen; Balogh, Suzy.
Foxes are regarded as a serious pest of environmental and grazing systems in Australia. The fox is a recognised predator of native wildlife and has been a significant contributor to the population decline of many native mammal, bird and reptile species. There are also claims that foxes may account for up to 30% of lamb mortalities in some areas, while mortality due to predation of 2 to 5% is more likely in most regions. The ‘Outfox the Fox’ program was established by NSW Agriculture in conjunction with a number of Rural Land Protection Boards to achieve a more strategic and coordinated fox baiting program. This program relies on a community driven and integrated management approach to the problem. The main features are to synchronise baiting across...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Benefit cost analysis; Research evaluation; Economic surplus; Fox; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42653
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An Economic Evaluation of Research into the Improved Management of the Annual Grass Weed Vulpia in Temperate Pastures in South-Eastern Australia AgEcon
Vere, David T.; Jones, Randall E.; Dowling, Peter.
NSW Agriculture has a history of research investment in managing weed problems in the temperate pasture areas. One focus of that research has been on the development of improved management practices for the major annual grass weed vulpia. Recent surveys have found that weeds comprised up to 80% of pasture biomass in some temperate areas and that typical vulpia contents are between 30 and 40% of pasture biomass. Temperate pasture degradation is recognised as being a major contributor to the wider environmental problems of soil erosion, salinity and acidity. This evaluation related to a project (1996-2002) that focussed on the vulpia problem in the New South Wales temperate pasture areas. The benefits of that research were measured as the difference in the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Benefit cost analysis; Research evaluation; Annual grass weeds; Vulpia; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42503
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An Equilibrium Displacement Model of the Australian Sheep and Wool Industries AgEcon
Mounter, Stuart W.; Griffith, Garry R.; Piggott, Roley R.; Fleming, Euan M.; Zhao, Xueyan.
This report documents the specification of an equilibrium displacement model (EDM) of the Australian sheep and wool industries. The model is capable of estimating and comparing the potential benefits from R&D and generic promotion investments, and other policy changes, in the different sectors and markets of the Australian sheep and wool industries. Inclusive in the model are the multiple components of the Australian sheep and wool industries to account for cross-product interactions not considered in most previous studies. A high degree of industry disaggregation within the model enables estimation of the distribution of the potential benefits among the various industry sectors and across different regional environments. A number of hypothetical...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Wool; Sheep meat; Research and development; Economic; Evaluation; Australia; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37663
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An Evaluation of the Economic, Environmental and Social Impacts of NSW DPI Investments in IPM Research in Invertebrate Rice Pests AgEcon
Orr, Leanne M.; Stevens, Mark M.; Mullen, John D..
Research into IPM technologies has been conducted by NSW DPI for over 20 years. Evaluating the returns from investment in specific research and development projects is an important component of the NSW DPI science and research program. An economic evaluation has been conducted of IPM in managing invertebrate pests in rice in NSW. We found that there has been widespread adoption of many IPM practices amongst NSW rice growers leading to a flow of economic benefits to the rice industry and the community. Important environmental and human health benefits were also identified. A benefit-cost ratio of 9.05 was calculated for the return to NSW DPI investment in rice invertebrate pests IPM research. The net present value of the benefits of this research to 2020...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Benefit cost analysis; Rice; IPM; Invertebrate pests; Evaluation; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Production Economics; Q160.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45632
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An Evaluation of the Economic, Environmental and Social Impacts of NSW DPI Investments in IPM Research in Lettuce AgEcon
Orr, Leanne M.; McDougall, Sandra; Mullen, John D..
Research into IPM technologies has been conducted by NSW DPI for over 20 years. Evaluating the returns from investment in specific research and development projects is an important component of the NSW DPI science and research program. An economic evaluation has been conducted of IPM in managing invertebrate pests in lettuce in NSW. We found that there has been widespread adoption of IPM practices amongst NSW lettuce growers leading to a flow of economic benefits to the lettuce industry and the community. Important environmental and human health benefits were also identified. A benefit-cost ratio of 2 was calculated for the return to NSW DPI investment in lettuce IPM research which while satisfactory, is lower than returns calculated for other agricultural...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Research; Benefit-cost; Evaluation; IPM (Integrated Pest Management); Lettuce; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Production Economics; Q160.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45631
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Analysis of the Impact of CIMMYT Research on the Australian Wheat Industry AgEcon
Brennan, John P.; Quade, Kathryn J..
Wheat genetic materials developed from research at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) in Mexico for developing countries have provided spillover benefits to Australia. Varieties developed from those genetic materials have resulted in yield increases in Australia. CIMMYT’s success in developing countries has also reduced the world price for wheat. While the lower prices affect returns in Australia, the increased yields in Australia from the CIMMYT spillovers have provided benefits to Australia averaging A$30 million per year since 1973. If these benefits are to continue in the future, Australia must continue its close relationship with CIMMYT.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Wheat; Research; Spillover; CIMMYT; Australia; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42505
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Australian Sheep Industry CRC: Economic Evaluations of Scientific Research Programs AgEcon
Vere, David T.; Griffith, Garry R.; Silvester, Luke T..
By the end of its seven-year term in 2007-08, the Australian Sheep Industry CRC (Sheep CRC) will have received total funds of about $90 million, that comprises Commonwealth and industry funding of $30 million, and in-kind contributions valued at $60 million. This level of public and private funding emphasises the need for the Sheep CRC to demonstrate that its research programs will generate sound economic returns to all stakeholders. This paper reports an evaluation of the potential economic value of the achievements of the Sheep CRC at the midpoint of its term of operations at which it has some completed research and a large volume of research in progress. The main question that has been addressed in this evaluation concerns the nature and likely...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Sheep research; Economic evaluations; Economic-surplus- benefit-cost analysis.; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42651
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Composition of the National Sheep Flock and Specification of Equilibrium Prices and Quantities for the Australian Sheep and Wool Industries, 2002-03 to 2004-05 AgEcon
Mounter, Stuart W.; Griffith, Garry R.; Piggott, Roley R.; Fleming, Euan M.; Zhao, Xueyan.
The data used, and the methods and assumptions fundamental to the development of an equilibrium displacement model (EDM) of the Australian sheep and wool industries specified in Mounter et al. (2007), are contained in this report. The national sheep flock is disaggregated into Merino and non-Merino sheep in the three agricultural zones of Australia using 2002-03 Australian agricultural and grazing industries survey data. Opening and closing sheep numbers, death rates and weaning percentages were used to derive the supply and use of sheep in each zone. Annual shorn wool production was split into four fibre-diameter categories in each zone corresponding to ABS wool export categories. Wool production percentages and relative greasy fleece weights were used to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Wool; Sheep meat; Research and development; Economic; Evaluation; Australia; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37664
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Economic Feasibility of a Mobile Fast Pyrolysis System for Sustainable Bio-crude Oil Production AgEcon
Palma, Marco A.; Richardson, James W.; Roberson, Brad E.; Ribera, Luis A.; Outlaw, Joe L.; Munster, Clyde.
The Official journal of IFAMA. www.ifama.org
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Pyrolysis; Economic analysis; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q010; Q240; Q160.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114636
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ECONOMIC INCENTIVES AND RESOURCE ALLOCATION IN U.S. PUBLIC AND PRIVATE PLANT BREEDING AgEcon
Fuglie, Keith O.; Walker, Thomas S..
Private investment in plant breeding has been increasing while public plant breeding has stagnated or declined. Moreover, research investment among crop commodities is uneven. Using a comprehensive survey of U.S. plant breeders from 1994, we use a simultaneous equations model to examine incentives and public-private tradeoffs in plant breeding research among 84 crop commodities. Allocation of private breeders among crops is strongly influenced by market size, hybrid seed technology, and ease of breeding improvement. In general, the allocation of public breeders does not appear to "crowd out" private breeders, but some competition may occur in applied breeding. Public breeding declines as private breeding increases on a commodity. Public breeding is...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural research policy; Hybrid seed; Plant breeders; Three stage least squares; Tobit; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160; L330; O310; O320.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15453
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Farming Systems in the Pastoral Zone of NSW: An Economic Analysis AgEcon
Khairo, Salahadin A.; Mullen, John D.; Hacker, Ronald B.; Patton, Dean A..
A ‘broad brush’ picture of farming in the pastoral zone of NSW is presented in this report. The pastoral zone of NSW is characterised by wide variations in climatic conditions, soil type and vegetation species. Hence representative faming system analysis was conducted for three sub-regions - the Upper Darling, the Murray-Darling and Far West. The regions were defined and described in terms of their resources, climate and the nature of agriculture. The main enterprises that farmers choose between were described and whole farm budgets and statements of assets and liabilities for the representative farms were developed. The representative farm models were used to compare traditional Merino based sheep enterprises with alternative sheep enterprises where meat...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Western Division; Farming systems; Economic; Analysis; New South Wales; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42655
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Induced Innovations and Foreign Workers in U.S. Agriculture AgEcon
Napasintuwong, Orachos; Emerson, Robert D..
A cost function approach of induced innovation is used to measure the biases in U.S. agricultural technology between 1948-1994. The results show significant labor-saving, capital-using technical change. Focusing on the impact of migration policy on labor-saving technology, a simulaton of different rates of labor-saving technical change is conducted. The simulation shows decreases in elasticity of labor demand and demand quantity, and an increase in wage rate as technology becomes more labor-saving.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Induced innovation; Biased technical change; Foreign labor; Labor and Human Capital; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160; J430; O300.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15641
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Labor Substitutability in Labor Intensive Agriculture and Technological Change in the Presence of Foreign Labor AgEcon
Napasintuwong, Orachos; Emerson, Robert D..
The Morishima elasticity of substitution (MES) is estimated to address factor substitutability in Florida agriculture during 1960-1999. By adopting a profit maximization model of induced innovation theory, the MES's between hired and self-employed labor and the MES's between labor and capital provide implications for future immigration policies.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Morhishima elasticity of substitution; Induced innovation; Biased technical change; Labor and Human Capital; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160; J430; O300.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15649
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Livestock in China: Commodity specific total factor productivity decomposition using new panel data AgEcon
Rae, Allan N.; Ma, Hengyun; Huang, Jikun; Rozelle, Scott.
Studies of total factor productivity in livestock production are rare, but when available provide useful information especially in the context of developing countries such as China where livestock is becoming more important in the domestic agricultural economy. We estimate total factor productivity (TFP) for four major livestock products in China employing the stochastic frontier approach, and decompose productivity growth into its technical efficiency and technical progress components. Efforts are made to adjust and augment the available livestock statistics. The results show that growth in TFP and its components varied between the 1980s and the 1990s as well as over production structures. While there is evidence of considerable technical innovation in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Stochastic production frontier; Total factor productivity; Technical efficiency and progress; China; Livestock; Adjusted panel data; Livestock Production/Industries; D240; Q100; Q160.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19527
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LIVESTOCK PRODUCTIVITY IN CHINA: DATA REVISION AND TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY DECOMPOSITION AgEcon
Ma, Hengyun; Rae, Allan N.; Huang, Jikun.
Studies of total factor productivity in livestock production are rare, but when available provide useful information especially in the context of developing countries such as China where livestock is becoming more important in the domestic agricultural economy. We estimate total factor productivity (TFP) for four major livestock products in China and by employing the random coefficient frontier approach, decompose productivity growth into its technical efficiency and technical progress components. Efforts were made to adjust and augment the available livestock statistics. The results show that growth in TFP and its components varied between the 1980s and the 1990s as well as over production structures. While there is evidence of considerable technical...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Random coefficient approach; Total factor productivity; Technical efficiency and progress; China; Livestock.; Q100; Q160; Productivity Analysis; D240.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23691
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Priorities and Principles for Investment in Aquaculture Research by NSW Department of Primary Industries AgEcon
Gibson, Trevor S.; Allan, Geoff L.; File, Geoff; Mullen, John D.; Scott-Orr, Helen.
This review examined the characteristics of the main aquaculture industries in NSW with respect to current impediments to growth, market development and future opportunities. Within this context, it examined the nature, funding and impacts of the NSW Department of Primary Industries’ current and proposed investments in aquaculture R&D and industry development, as well as its alignment with DPI and industry priorities.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Research evaluation; Public good; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37665
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Rating the Web Sites of Land Grant Universities and State Departments of Agriculture AgEcon
Phillips, Jon C..
For at least ten years, educational and government organizations have used the Internet to communicate with their respective clienteles. Land grant universities, departments of agricultural economics, and state departments of agriculture have launched web sites to achieve various communication goals, including, among others: to disseminate research results, to generate positive publicity among various constituencies, to promote agricultural activities, and to recruit employees. This report is the result of an effort to systematically evaluate, rate, and comment on the web sites of land grant universities, departments of agricultural economics, and state departments of agriculture. A panel of reviewers rated the web sites of these organizations. The results...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land grant universities; Departments of agricultural economics; State departments of agriculture; Web sites; Web pages; Web design; Internet; E-commerce; Electronic communication; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q000; Q100; Q160; Q190.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19426
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Sheep CRC Renewal Proposal: Economic Evaluation of the Proposed Scientific Themes AgEcon
Griffith, Garry R.; Vere, David T.; Jones, Randall E..
The Australian sheep industry and its associated research and development agencies have developed a proposal for the CRC for Sheep Industry Innovation. “Top-down” and “bottomup” procedures were used to assess the expected economic benefits from this proposal. Formal “with-CRC” and “without-CRC” scenarios were defined for each product and each research theme. Relevant costs were similarly defined. The requested investment by the Commonwealth and the Australian sheep industry in the CRC is assessed relative to a scenario where an alternative, lower cost research program into this industry is implemented. These extra resources have a discounted value of about $34 million over the 25-year period of this evaluation. These resources are sufficient to allow some...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Wool; Sheep meat; Research and development; Economic; Evaluation; Australia; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42656
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StockPlan®: A Decision Aid for Management of Livestock During Drought and Other Times. AgEcon
Davies, Brian Lloyd; Carberry, P.M.; Graham, R.P.; Mullen, John D.; Meaker, G.P..
This report presents a detailed description of the software program StockPlan® including a description of the calculations used within the program. StockPlan® has been developed as a decision aid for farmers and their advisors during drought and during the drought recovery stage. StockPlan® consists of three different packages. DroughtPack calculates feed requirements and feed costs, FSA compares the feed, selling and agistment options and Impack examines the financial projections from various drought recovery strategies. Calculations used by the programs are discussed using numerical examples.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Drought decision aid; Agricultural software; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession; Q160.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37666
Registros recuperados: 24
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