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Registros recuperados: 23
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Adjustment Capacity of Korean Farm Household AgEcon
Kim, Hanho; Kim, Jae-Kyung.
Structural adjustment is defined as the farm household’s behavior of changing its existing farm asset distribution toward more specialized or diversified directions. Farm households are classified into agricultural or non-agricultural based ones. Estimated expected income through switching regression model reveals that higher revenue is expected when adjustment paths toward more specialization and more non-agricultural based activities are chosen.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade policy reform; Structural adjustment; Expected income; Switching regression model; Farm household; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q100; Q180.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52839
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Agricultural Growth, Poverty Reduction and Millennium Development Goals in Africa: Outcomes of AAAE Conference AgEcon
Nambiro, Elizabeth; Omare, Musa N.; Nkamleu, Guy Blaise.
This report is a summary of emerging issues affecting African agriculture, recent experiences and policy proposals that can guide interventions in improving the sector’s productivity. Agriculture is at the centre of rural poverty reduction in Africa and urgent measures are needed to increase farm yields and incomes in order to stem collapse of economies and societies.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: AAAE; African Association of Agricultural Economists; Millennium development goals in Africa; Agricultural policies; Agricultural research systems; Poverty reduction; Agricultural productivity; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q010; Q130; Q170; Q180; Q560.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50144
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Allocative and Technical Efficiency of Corporate Farms in Russia AgEcon
Grazhdaninova, Margarita; Lerman, Zvi.
This study is aimed to analyze Russian corporate farms technical efficiency using DEA and allocative efficiency basing upon VMP calculations. The estimations are carried out on three aggregation levels: total farm, sectors (livestock and crops production) and selected commodities (grain, sunflower, beef, milk and pork), using survey data. The results of analyses suggest that there is no substantial misallocation of resources given current input and output prices. High technical efficiency scores speak for production technologies being homogeneous and mean that simple extension of "best practice" production will not eliminate the large productivity gap between Russia and the developed market economies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Transition economies; Productivity; Efficiency; Production function; Data Envelopment Analysis; Agribusiness; D610; P230; Q180.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24756
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Ambiguous jointness and multifunctionality AgEcon
Romstad, Eirik.
Many previous analyses of multifunctionality in agriculture claim there is positive jointness between the production commodities and nonmarket goods and services. Those analyses have not treated acreage as an endogenous variable. This leads to several errors in terms of the analysis of policy impacts, and hence also the policy advice. The main contribution of this paper is the development of an analytical framework where acreage is endogenously determined. This framework is then used to demonstrate that any policy that influences resource allocation also affects agricultural commodity production. Hence, there is no such thing as a fully decoupled support. The impacts on commodity markets from direct payments to environmental goods and services are,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Multi-product production; Comparative statics; Nonmarket goods; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Production Economics; Q180; Q200.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51539
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Analysis of the Economic Effects of Requiring Post-harvest Processing for Raw Oysters AgEcon
Muth, Mary K.; Viator, Catherine; Karns, Shawn A..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Oysters; Post-harvest processing; Hydrostatic pressure; Cool pasteurization; GIS; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; L510; Q180; Q220.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103814
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Are Japanese bureaucrats politically stronger than farmers?: The political economy of Japan's rice set-aside program AgEcon
Arahata, Katsumi.
The purpose of this paper is to examine the political process of bureaucrats' seemingly discretionary allocations among prefectures in Japan's rice set-aside program. Some hypotheses and a model are proposed and then these are empirically tested. Two major findings of this study are as follows: Firstly, it is suggested that the bureaucrats' discretionary allocation tends to be revised in response to political pressure. Consequently, allocations among prefectures tend to be inversely proportionate to the degree of political pressures. Moreover, such pressures can be explained by the expected income from rice-production and the share of part-time farmers, who are the majority in Japanese rural society and politically powerful. Secondly, among various...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rice set-aside program; Bureaucrats' discretion; Uneven allocations; Public choice; Political actors; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q180; H890.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19422
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Assessing Consumer Preferences and Attitudes toward Imported Pork in Urban China AgEcon
Ortega, David L.; Wang, H. Holly; Wu, Laping.
China’s transition into a developed economy is driving changes in consumer preferences and demand for foods. To evaluate consumer preferences for imported pork in urban China, primary data were collected in two metropolitan areas- Beijing and Shanghai. Estimated logit models revealed that an individual’s age, shopping location and food safety concerns significantly influenced their willingness-to-pay for U.S. pork. A proportional linear model was developed to evaluate factors affecting purchasing behavior of western-style pork cuts vs. traditional Chinese cuts. Food safety concerns were linked to a previous lean-meat additive scare and a lack of consumer confidence on the Chinese food inspection system.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: China; Imported Pork; Willingness-to-pay; Ordered Logit; Food Safety; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Development; Marketing; D120; D190; M390; Q130; Q180.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49993
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Consumer Preferences for U.S. Pork in Urban China AgEcon
Ortega, David L.; Wang, H. Holly; Wu, Laping.
China’s transition into a developed economy is driving changes in consumer preferences and demand for foods. To evaluate consumer preferences for U.S. pork in urban China, primary data were collected in two metropolitan areas- Beijing and Shanghai. Estimated logit models revealed that an individual’s age, shopping location and food safety concerns significantly influenced their willingness-to-pay for U.S. pork. A proportional linear model was developed to evaluate factors affecting purchasing behavior of western-style pork cuts vs. traditional Chinese cuts. Food safety concerns were linked to a previous lean-meat additive scare and a lack of consumer confidence on the Chinese food inspection system.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: China; U.S. Pork; Willingness-to-pay; Ordered Logit; Food safety; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Marketing; D120; D190; M390; Q130; Q180.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49184
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COST OF COMPLIANCE WITH THE ACQUIS COMMUNAUTAIRE IN THE HUNGARIAN DAIRY SECTOR AgEcon
Kiss, Piroska; Weingarten, Peter.
The implementation and enforcement of the acquis communautaire is a precondition for joining the European Union (EU). However, there is only little information on the compliance costs in the acceding countries. In this paper, the investment needs and annual costs of compliance with the part of the acquis communautaire relevant for the dairy sector is assessed at different stages of the agri-food chain in Hungary. The assessment is mainly based on a classification of farms and processors according to their level of compliance with EU standards concerning milk hygiene in 2000/01 and calculations of necessary investments in buildings, milking and cooling facilities and delivery trucks. The raw milk quality in Hungary has steadily improved since the early...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Hungary; Acquis communautaire; Milk hygiene; Dairy sector; Modernisation; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries; Q130; Q180.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14881
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Did the CAP reform affect off-farm labour participation in Italian farms? AgEcon
Corsi, Alessandro; Salvioni, Cristina.
The process of change in the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) from trade and market distorting measures to more neutral interventions has been long, but in this process the 2003 reform (the so-called Fischler reform) has been the most important step, leading to a more decoupled, and hence less market distorting, support (Oecd, 2004) and introducing the fully decoupled Single Farm Payment Scheme (SFP). In this paper, we estimate a model of operators’ off-farm labour participation from a panel of Italian COP farms drawn from the FADN. To this purpose we use a random effects probit model, thus controlling for unobserved heterogeneity. The results suggest that the effects of the reform on off-farm labour participation, if any, are weak. No variable directly...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Off-farm work; Farm household; Agricultural and Food Policy; J220; J430; Q120; Q180.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124098
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Direct and Total Benefits of Irrigation in India and its Implications to Irrigation Financing and Cost Recovery AgEcon
Bhattarai, Madhusudan; Narayanamoorthy, Annasamy; Barker, Randolph.
Who benefits from irrigation development in an economy and who should pay for the cost? This question so far has not been well addressed in the irrigation literature. To answer this question we need to know, in addition to the information on farmers' level benefits (increased crop productivity), the magnitude of the total economy wide benefits derived by the farm and non-farm sector in the economy from irrigation development. In this study, taking an example from India, we have estimated the marginal benefits of irrigation, both direct (farm level benefits) and total (rural economy wide). Then we compute irrigation multiplier values in India, which range from 3 to 4.5. This suggests that two thirds or more of the benefits from irrigation development have...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Direct and Indirect impacts of irrigation; Irrigation multipliers; Cost recovery and financing; Panel data analysis; India; Agricultural Finance; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; O130; Q010; Q180.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25664
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Farm and Retail Prices in the South African Poultry Industry: Do the Twain Meet? AgEcon
Mkhabela, Thulasizwe S.; Nyhodo, Bonani.
The IFAMR is the Official Journal of the International Food and Agribusiness Management Association: www.ifama.org
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Poultry; Price transmission; Farm and retail prices; Time series; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries; Q100; Q110; Q120; Q130; Q180.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114713
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Long-term Effects of the U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard on World Hunger AgEcon
Bryant, Henry L.; Lu, Jiamin; Richardson, James W.; Outlaw, Joe L..
We employ a multi-region computable general equilibrium model of the world economy to estimate changes in worldwide food insecurity that result from the imposition of the U.S. Renewable Fuels Standard.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Ethanol; CGE; Renewable Fuel Standard; Hunger; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q180; Q420.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61262
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Markets for Purchased Farm Inputs in Transitional Agriculture: Russia's Example AgEcon
Serova, Eugenia; Shick, Olga.
The common a priori persuasion is that agriculture suffers from decapitalization due to financial constraints faced by producers. This view is the basis for the national agricultural policy, which emphasizes reimbursement of input costs and substitutes government and quasi-government organizations for the missing market institutions. The article evaluates the availability of purchased farm inputs, the efficiency of their use, the main problems in the emergence of market institutions, and the impact of government policies. The analysis focuses on five groups of purchased inputs: farm machinery, fertilizers, fuel, seeds, and animal feed. The information sources include official statistics and data from two original surveys.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Russian agriculture; Transition economies; Farm supply channels; Government support programs; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; P230; Q180.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24583
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Modelling the Impact of 2003 CAP Reform on Crop Production: The case of Durum Wheat in Italy AgEcon
Esposti, Roberto; Lobianco, Antonello.
This paper aims to summarize some of the major results emerging from simulating the impact of the CAP reform (the so-called Fischler Reform or Luxembourg Agreement, LA) within the AG-MEMOD model of the agri-food sector in Italy. The paper shows how the model generates impacts when alternative policy scenarios (Agenda 2000 vs. LA) are specified. As major evidence of this impact in the Italian case, the crop sector is dealt with in detail. In particular, the case of supplementary payments for durum wheat clarifies how the reform may specifically affect Mediterranean agriculture and how alternative specifications of the regime switch in durum wheat support relevantly influence the impact.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Common Agricultural Policy; Italian Agriculture; Commodity Market Models; Crop Production/Industries; Q110; Q180.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44091
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Policy impact on technical efficiency of Spanish olive farms located in Less Favored Area AgEcon
Lambarraa, Fatima; Kallas, Zein.
Most of Spanish olive farms are concentrated in Less-Favoured Areas (LFA) with the majority of producer areas are under Objective 1 of the EU Regional Policy. The EU has long recognized such distinctive characteristics of those holdings with a specific support measures aiming to prevent the abandonment of olive groves as well as to support sustainable development of this sector. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of LFA payment on the olive farms technical efficiency. Two sample farms located in LFA (63 farms receiving LFA payment support and 99 farms do not) have been observed from 2000 to 2004. A stochastic frontier production has been used. Results indicate that LFA payment, age of manager, tenure regimes of land, workforce...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: LFA payment; Olive farm; Technical efficiency; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Q180; D210.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52842
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PUBLIC INVESTMENT AND CHINA'S GRAIN PRODUCTION COMPETITIVENESS UNDER WTO AgEcon
Zhu, Jing; Zhu, J..
China's accession to the WTO poses great challenges to the Chinese agricultural sector, especially to the grain producers. Compared with major grain exporters in the world, most grain crops in China are high in production cost and weak in market competitiveness. This can be partly attributed to the fact that Chinese farmers are facing with poorer agricultural production infrastructures and inadequate public investment in agricultural research and extension, which leads to the lower efficiency in private inputs and thus higher private cost per unit of product. After China joining the WTO, protective and administrative measures conflicted with the URAA cannot be utilized as before. Alternative measures should be explored to provide help to farmers to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Public investment; Agricultural research; Grain production; China; WTO; Crop Production/Industries; H540; Q170; Q180.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25825
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REFORMING THE CAP: AN AGENDA FOR REGIONAL GROWTH? AgEcon
Esposti, Roberto.
This paper aims at analysing the recent CAP reform from the perspective of the current general and strategic objectives of the EU as defined by the Lisbon Strategy. A critical appraisal of the CAP impact in terms of regional growth is carried out. Firstly from a strictly conceptual and methodological point of view, then by analysing more in detail how CAP reform (of both Pillar I and II) might have actually affected the role of the CAP in promoting (or hindering) regional growth and, therefore, convergence. Empirical evidence provided by the different available methodologies has progressively emerged in the very last years. Though a conclusive answer on the impact of the reform can not be drawn, it still emerges that the role of CAP design and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Common Agricultural Policy; Regional Growth and Convergence; Lisbon Strategy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q180; R110; O410.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44868
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Targeting Consumers by Store - The Basis of Increased Sales with Less Advertising AgEcon
Ubilava, David; Foster, Kenneth A..
Conditional Logit approach was used to analyze the Choice Experiment data obtained from the grocery stores and supermarket of Tbilisi, Georgia. Results show that customers' preferences for selected pork attributes in different stores are not the same. So, targeting customers by store can be beneficial marketing tool for pork suppliers.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Willingness-to-Pay; Choice Experiment; Pork Attributes; Marketing; D120; D190; M390; Q130; Q180.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34909
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The Effect of Changing Government Subsidy Programs: An Analysis of Revenue at the Farm level AgEcon
Coble, Keith H.; Thomas, Sarah E.; Miller, J. Corey.
Producer revenue is simultaneously simulated for several hundred county-specific representative farms. The effects of current and alternative commodity programs are analyzed. In particular, two variations of revenue-triggered programs similar to plans proposed by the National Corn Growers Association are evaluated.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Risk; Commodity policy; Simulation; Agricultural and Food Policy; Risk and Uncertainty; Q180.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34931
Registros recuperados: 23
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