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Cultural attitudes are stronger predictors of bushmeat consumption and preference than economic factors among urban Amazonians from Brazil and Colombia Ecology and Society
van Vliet, Nathalie; Center for International Forestry Research; vanvlietnathalie@yahoo.com; Schor, Tatiana; Departamento de Geografia, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Brazil; tatiana.schor@gmail.com.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Attitudes; Beliefs; Bushmeat sharing; Human behavior; Hunting; Income; Legality; Social norms; Social relations; Taboos; Wealth.
Ano: 2015
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EVERYDAY FORMS OF COLLECTIVE ACTION IN BANGLADESH: Learning from Fifteen Cases AgEcon
Davis, Peter; Haque, Rafiqul; Hasin, Dilara; Aziz, Md. Abdul; Begum, Anowara.
This paper examines fifteen cases of collective action in six villages in rural Bangladesh. Collective action was defined broadly and identified from significant episodes in previous life-history research in the same villages. The types of collective action identified were catalyzed by marriage; dowry and domestic violence; disputes over land; illness, injury and death in accidents; and theft and cheating. The role of development NGOs was less significant than would be expected considering their visibility in rural Bangladesh. The study suggests that ‘everyday forms’ (Scott 1985) of collective action often occur spontaneously and informally, with significant impact on peoples’ wellbeing, but with ambiguous outcomes for some poor people involved. This is a...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Collective action; Disputes; Bangladesh; Social norms; Gender; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50894
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Intrahousehold Resource Allocation in Cote D'Ivoire: Social Norms, Separate Accounts and Consumption Choices AgEcon
Duflo, Esther; Udry, Christopher R..
In Cote d'Ivoire, as in much of Africa, husbands and wives farm different crops on separate plots. These different crops are differentially sensitive to particular kinds of rainfall shocks. We find that conditional on overall household expenditure, the composition of expenditure is sensitive to the gender of the recipient of a rainfall shock. For example, rainfall shocks associated with high women's income shift expenditure towards food. Social norms constrain the use of profits from yam cultivation, which is carried out by men. Correspondingly, we find that rainfall-induced fluctuations in income from yams are transmitted to expenditures on education and food, not to expenditures on private goods. We reject the hypothesis of complete insurance within...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Intra-household allocation; Insurance; Social norms; Mental accounts; Consumer/Household Economics; O12; D13.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28404
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Nudging Evolution? Ecology and Society
This Special Feature, “Nudging Evolution? Critical Exploration of the Potential and Limitations of the Concept of Institutional Fit for the Study and Adaptive Management of Social-Ecological Systems,” aims to contribute toward the development of social theory and social research methods for the study of social-ecological system dynamics. Our objective is to help strengthen the academic discourse concerning if, and if so, how, to what extent, and in what concrete ways the concept of institutional “fit” might play a role in helping to develop better understanding of the social components of interlinkages between the socioeconomic-cultural and ecological dynamics of social-ecological systems. Two clearly discernible...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Environmental governance; Institutional change; Institutional fit; Meaning; Oran Young; Protected areas; Social-ecological systems; Social norms; Water governance; Wildlife management.
Ano: 2013
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Social Meaning in Supermarkets as a Direct Route to Improve Parents’ Fruit and Vegetable Purchases AgEcon
Payne, Collin R.; Niculescu, Mihai.
Direct and indirect attempts to increase parents’ fruit and vegetable purchases have had little, if any, success. Most of the disappointing results are reported in the grocery environment. In this context, embedding messages with social meaning may have a significant impact on current campaigns. We use the focus theory of normative conduct as an alternative theoretical framework and suggest that social norms that are salient, easy to interpret, and easy to compare against individuals’ behavior may improve current attempts to increase parents’ fruit and vegetable purchases in retail environments.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Supermarket; Social norms; Intervention tools; Childhood obesity; Fruits and veg¬tables; Behavioral economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Marketing.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123320
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Social Norms and Behavior in the Local Commons Through the Lens of Field Experiments AgEcon
Cardenas, Juan-Camilo.
Behavior in the local commons is usually embedded in a context of regulations and social norms that the group of users face. Such norms and rules affect how individuals value material and non-material incentives and therefore determine their decision to cooperate or over extract the resources from the common-pool. This paper discusses the importance of social norms in shaping behavior in the commons through the lens of experiments, and in particular experiments conducted in the field with people that usually face these social dilemmas in their daily life. Through a large sample of experimental sessions with around one thousand people between villagers and students, I test some hypothesis about behavior in the commons when regulations and social norms...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Social norms; Regulations; Cooperation; Collective action; Common-pool resources; Experimental economics; Field experiments.; Public Economics; D71; Q0; Q2; C9; H3; H4.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91168
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Take off the heater: Utility effect and food environment effect in food consumption decisions AgEcon
Lombardini-Riipinen, Chiara; Lankoski, Leena.
In this paper, we describe individual food consumption decisions as driven by a utility effect and a food environment effect. To outline the utility effect, we first develop a new theoretical model of individual food consumption. Next, we introduce the food environment effect by showing how the food environment can affect food consumption decisions and how this can skew the resulting food consumption vector. Finally, we analyse manipulations of the food environment as a potential form of policy intervention. Our key result is that the food environment has several entry points in food consumption decisions and that libertarian paternalistic manipulations of the food environment can be effective, easily implemented, well-accepted and low-cost intervention...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Behavioural economics; Bounded rationality; Bounded self-control; Cognitive biases; Food choice; Food consumption; Food environment; Food intake; Health; Identity; Social norms; Visceral factors; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; D03; D11; I18; Z13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116431
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Voluntary disclosure of contributions: an experimental study on nonmandatory approaches for improving public good provision Ecology and Society
Kreitmair, Ursula W.; Indiana University; ukreitma@indiana.edu.
There has been an increasing interest in nonpecuniary measures to encourage prosocial behavior. Among these is the use of social comparison, or social information. Although successful in promoting, for instance, greater resource conservation, studies of this measure have so far relied on the assumption of the availability of social information. In situations in which information is costly to collect and disseminate, alternative mechanisms must be considered. This study explores the use of voluntary disclosure to provide social information in a linear public goods game in a lab experiment. It finds that individuals tend to disclose their contribution information when given the option, suggesting that voluntarily disclosed social information remains a...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Behavioral information; Cooperation; Experiment; Public goods; Social comparison; Social information; Social norms; Voluntary disclosure.
Ano: 2015
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