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Registros recuperados: 15
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A renda do imbuzeiro e sua importancia para pequenos agricultores do Nordeste semi-arido. Repositório Alice
CAVALCANTI, N. de B.; RESENDE, G. M. de; BRITO, L. T. de L..
O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a participação do extrativismo do fruto do imbuzeiro na absorção de mão-de-obra e geração de renda dos pequenos agricultores de 8 comunidades localizadas na região sem i-árida do estado da Bahia nas safras de 2000 e 2001.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Extrativismo; Pequeno agricultor; Subsistencia; Nordeste; Semi-arido; Plant strativism; Small farmers; Subsistence; Northeast; Semiarid region; Renda; Spondias Tuberosa; Umbu; Brazil; Income.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/134317
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Behavior of subsistence producers in response to technological change- The elasticity of cassava production and home consumption in Benin AgEcon
Takeshima, Hiroyuki.
The welfare effects of GM (genetic modification)-led productivity growth for cassava producers are partly affected by the characteristics of individual cassava producing households. Those household characteristics include the elasticity of production and home consumption of cassava. Some studies assume the inelastic home consumption when conducting ex-ante welfare effects analysis for subsistence crops. This study modifies the estimation methods used in the past literature to estimate both elasticities using the dataset from Benin. Several assumptions are also tested regarding the heterogeneity of cassava producers. On estimation of elasticities, the paper tests the hypothesis that on-farm sellers are characteristically different from off-farm sellers by...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cassava; Subsistence; Double-hurdle; Non-nested test; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q11; Q12.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6108
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From Subsistence To Efficiency In The Romanian Agriculture During Transition AgEcon
Gavrilescu, Dinu; Gavrilescu, Camelia.
In Romania’s farming sector are currently working 3.6 million people, representing 32.1% of the total country’s labour force. Yet, they contribute by only 8.5% to total GDP (2005). Besides the sectoral restructuring efforts, there are at present social problems that have to be solved up, namely the diminution of the huge agricultural labour force and the improvement of life quality in the rural areas. The importance of completing the tasks that remained uncompleted during the transition period, namely the privatization of land still in state ownership, competitiveness improvement, development of a market-compatible institutional framework became a pressing need at present, in spite of the many difficulties.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Subsistence; Labor excedent; Net importer; Quality of life; Rural areas; Romania; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7814
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Impact of fuel costs on high-latitude subsistence activities Ecology and Society
Brinkman, Todd; Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks; tjbrinkman@alaska.edu; Kelly, James; Council of Athabascan Tribal Governments; jkelly@catg.org; Vandyke, Michelle; Council of Athabascan Tribal Governments; mvandyke@catg.org; Firmin, Andrew; Council of Athabascan Tribal Governments;; Springsteen, Anna; Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning, University of Alaska Fairbanks; alspringsteen@alaska.edu.
Most rural residents in Arctic communities rely on motorized transportation to hunt, fish, trap, and gather subsistence resources. Although these technologies have created advantages, one significant disadvantage is that peoples’ ability to meet their nutritional and cultural needs now depends on consistent opportunities for wage employment and availability of affordable fuel. Recent qualitative research suggested that rising fuel prices have disrupted subsistence lifestyles in the Arctic. Our objectives were to collaborate with subsistence users in rural Alaskan communities to quantify how rising fuel costs have impacted subsistence activities and explore ways local residents may adapt to the trajectory of change. We conducted interviews with...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Alaska; Gasoline; Interviews; Social resilience; Subsistence.
Ano: 2014
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Linking Hunter Knowledge with Forest Change to Understand Changing Deer Harvest Opportunities in Intensively Logged Landscapes Ecology and Society
Brinkman, Todd J; University of Alaska-Fairbanks; fttjb2@uaf.edu; Chapin, Terry; University of Alaska-Fairbanks; terry.chapin@uaf.edu; Kofinas, Gary; University of Alaska-Fairbanks; ffgpk@uaf.edu; Person, David K; Alaska Department of Fish and Game; david.person@alaska.gov.
The effects of landscape changes caused by intensive logging on the availability of wild game are important when the harvest of wild game is a critical cultural practice, food source, and recreational activity. We assessed the influence of extensive industrial logging on the availability of wild game by drawing on local knowledge and ecological science to evaluate the relationship between forest change and opportunities to harvest Sitka black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis) on Prince of Wales Island, Alaska. We used data collected through interviews with local deer hunters and GIS analysis of land cover to determine relationships among landscape change, hunter access, and habitat for deer hunting over the last 50 yr. We then used these...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Access; Forest change; Hunting; Local knowledge; Logging; Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis; Sitka black-tailed deer; Subsistence.
Ano: 2009
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Measuring perceptions of climate change in northern Alaska: pairing ethnography with cultural consensus analysis Ecology and Society
Carothers, Courtney; School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks; clcarothers@alaska.edu; Brown, Caroline; Division of Subsistence, Alaska Department of Fish and Game; caroline.brown@alaska.gov; Moerlein, Katie J; School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks; katie.moerlein@gmail.com; Andersen, David B.; Research North; resnorth@eagle.ptialaska.net; Retherford, Brittany; Division of Subsistence, Alaska Department of Fish and Game; brittany.retherford@alaska.gov.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Arctic; Climate change; Cultural consensus analysis; Fishing; Indigenous peoples; Local and traditional ecological knowledge; Subsistence.
Ano: 2014
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Mexico Agriculture Policy Review AgEcon
Cahill, Carmel; Jotanovic, Aleksandar; Abraham, Cally.
As a NAFTA partner and Canada's third largest export market for agri-food products, developments in Mexico are of direct interest to Canada. Rural poverty, low productivity, poor infrastructure and unclear property rights for both land and water still inhibit the efforts of Mexico's government to improve competitiveness of its agricultural sector.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Mexico; Agricultural policy; Liberalization; Resource governance; Infrastructure; Subsistence; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46509
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Rural livelihoods in the EU new member states: subsistence production versus market integration AgEcon
Fredriksson, Lena; Davidova, Sophia; Bailey, Alastair.
Commercialisation of small farmers, of which many are subsistence farmers producing mainly for own consumption needs, is an important policy objective for the restructuring process of the farm structure in the EU New Member States (NMS). Drawing on primary survey data from five EU NMS, this paper first assesses the importance of subsistence farming in the NMS through the valuation of subsistence production at market prices. Secondly, the paper analyses the differences between subsistence and commercial households. Where previous studies normally classify households as subsistence or commercial based on a pre-defined threshold, the use of latent class regression in this paper represents a way to systematically analyse heterogeneous groups of households in a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural households; Subsistence; Commercialisation; Market integration; Latent class regression; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94902
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Seabirds as a subsistence and cultural resource in two remote Alaskan communities Ecology and Society
Young, Rebecca C.; Department of Biology and Wildlife, Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks; rcyoung@alaska.edu; Kitaysky, Alexander S.; Department of Biology and Wildlife, Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks; askitaysky@alaska.edu; Carothers, Courtney; School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks; clcarothers@alaska.edu; Dorresteijn, Ine; Department of Biology and Wildlife, Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks; ine.dorresteijn@gmail.com.
Small rural Alaskan communities face many challenges surrounding rapid social and ecological change. The role of local subsistence resources may change over time because of changes in social perception, economic need, and cultural patterns of use. We look at the Bering Sea’s Pribilof Islands, comprising two very small communities, and investigate the relationship between the local residents and seabirds as a natural resource. Seabirds may strengthen ties to older ways of life and have potential for future economic opportunities, or modernization may direct interest away from seabirds as a cultural and economic resource. We conducted a survey and interviews of residents of the two Pribilof Island communities, St. Paul and St. George, to assess...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Aleut; Pribilof Islands; Seabird; Subsistence; Survey; Tourism.
Ano: 2014
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Small Farms in the EU: How Small is Small? AgEcon
Hubbard, Carmen.
This paper discusses and explores different approaches to the definition of small in relation to farms in the EU. It focuses on distributions of farms using different size criteria, making comparisons of the extent to which one criterion maps onto another. Differences in farm structure that exist between and within both the established and new Member States make it particularly difficult to determine a unique definition of smallness, suggesting perhaps the use of a relative rather than absolute measure of size.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Small farms; European Union; Farm size; Subsistence; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52852
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Strong connections, loose coupling: the influence of the Bering Sea ecosystem on commercial fisheries and subsistence harvests in Alaska Ecology and Society
Haynie, Alan C; Resource Ecology and Fisheries Management Division, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; alan.haynie@noaa.gov; Huntington, Henry P; Eagle River, Alaska; hph@alaska.net.
Human-environment connections are the subject of much study, and the details of those connections are crucial factors in effective environmental management. In a large, interdisciplinary study of the eastern Bering Sea ecosystem involving disciplines from physical oceanography to anthropology, one of the research teams examined commercial fisheries and another looked at subsistence harvests by Alaska Natives. Commercial fisheries and subsistence harvests are extensive, demonstrating strong connections between the ecosystem and the humans who use it. At the same time, however, both research teams concluded that the influence of ecosystem conditions on the outcomes of human activities was weaker than anticipated. Likely explanations of this apparently loose...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Bering Sea; Commercial fisheries; Ecosystem studies; Human-environment connections; Subsistence.
Ano: 2016
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Subsistence agriculture in Romania- a modus vivendi? AgEcon
Alboiu, Cornelia.
The paper intends to make an analysis at regional level in the South-East region of the country in order to determine the present situation of agriculture in this region compared to the whole country. The paper investigates the crop structure, the irrigated area and the number of irrigation equipment in the region, the market orientation of farms, the type and development level of the non-agricultural activities, the labour force, and the specialization of farms. The objective of this paper is to analyze the regional agricultural characteristics and to determine the level of entrepreneurship in the area, so that farmers and regional policies might better interfere in order to help farmers adjust their production to the market and obtain a benefit. A...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Subsistence; Regional analysis; Irrigations; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52848
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Subsistence and Semi-subsistence Farming in Selected EU New Member States AgEcon
Davidova, Sophia; Fredriksson, Lena; Bailey, Alastair.
Factor and cluster analysis are used to analyse the attitudes and perceptions of agricultural households in five EU New Member States towards farming, commercialisation, and barriers to and drivers for an increased integration in agricultural markets. The contribution of unsold output to the total household income is valued. A stepwise linear regression is employed to detect important variables explaining the degree of agricultural market integration of farm households. The analysis indicates that subsistence farming is of utmost importance for the rural poor, and particularly in Bulgaria and Romania. The proportion of consumption from own production, manual cultivation techniques and distance to an urban centre negatively affect output sales. Rural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural households; Subsistence; Commercialisation; Incomes; Cluster analysis; Stepwise regression; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52801
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The Food Problem and the Evolution of International Income Levels AgEcon
Gollin, Douglas; Parente, Stephen L.; Rogerson, Richard.
This paper examines the effect of agricultural development on a country’s overall development and growth experience. In most poor countries, large fractions of land, labor, and other productive resources are devoted to producing food for subsistence needs. This “food problem” can delay a country’s industrial development for a long period of time, causing its per capita income to fall far behind the world leader. Once industrialization begins, this trend is reversed. The extent to which a country catches up to the leader depends primarily on factors that affect productivity in non-agricultural activities: agricultural productivity is thus largely irrelevant in the very long run. But in the short run, a country that experiences large improvements in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Economic growth; Subsistence; Food problem; Agricultural technology; Long-run growth; Food Security and Poverty; E130; O400; O410; Q100.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28416
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Total Environment of Change: Impacts of Climate Change and Social Transitions on Subsistence Fisheries in Northwest Alaska Ecology and Society
Moerlein, Katie J; School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences University of Alaska Fairbanks; kmoerle1@alaska.edu; Carothers, Courtney; School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences University of Alaska Fairbanks; clcarothers@alaska.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Arctic; Climate change; Environmental anthropology; Fisheries; Human dimensions; Local knowledge; Social-ecological systems; Subsistence; Traditional ecological knowledge.
Ano: 2012
Registros recuperados: 15
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