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Registros recuperados: 3
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A holistic approach to studying social-ecological systems and its application to southern Transylvania Ecology and Society
Hartel, Tibor; Department of Environmental Sciences, Sapientia University; hartel.tibor@gmail.com.
Global change presents risks and opportunities for social-ecological systems worldwide. Key challenges for sustainability science are to identify plausible future changes in social-ecological systems and find ways to reach socially and environmentally desirable conditions. In this context, regional-scale studies are important, but to date, many such studies have focused on a narrow set of issues or applied a narrow set of tools. Here, we present a holistic approach to work through the complexity posed by cross-scale interactions, spatial heterogeneity, and multiple uncertainties facing regional social-ecological systems. Our approach is spatially explicit and involves assessments of social conditions and natural capital bundles, social-ecological system...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Ecosystem service bundles; Landscape sustainability science; Programme on Ecosystem Change and Society; Regional scale; Romania; Scenario planning.
Ano: 2014
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Ecological and Social Dimensions of Ecosystem Restoration in the Nordic Countries Ecology and Society
Hagen, Dagmar; Norwegian Institute for Nature Research; dagmar.hagen@nina.no; Svavarsdottir, Kristin; Soil Conservation Service of Iceland ; kristin.svavarsdottir@land.is; Tolvanen, Anne K; Finnish Forest Research Institute, Oulu Unit; Thule Institute, University of Oulu; anne.tolvanen@metla.fi; Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten; Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen; krr@life.ku.dk; Aradòttir, Àsa L; Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Agricultural University of Iceland ; asa@lbhi.is; Fosaa, Anna Maria; Faroese Museum of Natural History ; AnMarFos@ngs.fo; Halldorsson, Gudmundur; Soil Conservation Service of Iceland ; gudmundur.halldorsson@land.is.
An international overview of the extent and type of ecological restoration can offer new perspectives for understanding, planning, and implementation. The Nordic countries, with a great range of natural conditions but historically similar social and political structures, provide an opportunity to compare restoration approaches and efforts across borders. The aim of this study was to explore variation in ecological restoration using the Nordic countries as an example. We used recent national assessments and expert evaluations of ecological restoration. Restoration efforts differed among countries: forest and peatland restoration was most common in Finland, freshwater restoration was most common in Sweden, restoration of natural heathlands and grasslands was...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Economic incentives; Habitats; Land use pressure; Northern Europe; Regional scale; Restoration efforts.
Ano: 2013
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Integrative Scenario Development Ecology and Society
Priess, Joerg A.; Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, Department Computational Landscape Ecology; joerg.priess@ufz.de; Hauck, Jennifer; Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, Department Environmental Policy; Jennifer.hauck@ufz.de.
Scenarios are employed to address a large number of future environmental and socioeconomic challenges. We present a conceptual framework for the development of scenarios to integrate the objectives of different stakeholder groups. Based on the framework, land-use scenarios were developed to provide a common base for further research. At the same time, these scenarios assisted regional stakeholders to bring forward their concerns and arrive at a shared understanding of challenges between scientific and regional stakeholders, which allowed them to eventually support regional decision making. The focus on the integration of views and knowledge domains of different stakeholder groups, such as scientists and practitioners, required rigorous and repeated...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Interdisciplinary research; Participatory process; Quality control; Regional scale; Transdisciplinary research.
Ano: 2014
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