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A laboratory bioassay method to assess the use of Toxic bait on anastrepha fraterculus (Weidemann 1830). Repositório Alice
NUNES, M. Z.; BERNARDI, D.; BARONIO, C. A.; PASINATO, J.; BALDIN, M. M.; BOTTON, M..
The lack of standardization of bioassays for the evaluation of toxic baittoxicity on the South American fruit fly,Anastrepha fraterculus(Weidemann 1830), has led to erroneous interpretations of assay results.The objective of this study was to develop a methodology for the stan-dardization and validation of toxicological tests onA. fraterculustoxic baitusing the Success?0.02CB formulation (80 mg L−1of spinosad).Anastrepha fraterculusadults, obtained from larvae reared on an artificialdiet, showed higher susceptibility (LT50= 48.96 h) than adults from larvaereared on cattley guava (LT50= 53.83 h) and mango fruit (LT50= 53.55 h).Anastrepha fraterculusadults at the age of five (LT50= 65.30 h), 15 (LT50=59.01 h), and 30 (LT50= 55.53 h) days presented...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: South American fruit fly; Frui fly; Methodology; Spinosad.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1114737
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Assessment of the Toxicity of Sub-chronic Low and High Doses of the Bio-insecticide Spinosad on the Liver, Kidney and the Cerebellum in Male Albino Mice BABT
El-Naggar,Sabry A; Eltantawi,Hala; Ibrahim,Mahrous A; Alm-Eldeen,Abeer.
ABSTRACT Spinosad (SPD) is a highly selective insect control product. However, it was reported that SPD has toxicity toward other non-target organisms. This study was conducted to address the toxic effect of two sub-chronic low and high doses; 35 and 350 mg/kg SPD on some biochemical, histological and immunohistochemical parameters of the liver, kidney and cerebellum. Thirty-six male Swiss mice were divided into three groups of 12 mice each; first group (G1) served as a control, second group (G2) received a low sub-chronic dose of SPD that is equal to 35 mg/kg, and third group (G3) received a high sub-chronic dose of SPD that is equal to 350 mg/kg. The results showed that mice which were received 350 mg/kg SPD showed a significant decrease in the body...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bio-insecticide; Spinosad; Toxicity; Sub-chronic; Biochemical; Histological; Immunohistochemical; Alterations.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132017000100306
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Avaliação de larvicidas de origem microbiana no controle da traça-das-crucíferas em couve-flor Horticultura Brasileira
Dias,Daniel G.S.; Soares,Carlos Marcelo S.; Monnerat,Rose.
Dois inseticidas biológicos à base de Bacillus thuringiensis subspécies kurstaki (Btk) e aizawai (Bta) e um inseticida não sistêmico de origem biológica, à base de spinosad, foram avaliados em campo contra a traça-das-crucíferas, Plutella xylostella (L.)(Lep.: Plutellidae), em cultivo de couve-flor. O experimento foi realizado em Brazlândia, DF, em uma área de produção regular de hortaliças. A lavoura foi conduzida segundo manejo indicado para a região, sem qualquer intervenção que não o controle da praga. O experimento foi realizado no período de julho a setembro de 2002. O delineamento foi de blocos ao acaso, com quatro tratamentos e quatro repetições. Os produtos foram aplicados em função da média do número de furos produzidos pela praga, presentes nas...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bacillus thuringiensis; Controle biológico; Bioinseticidas; Spinosad.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-05362004000300010
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Bioassay method for toxity studies of toxic bait formulations to ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae). Repositório Alice
BARÔNIO, C. A.; BERNARDI, D.; NUNES, M. Z.; PASINATO, J.; GARCIA, F. R. M.; BOTTON, M..
The development of appropriate methodologies for bioassays is of paramount importance to study the methodological factors that may interfere in the experimental design. Thus, laboratory bioassays have become increasingly important for the determination of data that are realistic and replicable. The objective of the study was to develop a bioassay methodology with the ready-to-use toxic bait Success ? 0.02CB, 96 mg L−1 of spinosad, in adults of Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) as a study model. The insect origin laboratory population, LT 50= 11.16 h), time of toxic bait supply (4 h, LT 50= 16.85 h), food deprivation (12 h, LT 50= 15.55 h), and the adult age (5 days, LT 50= 35.31 h) of C. capitata showed higher susceptibility and a shorter LT 50...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Mediterranean fruit fly; Toxicity; Methodology; Spinosad.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1102300
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Effects of some Insecticides Applied in Sublethal Concentrations on the Survival and Longevity of Aphidius ervi (Haliday) (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) Adults Chilean J. Agric. Res.
Araya,Jaime E.; Araya,Manuel; Guerrero,María Angélica.
The effects of four insecticides (dimethoate, pirimicarb, imidacloprid, and spinosad) applied in an ST4 Potter tower at sublethal concentrations (50% of those recommended commercially for aphid control) were studied in the laboratory on aphidiid Aphidius ervi (Haliday) adults, an important parasitoid of the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris). The most selective treatment on the hymenopteran was imidacloprid, followed in decreasing order by spinosad, pirimicarb, and finally dimethoate, which quickly eliminated the parasitoid and thus its capacity to produce progeny. Three toxicity groups were distinguished in the study. The least damaging treatment to adults of A. ervi was imidacloprid, followed by a group of medium toxicity made up of spinosad and...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Dimethoate; Green pea aphid; Imidacloprid; Pirimicarb; Spinosad.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-58392010000200005
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Efficacy of bio-insecticides on Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lep.: Gelechiidae) in laboratory and field conditions CIGR Journal
Hosseinzadeh, Abbas; Aramideh, Shahram; Ghassemi-Kahrizeh, akbar.
Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) is a devastating pest of tomato. This pest is becoming resistant to many of the pesticides that used in the tomato fields. In this research, the efficacy of four bio-insecticides namely, thiocyclam, spinosad, Bacillus thuringiensis and azadirachtin (Azadirachta indica) were studied on the tomato leaf miner in the laboratory and field conditions. Laboratory experiments were performed in a randomized complete plot design with three replications against 1st, 2nd and 3rd larvae. Field experiment was carried out on three larval stages based on recommended doses of pesticides in the form of a completely randomized block. The results showed that in laboratory conditions, LC50 values and lower and upper bond with 95% confidence limits of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Assistant Professor Tomato leaf miner; Bacillus thuringiensis; Spinosad; Azadirachtin; Thiocyclam.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/5166
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Laboratory evaluation of the effects of Attract & Kill formulations on Anastrepha Fraterculus. Repositório Alice
BORGES, R.; BOTTON, M.; MACHOTA JUNIOR, R.; BOFF, M. I. C.; MAFRA-NETO, A..
A new atract & kill (A&K) formulation was dcveloped by ISCA Tccnologias to control fruit flies, In laboratory tests, we compared the efficacy of this new formulation with three cornrnercial products used by fruit growers in southern Brazil. Mortality tests were performed with Anastrepha fraterculus (Diptera: Tephntidae) and results showed that the effecuveness of Anarosa forrnulations was directly proportional to increasing dose of insecticide. Formulations containing organophosphates and cypennethrin produced similar mortality results. The Anarosa formulations, regardless of the insecticide dose, were more effective than GF 120 for A, fraterculus control.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Avaliação; Anarosa; Praga de planta; Inseto; Mosca das frutas; Controle químico; Agrotóxico; Fruta; Mortalidade; Spinosad.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/866045
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Population suppression of Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) on table grapes using toxic baits. Repositório Alice
BARÔNIO, C. A.; BERNARDI, D.; PARANHOS, B. A. J.; GARCIA, F. R. M.; BOTTON, M..
To provide alternatives to the use of spraying synthetic insecticides in C. capitata management, was evaluated the effect of ?attract and kill? toxic baits on population suppression of C. capitata in three commercial areas producing table grapes. Toxic baits of Gelsura? (4.5 L ha-1) and Success? 0.02 CB (4.0 L ha-1) resulted in lower population levels of C. capitata adults in monitoring traps after five sequential applications at weekly intervals during the maturation period of the grapes when compared with control plots with or without insecticidal spray. In addition, plots with Gelsura? and Success? 0.02 CB applications showed a significant reduction in damage (%) by C. capitata on grape berries and grape bunches when compared with control plots without...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Attract-and-kill; Alpha-cypermethrin; Spinosad; Integrated pest management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1102277
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Population suppression of Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) on table grapes using toxic baits Anais da ABC (AABC)
BARONIO,CLÉBER A.; BERNARDI,DANIEL; PARANHOS,BEATRIZ A.J.; GARCIA,FLÁVIO R.M.; BOTTON,MARCOS.
Abstract To provide alternatives to the use of spraying synthetic insecticides in C. capitata management, was evaluated the effect of “attract and kill” toxic baits on population suppression of C. capitata in three commercial areas producing table grapes. Toxic baits of Gelsura™ (4.5 L ha-1) and Success™ 0.02 CB (4.0 L ha-1) resulted in lower population levels of C. capitata adults in monitoring traps after five sequential applications at weekly intervals during the maturation period of the grapes when compared with control plots with or without insecticidal spray. In addition, plots with Gelsura™ and Success™ 0.02 CB applications showed a significant reduction in damage (%) by C. capitata on grape berries and grape bunches when compared with control plots...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Attract-and-kill; Alpha-cypermethrin; Spinosad; Integrated Pest Management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652018000703963
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Susceptibilidad de Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) a Insecticidas en la Zona Central de Chile Agricultura Técnica
Vargas M,Robinson; Ubillo,Alejandrina.
La susceptibilidad del trips de California, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) a formetanato (Dicarzol 500 SP), metamidofos (Tamaron 600 SL), dimetoato (Perfekthion) y spinosad (Success 48) fue evaluada utilizando concentraciones seriadas asperjadas con la Torre de Potter, sobre hojas de frejol. En los bioensayos fueron utilizadas hembras adultas provenientes de tres localidades de la V Región (Ocoa 32º55’ lat. Sur, 71º05’ long. Oeste; 365 m.s.n.m.; Auco 32º52’ lat. Sur; 70º40’ long. Oeste; 762 m.s.n.m., y Vichiculén 32º52’ lat. Sur; 70º57’ long Oeste; 279 m.s.n.m.). Los resultados fueron sometidos a análisis de Probit y fue calculado el factor de resistencia (FR) obtenido de las...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Trips de California; Resistencia; Metamidofos; Dimetoato; Formetanato; Spinosad.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-28072005000400009
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Toxicity and residual effects of toxic baits with spinosyns on the South American fruit fly PAB
Schutze,Inana Xavier; Baronio,Cléber Antonio; Baldin,Morgana Mattiello; Loek,Alci Enimar; Botton,Marcos.
Abstract: The objective of this work was to assess the lethal concentration and lethal time (LC and LT) of spinosad and spinetoram, combined with different food lures, and their residual effects on South American fruit fly (Anastrepha fraterculus). The toxic baits were offered in eight concentrations (2, 6, 14, 35, 84, 204, 495, and 1,200 mg L-1), combined with the following food lures: 7% sugarcane molasses, 3% Biofruit, 1.5% CeraTrap, 1.25% Flyral, 3% Samaritá Bait, and 3% Samaritá Tradicional; diluted food lures in water were used as controls. The residual effect of the formulations at 96 mg L-1 concentration were evaluated for 21 days and were compared with that of the commercial bait Success 0.02 CB. Both insecticides were toxic to adults of A....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Fraterculus; Hydrolyzed protein; Spinetoram; Spinosad; Sugarcane molasses.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2018000200144
Registros recuperados: 11
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