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A Theory of Standards-Driven Rural Development AgEcon
Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Rozelle, Scott; Xiang, Tao; Vandemoortele, Thijs.
Consumers have increasing demands for product standards. This has important implications for development. This paper develops a formal theory of the process of the introduction of high product standards in developing countries. The model endogenizes the introduction of high standards. Initial differences in income, the nature of capital constraints and transaction costs, the initial production structure and policies and institutions are shown to affect the likelihood of and the size of the high standards economy. Initial differences in some of these same factors—as well as inter-country differences in the distribution of the sizes of farmers—are also shown to determine which producers are included, and which not.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Standards; Rural Development; Vertical Differentiation; Partial Equilibrium; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51475
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AGRICULTURAL POLICY AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT AgEcon
Lazanyi, Janos.
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is a cornerstone of EU policy relating to rural areas. Initially, it aimed to provide a harmonised framework for maintaining adequate supplies, increasing productivity and ensuring that both consumers and producers received a fair deal in the market. These priorities have shifted to environmental and animal welfare concerns, as well as food safety and security aspects. As a consequence, the CAP has gradually moved from a production-based structure of subsidies to a market-oriented system, integrating standards for food, environment and biodiversity, as well as animal welfare. In 2010, the EU launched an extensive debate on the future of the CAP, as the European Union needs a better tailored, reformed Common Agricultural...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Common Agricultural Policy; European agriculture; Rural Development; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91122
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An empirical analysis of the determinants of the Rural Development policy spending for Human Capital AgEcon
Camaioni, Beatrice; Materia, Valentina Cristiana.
The aim of the paper is twofold: to present a preliminary analysis of the distribution of the Rural Development (RD) expenditure for specific measures related to human capital across EU and to investigate which factors may explain the variation of intensity of spending between the regions. In particular, a descriptive analysis of the budget and of the expenditure for EU 27 will be presented. A linear regression model (OLS) is also presented in order to verify which factors weigh more in determining the spending decisions for the European regions. The analysis is carried out taking into account the EAFRD expenditures for the measures related to human capital for the period 2007-2008 at NUTS2 level.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural Development; Human Capital; Distribution of the Expenditure; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100280
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Application of Prospective Structural Analysis to Rural Development Strategy AgEcon
Ambrosio Albala, Mateo; Martin Lozano, Jose Manuel; Perez Hernandez, Pedro Pablo.
The Council Regulation (EC) 1698/2005 approved on 20th September 2005 was the starting point of the fourth programme of Rural Development Aid for the period 2007-2013. This communitarian programme affects Andalusia, an European region situated in the south of Spain. The authors of this paper have helped in the elaboration of the rural strategy for this region. We would specially like to point out the use of the Prospective Structural Analysis (PSA) methodology as a competent method to analyse the complexity of elements, variables and present interactions in rural zones as well as to understand variables in the present and future situation. Results obtained with the application of the PSA method to a region show the strength of this methodology in order to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural Development; Strategic Analyses; Prospective Structural Analyses; Regional Foresight; Community/Rural/Urban Development; O18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51715
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CONSTRUÇÃO DE UM ÍNDICE DE DESENVOLVIMENTO RURAL – RESULTADOS PARA AS REGIÕES NORDESTE E SUL DO BRASIL AgEcon
Correa, Vanessa Petrelli; Silva, Fernanda Faria; Neder, Henrique Dantas.
Recentemente algumas políticas públicas foram organizadas com o intuito de dirigir recursos para agricultores familiares mais carentes e para estimular o “desenvolvimento local”, incorporando o debate de “Desenvolvimento Territorial”. No Brasil, as regiões Nordeste e Sul concentram a maioria dos agricultores familiares e é importante analisar o perfil dos municípios. Partindo de metodologia desenvolvida por Kageyama (2005), construímos um Índice de Desenvolvimento Rural e o calculamos para cada um dos municípios das regiões Sul e Nordeste do Brasil. No presente trabalho apresentamos a metodologia aplicada e os resultados encontrados, comparando os valores do IDR com os do IDH para mostrar como o primeiro capta aspectos diferenciados e é capaz de...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Desenvolvimento Rural; Indicadores de Desenvolvimento; IDH; IDR; Rural Development; Development Indicators; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108525
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Consulta Regional sobre la Politica Rural del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo AgEcon
Berdegue, Julio A.; Trivelli, Carolina; Araya, Catalina.
This article is a document of great bibliographical value because it is a search at an international level. It was conducted in Latin-America to review the rural politics of the Inter-American Bank of Development. The author and his collaborators summarize and make short each one of the opinions given by specialists, experts and studious professionals of primary economy within the Inter-American region. This is the reason why the magazine wants to publish this important and interesting essay which completely illustrates us about the importance of socioeconomy.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Search; Inter-American Bank of Development; Rural Development; Synthesis.; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48817
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Efficiency of LEADER Programmes in the creation of tangible and intangible outputs: a Data Envelopment Analysis application to Local Action Groups performances AgEcon
Lopolito, Antonio; Giannoccaro, Giacomo; Prosperi, Maurizio.
An emerging requirement for the evaluation of the rural development policy is the adoption of an objective method accounting for both material and immaterial achievements, and measuring the performance in order to understand the degree of accomplishment of policy objectives. In this paper we propose a Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach capable of dealing with economic and social indicators, to measure the (relative) technical efficiency of a set of Local Action Groups (LAGs) operating within the LEADER programme. An evaluation exercise referred to eight LAGs located in Italy, is provided to demonstrate the effects of the inclusion of social capital indicator in the evaluation of the LAGs’ performances. In particular, the DEA allows to measure the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural Development; LEADER; Social capital; DEA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18; R58.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99429
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La Ganadería Ovina en Pequeña Escala y su Impacto en el Desarrollo Rural, Chignahuapan, Puebla Colegio de Postgraduados
Hernández Hidalgo, Lidia.
El estudio se realizó para conocer la situación de la ganadería ovina como una componente del desarrollo rural en Chignahuapan, Puebla. El método de investigación fue el descriptivo-analítico, en el que se combinaron procedimientos cuantitativos y cualitativos, aunque el método principal empleado fue la encuesta que se aplicó a una muestra aleatoria de 79 familias productoras de ganado ovino. Los resultados indicaron que para las familias y el municipio de Chignahuapan, la ganadería ovina constituye una de las actividades económicas muy importantes por ser una fuente de ingresos y contribuir a la alimentación. Sin embargo, por falta de capacitación, asistencia técnica, apoyo de programas gubernamentales y precios justos, los niveles de producción...
Tipo: Tesis Palavras-chave: Ganadería en pequeña escala; Ganadería ovina; Desarrollo rural; Maestría; Desarrollo Rural; Ovine Livestock; Livestock in small scale; Rural Development; Puebla.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1489
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Organization and structure of the chain in the Integrated Projects of Food Chain in Basilicata region: the effects on the new rural dynamics AgEcon
Conto, Francesco; La Sala, Piermichele; Papapietro, Paolo.
The introduction of the Integrated Projects of Food Chain requires the development of models capable of interpreting the dynamics of vertical and horizontal coordination between agents and the definition of the issues that most affect the ability of professionals to provide value added to goods and products to acquire in exchange a competitive advantage. With reference to the Basilicata region, the production structure of the region and the recent development of the Integrated Projects of Food Chain, this research has developed a new model of territorial organization of rural development. Now connect a new food chain model that combines theories of productivity, typical of contract economic, with those of social welfare and environmental economics:...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Chain; Rural Development; Integrated Project of Food Chain.; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95001
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PARTIAL PRODUCTIVITY OF AGRICULTURE IN THE WESTERN BALKAN COUNTRIES – IMPLICATION FOR COMPETITIVENESS OF THE RURAL ECONOMY AgEcon
Zekic, Stanislav; Gajic, Milivoj; Lovre, Koviljko.
The process of transition and, within it, the agricultural transformation in the Western Balkan countries resulted, in the first phase, in the weakening of the developmental performances in agriculture. Such tendencies widened the gap between the countries of the Western Balkans and the EU countries, which continued their steady increase in agricultural productivity. Unfavorable tendencies in agricultural productivity adversely affected its competitiveness, and, consequently, the competitiveness of the rural economy as a whole. The effect of the low agricultural competitiveness on the competitiveness of the rural economy is determined by the importance of agriculture in the rural economy, which is substantial in the West Balkan countries.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Productivity; Agriculture; Competitiveness; Rural Development; The West Balkans; Transition; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Development; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57398
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POTENTIAL OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT TO INCREASE RURAL EMPLOYMENT AgEcon
Pemberton, Carlisle A.; Mgonja, Mary A..
The paper examined whether increasing agricultural output would lead to an expansion of employment in rural areas in the Caribbean and Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The paper found that the agricultural development problems in the Caribbean and SSA are very similar, especially, declining export demand for products, adverse trade policies and the actions of nature, causing damage to agricultural production. The simulations performed showed that in both regions, even a 4% annual increase in agricultural output has the potential for annually increasing agricultural employment by over 6%, even with an annual technical progress of 1.5% in the case of SSA and 2% in the case of the Caribbean. Expanding rural employment through expansion of agricultural output is...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Increasing rural employment; Rural Development; Agricultural Development in Caribbean and Sub-Saharan Africa; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Financial Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Marketing; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36972
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Prospective Structural Analysis: An application to Rural Development Strategies AgEcon
Albala, Ambrosio M.; Lozano, Martin J.M.; Perez Hernandez, Pedro Pablo.
The Council Regulation (EC) 1698/2005 approved on 20th September 2005 was the starting point of the fourth programme of Rural Development Aid for the period 2007- 2013. This communitarian programme affects Andalusia, an European region situated in the south of Spain. The authors of this paper have helped in the elaboration of the rural strategy for this region. We would like especially to point out the use of the Prospective Structural Analysis (PSA) methodology as a competent method to analyse the complexity of elements, variables and present interactions in rural zones as well as to understand variables in the present and future situation. Results obtained with the application of the PSA method to a region show the strength of this methodology in order...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural Development; Strategic Analyses; Prospective Structural Analyses; Community/Rural/Urban Development; O18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50929
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REDD+ for the poor or the poor for REDD+? About the limitations of environmental policies in the Amazon and the potential of achieving environmental goals through pro-poor policies Ecology and Society
Pokorny, Benno; University of Freiburg; benno.pokorny@waldbau.uni-freiburg.de.
Once again, the international community focuses on the preservation of Amazonian forests, in particular through a bundle of initiatives grouped under the term of REDD+. Initially focusing on reducing carbon emissions, the REDD+ process became increasingly linked with developmental goals that represent the primary interest of all Amazon countries. In consequence, REDD+ can be seen as another attempt to achieve the twin goals of environmental protection and rural development, and consequently, relies on the strategies and tools of past efforts. Against this background, we explore past experiences with key strategies for environmental protection and poverty alleviation in the Amazon to critically reflect about the potential of REDD+ to contribute to...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Amazon; Development Policies; Forest Management; Poverty Alleviation; REDD+; Rural Development; Sustainability.
Ano: 2013
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Return on Investments for Community Infrastructure Projects? A Foundation for Rural Development Strategy. AgEcon
Amanor-Boadu, Vincent; Burns, Michael.
With decreasing populations and declining resources, rural governments are finding it challenging determining how to make investments in their infrastructure. This paper defines the problem confronting rural governments and develops a process for making infrastructure decisions to maximize community welfare.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Infrastructure; Public Goods; Rural Development; Social Welfare Economics; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Public Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6738
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Rural development in the area of Pollino: integrated design of an “atypical” chain AgEcon
Conto, Francesco; La Sala, Piermichele; Papapietro, Paolo.
The introduction of the Integrated Projects of Food Chain requires the development of models capable of interpreting the dynamics of vertical and horizontal coordination between agents and the definition of the issues that most affect the ability of professionals to provide value added to goods and products to acquire in exchange a competitive advantage. With reference to setting up Local Production System of the Pollino - Lagonegrese, characterized by the development of an "atypical" food chain, for which the main factor of integration and competitive advantage lies in the strong link between companies and territory and in the social and economic value of the protected area agriculture, this research has developed a new model for food chain that combines...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Chain; Protected areas; Rural Development; Integrated Project of Food Chain; Local Production System Pollino-Lagonegrese; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95310
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Rural networks in the funding period 2007-2013: A critical review of the EU policy instrument. AgEcon
Marquardt, Doris.
Rural Networks have been implemented as an instrument to enhance EU rural development policies in the funding period 2007-2013. Gaps in European programme documents concerning the networks’ purpose and their evaluation led to a survey of the National Network Units being conducted in 2010. Besides investigating how these gaps are bridged nationally, the survey aimed to provide an overview of the development of the networks, of the initial experiences and challenges faced in running the networks, and to assess their potential impact. Empirical findings show that the networks probably support rural development (policies) and create added value. However, ways of demonstrating this impact in quantitative terms are lacking. Member states tend to stick closely to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: National Rural Networks; Policy Instrument; Rural Development; CAP; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Development; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q18; D85.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109517
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SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF BIOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS: SOME LESSONS FROM THE PILOT TISSUE-CULTURE (TC) BANANA PRODUCTION PROMOTION PROJECT IN KENYA, 1997-2002 AgEcon
Mbogoh, Stephen G.; Wambugu, Florence M.; Wakhusama, Sam.
This article is based on a socio-economic impact study of the introduction and adoption of tissue-culture (tc) technology in banana production in Kenya. It attempts to demonstrate that a prudent introduction and promotion of a new biotechnological innovation in farming can make a positive contribution to the socio-economic status of resource poor farmers in a developing country, such as Kenya. Adoption of tc technology in banana production in Kenya is considered a good example of biotechnological applications in agriculture. Hence the article hopes to make a contribution to recent debates at international levels as to whether biotechnology can make a difference in uplifting the living standards of people in the third world (Qaim, 1999; Graff, et al 2002;...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biotechnology and Tissue-Culture (tc) Banana; Adoption; Socio-economic Impact; Rural Development; Third World; Kenya.; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25929
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Spatial Variability of Tourism Demand and Differences in Economic Impact in a Rural Economic Development Context AgEcon
Das, Biswa R.; Rainey, Daniel V..
Statistically predicted future tourism demand is used to conduct an economic impact analysis in twelve tourism zones in the state of Arkansas. The analysis reveals spatial variability in employment, and output growth that will continue into the future. Tourism has the potential as an economic growth engine for the state, especially in economically disadvantaged regions with long-term benefits.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Tourism Demand; Economic Impact Analysis; Rural Development; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; R15; R58.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6799
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Standards Driven Rural Development: A General Equilibrium Model with Market Imperfections AgEcon
Xiang, Tao; Huang, Jikun; Kancs, d'Artis; Swinnen, Johan F.M..
We develop a general equilibrium households model to analyze the effects of high standards food chains taking seriously into account market imperfections. To measure structural production changes and welfare effects on rural and urban households, our model has two types of agents, five kinds of products and four types of factors. We calibrate the model using dataset from China and do simulations through three ways: increasing world price of high standards food, increasing urban households’ preference for high standards food, and relaxing credit constraints on high standards food production. The simulation results show that how poor households are affected depends on the nature of the shocks leading to the expansion of high standards sector and the market...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Standards; Rural Development; General Equilibrium; Market Imperfections; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51476
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Subjective Wealth, Policy Change, and Political Opinions: Evidence from the Cotton Reform in Burkina Faso AgEcon
Kaminski, Jonathan.
This paper provides new evidence on the pattern of individual subjective welfare after a natural experiment in policy-led rural development, and aims to identify the causal relationships between subjective welfare and political opinions on the effects of the policy change. I adopt a structural approach by introducing a reference-based utility function that contains a signal of individual participation in the policy change, which is conveyed by political opinions. Using data collected in cotton areas of Burkina Faso, several simultaneous estimations are performed to analyze seemingly covariant political opinions on the recent cotton reform and changes in subjective wealth, while addressing measurement issues related to subjective indicators as well as...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Subjective Wealth; Burkina Faso; Policy Change; Rural Development; Political Opinions.; Environmental Economics and Policy; Political Economy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; I32; 013; Q16; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119531
Registros recuperados: 28
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