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Registros recuperados: 12
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Changing Participation in Food Assistance Programs Among Low-Income Children After Welfare Reform AgEcon
Todd, Jessica E.; Newman, Constance; Ver Ploeg, Michele.
In 1996, the safety net for poor households with children fundamentally changed when Federal legislation replaced Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) with Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). This study investigates participation in, and benefits received from, AFDC/TANF and food assistance programs, before and after the legislation, for children in low-income households (income below 300 percent of the Federal poverty line). The results show that, between 1990 and 2004, the share of children receiving food stamp benefits declined, most notably among children in the poorest households (income below 50 percent of the Federal poverty line). The share of children receiving benefits from the school meals programs and the Special...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program; SNAP; Food assistance; Welfare reform; WIC; School meals; National School Lunch Program; School Breakfast Program; TANF; AFDC; Multiple program use; Survey of Income and Program Participation; Public Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58613
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CoagVDb: a comprehensive database for coagulation factors and their associated SAPs Biol. Res.
Ali,Shabana Kouser; George Priya Doss,C; Thirumal Kumar,D; Zhu,Hailong.
The current state of the art in medical genetics is to identify and classify the functional (deleterious) or non-functional (neutral) single amino acid substitutions (SAPs), also known as non-synonymous SNPs (nsSNPs). The primary goal is to elucidate the mechanisms through which functional SAPs exert their effects, and ultimately interrogating this information for association with complex phenotypes. This work focuses on coagulation factors involved in the coagulation cascade pathway which plays a vital role in the maintenance of homeostasis in the human system. We developed an integrated coagulation variation database, CoagVDb, which makes use of the biological information from various public databases such as NCBI, OMIM, UniProt, PDB and SAPs...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Coagulation cascade pathway; Coagulation factor proteins; Single amino acid substitutions; SIFT; PolyPhen 2; I-Mutant 3; Fathmm; Align GVGD; PhD-SNP; SNPs& GO; SNAP.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-97602015000100035
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Do Food Prices Affect Food Security? Evidence from the CPS 2002-2006 AgEcon
Gregory, Christian A.; Coleman-Jensen, Alisha.
In this paper, we estimate the effect of food prices on food insecurity for SNAP recipients using data from the Current Population Survey and the recently published Quarterly Food At Home Price Database. We form a local food price index based on amounts of food for a household of four as established by the Thrifty Food Plan. We use an econometric model that accounts for the endogeneity of SNAP receipt to food insecurity and for household-level unobservables. We find that the average effect of food prices on the probability of food insecurity is positive and significant: an increase of one standard deviation in the price of our food basket is associated with an increase in food insecurity of between 1.3 and 2 percentage points for SNAP households. These...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food price; Food insecurity; SNAP; Discrete factor model; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Security and Poverty; I38.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103265
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Does SNAP Decrease Food Insecurity? Untangling the Self-Selection Effect AgEcon
Nord, Mark; Golla, Anne Marie.
Self-selection by more food-needy households into the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly called the Food Stamp Program) makes it difficult to observe positive effects of the program in survey data. This study investigates self-selection and ameliorative program effects by examining households’ food security month by month for several months prior to initial receipt of SNAP benefits and for several months after joining the program. Two-year panels are constructed by matching the same households interviewed in the Current Population Survey Food Security Supplement in 2 consecutive years using data from 2001 to 2006. Food security is observed to deteriorate in the 6 months prior to beginning to receive SNAP benefits and to improve...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food insecurity; Food stamps; Food security; Hunger; Very low food security; SNAP; Longitudinal analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55955
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ECONOMIC INCENTIVES FOR DIETARY IMPROVEMENT AMONG FOOD STAMP RECIPIENTS AgEcon
Lin, Biing-Hwan; Yen, Steven T.; Dong, Diansheng; Smallwood, David M..
Most Americans need to consume more fruits, vegetables, and dairy products. This need is particularly acute among low-income individuals. The objective of this study is to examine the cost effectiveness of two economic policies that use alternative policy levers available within the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (formerly Food Stamp Program) to increase consumption of these under-consumed foods. Data from three nationally representative surveys are used to estimate demand elasticities, marginal propensity to spend on food out of food stamp benefits, and consumption amount of and spending on under-consumed foods among food stamp recipients. Results of the analyses suggest that a 10% price subsidy would curtail consumption deficiencies by 4–7% at...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CEX; SNAP; Price subsidy; NHANES; NFSPS; Vegetables; Milk; Fruits; Food stamps; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; C34; D12; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53339
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EFECTO DEL STABILAK® SOBRE LA DETERMINACIÓN DE ANTIBIÓTICOS BETALACTÁMICOS MEDIANTE LA PRUEBA SNAP (SNAP® BETA-LACTAM TEST KIT) EN LECHE CRUDA Rev Salud Anim.
Oliva,Yuleivys; Escobar,A; Ponce,P.
El STABILAK® es un producto cubano, basado en la activación del sistema lactoperoxidasa, que posibilita conservar la leche cruda sin refrigeración. Fue objetivo de este trabajo determinar si el uso del STABILAK afecta la detección de penicilina mediante la prueba SNAP. Su empleo no interfirió en la determinación de penicilina (5-10 ng/mL) a través de dicha prueba, en leche activada y reactivada.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: STABILAK; Sistema lactoperoxidasa; Antibióticos; SNAP.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0253-570X2011000100010
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Food Insecurity in Households with Children: Prevalence, Severity, and Household Characteristics AgEcon
Nord, Mark.
Eighty-four percent of U.S. households with children were food secure throughout 2007, meaning that they had consistent access to adequate food for active, healthy lives for all household members. Nearly 16 percent of households with children were food insecure sometime during the year, including 8.3 percent in which children were food insecure and 0.8 percent in which one or more children experienced very low food security—the most severe food-insecure condition measured by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Numerous studies suggest that children in food-insecure households have higher risks of health and development problems than children in otherwise similar food-secure households. This study found that about 85 percent of households with...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food insecurity; Hunger; Children; SNAP; Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program; WIC; National School Lunch Program; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58616
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Food Secure In 30 Minutes or Less: The Relationship Between Time Use and Food Security AgEcon
Beatty, Timothy K.M.; Tuttle, Charlotte.
This paper examines the relationship between household food security status, SNAP participation, and time used in food preparation and acquisition. Using the American Time Use Survey linked with the Current Population Survey's Food Security Supplement, we find that food insecurity and SNAP participation are positive predictors of number of minutes single adult households use in food preparation. Meanwhile, SNAP participation is a negative predictor of food acquisition. Although these results do not imply a causal relationship, they do reveal reflect that food insecure households and households that participate in the SNAP program use time differently than food secure and non-participating households.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food security; Time use; SNAP; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103804
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Gender-related differences in the effects of nitric oxide donors on neuroleptic-induced catalepsy in mice BJMBR
Pires,J.G.P.; Costa,P.G.; Saraiva,F.P.; Bonikovski,V.; Futuro Neto,H.A..
It has been suggested that nigrostriatal dopaminergic transmission is modulated by nitric oxide (NO). Since there is evidence that gonadal hormones can affect extrapyramidal motor behavior in mammals, we investigated the effects of isosorbide dinitrate (ISD), linsidomine (SIN-1) and S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP), three pharmacologically different NO donors, on neuroleptic-induced catalepsy in 60- to 80-day-old male and female albino mice. Catalepsy was induced with haloperidol (1 mg/kg, ip) and measured at 30-min intervals by means of a bar test. Drugs (or appropriate vehicle) were injected ip 30 min before haloperidol, with each animal being used only once. ISD (5, 20 and 50 mg/kg) caused a dose-dependent inhibition of catalepsy in male mice...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Neuroleptic-induced catalepsy; Nitric oxide donors; Gender differences; Linsidomine; SNAP; Isosorbide dinitrate.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2003000200012
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Household Food Security in the United States, 2008 AgEcon
Nord, Mark; Andrews, Margaret S.; Carlson, Steven.
Eighty-five percent of American households were food secure throughout the entire year in 2008, meaning that they had access at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members. The remaining households (14.6 percent) were food insecure at least some time during the year, including 5.7 percent with very low food security—meaning that the food intake of one or more household members was reduced and their eating patterns were disrupted at times during the year because the household lacked money and other resources for food. Prevalence rates of food insecurity and very low food security were up from 11.1 percent and 4.1 percent, respectively, in 2007, and were the highest recorded since 1995, when the first national food security...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food insecurity; Food spending; Food pantry; Soup kitchen; Emergency kitchen; Material well-being; Food Stamp Program; SNAP; National School Lunch Program; WIC; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55953
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Household Food Security in the United States in 2010 AgEcon
Coleman-Jensen, Alisha; Nord, Mark; Andrews, Margaret S.; Carlson, Steven.
An estimated 85.5 percent of American households were food secure throughout the entire year in 2010, meaning that they had access at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members. The remaining households (14.5 percent) were food insecure at least some time during the year, including 5.4 percent with very low food security—meaning that the food intake of one or more household members was reduced and their eating patterns were disrupted at times during the year because the household lacked money and other resources for food. The prevalence rate of very low food security declined from 5.7 percent in 2009, while the change in food insecurity overall (from 14.7 percent in 2009) was not statistically significant. The typical...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food insecurity; Food spending; Food pantry; Soup kitchen; Emergency kitchen; Material well-being; SNAP; Food Stamp Program; National School Lunch Program; WIC; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118021
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The Role of Media Outreach and Program Modernization in the Growth of the SNAP Caseload AgEcon
Dickert-Conlin, Stacy; Fitzpatrick, Katie; Tiehen, Laura.
This research seeks to understand the role of information, in the form of media campaigns, and changes in transaction costs, in the form of online applications and call centers, in the growth in county-level SNAP caseloads. We find that SNAP radio advertisements are associated with a small increase in the SNAP caseload, though the magnitude of the estimates are sensitive to the econometric specification. The SNAP television ads, which were run only in 2006, are negatively correlated with caseloads. We find evidence of endogeneity in the placement of the advertising campaigns, leading to a positive bias in the estimated effect of the radio ad campaigns and a negative bias in the estimated effect of the TV ad campaigns. We also find the modernization...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program; SNAP; Food stamps; Food assistance; Outreach; Advertising; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; H53; I3.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103215
Registros recuperados: 12
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