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Effectiveness of selection, parent-offspring correlation and regression in bacterial blight resistance genes introgressed rice segregating population 65
Govintharaj,Ponnaiah; Tannidi,Shalini; Swaminathan,Manonmani; Sabariappan,Robin.
ABSTRACT: The effectiveness of early generation selection was practiced in bacterial blight resistance genes introgressed F2 and F2:3 population of the cross CB 174 R × IRBB 60 in rice. F2 Selection have been proved to be robust and effective tool in crop improvement program. Selection differential was positive for all studied traits. Selection response was high for number of grains, thus indicating the effectiveness of selection for these character. Realized heritability was found high for number of grains and thousand grain weight, suggested that direct selection was effective. Expected selection response and predicted genetic gain was high for number of grains. Parent-offspring correlation showed low but significance association for number of productive...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Selection response; Realized heritability; Selection differential.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782017000900151
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First Evidence of Realized Selection Response on Fillet Yield in Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss, Using Sib Selection or Based on Correlated Ultrasound Measurements 5
Vandeputte, Marc; Bugeon, Jérôme; Bestin, Anastasia; Desgranges, Alexandre; Allamellou, Jean-michel; Tyran, Anne-sophie; Allal, Francois; Dupont-nivet, Mathilde; Haffray, Pierrick.
Fillet yield, the proportion of edible fillet relative to body weight, is a major trait to improve in fish sold processed, as it has a direct impact on profitability and can simultaneously decrease the environmental impact of producing a given amount of fillet. However, it is difficult to improve by selective breeding, because it cannot be measured on live breeding candidates, its phenotypic variation is low, and, as a ratio, it is not normally distributed and a same change in fillet yield can be the result of different changes in fillet weight and body weight. Residual headless gutted carcass weight (rHGCW) is heritable and highly genetically correlated to Fillet% in rainbow trout, and can be predicted by the ratio of abdominal wall thickness to depth of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Fillet yield; Selective breeding; Selection response; Production efficiency; Heritability.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00599/71121/69423.pdf
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Genetic variation for growth at one and two summers of age in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.): Heritability estimates and response to selection 5
Vandeputte, Marc; Kocour, M; Mauger, S; Rodina, M; Launay, A; Gela, D; Dupont Nivet, M; Hulak, M; Linhart, O.
We estimated the heritability of growth-related traits (weight and length at ages one summer, first spring and two summers) in a synthetic mirror carp strain (HSM) in the Czech Republic. The four generation pedigree was obtained from parentage assignment of three factorial mating designs with microsatellite markers, and included 195 fish without phenotypes (48 G0, 147 G1) and 1321 fish with phenotypes (674 G2, 647 G3). Animal model heritability estimates over generations were in the range 0.21-0.33 for length and in the range 0.31-0.44 for weight. The genetic correlation between length and weight was high (0.97). The correlations between growth measurements in the first and in the second summer of age were moderate to low (0.34-0.67). Divergent selection...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Quantitative genetics; Performance; Microsatellites; Parentage assignment; Realized heritability; Selection response; Selection; Growth; Heritability; Cyprinus carpio; Common carp.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4076.pdf
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How to genetically increase fillet yield in fish: Relevant genetic parameters and methods to predict genetic gain 5
Vandeputte, Marc; Fraslin, Clemence; Haffray, Pierrick; Bestin, Anastasia; Allal, Francois; Kocour, Martin; Prchal, Martin; Dupont-nivet, Mathilde.
Fillet yield (i.e. the proportion of edible muscle in a fish) is a key economic trait for species sold as fillets. Its genetic improvement is complicated by several of its characteristics 1) it is a ratio trait, 2) its numerator (fillet weight) and denominator (body weight) are strongly correlated (correlations in the range 0.89-0.99), 3) it offers little phenotypic variation and 4) it cannot be measured on alive breeding candidates. In a former study, we showed that it could be improved by selection, especially with three selection indices, fillet yield, residual fillet weight and a ratio-specific linear index. However, it is well known that the heritability of ratio traits does not permit a reliable prediction of genetic gains. As predictability of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Genetics; Heritability; Selection; Linear index; Residual fillet weight; Selection response; Simulation; Processing yields.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00612/72378/71390.pdf
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Mass selection for survival and resistance to OsHV-1 infection in Crassostrea gigas spat in field conditions: response to selection after four generations 5
Degremont, Lionel; Nourry, Max; Maurouard, Elise.
The ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) is one of the major pathogens affecting the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, and numerous mortality outbreaks have been observed worldwide. We report the first results of our experimental breeding program using mass selection focused on survival and resistance to OsHV-1 after four generations of selection for two lines. These lines originated from two stocks of adult wild oysters sampled from the Marennes-Oléron Bay in 2008. Each line was spawned in February 2009 to produce the base populations. Both lines were then either protected from OsHV-1 or tested in the field in 2009 where they were exposed to OsHV-1. For each line during 2010 to 2013, one generation per year was produced using either the survivors of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Survival; Crassostrea gigas; Realized heritability; Selection response; OsHV-1; Disease resistance.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00266/37751/36064.pdf
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Response to domestication and selection for growth in the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) in separate and mixed tanks 5
Vandeputte, Marc; Dupont Nivet, M; Haffray, P; Chavanne, H; Cenadelli, S; Parati, K; Vidal, Marie-odile; Vergnet, Alain; Chatain, Beatrice.
Selective breeding of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) receives a growing interest, as the estimated heritability of growth is medium to high. In this study, we compared the offspring of four groups of sea bass sires, mated with the same wild dams: wild (W), first generation of domestication (D), first generation of mass selection for length (M), first generation of PROSPER-like selection for length (P). The comparison was done both in replicated tanks (separate rearing) and in mixed tanks (mixed rearing) where sire origins were recovered by genotyping of eight microsatellite markers. Weight, length and growth rate were measured from day 238 post-fertilization (69 g mean weight) to day 611 post-fertilization (390 g mean weight). Both in mixed and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nephrocalcinosis; Competition; Microsatellites; Parentage assignment; Realized heritability; Selection response; Growth; Selective breeding; Dicentrarchus labrax; European sea bass.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-5303.pdf
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Valoración del mejoramiento genético participativo in situ en poblaciones de maíz (Zea mays L.) criollo en el sureste del Estado de México. 32
Zambrano Zambrano, Eddie Ely.
La selección de semilla es un proceso ancestral y cotidiano en el cultivo de poblaciones de maíz nativo (criollo); se ha planteado que mediante el fortalecimiento de ese proceso con elementos técnicos del mejoramiento genético se puede conservar la diversidad genética del maíz y acrecentar el potencial productivo. De aplicarse de manera generalizada, se impactaría en el minifundio y en más del 80% de la superficie cultivada con maíz en México (8.5 millones de hectáreas). En el área de Genética del Colegio de Postgraduados se ha practicado mejoramiento participativo desde 1995, mediante selección masal in situ en poblaciones de maíz nativo con agricultores del sureste del Estado de México. En las localidades de Montecillo y Ayapango, Estado de México,...
Palavras-chave: Zea mays; Riqueza genética; Mejoramiento participativo; Respuesta a la selección; Polimorfismo isoenzimático; Genetic diversity; Participatory genetic improvement; Selection response; Isoenzyme polimorphism; Genética; Maestría.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1863
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