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Registros recuperados: 6
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Adaptations biochimiques intestinales chez la truite: Influence de l'aliment et de la salinite sur quelques proprietes membranaires ArchiMer
Leray, C.
The authors report the results of physiological and biochemical experiments which confirm the important role player by fish (Salmo gairdneri ) intestinal mucosa in their osmoregulatory process. The ability of the dietary lipids to modulate this function is described. It was demonstrated that the ionic apical permeability of the enterocytes are related to their membrane lipid composition. The importance of the essential fatty acids is emphasized. The time course changes of the apical permeability are of value in improving sea water adaptation, similar conclusions are reported for Nacl supplementation.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Salmonidae; Pisces; Biological membranes; Fatty acids; Diets; Osmotic adaptations; Biochemical phenomena; Intestines; Lipids; Nutrition; Salinity effects; Euryhalinity; Osmoregulation.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/acte-1249.pdf
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Characteristics of one sea winter Atlantic salmon stock caught on Elorn river from 1974 to 1984 ArchiMer
Prouzet, Patrick; Gaignon, Jean-louis.
From observations gathered on grilse populations sampled during the fishing period (March -mid-June) or after the fishing season, the authors noted: a strong heterogeneity and length, the mean value of which increase from May to December, a sex-ratio not different from 1 male for 1 female, a high relative fecundity superior to those of spring salmon population sampled. The comparison between fish of local and foreign origins did not allow to observe significant differences between the biological characteristics studied (weight, length, sex-ratio and fecundity).
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Salmo salar; Salmonidae; Pisces; Weight; Fecundity; Sex ratio; Length weight relationships; Migratory species.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/publication-1818.pdf
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Constitution of aquacultural stocks: Genetic aspects. ArchiMer
Chevassus, B.
Before reaching of production level justifying an elaborated genetic improvement program, the new aquaculture species deserve a minimal strategy to avoid the consequences of uncontrolled genetic phenomena. Three main aspects will be discussed: initial constitution of the broodstock; maintenance of the broodstock; selection of the broodstock.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oncorhynchus keta; Salmo salar; Salmo trutta; Salmonidae; Pisces; Marine molluscs; Marine fish; Sex ratio; Females; Males; Eggs; Larvae; Spawning populations; Aquaculture; Population genetics.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1989/acte-1442.pdf
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Induction of ovulation and stimulation of spermation by LHRH or an LHRH analog associated or not with pimozide. Effects on some teleost fish. ArchiMer
Billard, R; Weil, C; Barnabe, G.
Effectiveness of LHRH and one of its analogs (LHRH-A = D-Ala super(6) ethylamide) on induction of ovulation and stimulation of spermiation is reviewed here. LHRH was also combined with pimozide, an anti-dopaminergic agent, to try to cancel dopamine inhibition of gonatotropin (GtH) release. LHRH-A alone (50 mu g/kg) did not initiate ovulation but only oocyte maturation. When pimozide (10 mg/kg) and LHRH-A (50 mu g/kg) were combined, gonadotropic hormone secretion was significantly increased, causing ovulation and stimulating spermiation. This combination advanced ovulation in trout. Trout egg quality was markedly altered by the pimozide treatment; it remains to be tested in carp. In sea bass, LHRH-A was much more effective than LHRH, and ovulation was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Salmonidae; Dicentrarchus labrax; Sparidae; Cyprinidae; Teleostei; Pisces; Inhibitors; Sex hormones; Sexual maturity; Spermatogenesis; Ovulation; Induced breeding; Sexual reproduction.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/acte-1218.pdf
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L'absorption intestinale des lipides chez la truite arc-en-ciel (Salmo gairdneri ) ArchiMer
Vernier, J; Sire, M.
Though the absorption of dietary lipids is much slower in S. gairdneri than in mammals, the mechanism does not differ fundamentally. The long chain fatty acids resulting from intraluminal hydrolysis are esterified by the epithelial cells and transferred as VLDL-like particles and chylomicrons to lymph. The size of granules depends on the nature of the ingested fatty acids. The intracellular stages of this lipoprotein synthesis are defined.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Salmonidae; Pisces; Lymph; Fatty acids; Nutrition; Lipoproteins; Lipids; Intestines; Food absorption; Metabolism.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/acte-1245.pdf
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Liaison de l'oestradiol 17 beta dans les hepatocytes de truite Arc-en-ciel et induction de la vitellogenine et de son ARNm specifique ArchiMer
Maitre, J; Mercier, L; Dolo, L; Valotaire, Y.
In the liver of rainbow trout (Salmo gairdnerii ), vitellogenin (Vg) synthesis is influenced by oestradiol (E sub(2)) which is believed to act through the classical mechanism of steroid hormone action. After binding of the hormone to a soluble specific receptor protein, the oestradiol-receptor complex is translocated to the nucleus, where it interacts with DNA and modulates expression of Vg genes, leading to increased synthesis of specific mRNA and Vg. The authors show here: (i) the presence of specific oestrogen receptors in the cytosol of the male trout liver. (ii) The male liver, offering, an ideal experimental control of "zero" background, the authors followed - in the liver of male trouts - the kinetics of induction of Vg mRNA by hybridization with Vg...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Salmonidae; Pisces; Proteins; Liver; RNA; Steroids; Biosynthesis; Receptors; Sex hormones; Sexual reproduction.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/acte-1230.pdf
Registros recuperados: 6
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