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Fertility, Child Work and Schooling Consequences of Family Planning Programs: Evidence from an Experiment in Rural Bangladesh AgEcon
Sinha, Nistha.
Despite the attractiveness of experiments from the perspective of program evaluation, there have been very few program experiments in the area of family planning. This paper evaluates an ongoing family planning program experiment in rural Bangladesh. The paper estimates the effect of mothers'’ program exposure on fertility and children’'s time allocation. The results show that while the program was effective in reducing fertility, it had no significant impact on children’'s school enrollment. However, the program appears to have significantly raised boys'’ participation in the labor force.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Fertility; Child labor; School enrollment; Program evaluation; Labor and Human Capital; J13; J22; I21.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28457
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Mortality, Mobility, and Schooling Outcomes Among Orphans: Evidence from Malawi AgEcon
Ueyama, Mika.
A tremendous increase in the number of orphans associated with a sharp rise in prime-age adult mortality due to AIDS has become a serious problem in Sub-Saharan Africa. In fact, more than 30 percent of school-aged children have lost at least one parent in Malawi. Lack of investments in human capital and adverse conditions during childhood are often associated with lower living standards in the future. Therefore, if orphans face an increased risk of poverty, exploitation, malnutrition, and poorer access to health care and schooling, early intervention is critical so as to avoid the potential poverty trap. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impacts of orphanhood/parental death on children’s mortality risks, migration behaviors, and schooling...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Orphan; Mortality; Mobility; School enrollment; Grade progression; HIV/AIDS; Sample attrition; Malawi; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42403
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Must Conditional Cash Transfer Programs Be Conditioned to Be Effective?: The Impact of Conditioning Transfers on School Enrollment In Mexico AgEcon
de Brauw, Alan; Hoddinott, John.
A growing body of evidence suggests that conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs can have strong, positive effects on a range of welfare indicators for poor households in developing countries. However, the contribution of individual program components toward achieving these outcomes is not well understood. This paper contributes to filling this gap by explicitly testing the importance of conditionality on one specific outcome related to human capital formation (namely school enrollment), using data collected during the evaluation of Mexico’s Programa de Educación, Salud, y Alimentación (PROGRESA) CCT program. We exploit the fact that some PROGRESA beneficiaries who received transfers did not receive the forms needed to monitor their children’s attendance...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Conditionality; Cash transfers; School enrollment; School attendance; PROGRESA; Mexico; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42814
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