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Registros recuperados: 6
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EFFECTS OF THE CANADIAN WHEAT BOARD ON THE U.S. WHEAT INDUSTRY AgEcon
Koo, Won W.; Jin, Hyun Joung; Mattson, Jeremy W.; Taylor, Richard D.; Cho, Guedae.
The practices of the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) are an important issue in U.S. - Canada trade disputes and WTO negotiations. This study analyzes the CWB?s effect on U.S. producers by reviewing findings from previous research and developing models to analyze CWB wheat exports to the United States and the competitive structure of Canadian wheat exports in the world market. U.S. grain producers could benefit from the removal of the CWB as the United States could become more competitive in export markets. However, elimination of the CWB could also result in an increase in Canadian wheat exports to the United States as Canadian producers near the border could sell directly to the United States to take advantage of market opportunities. The net effect is...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Canadian Wheat Board; State trading enterprises; Price discrimination; Wheat exports; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23530
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MEASURING INEFFICIENCY IN THE PRESENCE OF AN EXPORT TAX, AN IMPORT TARIFF, AND A STATE TRADING ENTERPRISE AgEcon
Schmitz, Troy G..
Agricultural sales cooperative unions (ASCUs) in Turkey are heavily influenced by both domestic and international government policies. Both export taxes and import tariffs are used as policy tools to regulate cotton markets. Domestic price support programs, water subsidies, fertilizer subsidies, and credit subsidies have also been used as domestic policy tools. These types of subsidies are not uncommon among developing countries. This paper provides empirical estimates of the degree of economic inefficiency associated with government intervention in Turkish cotton markets. A two-region partial equilibrium model of cotton exports and imports is developed under the "small country assumption" to obtain empirical estimates of the deadweight welfare loss...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Export tax; Tariff; Agricultural policy; Turkey; Cotton; Agricultural cooperatives; Welfare; State trading enterprises; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15510
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PREVALENCE AND REFORM OF STATE TRADING IMPORTERS IN WORLD GRAIN MARKETS AgEcon
Young, Linda M..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: State trading enterprises; Agricultural trade; World grain markets; International Relations/Trade; F1.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29241
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Third Country Effects of Price Discrimination: The Case of the Canadian Wheat Board AgEcon
Rude, James; Brewin, Derek G.; White, Martin.
This study considers whether the major concern with the behaviour of exporting state trading enterprises (STEs) should be the practice of price discrimination. Using a differentiated products world wheat model, the impacts of Canadian price discrimination on the welfare of competing exporters are considered. The results show that competing exporters could be better or worse off as result of price discrimination, but the impacts were small. Over a range of possible elasticities US producers were generally better off if North American arbitrage is assumed. Other wheat exporting regions could see their producer’s welfare change between 2 and -0.5%. Given these small impacts, the study suggests that explicit disciplines on discriminatory pricing exporting STEs...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Price discrimination; State trading enterprises; And trade negotiations; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Q17; F13.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7338
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Trade and Welfare Effects of State Trading Enterprises AgEcon
McCorriston, Steve; MacLaren, Donald.
Much of the analysis of market access issues in the Doha Round negotiations involves clearly defined instruments of government policy covering inter alia subsidies, tariffs and tariff rate quotas. State trading enterprises are also on the negotiating agenda though there is comparatively little analysis of their impact on trade and welfare despite the fact that they will be addressed in the forthcoming negotiations. This paper addresses these issues and highlights that STEs both distort trade and reduce welfare. The extent of these effects depend not only on the monopoly/monopsony status of the enterprises but the nature of the pay-off function.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: State trading enterprises; Trade negotiations; International Relations/Trade; F12; F13; Q17.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24523
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Trade Friction, Dispute Settlement and Structural Adjustment, Or, Why Canada-Wheat Doesn’t Matter in North American Trade Relations AgEcon
Froese, Marc D..
This article examines the substance of the WTO panel decision for Canada-Wheat as it relates to trade friction in North American agricultural markets. I provide an overview of recent economic literature on state trading enterprises (STEs) and examine the WTO’s approach to regulating the behaviour of STEs. The Canada-Wheat panel was the first WTO panel to consider Canada’s single-desk marketing system for Western Canadian wheat and barley and was the first test of the WTO’s regulation of STEs under GATT Article XVII. The panel rejected the American argument, opting for a line of reasoning that highlights the rules of non-discrimination while maintaining some of the ambiguity of Article XVII. I conclude by examining the competitive pressures that exacerbate...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural exports; Canadian Wheat Board; Dispute settlement; State trading enterprises; World Trade Organization; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57330
Registros recuperados: 6
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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