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Registros recuperados: 8
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A mixed-methods analysis of social-ecological feedbacks between urbanization and forest persistence Ecology and Society
BenDor, Todd; University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; bendor@unc.edu; Shoemaker, Douglas A.; North Carolina State University; douglas.shoemaker@gmail.com; Thill, Jean-Claude; University of North Carolina at Charlotte; Jean-Claude.Thill@uncc.edu; Dorning, Monica A.; North Carolina State University; madorning@gmail.com; Meentemeyer, Ross K.; North Carolina State University; ross_meentemeyer@ncsu.edu.
We examined how social-ecological factors in the land-change decision-making process influenced neighboring decisions and trajectories of alternative landscape ecologies. We decomposed individual landowner decisions to conserve or develop forests in the rapidly growing Charlotte, North Carolina, U.S. region, exposing and quantifying the effects of forest quality, and social and cultural dynamics. We tested the hypothesis that the intrinsic value of forest resources, e.g., cultural attachment to land, influence woodland owners’ propensity to sell. Data were collected from a sample of urban, nonindustrial private forest (U-NIPF) owners using an individualized survey design that spatially matched land-owner responses to the ecological and timber...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Forest persistence; Land-use change; Social-ecological feedbacks; Tax policy; Urban forests; Urbanization.
Ano: 2014
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ARE ALL TAXES EQUALLY BAD? HOW REDUCING IOWA'S SALES TAX COULD SAVE IOWANS MORE THAN $100 MILLION PER YEAR AgEcon
Lapan, Harvey E.; Moschini, GianCarlo; Caruth, Brad.
Under current U.S. law, taxpayers can deduct up to 100 percent of their state income taxes from their adjusted gross income when calculating their federal income taxes. As a result, Iowans currently pay approximately $251 million less to the federal government than they would otherwise pay. There is, however, no equivalent stipulation allowing for the deduction of state sales taxes. Consequently, by eliminating the sales tax and replacing the lost revenue with an income-based tax, Iowans could save a substantial amount of money on their federal tax returns without any change in revenue for the Iowa government. Alternatively, by replacing the sales tax with an income-based tax, the State of Iowa could increase its tax revenue without increasing the total...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Federal itemized deductions; Income tax; Sales tax; State budget; Tax policy; Public Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18452
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Efeitos potenciais da política tributária sobre o consumo de alimentos e insumos agropecuários: uma análise de equilíbrio geral inter-regional AgEcon
Santos, Carliton Vieira dos; Ferreira Filho, Joaquim Bento de Souza.
This paper analyses the potentials long run effects on the Brazilian economy of two policies in the field of the indirect taxes: a) the reduction of indirect taxes on food consumption by the households and; b) the reduction of indirect taxes on the main inputs used in the agricultural activity. The analysis is accomplished through two simulation exercises using a static inter-regional applied general equilibrium model. The benchmark year is 2001. The results of both simulations are found to be similar, except in terms of magnitude: the most intense effects are associated to the reduction the taxation on foods. Both simulations show expansion in the level of economic activity in the poorest regions of the country and reduction in the richest. They also show...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Tax policy; Indirect taxes; Foods; Agricultural activity; General equilibrium.; Agribusiness; R13; H20.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61923
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Effectiveness of Two Water Conservation Policies: An Integrated Modeling Approach AgEcon
Das, Biswa R.; Willis, David B.; Johnson, Jeffrey W..
Agriculture in the Texas High Plains depends entirely on the Ogallala Aquifer. Texas enacted water conservation legislation to address declining reserves in the aquifer. We developed an integrated regional water policy model that links a hydrology model with an economic optimization model to estimate policy impacts with respect to economic cost and water conservation. Testing the effectiveness of two policies, a groundwater extraction tax and extraction quotas, we observe that neither significantly inhibits groundwater use. Although both policies conserve similar amounts of groundwater, the regional cost of the tax policy to agriculture is more than the quota policy.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Integrated regional water policy model; Texas High Plains; Water conservation policy; Hydrology model; Economic optimization model; Ogallala Aquifer; Tax policy; Quota policy; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Political Economy; Q30; Q31; Q38.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100523
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Endogenous Selection of Comparison Groups, Human Capital Formation, and Tax Policy AgEcon
Stark, Oded; Hyll, Walter; Wang, Yong.
This paper considers a setting in which the acquisition of human capital entails a change of location in social space that causes individuals to revise their comparison groups. Skill levels are viewed as occupational groups, and moving up the skill ladder by acquiring additional human capital, which in itself is rewarding, leads to a shift in the individual’s inclination to compare himself with a different, and on average better-paid, comparison group, which in itself is penalizing. The paper sheds new light on the dynamics of human capital formation, and suggests novel policy interventions to encourage human capital formation in the aggregate and, at the same time, reduce inter-group income inequality.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Human capital formation; Skill levels as occupational groups; Interpersonal comparisons; Relative deprivation; Tax policy; Subsidization; Labor and Human Capital; D11; H24; H30; J24.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99415
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TAX INCENTIVES: AN EFFECTIVE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY FOR RURAL COMMUNITIES? AgEcon
Rainey, Daniel V.; McNamara, Kevin T..
As national and local economies become more globalized, many rural areas are going to find it more difficult to compete for private capital investments. A traditional tool, modifications to tax policy, of state and local governments will not be as effective (for many communities it has never been effective) in the future. These communities will need to seek other avenues of growth. However, for many rural communities even alternative avenues will not lead to enhanced economic opportunity.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agglomeration; Rural development; Tax policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R51; R58; O21; O23; R11; R38.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15463
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The Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997: Provisions for Farmers and Rural Communities AgEcon
Monke, James D.; Durst, Ron L..
Under the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997, most farmers will pay less Federal income tax, and farm families will find it easier to transfer the family farm across generations. The new law--the tax portion of 1997 legislation to balance the Federal budget by 2002--emerges from years of debate on proposals for tax simplification, broad tax reduction, and targeted relief for capital gains and estate taxes. The legislation is expected to generate a net tax reduction of $95 billion over 5 years for all taxpayers. A number of general and targeted tax relief provisions will reduce Federal taxes significantly for farmers and other rural residents, but also will increase the complexity of both Federal income and estate taxes. Farmers are expected to save more than $1.6...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm taxation; Federal income tax; Family farm; Capital gains; Estate taxes; Tax reform; Tax policy; Agricultural assets; Farm income variability; Agricultural Finance; Public Economics.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33905
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Transfers, Agglomeration and German Unification AgEcon
Ross, Matthias.
This paper analyses in the framework of a 2-region economic geography model the impact of transfers on agglomeration of economic activity. Two main results can be derived: First, subsidies to the activity of firms are more efficient to avoid agglomeration than subsidies to consumers (social policy). Second, if a less developed region starts its catch up process first increasing and afterwards decreasing transfers are necessary to avoid agglomeration. Due to these results east Germany's slowdown of convergence may be a consequence of too less transfers and especially too less firm subsidies. Furthermore, if East Germany locates still at the first stage of convergence even increasing transfers would be necessary to guarantee convergence. Im Rahmen eines...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economic geography; Economic integration; Transfers; Tax policy; East Germany; Political Economy; R12; F02; H7.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26161
Registros recuperados: 8
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