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Registros recuperados: 17
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Analyzing of Special Hungarian Micro-Regions from the Point of View of a New Rural Category AgEcon
Ritter, Krisztian.
There is no universally accepted definition of the category of "rural area" in Hungary and this issue is the subject of controversy. The EU or OECD standards cannot be fully applied due to unique national characteristics. As a) the role of agriculture in the national economy has drastically decreased in the last 15 years in Hungary - due to the political transition and globalisation, and as b) this decreasing importance causes heavy and pressing problems, especially in agricultural and ex-agricultural areas and regions, job loss is a characteristic sign of the underprivileged areas, and that affects mainly the villages and rural people who have lost their jobs in the agricultural sector. Main goal of the author's Ph.D. research is an analysis of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural employment; EU; Job loss; Rural area; Rural development; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q19.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24448
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Área e distribuição espacial de pastagens cultivadas no cerrado brasileiro. Infoteca-e
SANO, E. E.; BARCELLOS, A. de O.; BEZERRA, H. S..
1999
Tipo: Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Cerrado; Pastagem cultivada; Áreas rurais; Distribuição espacial; Sown pastures; Rural area; Natural distribution.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/562416
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Control of Environmental Pollution in Jiangsu Province AgEcon
Yan, Xu.
This paper introduces the problems in rural environment of Juangsu Province, and analyzes the causation of these problems. Finally, this paper discusses the related measures for controlling the rural environment of Juangsu Province.
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Rural area; Ecology; Environmental pollution; Control; China; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53523
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Evidence on the Amenity Value of Wetlands in a Rural Setting AgEcon
Bin, Okmyung; Polasky, Stephen.
This study uses a hedonic property price method to estimate how wetlands affect residential property values in a rural area. The study utilizes wetland inventory data coupled with extensive property sales records between January 2000 and September 2004 from Carteret County, NC. Our results indicate that i) a higher wetland percentage within a quarter mile of a property, ii) closer proximity to the nearest wetland, and iii) larger size of the nearest wetland are associated with lower residential property values. These results contrast with previous hedonic studies that use data from urban areas, which found positive associations between wetland and property values. The amenity value of wetlands appears to depend at least as much on the characteristics of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Hedonic prices; Housing market; Rural area; Wetlands; D12; Q24; Q26; R21.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42789
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Factor Analysis on the Factors that Influencing Rural Environmental Pollution in the Hilly Area of Sichuan Province, China AgEcon
Ling, Jing; Deng, Liang-ji.
By using factor analysis method and establishing analysis indicator system from four aspects including crop production, poultry farming, rural life and township enterprises, the difference, features, and types of factors influencing the rural environmental pollution in the hilly area in Sichuan Province, China. Results prove that the major factor influencing rural environmental pollution in the study area is livestock and poultry breeding, flowed by crop planting, rural life, and township enterprises. Hence future pollution prevention and control should set about from livestock and poultry breeding. Meanwhile, attention should be paid to prevention and control of rural environmental pollution caused by rural life and township enterprise production.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Rural area; Environmental pollution; Influencing factors; Factor analysis; Hilly area in Sichuan Province; China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113931
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First record of Borrelia burgdorferi B31 strain in Dermacentor nitens ticks in the northern region of Parana (Brazil) BJM
Gonçalves,Daniela Dib; Carreira,Teresa; Nunes,Mónica; Benitez,Aline; Lopes-Mori,Fabiana Maria Ruiz; Vidotto,Odilon; Freitas,Julio Cesar de; Vieira,Maria Luísa.
The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of DNA of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.) in ticks that feed on horses used for animal traction in rural Jataizinho, Parana, Brazil. Between February and June 2008, a total of 224 ticks was collected of which 75% were identified as Dermacentor nitens and 25% as Amblyomma cajenense. To amplify B. burgdorferi s.l. DNA, the intergenic space region (ISR) between the 5S (rrf) 23S (rrl) rRNA genes was used as targets for nested-PCR. Two ticks of the D. nitens species were positive for B. burgdorferi s.l. Both species showed a fragment of 184 bp, but the sequencing revealed 99.9% homology with the B. burgdorferi sensu stricto (s.s.) strain B31. These results showed, for the first time, the presence of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ticks; Dermacentor nitens; Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato; Equine; Rural area.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822013000300035
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Impact of the food safety policies on the reduction of poverty in Tunisian rural areas AgEcon
Khaldi, Raoudha; Dhraief, Mohamed Zied; Haddad, Samia; Rached, Zouhair; Padilla, Martine.
The observed trend of decreasing poverty in Tunisian rural areas, where agriculture is still dominated by family and where illiteracy rate and family size are high, questions may be raised about the economic policies adopted by the state. This article puts the analyses of these policies in the framework of food safety issue as food and poverty are tightly related and as food safety objective is multi-sectorial and multi-disciplinary. In economic development plans, food safety objective took the place of self-sufficiency. The analysis of food safety policy is based on a macro-economic analysis of the offer (policies of production pricing and subsidizing, investment policies) and demand (Policies of consumption subsidies and consumer prices) as well as the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Poverty; Rural area; Structure adjustment; Food safety; Agricultural and food policies.; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7928
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INTERREGIONALE DISPARITATEN UND ENTWICKLUNG LANDLICHER RAUME ALS REGIONALPOLITISCHE HERAUSFORDERUNG FUR DIE NEUEN EU-MITGLIEDSSTAATEN AgEcon
Baum, Sabine; Weingarten, Peter.
ZUSAMMENFASSUNG Seit Beginn der Transformation haben in den Ländern Mittel- und Osteuropas (MOEL) die interregionalen Disparitäten zugenommen. Insbesondere die Stadt-Land-Gegensätze haben sich verstärkt. Dieser Beitrag zeigt die Entwicklung der Disparitäten auf und diskutiert auf der Basis theoretischer Überlegungen und politischer Ziele die Notwendigkeit und Ausgestaltung regionalpolitischer Maßnahmen. Bei der ländlichen Entwicklung in den neuen EU-Mitglied-staaten kommt den Bereichen Institutionenaufbau, Wettbewerbsfähigkeit des Agrarsektors, außer-landwirtschaftliche Einkommensquellen und Arbeitsmobilität eine große Bedeutung zu. Diese Maßnahmen sollten den spezifischen Charakteristika der jeweiligen Gebiete angepasst sein. Die regionalpolitischen...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Regional disparities; Rural area; Regional policy; Structural policy; Central and Eastern Europe; EU Eastern Enlargement; Regional types; Community/Rural/Urban Development; P25; R58; O18.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14899
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Interregionale Disparitäten und Entwicklung ländlicher Räume als regionalpolitische Herausforderung für die neuen EU-Mitgliedstaaten AgEcon
Baum, Sabine; Weingarten, Peter.
Since the beginning of transition, interregional disparities in Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) have increased. Particularly, the differences between urban and rural areas have grown. This paper traces the development of these disparities and discusses, based on theoretical considerations and political objectives, the need for and the design of regional policy measures. For rural development in the new EU member states, institution building, competitiveness of the agri-food sector, non-farm income sources and labour mobility are crucial. These measures should be adapted to the specific characteristics of the respective areas. Since the end of the 1990's, the efforts of regional policy in the CEECs were highly influenced by the preparation...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Regional disparities; Rural area; Regional policy; Structural policy; Central and Eastern Europe; EU Eastern Enlargement; Regional types; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97217
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Long-term efficacy of a rural community-based integrated intervention for prevention and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a cluster randomized controlled trial in China's rural areas BJMBR
Yuan,X.; Tao,Y.; Zhao,J.P.; Liu,X.S.; Xiong,W.N.; Xie,J.G.; Ni,W.; Xu,Y.J.; Liu,H.G..
This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a rural community-based integrated intervention for early prevention and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in China. This 18-year cluster-randomized controlled trial encompassing 15 villages included 1008 patients (454 men and 40 women in the intervention group [mean age, 54 ± 10 years]; 482 men and 32 women in the control group [mean age, 53 ± 10 years]) with confirmed COPD or at risk for COPD. Villages were randomly assigned to the intervention or the control group, and study participants residing within the villages received treatment accordingly. Intervention group patients took part in a program that included systematic health education, smoking cessation counseling, and education on...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; Randomized controlled trial; Integrated intervention; Rural area; Lung function; Smoking cessation.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2015001101023
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Marketing Strategy of Rural Supermarket Chain in Ningxia Based on the Long Tail AgEcon
Zhang, Shu-ping; Zhao, Zhi-hong.
Based on the introduction of the Long Tail , the political, economical, social and technological environment for the development of rural supermarket chain in Ningxia is analyzed. The problems in the marketing strategy of Ningxia rural supermarket chain are pointed out, including single products and uneven level of quality, the products, which can not satisfy farmers’ needs; low quality of the personnel and imperfect information system, thus the traditional way of marketing is challenged. In the end, from the perspective of products, position, price, and personnel, the marketing strategies for the development of Ningxia rural supermarket chain based on the Long Tail Theory are put forward.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: The long Tail; Rural area; Supermarket chain; Marketing strategy; China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113208
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Marketing Strategy of Rural Supermarket Chain in Ningxia Based on the Long Tail AgEcon
Zhang, Shu-ping; Zhao, Zhi-hong.
Based on the introduction of the Long Tail , the political, economical, social and technological environment for the development of rural supermarket chain in Ningxia is analyzed. The problems in the marketing strategy of Ningxia rural supermarket chain are pointed out, including single products and uneven level of quality, the products, which can not satisfy farmers’ needs; low quality of the personnel and imperfect information system, thus the traditional way of marketing is challenged. In the end, from the perspective of products, position, price, and personnel, the marketing strategies for the development of Ningxia rural supermarket chain based on the Long Tail Theory are put forward.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: The long Tail; Rural area; Supermarket chain; Marketing strategy; China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108455
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Modernização Agrícola Francesa: a construção de um modelo analítico AgEcon
Massuquetti, Angelica.
Este artigo investiga o processo de modernização agrícola na França por meio das interpretações dos economistas, dos sociólogos e dos cientistas políticos, envolvendo especialmente o debate da sociologia e da economia rural contemporâneas. O objetivo é compreender a sua dinâmica específica pelo cruzamento entre diferentes áreas das Ciências Sociais com o intuito de construir um modelo interpretativo para a análise da especificidade do processo brasileiro de modernização agrícola. O mundo rural não se transformou unicamente no âmbito econômico, por meio da adoção de inovações e de novas inserções no mercado, mas houve também a construção de novas identidades políticas e sociais no campo. This paper examines the French agricultural modernization process...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Modernização; Agricultura; Meio rural; Identidade social; Modelo analítico; Modernization; Agriculture; Rural area; Social identity; Analitical model; Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103112
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Regional Sustainable Development of Rural Areas Based on HDI - a case of Jilin Province, China AgEcon
Wang, Xiao-yan; Chen, Li-ming.
This paper introduces the connotation of Human Development Index (HDI) and its dimensional indices, as well as the HDI comprehensive evaluation method based on entropy weight. And the specific formula and steps for calculation are put forward. This paper also selects the HDI dimensional indices (life expectancy index, education index and GDP index), and constructs the evaluation index system of regional sustainable development. Based on the field investigation on Yushu, Jiutai and Yongji in Jilin Province, relevant data of HDI dimensional indices are collected. According to the comprehensive evaluation method based on entropy weight, sustainable development levels of the three typical rural areas in Jilin Province are evaluated. Result shows that the...
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Human development index (HDI); Rural area; Sustainable development; Entropy weight; China; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54036
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Socio-demographic and economic indicators in gender structure in the middle Taurus mountainous villages of Turkey Ciência Rural
Davran,Müge Kantar; Öztornacı,Burak; Özalp,Burhan.
ABSTRACT: Socio-demographic and economic indicators are very important clues to scientists and institutions to direct development programs for the empowerment of rural women. The goal of this study is to determine the status of rural women living in the Taurus mountainous villages of Turkey according to socio-demographic and economic indicators as related to gender structure. In this research area, there is not enough official data related to socio-demographic and economic indicators about mountainous rural women, like in most developing countries. For this study, the authors collected data from 146 women and 133 men using questionnaires and face-to-face interviews. In this research area, we found that women occupy positions of low power compared to men...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Woman issue; Rural area; Rural development; Statistical indicators.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782019001200901
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TYPOLOGY OF RURAL AREAS IN THE CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEAN EU NEW MEMBER STATES AgEcon
Baum, Sabine; Trapp, Christian; Weingarten, Peter.
Rural areas in Central and Eastern Europe are very often associated with a backwardness in terms of income and employment opportunities, a high dependency on agriculture, the out-migration of young, skilled people, a low population density and an insufficient infrastructure. In this paper 3 typologies are presented, which show that rural areas cannot be considered homogeneous and not all of them need the same developmental measures. The first typology classified all NUTS-3 regions in the ten Central and Eastern European countries (CEEC-10) by means of cluster analysis according to 7 demographic and socio-economic criteria. The result revealed 5 different types of regions as most adequate: three are largely rural, one includes both rural, and especially...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rural area; Typology; Central and Eastern Europe; Cluster analysis; Community/Rural/Urban Development; C19; P25; R12.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14906
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ZONA DE TRANSIÇÃO EM LONDRINA-PR: AS QUESTÕES URBANAS E RURAIS NA OFERTA DE PARCELAMENTO DE LOTES AgEcon
Zapparoli, Irene Domenes.
Entre a área urbana e rural tem-se a zona de transição. A zona urbana compreende as áreas urbanizadas ou em vias de ocupação. Na zona rural se prevê a implantação de equipamentos e empreendimentos considerados necessários à estrutura urbana. Assim a transformação de zona de expansão em zona urbana fica vinculada ao processo de aceitação de loteamentos. As áreas rurais foram transformadas em área de expansão urbana, seja através de alterações dos perímetros urbanos, seja através de ocupações clandestinas na zona rural. Assim questiona-se: De que forma vem sendo feita a expansão da zona urbana? Quais são os reflexos na zona de expansão urbana ou zona rural. Como a população de Londrina se manifesta a respeito dos parcelamentos de lotes urbanos? O objetivo...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Zona rural; Hegemonia; Londrina; Rural area; Hegemonic process; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/112735
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