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30 Jahre Bio Suisse: «Vorher waren wir ein verstreuter Haufen Organic Eprints
Alföldi, Thomas.
Im Auftrag von Bio Suisse und mit Unterstützung der Fondation Sur-la-Croix hat das FiBL die Geschichte des Biolandbaus in der Schweiz in einem Film dokumentiert (wann und wo zu sehen, erfahren Sie im nächsten Heft). Die Gründung von Bio Suisse vor 30 Jahren ist ein Meilenstein. Für bioaktuell wurden einige Bilder aus dem Film zu einer Chronik zusammengestellt.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Switzerland; History of organics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/20317/1/4_5_bioaktuell_1011.pdf
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A Century of Synthetic Fertilizer: 1909-2009 Organic Eprints
Paull, John.
This year marks a centenary of the synthetic fertilizer industry. German chemists, Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch, in 1909 demonstrated their industrial process for the manufacture of ammonia. The achievement won them accolades including Nobel Prizes. The output of their Haber-Bosch process can be used for either peace or war, agriculture or munitions, and the rapid adoption by Germany of this industrial process is credited with prolonging WW1. Most of the synthetic nitrogenous fertilizer of the past century, and right up to the present, has been manufactured using the Haber-Bosch process. The use of synthetic fertilizers has led to significant negative environmental outcomes. Rudolf Steiner was an early voice against chemical agriculture. Steiner's...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Environmental aspects; History of organics; Switzerland; Farming Systems; Farm nutrient management; Germany; Europe.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/15797/1/15797.pdf
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Anforderungen im Biolandbau - Kurzfassung 2006. Länderausgabe Schweiz Organic Eprints
Schmutz, Res.
Die "Anforderungen im Biolandbau - Kurzfassung 2006" gibt in Tabellenform einen Überblick über den Inhalt der Bio-Verordnung des Bundes. In einer separaten Spalte sind die zusätzlichen Anforderungen an Bio Suisse-, Migros-Bio und Demeterbetriebe aufgeführt.
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Regulation; Switzerland.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/2868/1/mb%2D1132%2Danforderungen%2Dkurzfassung.pdf
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Angels of the First Class: The Anthroposophic Art of Ernesto Genoni, Goetheanum, 1924 Organic Eprints
Paull, John.
Ernesto Genoni (1885-1975) was the pioneer of biodynamics in Australia. The exhibition, Angels of the First Class, presents art that he produced under the tutelage of Rudolf Steiner at Dornach, Switzerland, in the year of Steiner's Agriculture Course. A century ago, Ernesto joined the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) and served as a stretcher bearer on the killing fields of the Western Front in 1916, in the battles of the Somme and Pozières. In 1923, Ernesto wrote to Rudolf Steiner from Italy offering his labour for advancing the Anthroposophy project. Ernesto arrived at Dornach early in 1924 and successfully applied to Dr Steiner for acceptance into the First Class (Erste Klasse der Freien Hochschule für Geisteswissenschaft). The First Class was Steiner’s...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Australia; Italy; Switzerland; History of organics.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30452/1/Paull2016.AnthroArt.A5.pdf
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Australia's original Demeter Farm (1934-1954) Organic Eprints
Paull, John.
Two members of Rudolf Steiner’s Experimental Circle were the first to establish a Demeter Farm in Australia. In 1934 Ileen Macpherson (1898-1984) and Ernesto Genoni (1885-1964) founded their ‘Demeter Biological Farm’ on the Princes Highway in Dandenong, Victoria. They were guided by Steiner’s book of his Agriculture Course (1924). They managed their 40 acre farm using biodynamic (BD) practices for the next two decades. Ileen and Ernesto pioneered biodynamic and thereby organic farming in Australia. They were the first to adopt the name ‘Demeter’ for an Australian BD enterprise. This was before the terms ‘biodynamic farming’ and ‘organic farming’ had any currency (which date from 1938 and 1940 respectively). They worked their BD farm for two decades until...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Australia; Italy; Switzerland; History of organics.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32143/1/Paull2017.Demeter.JBDT.pdf
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Betriebsmittelliste 2015 für die Schweiz Organic Eprints
Speiser, Bernhard; Tamm, Lucius; Maurer, Veronika; Berner, Alfred; Schneider, Claudia; Chevillat, Véronique.
Die Betriebsmittelliste beinhaltet alle für den biologischen Landbau in der Schweiz zugelassenen Dünger und Substrate, Pflanzenschutzmittel, Reinigungs-, Desinfektions- und Hygienemittel, Mittel gegen Parasiten sowie Futter- und Siliermittel. Die Liste ist für die Produzenten von Bio Suisse verbindlich. Grundsätzlich dürfen auf Bio Suisse-Betrieben ausschliesslich die in der Betriebsmittelliste aufgeführten Produkte eingesetzt werden. Ausnahmen sind in den Einleitungen der einzelnen Kapitel vermerkt. Der Einsatz von Pflanzenschutzmitteln, Düngern, Futter- und anderen Betriebsmitteln in Schweizer Biolandwirtschaftsbetrieben ist in der “Bio-Verordnung“ und der entsprechenden Verordnung des Eidgenössischen Departements für Wirtschaft, Bildung und Forschung...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Switzerland; Quality and evaluation of inputs.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/29373/1/1032-betriebsmittelliste.pdf
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Biolandbau in der Schweiz 2002 Organic Eprints
Niggli, Urs.
Inhaltsübersicht 1 Biolandbau in der Schweizer Agrarpolitik 2 Ursprünge des biologischen Landbaus 3 Richtlinien des biologischen Landbaus 4 Entwicklung des biologischen Landbaus (Anbau, Markt) 5 Die Label 6 Inspektion und Zertifizierung 7 Informationsstellen
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Switzerland.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/2916/1/niggli%2D2002%2Dschweiz.pdf
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Combining Policy Network and Model-Based Scenario Analyses: An Assessment of Future Ecosystem Goods and Services in Swiss Mountain Regions Ecology and Society
Hirschi, Christian; Professorship of Environmental Policy and Economics, Department of Environmental Systems Science, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich); christian.hirschi@env.ethz.ch; Widmer, Alexander; Professorship of Environmental Policy and Economics, Department of Environmental Systems Science, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich); widmeale@env.ethz.ch; Briner, Simon; Agri-food and Agri-environmental Economics Group, Department of Environmental Systems Science, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich); briners@ethz.ch; Huber, Robert; Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL; robert.huber@wsl.ch.
We argue that the often-proclaimed disregard of ex-ante assessments of the provision of ecosystem goods and services in policy-making processes is not only due to a neglect or a misinterpretation of the results of such assessments in the relevant political processes, but also due to an inaccurate inclusion of political variables into those assessments. To address this weakness, we combine a model-based scenario analysis with a policy network analysis. Analyzing the structure of the policy network and taking into account the policy preferences of the individual network actors allows us to assess the feasibility and likelihood of policy developments as derived from scenario-based modeling assessments. We demonstrate the applicability of our approach in an...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Ecosystem goods and services; Ex-ante assessments; Model-based scenario analysis; Mountain regions; Policy network analysis; Switzerland.
Ano: 2013
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Constructing Consistent Multiscale Scenarios by Transdisciplinary Processes: the Case of Mountain Regions Facing Global Change Ecology and Society
Brand, Fridolin Simon; Natural and Social Science Interface, Institute for Environmental Decisions, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich; fridolin.brand@env.ethz.ch; Seidl, Roman; Natural and Social Science Interface; Institute for Environmental Decisions; Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich; roman.seidl@env.ethz.ch; Le, Quang Bao; Natural and Social Science Interface; Institute for Environmental Decisions; Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich; quang.le@env.ethz.ch; Scholz, Roland Werner; Natural and Social Science Interface; Institute for Environmental Decisions; Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich; roland.scholz@env.ethz.ch.
Alpine regions in Europe, in particular, face demanding local challenges, e.g., the decline in the agriculture and timber industries, and are also prone to global changes, such as in climate, with potentially severe impacts on tourism. We focus on the Visp region in the Upper Valais, Switzerland, and ask how the process of stakeholder involvement in research practice can contribute to a better understanding of the specific challenges and future development of mountainous regions under global change. Based on a coupled human-environment system (HES) perspective, we carried out a formative scenario analysis to develop a set of scenarios for the future directions of the Visp region. In addition, we linked these regional scenarios to context scenarios...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Global change; Human-environment systems; Mountain regions; Scenario analysis; Sustainability science; Switzerland; Transdisciplinarity.
Ano: 2013
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Coordination of European Transnational Research in Organic Food and Farming (CORE Organic): Work Package 3: Mapping of organic farming research. Subtask Switzerland: Mapping of Organic Farming Research in Switzerland Organic Eprints
CORE Organic is a 3-year Coordination Action in organic food and farming. The overall objective is to gather a critical mass and enhance quality, relevance and utilisation of resources in European research in organic food and farming. The final goal is to establish a joint research programme. As part of work package 3 FiBL is in charge of editing the Swiss Organic Eprints as well as providing a country report about Switzerland.
Tipo: Project description Palavras-chave: Switzerland; Research communication and quality.
Ano: 2020
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Could small dairy farms in Switzerland compete with their French counterparts? A metafrontier analysis during 1990-2004 AgEcon
Ferjani, Ali; Latruffe, Laure.
The objective of the paper is to investigate whether Swiss farms specialised in dairy (the prevailing production of the country), which are small in international standards, would have a survival potential if they had to compete more directly with EU farms. More specifically, we investigate whether Swiss dairy farms would be able to compete with their French counterparts (located in mountainous areas, but larger than Swiss ones) in a future made of increased globalisation and reduced borders. For this we evaluate which country, during the period 1990-2004, would have been more able to use efficiently a common hypothetical technology, and would have had a more productive (own) technology. Efficiency scores and technology ratios are calculated using the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technical efficiency; Technology gap; Data Envelopment Analysis; Dairy farming; Switzerland; France; Agricultural and Food Policy; Productivity Analysis; Q12; D24.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52828
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Country Report on Organic Farming Research in Switzerland Organic Eprints
Alföldi, Thomas; Niggli, Urs; Willer, Helga; Fried, Padruot M.; Strasser, Freddie; Dubois, David; Baumann, Daniel; Kaufmann, Robert; Gallmann, Peter; Charles, Raphael.
The report presents the current (2005) status of organic farming resarch in Switzerland. Switzerland has a long history of organic farming research, which in its beginnings has been carried out by organic farming pioneers and by private institutions like the Goetheanum, Möschberg Centre and the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL). It was in the 1990s, when Swiss Federal Agricultural Research Stations (Agroscope) became also involved in organic research topics. It can be estimated that currently approximately € 7.5 million per annum are allocated very specifically to organic farming research from public budgets. The National Research Programme is organised according to a four-year research concept of the Swiss Federal Office of...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Switzerland; Research communication and quality.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/8758/1/alfoeldi%2Detal%2D2006%2Dswitzerland.pdf
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Dalmore Farm: Victoria’s first biodynamic farming venture (1933-1934) Organic Eprints
Paull, John.
Dalmore Farm (1933-1934) was Victoria’s first biodynamic farming venture. A letter, written in Milan, Italy, in Italian in 1934 by Rosa Genoni (1867-1954) \ enables details of this venture to be finally revealed. Rosa wrote of her youngest brother, Ernesto Genoni (1885-1975): “Now Ernesto … is at Dalmore, a farm of my brother Marino (the father of the boy [Alfredo Genoni (1913-1999)] who was sent to us years ago from Australia and we sent him to Dornach where he stayed for two years, and two more to the school at Stuttgart) and in part by my brother Angelo, who asked Ernesto to go and organise the farm biologically”. “Ernesto had a small wooden house built there for his use. It has only two rooms but it must be fairly comfortable, as Ernesto invited...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Farming Systems; Italy; Switzerland; History of organics; Europe.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/36550/1/Paull2019.Dalmore.JBDT.131.pdf
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Der Einfluss der Honigbienen auf Pflanzen-Bestäuber-Netzwerke in den Schweizer Alpen Organic Eprints
Hasler, Tanjy; Ghazoul, Jaboury; Garibay, Salvador.
Der kontinuierliche Rückgang der Landwirtschaftsfläche in der Schweiz führt dazu, dass die verbleibenden Flächen bei einem jährlichen Einsatz von 2200 t Pestiziden zunehmend intensiver und in grösseren Einheiten bewirtschaftet werden. Die heute dominierenden, an Blütenpflanzen und Kleinstrukturen armen «grünen Wüsten» bieten kaum noch Nahrung für Honigbienen. Der intensive Einsatz von Pestiziden und die geringen Nahrungsressourcen schwächen die Honigbienen. In Verbindung mit einem Befall durch die Varroa-Milbe kann dies zur Erkrankung der Bienen und zum Tod ganzer Völker führen. Die Schweizer Bundesverwaltung ist dabei, Massnahmen zur Förderung der Honigbienen 3 auszuarbeiten. Bis diese Massnahmen greifen, könnten Imker ihre Völker zur Stärkung in die...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Animal husbandry; Health and welfare; Switzerland.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31452/1/Tanja-Hasler_2017_Poster_FruehjahrskonferenzBioimkrei.pdf
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Der Kenntnisstand zu Tierschutz und Welfare in der Speisefischproduktion Organic Eprints
Tschudi, Fridolin; Stamer, Andreas.
Die Bedeutung der Aquakultur nimmt in den letzten Jahren stetig zu. Mit einer durchschnittlichen, weltweiten Wachstumsrate von 6-8 % pro Jahr ist die Aquakultur der zur Zeit am schnellsten wachsende Sektor tierischer Nahrungsprodukte (CIWF 2009). Durch die massive Überfischung der Weltmeere und das dadurch sinkende Angebot an hochwertigem Wildfang (Worm et al. 2006) kann zudem mit einem weiteren Wachstum der Aquakultur gerechnet werden. Aquakulturbetriebe erhalten somit einen immer wichtigeren wirtschaftlichen Stellenwert und gelangen stärker in den Fokus der Öffentlichkeit. Weltweit, speziell auch in der Schweiz, entstanden in den letzten Jahren neue Betriebe mit neuen Betriebsformen. Technisch anspruchsvolle Kreislaufanlagen unterscheiden sich dabei in...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Switzerland; Regulation.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/21717/1/20120621_Fischwohl_Finalisierung_Stamer_vers_VI-hw.pdf
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Eckpunkte einer standortangepassten Landwirtschaft in der Schweiz Organic Eprints
Müller, Adrian; Meier, Matthias; Moakes, Simon; Oehen, Bernadette.
In dieser Studie bestimmen wir auf der Basis verschiedener Modellierungsstudien die Eckpunkte einer standortangepassten Landwirtschaft für die Schweiz. Dies bedeutet eine langfristig produktive Landwirtschaft, die umweltverträglich ist und die Lebensgrundlagen nicht zerstört weil sie die lokalen Ressourcen in einer den lokalen Gegebenheiten entsprechend optimalen Weise nutzt. Dies bedeutet insbesondere, dass sie die lokal verfügbaren Kulturlandflächen mit einer Produktionsintensität, die innerhalb der Kapazitätsgrenzen der lokalen Ökosysteme liegt, nutzt. Neben der Nahrungsmittelproduktion erbringt eine solche Landwirtschaft zahlreiche weitere Ökosystemdienstleistungen und unterstützt die Resilienz der Ökosysteme. Dies wird durch die Reduktion der Inputs...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Animal husbandry; Crop husbandry; Produce chain management; Switzerland.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34488/1/mueller-etal-2018-KonsistenteLandwirtschaftSchweiz_29_6_2018.pdf
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Effects of garden management practices, by different types of gardeners, on human wellbeing and ecological and soil sustainability in Swiss cities Organic Eprints
Home, Robert; Lewis, Olivia; Bauer, Nicole; Fliessbach, Andreas; Frey, David; Lichtensteiner, Stéphanie; Moretti, Marco; Tresch, Simon; Young, Christopher; Zanetta, Andrea; Stolze, Matthias.
Gardens have effects on the local ecology as well as on the wellbeing of the gardener, but few studies have attempted to study gardens using both ecological and social outcome variables. The aim of this exploratory study is to address this research gap by identifying the characteristics of gardens and the management practices of gardeners that enhance the outcomes of gardening, which we separate into three dimensions: human wellbeing, biodiversity, and soil quality. Data were collected from 18 gardens in Zurich, Switzerland and a typology of gardeners was dentified,which included ‘conservationist’, ‘functional’, ‘minimumeffort’, ‘child-friendly’, and ‘aesthetic’ gardeners.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Landscape and recreation; Switzerland.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34340/1/Home-2018-Article-EffectsOfGardenManagementPract.pdf
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Eine Erhebung zur Parasitenkontrolle auf biologisch wirtschaftenden Schaf- und Ziegenbetrieben in der Schweiz Organic Eprints
Bollinger, SB; Moakes, Simon; Stolze, Matthias; Werne, S..
To determine the current control measures for strointestinal nematodes (GIN) on Swiss organic small ruminant farms, a phone questionnaire was developed and conducted. The survey also aimed to assess the understanding and implementation of possible alternative GIN control options. In total, 52 meat sheep and 58 dairy goat farm questionnaires were completed, and it was found that in general, farmers were aware of the potential benefit of an adequate grazing management to reduce GIN infection. However, practical realisation was often limiting. On average it was stated that adult meat sheep and dairy goats were drenched 1.5 and 1.3 times per animal and year, respectively, whilst lambs and kids were treated 1.6 and 1.3 times per animal and year, respectively....
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Sheep and goats; Health and welfare; Switzerland.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31601/1/Eine%20Erhebung%20zur%20Parasitenkontrolle%20auf%20biologisch.pdf
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Encouraging organic cultivation practices in Swiss allotment gardens Organic Eprints
Jahrl, Ingrid; Home, Robert.
Allotment gardens are usually managed by associations, with small allotment plots rented to individual tenant gardeners. Many garden associations have rules for organic production but the rules are neither followed nor policed. To find ways to motivate gardeners to manage their plots organically, we investigate the attitudes of Swiss gardeners towards organic gardening, and which motivations can be used to encourage and promote organic garden management. Interviews with 32 gardeners and other key informants from three Swiss target cities were analysed using content analysis. We found that organic practices are more likely when knowledge is held and that the social environment has a strong influence on behaviour, so potential exists for encouraging a...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Social aspects; Switzerland.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/24352/1/24352%20Jahrl_Home_Encouraging%20organic%20cultivation%20Swiss%20allotment%20gardens%2028%2001%2014_MM.pdf
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Environmental Regulations of Land-use and Public Compensation: Principles with Swiss and Australian Examples AgEcon
Seidl, Irmi; Tisdell, Clement A.; Harrison, Stephen R..
This paper discusses regulation of rural land-use and compensation, both of which appear to have become more common but also more disputed. The implications of contemporary theories in relation to this matter are examined. Coverage includes the applicability of new welfare economics, the relevance of the neoclassical theory of politics, and the implications of contemporary theories of social conflict resolution and communication. Examining case studies of Swiss and Australian regulation of the use of rural properties and the ensuing conflicts, it is found that many decisions reflect a mixture of these elements. Rarely, if ever, are social decisions in this area made solely on the basis of welfare economics, for instance social cost-benefit analysis. Only...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Australia; Compensation for takings; Conservation; Environmental regulation; Property rights; Rural land-use; Switzerland; Welfare economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48366
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