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A joint electromagnetic and seismic study of an active pockmark within the hydrate stability field at the Vestnesa Ridge, West Svalbard margin ArchiMer
Goswami, Bedanta K.; Weitemeyer, Karen A.; Minshull, Timothy A.; Sinha, Martin C.; Westbrook, Graham; Chabert, Anne; Henstock, Timothy J.; Ker, Stephan.
We acquired coincident marine controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM), high-resolution seismic reflection and ocean-bottom seismometer (OBS) data over an active pockmark in the crest of the southern part of the Vestnesa Ridge, to estimate fluid composition within an underlying fluid-migration chimney. Synthetic model studies suggest resistivity obtained from CSEM data can resolve gas or hydrate saturation greater than 5% within the chimney. Acoustic chimneys imaged by seismic reflection data beneath the pockmark and on the ridge flanks, were found to be associated with high-resistivity anomalies (+2-4 m). High-velocity anomalies (+0.3 km/s), within the gas hydrate stability zone (GHSZ) and low-velocity anomalies (-0.2 km/s) underlying the GHSZ, were also...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Gas hydrate; Svalbard; CSEM; Saturation; Pockmark; Vestnesa.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00283/39458/37928.pdf
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Influences of Permanence on the Comparative Value of Biological Sequestration versus Emissions Offsets AgEcon
McCarl, Bruce A.; Murray, Brian C.; Schneider, Uwe A..
We use a net present value framework to examine the impact of non-permanence on the economics of land-based biological carbon sequestration. Contingent on assumptions about discount rates, management, and carbon prices trajectories, and payment contract design, we find the adjusted value of carbon sequestration relative to permanently available emission offsets to be between 38 and 55 percent for agricultural soil offsets and between 51 and 99 percent for afforestation offsets. Simulations with an Agricultural Sector Model show the empirical effect of sequestration value discounts on the total potential of U.S. agricultural sinks to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions within a multistrategy setting.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural Sector Model; Carbon price trajectory; Carbon sequestration dynamics; Economics of greenhouse gas emission mitigation; Forest sink discounting; Mathematical programming; Net present value; Saturation; Volatility; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18448
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REACTION KINETICS OF OZONE GAS IN WHEAT FLOUR REA
Paes,Juliana L.; Faroni,Lêda R. A.; Martins,Marcio A.; Cecon,Paulo R.; Heleno,Fernanda F..
ABSTRACT The implementation of the ozonation process in the milling industry to control insect pests and improve wheat flour qualities requires understanding the behavior of ozone during ozonation. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the reaction kinetics of ozone gas in wheat flour. Wheat flour ozonation at concentrations of 0.54, 1.07, 1.61 and 2.14 mg L−1 was used in a prototype consisting of a cylinder and a mixing system with a helical thread. The iodometric titration method was used to quantify the ozone concentration in the air stream. The reaction kinetics were characterized by determining the saturation time and the decomposition kinetics (decay rate and half-life time). With increasing ozone concentration, less time was required to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ozonation; Saturation; Decay rate; Half-life time.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162017000300520
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The marine barite saturation state of the world's oceans OMA
Monnin, C.; Jeandel, C.; Cattaldo, T.; Dehairs, F.A..
This paper addresses the question of the eventual control of barium concentration in seawater by an equilibrium with barite. For this, we have used a new thermodynamic model to compute the barite saturation index of ocean waters, mainly from GEOSECS data. Our results show that equilibrium between barite and seawater is reached in a number of places: cold surface waters of the Southern Ocean, waters at intermediate depths (2000-3500 m) in the Pacific, deep waters (2000-3500 m) of the Gulf of Bengal. The only samples for which a slight barite supersaturation is found are the surface waters at GEOSECS station G89 in the Weddell Gyre. Besides these locations, the rest of the world's oceans is undersaturated, as was established by Church and Wolgemuth [Church,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Aqueous solutions; Oceanography; Oceans; Saturation; Thermodynamics.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=10260
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