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Registros recuperados: 9
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Assessing the impact of U.S. ethanol market shocks on global crude oil and U.S. gasoline: A structural VAR approach 31
McPhail, Lihong Lu.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Structural VAR; Ethanol; Crude oil; Gasoline; Shocks; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q1; Q2; Q4.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61136
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Collective Action and Vulnerability: Burial Societies in Rural Ethiopia 31
Dercon, Stefan; Hoddinott, John; Krishnan, Pramila; Woldehanna, Tassew.
Collective action can help individuals, groups, and communities achieve common goals, thus contributing to poverty reduction. Drawing on longitudinal household and qualitative community data, the authors examine the impact of shocks on household living standards, study the correlates of participation in groups and formal and informal networks, and discuss the relationship of networks with access to other forms of capital. In this context, they assess how one form of collective action, iddir, or burial societies, help households attenuate the impact of illness. They find that iddir effectively deal with problems of asymmetric information by restricting membership geographically, imposing a membership fee, and conducting checks on how the funds were spent....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Collective action; Burial societies; Shocks; Vulnerability; Poverty; Networks; Ethiopia; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44356
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Drivers, "Slow" Variables, "Fast" Variables, Shocks, and Resilience 7
Walker, Brian H; CSIRO Ecosystem Science, Australia; Brian.Walker@csiro.au; Carpenter, Stephen R; Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin, Madison; srcarpen@wisc.edu; Rockstrom, Johan; Stockholm Resilience Centre, University of Stockholm; johan.rockstrom@sei.se; Peterson, Garry D; Stockholm Resilience Centre, University of Stockholm; garry.peterson@stockholmresilience.su.se.
Different uses of the terms "drivers," "variables," and "shocks" cause confusion in the literature and in discussions on the dynamics of ecosystems and social–ecological systems. Three main sources of confusion are unclear definition of the system, unclear definition of the role of people, and confusion between variables and drivers. As a contribution to resolving some of the confusion, we offer one interpretation of how the terms might be used.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Drivers; Fast variables; Resilience; Shocks; Slow variables; Social– Ecological systems.
Ano: 2012
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Economic Effects of Oil and Food Price Shocks in Asia and Pacific Countries: An Application of SVAR Model 31
Alom, Fardous.
This study investigates the economic effects of external oil and food price shocks in the context of selected Asia and Pacific countries including Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan, India and Thailand. The study is conducted within the framework of SVAR model using quarterly data over the period 1980 to 2010 although start date varies based on availability of data. The study reveals that resource poor countries that specialize in heavy manufacturing industries like Korea and Taiwan are highly affected by international oil price shocks. Oil price shocks negatively affect industrial output growth and exchange rate and positively affect inflation and interest rates. On the other hand, oil poor nations such as Australia and New...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Oil price; Food price; Shocks; Economic effects; Asia; Pacific; SVAR; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115346
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Effects of Ill Health and Weather Variability on Savings 31
Ndirangu, Lydia K..
This paper examines the effects of households’ shocks on saving behaviour. It investigates the possibility that households save ex ante to buffer against adverse weather and health shocks. The relatively high prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS in Kenya combined with rain fed agriculture implies great uncertainty for rural livelihoods. Adopting a methodology previously used on cross-sectional data (Paxson, 1992), the paper examines the level of households precautionary behaviour. This is done by estimating the marginal propensity to save out of transitory income over a period of 18 months. The results show that while households may exhibit some level of prudence, the marginal propensity to save out of transitory income is about a third of what the permanent income...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Household; Shocks; Savings; HIV/AIDS; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52151
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Effects of Natural Shocks on Risk Behavior. Experimental Evidence from Cameroon 31
Balgah, Roland Azibo; Buchenrieder, Gertrud.
Increasing occurrence of devastating natural shocks has stimulated research interest in the economics of natural disasters. Much of this scholarly work concentrates on effects of shocks on poverty, risk and vulnerability, and very little on understanding the effects of natural shocks on risk behavior. Referring to a 25 year-old disaster, we use unique survey data and experiment results from two disaster affected communities in rural Cameroon to test two hypotheses: (1) Natural shocks affect long term risk behavior; and (2) self-relocation into risk-prone areas is an explicit demonstration of risk taking. The results reveal differentiated risk behavior in self-relocated and state-resettled households, with the former taking higher risks compared to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Shocks; Risk behavior; Experiment; Cameroon; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114215
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Mainstreaming Safety Nets in the Social Protection Policy Agenda: A New Vision or the Same Old Perspective? 31
Gentilini, Ugo.
Social protection aims to provide a national platform for smoothly transitioning from a chaotic collection of shock responses to an institutionalized system for risk and non-risk management. For the poorest, the transition aims to move away from ad hoc, unpredictable relief to national safety nets that deliver timely, multi-year, guaranteed and predictable transfers. Social protection has to face particular challenges in chronically poor, shock-prone countries where the distinction between the chronic and transitory poor is often blurred. Other conceptual and programmatic issues also need further investigation. For filling these gaps, a research agenda articulated in ten thematic areas is proposed.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Vulnerability; Risk; Shocks; Social protection; Safety nets; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/110132
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MODELING ECONOMIC GROWTH WITH UNPREDICTABLE SHOCKS: A STATE-LEVEL APPLICATION FOR 1960-90 31
Goetz, Stephan J.; Ready, Richard C..
A Barro-type economic growth model is estimated for the 50 states in the U.S. using data for three decades beginning in 1960. Frontier estimation techniques are used to test for the presence of state-specific shocks to economic growth that are independent of the usual, normally-distributed random errors. We find that large, positive shocks to growth occur during the period 1960-90. Our results indicate that the error term structure assumed each other OLS may not be appropriate for modeling economic growth.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Economic growth; Frontier estimation; Shocks; U.S. states; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15263
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Pathways into and out of Poverty: A Study of Household Wealth Dynamics in Rural Kenya 31
Muyanga, Milu; Jayne, Thomas S.; Burke, William J..
For the past half-century, African governments and development agencies have experimented with a series of alternative approaches for addressing rural poverty, each giving way to a new paradigm as the persistence of poverty created disillusionment with prevailing approaches. These broad strategies included ‘growth and trickle down’ in the 1960s; basic human needs and state-led integrated rural development in the 1970s; structural adjustment and economic liberalization in the 1980s and 1990s; and, since 2000, a heterodox mix of donor budget support to empower government ownership in the design of participatory poverty reduction strategies, and resurgent interest in agricultural development. However, rural poverty in most of Sub-Saharan Africa appears to be...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Poverty; Assets; Shocks; Intergenerational transfers; Kenya; Food Security and Poverty; International Development.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103377
Registros recuperados: 9
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