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Registros recuperados: 11
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A First Nations-led social innovation: a moose, a gold mining company, and a policy window Ecology and Society
McCarthy, Daniel D. P.; University of Waterloo; dmccarth@uwaterloo.ca; Millen, Martin; Anishanaabe Maamwaye Aki Kiigayewin ; firestarter4812@yahoo.ca; Boyden, Mary; Porcupine Gold Mines; mary.boyden@goldcorp.com; Alexiuk, Erin ; University of Waterloo; ealexiuk@gmail.com; Larkman, Dorothy; University of Waterloo; manaupin@hotmail.com; Rowe, Giidaakunadaad (Nancy); University of Waterloo; giidaakunadaad@gmail.com; Westley, Frances R.; University of Waterloo; fwestley@uwaterloo.ca.
A recent focusing event involving the death of a moose in the Dome open-pit mine in the community of Timmins, in northern Ontario, Canada has triggered the opening of a policy window related to the governance of resource extraction by indigenous peoples. This event, combined with several other factors, including: (1) the high price of gold; (2) a mining company seeking to demonstrate corporate social responsibility to repair its international reputation with indigenous peoples by supporting an innovative, local Indigenous-led initiative; and (3) a new policy context, including Supreme Court of Canada decisions and provisions in the updated Ontario Mining Act, that require meaningful consultation with indigenous peoples has led to the emergence of a...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Critical indigenous research; Indigenous-led innovation; Policy window; Social innovation; Traditional knowledge.
Ano: 2014
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A Theory of Transformative Agency in Linked Social-Ecological Systems Ecology and Society
Westley, Frances R.; Waterloo Institute for Social Innovation and Resilience; fwestley@uwaterloo.ca; Tjornbo, Ola; Waterloo Institute for Social Innovation and Resilience; ola.tjornbo@gmail.com; Schultz, Lisen; Stockholm Resilience Centre; lisen@ecology.su.se; Olsson, Per; Stockholm Resilience Centre; per.olsson@stockholmresilience.su.se; Folke, Carl; Stockholm Resilience Centre; carl.folke@beijer.kva.se; Crona, Beatrice; Stockholm Resilience Centre; beatrice.crona@stockholmresilience.su.se.
We reviewed the literature on leadership in linked social-ecological systems and combined it with the literature on institutional entrepreneurship in complex adaptive systems to develop a new theory of transformative agency in linked social-ecological systems. Although there is evidence of the importance of strategic agency in introducing innovation and transforming approaches to management and governance of such systems, there is no coherent theory to explain the wide diversity of strategies identified. Using Holling’s adaptive cycle as a model of phases present in innovation and transformation of resilient social-ecological systems, overlaid by Dorado’s model of opportunity context (opaque, hazy, transparent) in complex adaptive...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Institutional entrepreneurship; Skills; Social innovation; Transformation of linked social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2013
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Africa’s game changers and the catalysts of social and system innovation Ecology and Society
Swilling, Mark; Stellenbosch Centre for Complex Systems in Transition; Stellenbosch University; swilling@sun.ac.za.
It is widely recognized that many African economies are being transformed by rapid economic growth driven largely by rising demand for the abundant natural resources scattered across the African continent. I critically review the mainstream game-changing dynamics driving this process, with special reference to a set of influential policy-oriented documents. This is followed by an analysis of less-recognized game-changing dynamics that have, in turn, been affected by the mainstream game-changing dynamics. These less-recognized game-changing dynamics include energy infrastructure challenges in a context of climate change, securing access to water, access to arable soils, slum urbanism, and food security responses. These mainstream and less-recognized...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: African development; Social innovation; Structural transformation; Transdisciplinary research.
Ano: 2016
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Alterações dos meios de vida de agricultores familiares a partir de redesenho de agroecossistemas no Semiárido cearense. Repositório Alice
MESQUITA, M.; FARIAS, J. L. de S.; FERNANDES, F. E. P.; FERNANDES, C..
Resumo: Este estudo objetivou analisar o redesenho de um agroecossistema e sua repercussão sobre os meios de vida dos agricultores familiares no Semiárido cearense. A pesquisa de natureza qualitativa foi realizada na comunidade Sítio Areias, Sobral, Ceará. A ação do redesenho foi realizada a partir da pesquisa-ação. A análise teórica utilizada foi a Abordagem dos Meios de Vida. Verificou-se na comunidade agroecossistemas em colapso social e ambiental, repercutindo em um processo de desativação dos agricultores em relação a agricultura como atividade. A partir do reconhecimento das condições locais, iniciou um processo de transição agroecológica, por meio do redesenho de agroecossistemas. Esta estratégia possibilitou uma relação harmoniosa entre homem...
Tipo: Anais e Proceedings de eventos Palavras-chave: Social innovation; Agroecological transition; Inovação social; Construção do conhecimento coletivo; Agroecológica; Semiárido; Ceará; Produtor rural; Family farming.; Desenvolvimento rural; Comunidade rural; Agricultura familiar.; Rural development; Agroecosystems; Agroecology; Semiarid zones; Brazil..
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1038435
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Emergent transformation games: exploring social innovation agency and activation through the case of the Belgian electricity blackout threat Ecology and Society
The persistence of current societal problems has given rise to a quest for transformative social innovations. As social innovation actors seek to become change makers, it has been suggested that they need to play into impactful macrodevelopments or “game-changers”. Here, we aim to deepen the understanding of the social innovation agency in these transformation games. We analyze assumptions about the game metaphor, invoking insights from actor-network theory. The very emergence of transformation games is identified as a crucial but easily overlooked issue. As explored through the recent electricity blackout threat in Belgium, some current transformation games are populated with largely passive players. This illustrative case demonstrates...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Actor network theory; Electricity grid; Enrolment; Game-changers; Social innovation; Transformation.
Ano: 2016
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From coastal timber supply area to Great Bear Rainforest: exploring power in a social–ecological governance innovation. Ecology and Society
Moore, Michele-Lee; University of Victoria; mlmoore@uvic.ca; Tjornbo, Ola; SiG@Waterloo, University of Waterloo; ola.tjornbo@gmail.com.
As the 2005 Millennium Ecosystem Assessment revealed, many social–ecological systems around the world are currently being governed unsustainably. Consequently, social innovation is needed to transform current governance regimes and introduce new more resilient arrangements. Although dominant institutions and social groups may resist such innovations which threaten the status quo and their interests, groups on the margins of the established social order can often trigger governance transformations, despite a lack of conventional financial and institutional resources. In particular, there are numerous cases of marginalized groups initiating processes of radical change to establish sustainable governance practices for threatened...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Governance transformation; Great Bear Rainforest; Power; Social innovation.
Ano: 2012
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How game changers catalyzed, disrupted, and incentivized social innovation: three historical cases of nature conservation, assimilation, and women’s rights Ecology and Society
Westley, Frances R.; Waterloo Institute for Social Innovation and Resilience, University of Waterloo; School for Environment, Enterprise and Development, University of Waterloo; fwestley@uwaterloo.ca; McGowan, Katharine A.; Bissett School of Business, Mount Royal College, Calgary, Alberta; kmcgowan@mtroyal.ca; Antadze, Nino; Department of Environmental Studies, Bucknell University; na011@bucknell.edu; Blacklock, Jaclyn; University of Waterloo; jblacklo@uwaterloo.ca; Tjornbo, Ola; Waterloo Institute for Social Innovation and Resilience, University of Waterloo; ola.tjornbo@gmail.com.
We explore the impact of “game changers” on the dynamics of innovation over time in three problem domains, that of wilderness protection, women’s rights, and assimilation of indigenous children in Canada. Taking a specifically historical and cross-scale approach, we look at one social innovation in each problem domain. We explore the origins and history of the development of the National Parks in the USA, the legalization of contraception in the USA and Canada, and the residential school system in Canada. Based on a comparison of these cases, we identify three kinds of game changers, those that catalyze social innovation, which we define as “seminal,” those that disrupt the continuity of social...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Complexity; Game changers; Innovation; North America; Social innovation; Transformative change.
Ano: 2016
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Navigating the Back Loop: Fostering Social Innovation and Transformation in Ecosystem Management Ecology and Society
Biggs, Reinette; University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden; oonsie.biggs@stockholmresilience.su.se; Westley, Frances R.; University of Waterloo, Canada; fwestley@uwaterloo.ca; Carpenter, Stephen R.; University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA; srcarpen@wisc.edu.
Addressing the environmental challenges of the 21st century requires substantial changes to the way modern society views and manages ecosystems. In particular, many authors contend that fundamental transformation of the largely sectoral, expert-centered ecosystem-management institutions of modern, Western societies is needed. There is increasing agreement that more adaptive, integrated, collaborative ecosystem-management approaches, interlinked at multiple scales, would improve society’s ability to sustainably manage complex social–ecological systems. Therefore, understanding processes of transformation, and factors that may enable transformation in ecosystem management, has become an active research area. We explore...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Adaptive cycle; Bridging organization; Co-management; Complex systems; Ecosystem management; Social entrepeneur; Social innovation; Transformation.
Ano: 2010
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Studying the complexity of change: toward an analytical framework for understanding deliberate social-ecological transformations Ecology and Society
Moore, Michele-Lee; Department of Geography, University of Victoria; mlmoore@uvic.ca; Tjornbo, Ola; Waterloo Institute of Social Innovation and Resilience, University of Waterloo; ola.tjornbo@gmail.com; Enfors, Elin; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; elin.enfors@stockholmresilience.su.se; Knapp, Corrie; University of Alaska Fairbanks; corrieknapp@yahoo.com; Hodbod, Jennifer; Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University; jennifer.hodbod@asu.edu; Baggio, Jacopo A.; Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity, Arizona State University; jbaggio@asu.edu; Olsson, Per; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; per.olsson@stockholmresilience.su.se; Biggs, Duan; The Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Science, University of Queensland; ancientantwren@gmail.com.
Faced with numerous seemingly intractable social and environmental challenges, many scholars and practitioners are increasingly interested in understanding how to actively engage and transform the existing systems holding such problems in place. Although a variety of analytical models have emerged in recent years, most emphasize either the social or ecological elements of such transformations rather than their coupled nature. To address this, first we have presented a definition of the core elements of a social-ecological system (SES) that could potentially be altered in a transformation. Second, we drew on insights about transformation from three branches of literature focused on radical change, i.e., social movements, socio-technical transitions, and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Social innovation; Social movements; Transformation; Transition management.
Ano: 2014
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Surmountable Chasms: Networks and Social Innovation for Resilient Systems Ecology and Society
Moore, Michele-Lee; J. W. McConnell Graduate Fellow, Social Innovation Generation, University of Waterloo; mlmoore@balsillieschool.ca; Westley, Frances ; McConnell Chair, Social Innovation Generation, University of Waterloo; fwestley@uwaterloo.ca.
Complex challenges demand complex solutions. By their very nature, these problems are difficult to define and are often the result of rigid social structures that effectively act as “traps”. However, resilience theory and the adaptive cycle can serve as a useful framework for understanding how humans may move beyond these traps and towards the social innovation that is required to address many complex problems. This paper explores the critical question of whether networks help facilitate innovations to bridge the seemingly insurmountable chasms of complex problems to create change across scales, thereby increasing resilience. The argument is made that research has not yet adequately articulated the strategic agency that must be present...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Agency; Complexity; Cross scale; Network theory; Resilience; Scale; Skill sets; Social entrepreneurship; Social innovation; Social networks.
Ano: 2011
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The Oak Ridges Moraine as a Social Innovation: Strategic Vision as a Social-Ecological Interaction Ecology and Society
McCarthy, Daniel D. P.; Waterloo Institute for Social Innovation and Resilience and the Department of Environment and Resource Studies, University of Waterloo; dmccarth@uwaterloo.ca; Whitelaw, Graham S.; School of Environmental Studies, Queens University; graham.whitelaw@queensu.ca; Westley, Frances R.; JW McConnell Chair in Social Innovation, Waterloo Institute for Social Innovation and Resilience; fwestley@uwaterloo.ca; Crandall, Debbe D.; Debbe Day Crandall Save the Oak Ridges Moraine Coalition; debbeday@rogers.com; Burnett, David; Manager, Regional and Provincial Policy, Toronto and Region Conservation; dburnett@trca.on.ca.
The Oak Ridges Moraine (ORM) case is unique in that it represents a social innovation in Canadian, if not North American, ecosystem-based land-use planning. A social innovation is an initiative, product, process, or program that profoundly changes the basic routines, resources, and authority flows or beliefs of any social system. Successful social innovations have durability and broad impact. We interpret the narrative of the ORM conservation process to explore the utility of an emerging social innovation conceptual model, the ‘vision as social interaction’ framework using resilience thinking and the role of vision in social change within complex social-ecological systems. Qualitative data from two interrelated studies of the moraine...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Oak Ridges Moraine; Social-ecological systems; Social innovation; Strategic vision.
Ano: 2014
Registros recuperados: 11
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