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Registros recuperados: 19
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Applying a bioeconomic optimal control model to charcoal production: the case of slash-and-burn agriculture in Mexico 118
Arrocha,Fernando; Villena,Mauricio G.
This paper analyzes the relationship between rural poverty and forest land management for the case of charcoal production under slash-and-burn agriculture. An optimal control model is used to determine how a representative household makes decisions about the allocation of labor and about the forest areas to exploit. In turn, these decisions affect the renewable resource base available to the community. The proposed optimal control model for charcoal production is based on the Pascual and Barbier (2007) model of slash-and-burn agriculture. This theoretical model is calibrated with data from the community of Chunkanán, Campeche, Mexico. The simulation and comparison of the traditional slash-and-burn approach to forest management with the Forest Management...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Charcoal production; Forest management; Rural poverty; Rural households.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-16202012000300009
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Características dos Agregados Familiares Rurais nas Zonas Afectadas pelas Cheias do Ano 2000 no Centro e Sul de Moçambique 31
Benfica, Rui M.S.; Arlindo, Pedro; Weber, Michael T.; Tschirley, David L..
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Directorate of Economics, Republic of Mozambique
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Mozambique; Rural households; Food Security and Poverty; Q18.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56040
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Determinants of Household Poverty Dynamics in Rural Regions of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa 31
Baiyegunhi, L.J.S.; Fraser, Gavin C.G..
Poverty has always been studied in a world of certainty. However, if the aim of studying poverty is not only improving the well-being of households who are currently poor, but also preventing people from becoming poor in the future, a new forward looking perspective must be adopted. For thinking about appropriate forward-looking anti-poverty interventions (i.e. interventions that aim to prevent or reduce future poverty rather than alleviate current poverty), the critical need then is to go beyond a cataloging of who is currently poor and who is not, to an assessment of households’ vulnerability to poverty. This study analyses a panel dataset on a representative sample of 150 rural households interviewed in 2007 and 2008 in the Amathole District...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Poverty; Vulnerability; Poverty dynamics; Risks; Rural households; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97078
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Dinámica económica y uso de servicios financieros en los hogares rurales de San Lorenzo Chiautzingo, Puebla. 32
Leyva García, Ma. Isela.
El presente trabajo de investigación tuvo como objetivo conocer la dinámica económica de los hogares rurales y la relación que tienen con las necesidades de financiamiento en actividades productivas, comerciales y de servicios. Para alcanzar el objetivo planteado se realizó una encuesta a 50 hogares rurales de la cabecera municipal y cinco entrevistas a profundidad con informantes clave. Con los datos obtenidos se realizo un análisis descriptivo y un análisis estadístico para conocer la relación entre las variables de estudio. Los resultados indican que los hogares rurales son pluriactivos, ya que realizan actividades agrícolas, pecuarias, frutícolas, comerciales y de servicios lo cual genera flujos de ingresos diversos en cada una de estas actividades y...
Palavras-chave: Hogares rurales; Usos de servicios financieros; Sector rural; Rural households; Using financial services; EDAR; Estrategias para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional; Maestría.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/540
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Dinámica económica y uso de servicios financieros en los hogares rurales de San Lorenzo Chiautzingo, Puebla. 32
Leyva García, Ma. Isela.
El presente trabajo de investigación tuvo como objetivo conocer la dinámica económica de los hogares rurales y la relación que tienen con las necesidades de financiamiento en actividades productivas, comerciales y de servicios. Para alcanzar el objetivo planteado se realizó una encuesta a 50 hogares rurales de la cabecera municipal y cinco entrevistas a profundidad con informantes clave. Con los datos obtenidos se realizo un análisis descriptivo y un análisis estadístico para conocer la relación entre las variables de estudio. Los resultados indican que los hogares rurales son pluriactivos, ya que realizan actividades agrícolas, pecuarias, frutícolas, comerciales y de servicios lo cual genera flujos de ingresos diversos en cada una de estas actividades y...
Palavras-chave: Hogares rurales; Usos de servicios financieros; Sector rural; Rural households; Using financial services; EDAR; Estrategias para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional; Maestría.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/540
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El ingreso en las unidades de producción rural en 2004 32
Gaucín Piedra, Salvador Darío.
Es muy variable la importancia de la actividad agropecuaria como generadora de ingresos en el sector rural, complementada por diversas fuentes. En el presente trabajo, se identifica y analiza la composición y distribución del ingreso bruto en 2004 para una muestra de 1,600 unidades de producción rural, por estrato de productores, región en que se ubican, grado de marginación de la localidad y condición de pobreza. Para el total de la muestra, 69% de los ingresos fueron agropecuarios, 21.6% no agropecuarios ganados (autoempleo y salarios no agropecuarios) y 9.4% no agropecuarios no ganados (remesas y apoyos gubernamentales). Para los estratos de mayores ingresos, así como para las unidades de producción ubicadas en el norte del país, en zonas de baja y muy...
Tipo: Tesis Palavras-chave: Ingreso; Unidad de producción rural; Distribución del ingreso; Maestría; Economía; Farm income; Rural households; Income distribution.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1677
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Estructura del ingreso, desigualdad y pobreza : caso de estudio en un municipio del estado de Oaxaca. 32
Espinosa Trujillo, Marco Antonio.
El objetivo del trabajo fue analizar el efecto de las fuentes de ingreso sobre la desigualdad y pobreza por ingresos, en el municipio de Santa Inés Yatzeche, en el Estado de Oaxaca. Para alcanzar el objetivo, en 2011 se realizó una encuesta de 117 cuestionarios que abarcó el 54.9% del total de jefes de hogar de la comunidad. Con la información derivada de la estructura de ingresos de las familias fueron calculados los coeficientes de Gini y Foster- Greer-Thorbecker (FGT), para el ingreso total. Los resultados indican una baja concentración del ingreso, coherente con el valor encontrado de 0.363 para el Coeficiente de Gini, se encontraron valores de 63.3, 72.7 y 88.9% para la incidencia de la pobreza alimentaria, capacidades y patrimonio, respectivamente....
Palavras-chave: Hogares rurales; Desigualdad por fuentes de ingreso; Pobreza por fuentes de ingreso; Rural households; Ineguality by income sources; Poverty by income sources; Economía; Doctorado.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1864
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Facilitating access to rural services in Vietnam: The invisible social capital link 31
Quoc, Hoang Dinh; Dufhues, Thomas; Buchenrieder, Gertrud.
This paper investigates the effects of individual social capital on the access of rural households to services. In the context of agriculture economics, an innovative data collection approach is used to determine social capital. The approach originates from the field of sociology and entails a personal network survey. We define four social capital variables according to tie strength (bonding/bridging) and social distance (bondinglink/bridginglink) between the respondent and his/her network member. The econometric results suggest that social capital with weaker ties in combination with socially distant ties (bridginglink social capital) can potentially improve households’ access to rural services.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Rural services; Social capital; Rural households; Vietnam.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123402
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Household Food Security in Rural Areas of Nepal: Relationship between Socio-economic Characteristics and Food Security Status 31
Maharjan, Keshav Lall; Khatri-Chhetri, Arun.
One of the main development goals of Nepal is to reduce the number of chronically undernourished people all over the country by half by the year 2015. In consonance to this, this study examines food security and its relationship with socio-economic characteristics among rural households in the remote western mountains of Nepal. Accordingly, the relationship between household's resource endowment and food security status was analyzed based on the calorie requirement for all household members according to their sex and age. The food security measures applied in this paper are Head Count Method, Food Insecurity Gap, and Squared Food Insecurity Gap to capture successively more detailed aspects of the food insecurity status of the household. It was found that...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food security; Calorie; Socio-economic characteristics; Rural households; Nepal; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25624
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Impact of a Commodity Price Spike on Poverty Dynamics: Evidence from a Panel of Rural Households in Bangladesh 31
Balagtas, Joseph Valdes; Bhandari, Humnath; Mohanty, Samarendu; Cabrera, Ellanie; Hossain, Mahabub.
In this paper we assess the effects of the dramatic rise in agricultural commodity prices during 2007-2008 on income dynamics and poverty among rural households in Bangladesh. We use data from a nationally representative longitudinal survey of rural households in Bangladesh collected in four waves in 1988, 2000, 2004, and 2008. Nargis and Hossain (2006) analysed income dynamics and poverty incidence for the first three waves, finding a declining trend in both the incidence and depth of poverty, aided by in particular by human capital development and the off-farm labor opportunities. Here we update the analysis to include data collected in 2008, at the height of the aforementioned spike in agricultural prices. We find that various measures of rural poverty...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Poverty; Income; Commodity price spike; Rural households; Bangladesh; Panel data; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124225
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Multiple regression analysis of the net income and consumption expenditure of Chinese rural households during 2007 31
Da, Wa; Xiao, Hong; Zhuo, Ma.
We use the regression analysis method of multivariate statistical analysis to establish a multiple linear regression model about the net income and consumption expenditure of Chinese rural households during the year 2007. This paper analyzes the internal relation between the net income and consumption expenditure of Chinese rural households according to the regression result. Some reasonable suggestions are put forward for raising the income of rural households and stimulating consumption.
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Rural households; Income; Expenditure; Regression analysis; China; Consumer/Household Economics; Financial Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53439
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Philippine Rice and Rural Poverty: An Impact Analysis of Market Reform Using CGE 31
Cororaton, Caesar B..
This paper looks at how Philippine trade reform which consists of tariff reduction and elimination of quantitative restrictions (QR) on rice imports will affect poverty within two world trade scenarios: Doha and free world trade. The impact of Doha is very small and generates biased effects against agriculture. The impact of Philippine trade reform within the Doha agenda magnifies this biased effect, making rural households worse-off compared to urban households. However, eliminating rice QR generates a set of effects where consumer price reduction dominates nominal income decline. Thus, real income improves and poverty declines across household groups, but the net effects are lower in rural than in urban households. The impact of a free world trade...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rice; Impact analysis; Agriculture; Poverty; Computable general equilibrium CGE; Trade reform; Doha agreement; Free trade; Rural households; Urban households; Consumer prices; Philippines; Food Security and Poverty; Marketing; F1; I3; N5; O5; Q0; Q1.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58578
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Property rights and crop choice in rural Peru, 1994-2004 31
Field, Alfred J.; Field, Erica Marie; Torero, Maximo.
The period of 1994 to 2004 was one in which rural households in Peru experienced dramatic changes in ownership rights through a large nation-wide land titling program and a significant opening of the economy to international trade. This paper takes this prime opportunity to examine whether lack of ownership rights presents a significant barrier to the adoption of commercial crops and/or modern farming practices as a result to changes which reduced domestic market distortions, opened up the economy and thereby presumably altered relative prices between traditional agricultural crops and those produced primarily for export. To the extent that participation was quasi-exogenous to other household features influencing production choices, the titling program...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rural households; International trade; Property rights; Land rights; Titling; Adoption; Commercial crops; Exports; Indigenous crops; Poverty; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58569
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Representative Characteristics of Rural Households in Areas of Central and Southern Mozambique Affected by the 2000 Floods 31
Benfica, Rui M.S.; Arlindo, Pedro; Weber, Michael T.; Tschirley, David L..
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Directorate of Economics, Republic of Mozambique
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Mozambique; Rural households; Food Security and Poverty; Q18.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56039
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Rural Labour Market Developments in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 31
Janeska, Verica; Bojnec, Stefan.
Factor Markets Coordination: Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), Brussels, Belgium
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rural labour market; Agricultural transformation; Rural households; Emigration process; Rural economy business management; Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital; Political Economy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117486
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The Determinants of Rural Household Food Security in the Punjab, Pakistan: An Econometric Analysis 31
Bashir, Muhammad Khalid; Schilizzi, Steven; Pandit, Ram.
Pakistan is one of the leading producers of important agricultural commodities in the world with a relatively high proportion of undernourished population (26 %). This study aims to examine the food security trends in Pakistan in general, and to find out the household level food security and its key determinants in the rural areas of the Punjab Province in particular. Both secondary and primary data were used. Secondary data were obtained from Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Bank and Government of Pakistan’s data sources. Primary data were collected from 1152 households in 12 districts of the Punjab province using questionnaire survey. The analysis was done in two phases i.e. (Phase-A) identification of food security trends, at national...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Rural households; Logistic regression; Punjab; Pakistan; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; I30; Q18 and R20..
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122526
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The Dynamics of Chinese Rural Households' Participation in Labor Markets 31
Glauben, Thomas; Herzfeld, Thomas; Wang, Xiaobing.
The work focuses on the frequency of each possible transition between labor market participation regimes of rural Chinese households. A continuous hazard approach is applied to empirically evaluate factors, as household, farm, and regional characteristics affecting the frequency of transition between labor market participation states. Results suggest that there are frequent changes of labor market participations regimes among the househo lds. Given the change in external conditions and other factor end owments this might indicate that households quickly response in allocating labor in order to equilibrate the resources. Further, we find that there are good chances climbing out of autarky; however the probability to fall in autarky was also remarkable over...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Labor market participation; Dynamic analysis; China; Hazard model; Rural households; Labor and Human Capital; C41; J60; Q12.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25751
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The Impacts of Wildlife Conservation Policies on Rural Household Welfare in Zambia 31
Fernandez, Ana; Richardson, Robert B.; Tschirley, David L.; Tembo, Gelson.
KEY POLICY POINTS • Tourism is increasingly important in Zambia as a vehicle for economic growth, and has been identified as a key sector for poverty reduction due to its potential to generate off-farm income and employment in rural areas. Growth in arrivals and receipts in Zambia has outpaced average growth rates for developing countries. • Tourism in Zambia relies mostly on the stock of natural resources, including the protected area system which includes national parks and game management areas (GMAs). Co-management agreements between Zambia Wildlife Authority (ZAWA) and rural communities present opportunities and threats for households living in GMAs. • Households living in GMAs have lower average income than households in other rural areas. Yet we...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Wildlife conservation; Rural households; Zambia; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Q57.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53453
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The welfare effects of microfinance in Vietnam: empirical results from a quasi-experiment survey 31
Nghiem, Hong Son; Coelli, Tim J.; Rao, Prasada.
In this paper we analyse the effects of microfinance programs upon household welfare in Vietnam. Our analytical framework builds upon the rural household models of Singh et al. (1986) and Rosenzweig (1990). Data on 470 households across 25 villages was collected using a quasiexperiment survey approach to overcome self-selection bias. In our econometric analysis the welfare effects of microfinance are proxied using measures of household income and consumption. The empirical results indicate that participation in microfinance has a positive effect upon household welfare, with the size of the effect increasing at a decreasing rate as a household spends more time in the microfinance program.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Microfinance; Rural households; Vietnam; Quasi-experiment survey; Effectiveness; Welfare; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10437
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