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Amphotericin B-related nephrotoxicity in low-risk patients BJID
Berdichevski,Roberto Herz; Luis,Luciano Billodre; Crestana,Letícia; Manfro,Roberto Ceratti.
INTRODUCTION: Amphotericin B (AmphoB) is the drug of choice for treatment of severe fungal illnesses; however, it is very nephrotoxic. Modified (less toxic) amphotericins are very expensive. In low-risk patients, saline loading would be enough to prevent significant loss of renal function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with normal renal function and within the first 24 hours of treatment with AmphoB were prospectively enrolled in the study. Patients in intensive care units or who were using vasoactive drugs were excluded. Saline loads were infused before and after the AmphoB treatment. Blood and urine analyses were made at the beginning and at the end of the treatment. Serum creatinine was repeated 30 days after the end of the AmphoB treatment. RESULTS:...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amphotericin B; Acute renal failure; Nephrotoxicity; Sodium chloride.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702006000200005
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Avaliação dos efeitos da adição de sal e da densidade no transporte de tambaqui. Repositório Alice
GOMES, L. de C.; ARAÚJO-LIMA, C.A.R.M.; ROUBACH, R.; URBINATI, E.C..
Os objetivos deste trabalho foram testar a eficiência do sal como redutor de estresse e verificar a melhor densidade de transporte de juvenis de tambaqui (Colossoma macropomun) em caixas de plástico adaptadas. No primeiro experimento foram testadas diferentes concentrações de sal de cozinha (NaCl) na água; no segundo, o transporte foi realizado por três horas em caixas de plástico de 200 L estocadas com diferentes densidades de peixe, com 8 g de sal/L de água. O cortisol plasmático dos peixes sofreu aumento significativo após o transporte no tratamento sem sal e com 2 g de sal/L de água, retornando para níveis normais após 96 horas. A glicose plasmática dos peixes sofreu aumento após o transporte em todas as concentrações de sal testadas, com exceção da...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Colossoma macropomum; Glicose; Cloreto de sódio; Piscicultura; Glucose; Sodium chloride; Cortisol; Fish culture.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/108909
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Comparative study of the pathogenicity of seabed isolates of Fusarium equiseti and the effect of the composition of the mineral salt medium and temperature on mycelial growth BJM
Palmero,D; Cara,M. de; Iglesias,C; Gálvez,L; Tello,J.C.
The pathogenicity of seven strains of Fusarium equiseti isolated from seabed soil was evaluated on different host plants showing pre and post emergence damage. Radial growth of 27 strains was measured on culture media previously adjusted to different osmotic potentials with either KCl or NaCl (-1.50 to - 144.54 bars) at 15º, 25º and 35º C. Significant differences and interactive effects were observed in the response of mycelia to osmotic potential and temperature.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Salinity; Sodium chloride; Potassium chloride; Osmotic pressure; Temperature.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822011000300013
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Comportamento de matrizes caprinas em pastagem de capim buffel suplementadas com mistura sal/ureia. Repositório Alice
GUIMARAES FILHO, C.; SOARES, J. G. G.; SALVIAO, L. M. C..
O estudo objetivou avaliar a pastagem de capim buffel (Cenchrus ciliaris L.) como suporte alimentar básico para matrizes caprinas nativas durante o período seco, complementado ou não com uma fonte nitrogenada.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Comportamento; Behaviour; Pasture; Buffel grass; Supplements; Capim Buffel; Caprino; Matriz; Pastagem; Sal; Suplemento Mineral; Uréia; Goats; Sodium chloride.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/132214
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Consumo de sal e fosforo por bovinos na sub-regiao da Nhecolandia do Pantanal Mato-Grossense. Infoteca-e
POTT, E. B..
Relata-se a medicao de consumo de mistura de sal comum com fosfato bicalcico por dois rebanhos de cria em pastagens se "salina" em duas fazendas na parte central da sub-regiao da Nhecolandia. Uma das misturas continha 38,5% de sal comum e a outra 55,6%. O acompanhamento durou dois anos. O consumo medio diario por matriz, no caso da primeira mistura, foi de 12 g de sal comum e 19 g de fosfato bicalcico; e da segunda, 19 g de sal comum e 15 g de fosfato bicalcico. Em funcao do baixo consumo de sal, recomendou-se a inclusao de palatabilizantes em suplementos minerais para bovinos dessa parte do Pantanal, a fim de induzir consumo adequado dos nutrientes minerais deficientes nas pastagens.
Tipo: Outras publicações técnicas (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Bovino; Sal; Consumo; Fosforo; Nhecolandia; Suplemento mineral; Bovine; Mineral supplement; Sodium chloride; Phosphorus.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/787752
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Diversidad del jitomate nativo de Puebla y Veracruz : valoración morfo-agronómica y germinación en medio salino. Colegio de Postgraduados
Estrada Trejo, Victoria.
México ha avanzado poco en el estudio, conservación, aprovechamiento sistemático y mejoramiento genético del jitomate nativo mexicano. También hace falta conocer las respuestas de este germoplasma a condiciones de algún tipo de estrés ya sea biótico o abiótico. Con tal fin en la primera parte de este estudio, el objetivo fue conocer la diversidad agronómica y morfológica del jitomate nativo mexicano, con miras a su incorporación en programas de mejoramiento genético. Se caracterizaron morfológica y agronómicamente 34 poblaciones nativas de jitomate, provenientes de los estados de Puebla y Veracruz, México. Los resultados de los estimadores de componentes de varianza indicaron que de las 43 variables, únicamente 16 mostraron repetibilidad, y 27...
Palavras-chave: Solanum lycopersicum L.; Salinidad; Cloruro de sodio; Diversidad genética; Recursos genéticos de jitomate; Salinity; Sodium chloride; Genetic diversity; Tomato genetic resources; Producción de semillas; Doctorado.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2127
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Estresse salino e hídrico na germinação e vigor do arroz. Repositório Alice
CAMPOS, I. S.; ASSUNÇÃO, M. V..
O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos do estresse salino provocado pelo cloreto de sódio (NaCI) e pelo sulfato de sódio (Na 2SO4), bem como os efeitos, do estresse hídrico induzido pelo polietileno glicol 6000 (PEG 6000) na germinação e vigor do arroz (Oryza saliva L.) cv. IAC 25. O potencial osrnótico das soluções variou de 0,0 a - 1,2 Megapascal (MPa). A germinação foi mais afetada pelos sais, enquanto que o PEG 6000 induziu grande redução na parte aérea. A germinação e o crescimento das plântulas foram mais afetados pelo Na 2SO4 e os sais tiveram ação mais tóxica do que osmótica, enquanto o PEG 6000 apresentou efeito exclusivamente osmótico. O potencial osmótico a - 0,8 MPa de NaCl ou Na2SO4 pode ser considerado crítico para a germinação e...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Potencial osmótico; Glicol 6000; Arroz; Oryza sativa L; Germinação; Crescimento; Solo; Salinidade; Cloreto de sódio; Sulfato de sódio; Rice; Germination; Growth performance; Soil salinity; Sodium chloride; Sodium sulfate; Germinación; Desempeño del crecimiento; Salinidad del suelo; Cloruro de sodio; Sulfato de sodio.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/492147
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Formation of biofilm by Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 19112 at different incubation temperatures and concentrations of sodium chloride BJM
Lee,H.Y.; Chai,L.C.; Pui,C.F.; Mustafa,S.; Cheah,Y.K.; Nishibuchi,M.; Radu,S..
Biofilm formation can lead to various consequences in the food processing line such as contamination and equipment breakdowns. Since formation of biofilm can occur in various conditions; this study was carried out using L. monocytogenes ATCC 19112 and its biofilm formation ability tested under various concentrations of sodium chloride and temperatures. Cultures of L. monocytogenes ATCC 19112 were placed in 96-well microtitre plate containing concentration of sodium chloride from 1-10% (w/v) and incubated at different temperature of 4 ºC, 30 ºC and 45 ºC for up to 60 h. Absorbance reading of crystal violet staining showed the density of biofilm formed in the 96-well microtitre plates was significantly higher when incubated in 4 ºC. The formation of biofilm...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Listeria monocytogenes; Biofilm; Sodium chloride; Temperature; Microtiter plate.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822013000100007
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Germination, initial growth and cotyledon protein content of bean cultivars under salinity stress Rev. bras. sementes
Dantas,Bárbara França; Ribeiro,Luciana de Sá; Aragão,Carlos Alberto.
Excess salts in the root zone inhibit water uptake by plants, affect nutrient uptake and may result in toxicities due to individual salts in the soil solution. Excess exchangeable sodium in the soil may destroy the soil structure to a point where water penetration and root aeration become impossible. Sodium is also toxic to many plants. Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) are consumed as protein source in northeastern Brazil, although little is known about common bean cultivar tolerance to salinity. The germination of bean cultivars under salt stress was studied. The cultivars 'Carioca' and 'Mulatinho' were submitted to germination test in a germinator at 25ºC, at the Seed Analysis Laboratory of the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation unit in the Semi-...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Phaseolus vulgaris; Vigor; Sodium chloride.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-31222007000200014
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Influence of heat treatment on the sensory and physical characteristics and carbohydrate fractions of french-fried potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
VASCONCELOS,Natalia Carvalho Montenegro de; SALGADO,Silvana Magalhães; LIVERA,Alda Verônica Souza; ANDRADE,Samara Alvachian Cardoso de; OLIVEIRA,Michelle Galindo de; STAMFORD,Tânia Lucia Montenegro.
AbstractThe aim of this study was to analyze the impact that heat treatment with salts and freezing processes on the sensory, instrumental, and physico-chemical characteristics of fried potatoes of the Monalisa cultivar. The potatoes were blanched in distilled water (P); sodium chloride solution (B1); calcium chloride solution (B2), and a solution with both of these salts (B3). They were then pre-cooked and frozen for 24 hours and for 30 days. After frying, sensory characteristics were analyzed (color, texture, flavor, oiliness), along with overall preference and instrumental determinations of texture, color, and oil content. Further tests were conducted on the sample with the best results in the sensory analysis (B1), along with sample P as a control, to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Blanching; Sodium chloride; Calcium chloride; Texture; Glycemic index; Freezing.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612015000300561
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INTERACTIVE EFFECTS OF SALINITY STRESS AND NICOTINAMIDE ON PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF FABA BEAN PLANT Acta biol.Colomb.
MAGDI T,ABDELHAMID; MERVAT SH,SADAK; URS,SCHMIDHALTER; ABDEL-KAREEM M.,EL-SAADY.
A possible survival strategy for plants under saline conditions is to use some compounds that could alleviate the salt stress effect. One of these compounds is nicotinamide (vitamin B3/niacin). The effect of exogenous application of nicotinamide with different concentrations (0, 200 or 400 mg l-1) on faba bean (Vicia faba L.) plant grown at different NaCl levels (0, 50 or 100 mM) was investigated in the wire house of the National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt. Salinity stress significantly reduced the photosynthetic pigments, polysaccharides, total carbohydrates, total-N contents of shoot, plant height, leaves number, fresh and dry weights of shoot, seed yield, total carbohydrates and total crude protein of the yielded seeds compared with those of the...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Growth; Salt stress; Sodium chloride; Vicia faba; Vitamin B3.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0120-548X2013000300009
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Marinade with alkaline solutions for the improvement of pork quality PAB
Santos,Viviane Maria Oliveira dos; Caldara,Fabiana Ribeiro; Seno,Leonardo de Oliveira; Feijó,Gelson Luis Dias; Paz,Ibiara Correia de Lima Almeida; Garcia,Rodrigo Garófallo; Nääs,Irenilza de Alencar; Altemio,Ângela Dulce Cavenaghi.
The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of alkaline solution marinades on the characteristics of pork subjected to post-mortem pH decrease in pig muscle. The pH of carcasses was measured in a commercial slaughterhouse (n = 526), 45 min after slaughtering (pH45) and, then, the carcasses were divided into the groups with pH45<5.7 or pH45&gt;5.7. Ten samples of the longissimus dorsi muscles of each group were collected and distributed in an entirely randomized design, in a 2x4 factorial arrangement, with two conditions (pH45<5.7 or pH45&gt;5.7), and four marinade solutions: TC, no marinade; TM1, sodium bicarbonate and sodium chloride; TM2, sodium tripolyphosphate and sodium chloride; TM3, sodium bicarbonate, sodium...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Sus scrofa; Meat color; PSE meat; Sodium bicarbonate; Sodium chloride; Sodium tripolyphosphate.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2012001100013
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Physiological response of cowpea seeds to salinity stress Rev. bras. sementes
Dantas,Bárbara França; Ribeiro,Luciana de Sá; Aragão,Carlos Alberto.
This work aimed to evoluate physiological response of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) seeds submitted to salt stress. Seeds of cultivars 'Epace-10'; 'Canapu' and 'Pitiúba' of cowpea, were submitted to germination test in germinator at 25(0)C, in "germitest" papers imbibed in distilled water or in 0, 10, 50, 100 and 200mol m-3 NaCl solutions. At the first and second counting of the germination test, normal seedlings were accounted, weighted and dried, obtaining data for vigor, total germination, fresh matter weight and dry matter weight. The seedlings hypocotyls, root and total length were measured total proteins content in cotyledons were obtained from germinating seeds. The presence of salt at concentrations higher than 50mol m-3 NaCl affect the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Vigna unguiculata; Sodium chloride; Germination; Vigor; Protein.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-31222005000100018
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Potasssium chloride as a nutrient seed primer to enhance salt‑tolerance in maize PAB
Badar‑uz‑Zaman,; Ali,Arshad; Hyder,Syed Ishtiaq; Arshadullah,Muhammad; Bhatti,Saqib Umar.
The objective of this work was to determine if KCl could be a useful nutrient primer for safe seed germination in maize crop under salt stress conditions. Seed priming was done using 50 mmol L‑1 of muriate of potash, and germination and seedling growth were evaluated after salt stress with NaCl up to 50 mmol L‑1. Another set of seeds was tested under the same salt stress conditions without priming. Under salinity stress, germination percentage, germination rate index, germination coefficient, and seedling vigor indexes were higher in primed seeds. In unprimed seeds, mean germination time increased, while the germination rate index and the fresh and dry matter mass decreased more sharply with salinity stress. The Na/K ratio was higher in unprimed seeds.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Zea mays; Muriate of potash; Osmopriming; Saline stress; Sodium chloride.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2012000800020
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Respuestas fisiológicas y bioquímicas de plántulas de pimiento morrón (Capsicum annuum L) a factores de estrés abiótico. Colegio de Postgraduados
Hernández Bautista, Leonel.
En la presente investigación se realizaron dos experimentos con el objetivo de evaluar el efecto de cloruro de sodio (NaCl) y cadmio (Cd) en variables de crecimiento, fisiológicas y bioquímicas de plántulas de pimiento morrón variedad Yolo Wonder. Ambos experimentos fueron conducidos bajo condiciones de invernadero, en cultivo hidropónico en placas flotantes en contenedores de 3 L de capacidad, utilizando la solución nutritiva Steiner al 50%. En el primer experimento se trataron las plántulas de pimiento durante 30 días con diferentes concentraciones de NaCl (0, 25 y 50 mM), posteriormente se evaluaron parámetros de crecimiento, variables fisiológicas y acumulación de macro y micronutrimentos. La adición de 25 y 50 mM de NaCl disminuyen significativamente...
Palavras-chave: Yolo Wonder; Cloruro de sodio; Cadmio; Crecimiento; Biomasa; Variables fisiológicas; Sodium chloride; Cadmium; Growth; Biomass; Physiological variables; Fisiología Vegetal; Maestría.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2164
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Survival and behavior of silver catfish, Rhamdia quelen, submitted to antibiotics and sodium chloride treatments Ciência Rural
Andrade,Luciana Segura de; Andrade,Rafael Luiz Barboza de; Becker,Alexssandro Geferson; Baldisserotto,Bernardo.
In order to evaluate the use of antibiotics and NaCl on the behavior and survival of silver catfish, Rhamdia quelen, infested by Ichthyophthirius multifiliis and infected with Aeromonas hydrophila, juveniles were treated with chloramphenicol, chloramphenicol + salt, oxytetracycline, oxytetracycline + salt and water alone (control). Fish survival in the treatments with chloramphenicol + salt and oxytetracycline + salt was significantly higher than in the other treatments. The treatment with chloramphenicol presented higher survival than the treatment with oxytetracycline and both showed significantly higher survival than control. Swimming activity was higher in the fish treated with antibiotics and salt compared to control fish. A combination of the studied...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Aeromonas hydrophila; Chloramphenicol; Ichthyophthirius multifiliis; Oxytetracycline; Sodium chloride.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782006000300047
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The effect of sodium reduction and the use of herbs and spices on the quality and safety of bologna sausage Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
Carraro,Carla Ivone; Machado,Roberta; Espindola,Viviane; Campagnol,Paulo Cezar Bastianello; Pollonio,Marise Aparecida Rodrigues.
In this study, the replacement of 50% NaCl by KCl in Bologna sausage with the addition of herbs and spice blends (coriander, onion, white pepper, cardamom, and Jamaican pepper) was evaluated. The formulations tested showed a significant reduction in the sodium content with no major alterations in the emulsion stability, texture, and microbiological characteristics. The use of 50% KCl caused a reduction in the sensory quality leading to a significant decrease in the consumers' purchase intention. The formulations with the addition of herbs and spice blends presented better results in the sensory evaluation indicating that this strategy can reduce the negative effects resulting from the use of KCl.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Sodium reduction; Sodium chloride; Potassium chloride; Herbs; Spices; Bologna sausage.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612012000200013
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