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Registros recuperados: 21
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Broiler carcass condemnation pattern during processing R. Bras. Zootec.
Belintani,Rafael; Garcia,Rodrigo Garófallo; Nääs,Irenilza de Alencar; Borille,Rodrigo; Sgavioli,Sarah; Caldara,Fabiana Ribeiro; Lima,Nilsa Duarte da Silva.
ABSTRACT This study aimed to identify the influence of climate pattern and rearing conditions on broiler carcass condemnations observed during processing. We evaluated the registered data of 2015 from the federal inspection files in all broiler slaughterhouses located in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Midwestern Brazil. The percentages of condemnations by airsacculitis, cellulitis, dermatosis, ascites syndrome, total carcass condemnations, and average broiler weight at 42 days were analyzed. Data were associated with housing systems and season of the year in which each flock was reared. Two-way ANOVA was applied to the data in a completely randomized design 4×3 (four seasons and three houses) and compared by Tukey's test. The results indicated that the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Broiler; Meat; Production system; Slaughterhouse.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982019000100103
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Cisticercose em animais abatidos em Sabáudia, Estado do Paraná Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Falavigna-Guilherme,A.L.; Silva,K.; Araújo,S. M.; Tobias,M.L.; Falavigna,D.L.M..
The aim of this work was to verify the occurrence of bovine and swine cysticercosis in animals slaughtered at the Abatedouro Municipal de Sabáudia, Paraná State. The number of daily-abated animals, the number of animals with cysticercus and the number and location of the cysticercus in the animals in a period of twelve months were collected. From 1046 swines slaughtered none showed cysticercus, but 36/out of 389 bovines (9.3%) were contaminated. Head was the most parasited region, followed by heart, tongue and liver. The absence of contamination observed in swines and the low contamination of the bovines reinforce the efficiency of the control measures accomplished in Paraná State.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Swine; Bovine; Cysticercosis; Slaughterhouse; Paraná State.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352006000500036
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Condenação de fígados bovinos na região sul do estado do Espírito Santo Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Vieira,N.P.; Faria,P.B.; Mattos,M.R.; Pereira,A.A..
This survey was carried out in slaughter plants in the southern of the Espírito Santo State in order to study the causes and the percentages of liver condemnation during post mortem examination from 2008 to 2010. The main reasons for the condemnation of cattle livers in routine meat inspection of the State Inspection Service were fasciolosis (62.2%), telangiectatic (12.2%), bleeding (5.9%), abscess (5.2%), cysticercosis (4.0%), adherence (3.7%), infection (1.9%) and tuberculosis (1.1%). The hepatic fascioliasis was responsible for most of the lover condemnations, constituting a major challenge to livestock health in the south of the Espírito Santo.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cattle; Slaughterhouse; Inspection; Fasciolosis.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352011000600047
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Contamination of pigs by Yersinia enterocolitica in the abattoir flowchart and its relation to the farm Ciência Rural
Moreira,Lauren Machado; Milan,Camile; Gonçalves,Thaís Gonçalves; Ebersol,Celina Nunes; Lima,Helenice Gonzalez de; Timm,Claudio Dias.
ABSTRACT: The research intends to detect sources of contamination by Yersinia enterocolitica in the abattoir flowchart and endeavors to study its relation with the contamination in the farm. For this purpose, sixty pigs were followed up. In order to carry out the study, samples of faeces were collected from the animal farm, where the animals were originally kept and from the abattoir, directly from the animal’s rectum, after desensitization. Additionally, samples were also collected from the carcass, after passage into the hair removal machine, after evisceration, prior to entry into the cold chambre, from the jowls, and water of the scald tank, before the commencement of the abattoir as well as after the passage of the animals. Further, the isolates were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Slaughterhouse; Public health; Swine breeding.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782019000800453
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Effect of Job Rotation on the Risk of Developing Ul-WMSDS in Poultry Slaughterhouse Workers Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Dias,NF; Tirloni,AS; Reis,DC; Moro,ARP.
ABSTRACT This study analyzed the effect of job rotation on the risk of developing UL-WMSDs in a poultry slaughterhouse with 1,200 workers. Three organizational settings were evaluated (“without job rotation”, “with job rotation - tasks >1h” and “with job rotation - tasks <1h”) using the OCRA Checklist method and the fulfillment of requirements for the implementation of rotations established by the Brazilian Regulatory Standard NR-36. The OCRA score of the right upper limbs (16.5±5.7) were significantly higher (p<0.001) relative to the left upper limbs (15.0±5.6). The average scores on all three organizational conditions presented moderate risk. There was a significant difference between the scores of the conditions “without job rotation” and “with...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ergonomics; Job rotation; Musculoskeletal disorders; Slaughterhouse.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2019000200311
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Effect of temperature on two-phase anaerobic reactors treating slaughterhouse wastewater BABT
Beux,Simone; Nunes,Ezequiel; Barana,Ana Cláudia.
The effectiveness of the anaerobic treatment of effluent from a swine and bovine slaughterhouse was assessed in two sets of two-phase anaerobic digesters, operated with or without temperature control. Set A, consisting of an acidogenic reactor with recirculation and an upflow biological filter as the methanogenic phase, was operated at room temperature, while set B, consisting of an acidogenic reactor without recirculation and an upflow biological filter as the methanogenic phase, was maintained at 32°C. The methanogenic reactors showed COD (Chemical Demand of Oxygen) removal above 60% for HRT (Hydraulic Retention Time) values of 20, 15, 10, 8, 6, 4, and 2 days. When the HRT value in those reactors was changed to 1 day, the COD percentage removal decreased...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Effluent; Slaughterhouse; Treatment; Anaerobic; Two-phase.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132007000700017
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Identificação por espectrometria de massa MALDI-TOF de Salmonella spp. e Escherichia coli isolados de carcaças bovinas. Repositório Alice
BIER, D.; TUTIJA, J. F.; PASQUATTI, T. N.; OLIVEIRA, T. L.; ARAUJO, F. R.; VERBISCK, N. V..
The aim of this study was to introduce matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometry to improve the traditional microbiological method for the detection of Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli in beef carcasses. Two hundred seventy samples from 90 beef carcasses were evaluated. The methodologies described in ISO 6579:2002 and in the Compendium of Methods for the Microbiological Examination of Foods were used for Salmonella spp. and E. coli isolation, respectively. MALDI-TOF analysis were performed on tryptone soya broth suspension isolates or directly from nutrient agar colonies, from the positive, inconclusive or negative biochemically tested samples for Salmonella and E. coli. Mass profiles were acquired on an...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: MALDI?TOF; Salmonella spp; Salmonella spp; Mass spectrometry; Escherichia coli; Beef carcasses; Slaughterhouse; Enterobacteriales.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1089384
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Influencia do banho de aspersao Ante-mortem na contaminacao microbiana da carne bovina. Repositório Alice
ROCA, R. de O.; SERRANO, A. de M..
Com o objetivo de avaliar a influencia do banho de aspersao antes do abate em alguns parametros microbianos da qualidade da carne bovina, foram determinadas as contaminacoes bacterianas do musculo Longus colli e as da superficie da carcaca, ao longo da linha de abate. Foram utilizados 16 bovinos da raca Nelore, abatidos em matadouro-frigorifico, sendo 8 deles submetidos ao banho de aspersao e 8 nao submetidos ao banho. Foram colhidas amostras, assepticamente, na porcao toracica do musculo Longus colli, no inicio do resfriamento da carcaca. Para a amostragem da superficie da carcaca, foi empregada a tecnica da zaragatoa, logo apos a esfola, antes da lavagem da carcaca e no inicio do resfriamento. Nas amostras de musculo, foram realizadas: contagem total de...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Abate de bovino; Carcaca; Matadouro; Frigorifico; Carcass; Slaughterhouse.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/91790
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Influencia do banho de aspersao ante-mortem na eficiencia da sangria e em parametros bioquimicos da carne bovina. Repositório Alice
ROCA, R. de O.; SERRANO, A. de M..
O trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a influencia do banho de aspersao antes do abate em alguns parametros bioquimicos da qualidade de carne bovina e na eficiencia da sangria. Foram utilizados 36 bovinos de raca Nelore, abatidos em matadouros-frigorifico, sendo 18 animais submetidos ao banho de aspersao, e 18 animais nao-submetidos ao banho. Foram colhidas amostras na porcao toracica do musculo Longus colli, no inicio do resfriamento da carcaca. Nas amostras de musculo, foram feitas as determinacoes de glicogenio, glicose, Ph e acidez, apos 5,24 e 48 horas do abate. A eficiencia da sangria foi avaliada pela diferenca entre as determinacoes do teor de hemoglobina em amostras de sangue, colhido cinco segundo apos o corte dos vasos sanguineos, e na mesma...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Abate de bovinos; Carcaca; Glicolise; Hemoglobina; Matadouro-frigorifico; Slaughter; Carcass; Glycolysis; Haemoglobin; Slaughterhouse.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/104270
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Injury and condemnation data of pigs at slaughterhouses with federal inspection in the State of Paraná, Brazil, as indicators of welfare during transportation Ciência Rural
Tasse,Mariam El; Molento,Carla Forte Maiolino.
ABSTRACT: Pigs transportation is a critical stage for their welfare and can directly influence the rates of carcass condemnation. The objective of this research was to study the injuries and condemnation data recorded in the Federal Inspection System (SIF) as potential welfare indicators during pig transport. In federally inspected slaughterhouses in the State of Paraná, Brazil, from january 2011 to December 2016, 1.4% (602,006) of carcasses were condemned, 15.0% (90,426) as a result of injuries related to transportation. From total condemnation cases, 12.1% (72,759) were due to traumatic injury, 2.5% (15,144) to PSE, 0.4% (2,327) to dead on arrival and 0.03% (196) to other transportation welfare indicators. There was no correlation between the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Condemnation; Inspection; Pig; Slaughterhouse; Transportation.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782019000100650
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Leptospirosis in native mixed-breed sheep slaughtered in a semiarid region of Brazil Ciência Rural
Costa,Diego Figueiredo da; Silva,Aline Ferreira da; Brasil,Arthur Willian de Lima; Loureiro,Ana Paula Pereira; Santos,Fabrine Alexandre dos; Azevedo,Sergio Santos de; Lilenbaum,Walter; Alves,Clebert José.
ABSTRACT: Sheep breeding is an economic activity of great value for the Brazilian livestock industry, and infectious diseases can significantly compromise its productivity. The aim of this study was to detect Leptospira spp. in mixed breed sheep from a semiarid region of the State of Paraíba, Northeast Brazil. In total, 49 blood and renal tissue samples, as well as 25 urine samples, were collected from 49 sheep in the slaughter line. The microscopic agglutination test (MAT) was used to verify the presence of anti -Leptospira spp. antibodies in blood samples. Renal tissue and urine samples were analyzed by both PCR and bacterial culture. Sero reactivity was observed in 8.2% (4/49) of animals. Three renal samples were positive for leptospiral DNA by PCR...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Leptospirosis; Small ruminants; PCR; Serology; Isolation; Slaughterhouse.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782017000200451
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Molecular typing of Clostridium perfringens isolated from swine in slaughterhouses from São Paulo State, Brazil Ciência Rural
Ferreira,Thais Sebastiana Porfida; Moreno,Andrea Micke; Almeida,Renata Rodrigues de; Gomes,Cleise Ribeiro; Gobbi,Debora Dirani Sena de; Filsner,Pedro Henrique Nogueira de Lima; Moreno,Marina.
Clostridium perfringens is an anaerobic Gram-positive bacterium known as common pathogen for humans, for domestic and wildlife animals. Although infections caused by C. perfringens type C and A in swine are well studied, just a few reports describe the genetic relationship among strains in the epidemiological chain of swine clostridioses, as well as the presence of the microorganism in the slaughterhouses. The aim of the present study was to isolate C. perfringens from feces and carcasses from swine slaughterhouses, characterize the strains in relation to the presence of enterotoxin, alpha, beta, epsilon, iota and beta-2 toxins genes, using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and comparing strains by means of Pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE)....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Clostridium perfringens; Swine; Slaughterhouse; PFGE; Carcass; Toxins.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782012000800020
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Origin of broiler carcass condemnations R. Bras. Zootec.
Muchon,José Luiz; Garcia,Rodrigo Garófallo; Gandra,Érika Rosendo de Sena; Assunção,Andrey Sávio de Almeida; Komiyama,Claudia Marie; Caldara,Fabiana Ribeiro; Nääs,Irenilza Alencar; Santos,Ricardo Antonio dos.
ABSTRACT The objective of the present research was to study the incidence of broiler carcass condemnations over eleven years and identify the productive phase that causes greater loss in slaughter process. The origin of these condemnations was determined before and after fasting. Evaluated broilers were reared in positive pressure warehouses and slaughtered between 28 and 34 days old with carcass weight ranging from 0.7 to 1.4 kg. Fasting occurred, on average, 9 h before the slaughter. Condemnation and slaughter data were collected from 2004 to 2014 in a slaughterhouse with slaughter capacity of 120,000 broilers/day. The causes of rearing condemnations were airsaccullitis, arthritis, abscess, ascites, cachexia, cellulitis, colibacillosis, dermatosis,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal production; Broilers; Microbial diversity; Slaughterhouse.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982019000100523
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Performance and carcass characteristics of goats fed crude glycerin in the feedlot and during pre-slaughter lairage R. Bras. Zootec.
Dias,Carolina Pilar Alves e; Silva,Fredson Vieira e; Matos,Aylle Medeiros; Oliveira,Laura Lúcia dos Santos; Oliveira,Amilton Maia Freitas de; Rocha Júnior,Vicente Ribeiro; Batista,Leandro Farias; Martins,Valéria Dias.
ABSTRACT This study evaluated the effects of crude glycerin (CG) supplied separately from the other dietary ingredients to goats during the feedlot and in the pre-slaughter lairage on the nutrient intake, performance, behavioral and physiological parameters, carcass characteristics, and meat quality. Twenty-eight uncastrated male goats from a cross between the Boer breed and mixed-breed goats were used in a completely randomized design in a 2 × 2 factorial scheme, consisting of the feedlot with or without CG inclusion in the diets (96.90 g kg-1 DM) and the pre-slaughter lairage, also with or without the ingredient. In the feedlot, goats fed CG had a lower intake of dry matter and nutrients. Crude glycerin intake reduced the weight gain and body weight of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Carcass quality; Meat quality; Slaughterhouse; Welfare.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982018000100605
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Performance and carcass characteristics of lambs fed a solution of cheese whey during feedlot and pre-slaughter lairage R. Bras. Zootec.
Silva,Fredson Vieira e; Borges,Iran; Sá,Hemilly Cristina Menezes de; Martins,Tássia Ludmila Teles; Lana,Ângela Maria Quintão; Borges,Ana Luiza Costa Cruz; Moura,Marília Aparecida Fidelis e; Costa,Hélio Henrique Araújo.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate performance and carcass and meat characteristics of lambs fed a solution of cheese whey plus water (100 g kg−1 dry matter) (CW) during feedlot and pre-slaughter lairage. Data were analyzed as a 2 × 2 factorial (place – feedlot and slaughterhouse, food – water or CW). We evaluated the following treatments (feedlot/slaughterhouse): CW/CW, CW/water, water/CW, and control (water/water). The lambs were given a balanced diet for 70 days in the feedlot. Slaughter started 12 h after the animals arrived at the slaughterhouse. Dry matter intake, gain-to-feed ratio, average daily gain, and body weight of lambs fed CW were similar to those of control lambs. The water/CW group consumed less of this solution than the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Carcass quality; Meat characteristics; Sheep; Slaughterhouse; Welfare.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982018000100601
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Performance and carcass characteristics of lambs fed a solution of crude glycerin during feedlot and pre-slaughter lairage R. Bras. Zootec.
Silva,Fredson Vieira e; Borges,Iran; Silva,Vandenberg Lira; Lana,Ângela Maria Quintão; Borges,Ana Luiza Costa Cruz; Reis,Sidnei Tavares dos; Araújo,Alexandre Ribeiro; Matos,Aylle Medeiros.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate performance and carcass and meat characteristics of lambs fed a solution of crude glycerin plus water (100 g kg−1 of dry matter) (GLY) during feedlot and pre-slaughter lairage. Data were analyzed as a 2 × 2 factorial (GLY available or not in feedlot and GLY available or not in the slaughterhouse). We evaluated the following treatments (feedlot/slaughterhouse): GLY/GLY, GLY/water, water/GLY, and water/water (control). Lambs fed a balanced diet for 70 days in the feedlot. Slaughter started 12 h after the animals arrived at the slaughterhouse. Dry matter intake, feed conversion, average daily gain, and body weight of lambs fed GLY were similar to those of control lambs. Lambs receiving GLY ingested more...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Carcass quality; Meat quality; Sheep; Slaughterhouse; Welfare.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982018000100603
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Productive losses on broiler preslaughter operations: effects of the distance from farms to abattoirs and of lairage time in a climatized holding area R. Bras. Zootec.
Vieira,Frederico Márcio Corrêa; Silva,Iran José Oliveira da; Barbosa Filho,José Antonio Delfino; Vieira,Afrânio Márcio Corrêa.
This work aimed to assess the effects of preslaughter lairage time on the welfare and mortality of broilers transported in different farm-abattoir distances. It was evaluated 215 poultry transport trucks from a commercial poultry slaughterhouse from 2006 to 2007. Data were obtained from the holding area acclimatized through fans and water misting in the mornings, afternoons and at night. The thermal variables (temperature and relative humidity), distance, lairage time and density of birds per cage were considered in the analysis. The effects of distance and lairage time were important in the variation of rectal temperature of the animals and on the number of dead animals per truck. Two models were developed (mean and dispersion), for each response variable...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ambience; Poultry production; Preslaughter handling; Slaughterhouse.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982010001100021
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Start-up of anaerobic reactors for slaughterhouse wastewater treatment REA
FIA,RONALDO; PEREIRA,ERLON L.; FIA,FÁTIMA R. L.; EMBOABA,DÉBORA G.; GOMES,EMANUEL M..
This study aimed to evaluate the start-up of a horizontal anaerobic fixed bed reactor (HAFBR) followed by an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) for the slaughterhouse wastewater treatment. HAFBR was filled with bamboo rings and had 1.2 m in length, 0.10 m in diameter and volume of 7.5 L. The UASB had the volume of 15 L. The HAFBR and UASB operated at organic loading rate and hydraulic retention time average of 8.46 and 3.77 kg m-3 d-1 of COD and 0.53 and 0.98 days, respectively. During 150 days of monitoring system it was found pH 6.8, relatively high values of bicarbonate alkalinity (> 1000 mg L-1) and reduced values of volatile acids (70 to 150 mg L-1), which afforded average removal efficiencies of COD total and total suspended solids of the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: UASB; Anaerobic filter; Slaughterhouse; Organic matter.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162015000200331
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Thermal stress related with mortality rates on broilers' preslaughter operations: a lairage time effect study Ciência Rural
Vieira,Frederico Márcio Corrêa; Silva,Iran José Oliveira da; Barbosa Filho,José Antonio Delfino; Vieira,Afrânio Márcio Corrêa; Rodrigues-Sarnighausen,Valéria Cristina; Garcia,Danilo de Brito.
Concerning the reduction of preslaughter death losses, high temperature and relative humidity in the tropics are the major concerns regarding broiler survival prior slaughtering. However, the relationship between different lairage times under controlled environment and the thermal condition outside the holding area is still unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare different intervals of lairage time with different environmental temperature and relationship with poultry mortality rates. A study was conducted in a commercial poultry abattoir in the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil, in the year of 2006. The historical data set from 13,937 trucks, about broiler mortality during preslaughter operations, was given by the abattoir. Factors that influence the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Death on arrival; Poultry production; Thermal comfort; Slaughterhouse; Welfare.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782011000900025
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Thermographic Images to Measure Health Risks of Workers Exposed to Artificially Refrigerated Environments Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Takeda,F; Moro,A; Martins,N.
ABSTRACT Thermography generates high-resolution imagery in real time and is a non-invasive and painless technique devoid of physical contact or exposure to any type of radiation. This technique has been successfully applied to different areas, such as health- and safety-related applications, to control cold risk in workers exposed to low-temperature environments. Thus, this study aims to analyze skin temperature variations in three body parts of the upper limbs (fingers, the center of the hands and wrists on both the left and right sides of the body) caused by exposure to low temperatures in air-conditioned and artificially controlled work environments. The objective is to assess thermography’s adequacy in controlling workers’ health risks. This study used...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Slaughterhouse; Worker Health; Cold; Skin Temperature; Work Safety Engineering.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2018000200245
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