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A conceptual model to describe heat stress in dairy cows from actual to questionable loops Acta Agron. (Palmira)
Molina Benavides,Raúl Andrés; Sánchez Guerrero,Hugo; Atzori,Alberto Stanislao.
Abstract Thermal environment is recognized to be one the most important ecological factor to determine domestic animal growth, development and productivity for direct and indirect effects on its physiology and behavior. Despite having specific and individual adaptation, is very common, within seasonal or diurnal temperature variations, animals deal with situations outside their thermal comfort zone. Due to heat stress, dairy cows reduce milk production and fertility, and therefore, had achieved an increasing in metabolic disorders incidence, causing low revenues to farm in short and medium periods. Due to world climate change more impact of the meteorological variables on animal responses is expected for the future. This study aimed to describe and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Climate change; Grazing; Livestock production systems; Milk production; System dynamics; Temperature.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0120-28122018000100059
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A flow-through rearing system for ecophysiological studies of Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas larvae ArchiMer
Rico Villa, Benjamin; Woerther, Patrice; Mingant, Christian; Le Piver, David; Pouvreau, Stephane; Hamon, Michel; Robert, Rene.
While literature is relatively abundant on adult shellfish, ecophysiological studies at the larval stage are scarce because of both technical difficulties and inadequate methodology. A tool dedicated to provide basic information for larval ecophysiology was accordingly developed. Two steps were followed: first a flow-through method of Crassostrea gigas larval culture was perfected during a set of experiments in which rearing systems and larval density were assessed. Then a continuous hydrobiological data recorder was adapted with modifications to comply with our experimental aim. SILO (Système d'Instrumentation des Larves en flux Ouvert) allowed the successive acquisition of hydrobiological parameters in ten 150 l larval tanks in which larvae were reared...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Temperature; Ecophysiology; Bivalve larvae; Crassostrea gigas; Flow through.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4167.pdf
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A generalized nonlinear tempeature response function for some growth and developmental parameters in kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa (A. Chev.) C. F. Liang & A. R. Ferguson) Ciência Rural
Streck,Nereu Augusto.
Temperature is a major factor that affects metabolic processes in living organisms. Thermal time has been widely used to account for the effects of temperature on crop growth and development. However, the thermal time approach has been criticized because it assumes a linear relationship between the rate of crop growth or development and temperature. The response of the rate of crop growth and development to temperature is nonlinear. The objective of this study was to develop a generalized nonlinear temperature response function for some growth and developmental parameters in kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa (A. Chev.) C. F. Liang & A. R. Ferguson). The nonlinear function has three coefficients (the cardinal temperatures), which were 0ºC, 25ºC, and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Temperature; Model; Growth; Development; Kiwifruit.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782003000200012
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A model of nematode dynamics in the Westerschelde Estuary OMA
Li, J.; Vincx, M.; Herman, P.M.J..
We developed a time dynamic model to investigate the temporal dynamics of nematode community in the brackish zone of the Westerschelde Estuary. The biomass of four nematode feeding groups observed from March 1991 to February 1992 is used to calibrate the model. Using environmental data as the input, the model predicts the temporal modification and interrelation of four nematode feeding groups. Nematodes achieve a dominant position in the community because of their lower loss rate (in respiration, excretion and natural death). Predators which are deposit-feeding macrobenthos control the variations of dominant nematodes, such as omnivores and non-selective deposit feeders. Food availability causes modification only for rare nematodes such as epigrowth...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Diatoms; Ecology; Food; Light; Marine nematodes; Meiobenthos; Population dynamics; Predation; Respiration; Temperature; Nematoda [Nematodes].
Ano: 1996 URL: http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=7284
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A room temperature procedure for the manual determination of urea in seawater OMA
Goeyens, L.; Kindermans, N.; Yusuf, M.A.; Elskens, M..
Several earlier studies underpin the important role of dissolved organic matter and more particularly urea in phytoplanktonic nitrogen uptake fluxes. Generally, the determination of urea concentrations relies on the formation of an imidazolone-thiosemicarbizide complex, a complexation which requires very accurate temperature control when carried out at high temperature. It is also possible, however, to obtain reliable results with a room temperature procedure. The measured abundances for both complexation at high temperature (85 degree C, 20 min) and at ambient temperature (22 degree C, 72 h) are closely comparable. Lower values are observed for temperatures <10 degree C though. Moreover, a comparison of both techniques reveals similar precision...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Dissolved organic carbon; Sea water; Temperature; Urea; Water analysis.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=7858
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A temperature response function for modeling leaf growth and development of the African violet (Saintpaulia ionantha Wendl.) Ciência Rural
Streck,Nereu Augusto.
Response functions used in crop simulation models are usually different for different physiological processes and cultivars, resulting in many unknown coefficients in the response functions. This is the case of African violet (Saintpaulia ionantha Wendl.), where a generalized temperature response for leaf growth and development has not been developed yet. The objective of this study was to develop a generalized nonlinear temperature response function for leaf appearance rate and leaf elongation rate in African violet. The nonlinear function has three coefficients, which are the cardinal temperatures (minimum, optimum, and maximum temperatures). These coefficients were defined as 10, 24, and 33ºC, based on the cardinal temperatures of other tropical...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Temperature; Model; Leaf growth; Leaf development; African violet.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782004000100009
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A time series analysis of meteorological factors and hospital outpatient admissions for cardiovascular disease in the Northern district of Guizhou Province, China BJMBR
Jie,Y.; Houjin,H.; Mengxue,Y.; Wei,Q.; Jie,X..
Findings on the effects of weather on health, especially the effects of ambient temperature on overall morbidity, remain inconsistent. We conducted a time series study to examine the acute effects of meteorological factors (mainly air temperature) on daily hospital outpatient admissions for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Zunyi City, China, from January 1, 2007 to November 30, 2009. We used the generalized additive model with penalized splines to analyze hospital outpatient admissions, climatic parameters, and covariate data. Results show that, in Zunyi, air temperature was associated with hospital outpatient admission for CVD. When air temperature was less than 10°C, hospital outpatient admissions for CVD increased 1.07-fold with each increase of 1°C, and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Temperature; Cardiovascular disease; Hospital outpatient admission.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2014000800689
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Abiotic Factors Affecting Seed Germination and Early Seedling Emergence of Large Crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis) Planta Daninha
WANG,Y.H.; MA,Y.L.; FENG,G.J.; LI,H.H..
ABSTRACT: Large crabgrass is one of the worst exotic weed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions of the world. In this study, the abiotic factors affecting seed germination and early seedling emergence of large crabgrass were investigated under laboratory conditions. The optimum temperatures of germination occurred at the range from 25 to 35 oC under 12 h light/12 h dark condition. Some seeds could germinate in the dark, but light exposure significantly stimulated the germination. Large crabgrass seed was tolerant to salinity level range of 0 to 160 and low water potential (11% germination at -0.8 MPa). Medium pH had no significant effect on seed germination and more than 90% seeds germination was obtained over a broad pH range from 4.0 to 10.0....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Temperature; Light; Osmotic potential; Heat-shock; Burial depth.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582018000100268
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Activite mecanique comparee des huitres portugaises et des Ciones, Epibiontes. ArchiMer
Le Borgne-david, A.
The Portuguese oyster (Crassostrea angulata) and the sea-squirt Ciona intestinalis are both filter-feeders and compete for space in the oyster beds. Valve movement in oysters and shortening and elongation in Ciona were recorded on a smoked drum. Oysters showed a slow (3 one half min) spontaneous opening/closing rhythm, which was speeded up by stimulatory (vitamin) substances and increased in amplitude by toxic accumulated waste substances, or sudden change in temperature. Ciona showed a regular contraction rhythm of similar to 1 min and single sharp shortening after a strong light stimulus or a food particle touch stimulus to the oral tentacles. The neural ganglion discharges spikes 3 times faster than in the dark, after light stimulation. Filtration rates...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Stimulation; Rhythm; Temperature; Crassostrea angulata; Portuguese oyster.
Ano: 1972 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1972/publication-2052.pdf
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Acumulación de ácido araquidónico en fosfolípidos y triglicéridos y producción de prostaglandinas con relación a estrés térmico en semilla de ostión Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Duran Encinas, Yazmin.
Crassostrea gigas is a marine invertebrate that inhabits the intertidal zone and therefore, is commonly exposed to multiple environmental stressors, including temperature. In recent years mass mortality events have been reported in Mexico in C. gigas associated with the increase in temperature during the summer. Organisms under thermal stress present an increase in prostaglandins (PG) production by cyclooxygenases (COX), an enzymatic route using arachidonic acid (ARA) present in the phospholipids (FL) of the cell membrane as substrate, but PG can also increase non-enzymatically by reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are produced during increased metabolism. It has been reported that some organisms exposed to stress accumulate a higher concentration of ARA...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Arachidonic acid; Stress; Phospholipid; Isotope; Mollusk; Temperature; Triglyceride; Prostaglandin.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00620/73193/72387.pdf
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Agroclimatological information about the experimental field of the SHIFT-area, ENV 23, 42, 45, 54. Infoteca-e
CORREIA, F. W. S.; LIEBEREI, R..
Throughout the entire experimental phase of the SHIFT-colaboration of Embrapa Amazonia Ocidental (Manaus-AM) and the University of Hamburg, agrometeorological data have been monitored by a Stationary Climatological Station situated directly at the experimental site (3° 8' S, 59° 52' W). These data have been compared with the ten-year means of the Embrapa Agrometeorological Station (Manaus-AM), in a latitude of 03° 08' 05" S, 60° 01' W in an altitude of 44m above sea level. The climate of the experimental field is classified as AF according to Koppen. The years 1996 and 1997 reveal climati characteristics of "El Nino" years and, thus, they allow to develop an excellent idea about short time local changes of climatic factors compared to a ten-year means.
Tipo: Capítulo em livro técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Agrofloresta; Brasil; Amazonas; Manaus; Tropicl rain forests; Precipitation; Atmosphere; Radiations; Winds; Agricultura; Ar; Atmosfera; Clima; Evaporação; Floresta Tropical Úmida; Meteorologia; Precipitação Pluvial; Radiação; Temperatura; Umidade Relativa; Velocidade; Vento; Agriculture; Agroforestry; Climate; Evaporation; Meteorology; Multiple cropping; Rain; Relative humidity; Temperature; Velocity.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/668394
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Agroclimatology of West Africa: Burkina Faso Open Agri
M.V.K..
Palavras-chave: Land management; Water balance; Agroclimatology; Evapotranspiration; Climate; Wet season; Temperature; Atmospheric disturbances; Runoff; Climatic zones.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/4043
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Agrometeorology and plant disease management: a happy marriage Scientia Agricola
Gillespie,Terry James; Sentelhas,Paulo Cesar.
Many plant disease outbreaks are triggered by suitably warm temperatures during periods of leaf wetness. Measurements or estimations of leaf wetness duration provided by Agrometeorologists have allowed Plant Pathologists to devise weather timed spray schemes which often reduce the number of sprays required to control plant diseases, thus lowering costs and benefitting the environment. In the near future, tools such as numerical weather models with small grid spacings, and improved weather radar, are expected to reduce the need for tight networks of surface observations. The weather models will also provide growers with forecast warnings of potential upcoming disease outbreaks, which will further enhance the contribution of agrometeorology to plant disease...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Leaf wetness duration; Temperature; Disease warning systems.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162008000700012
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Allelopathic Potential of Purple Nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus L.) and Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Beauv.) on Corn (Zea mays L. cv. Tainung No. 1 ). Ⅱ. Weed residue Effects on Corn Emergence and Seedling Groeth Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
Fu-Chou Chang; Chwen-Ming Yang; 張富洲; 楊純明.
[[abstract]]Field-grown mature plant residues (debris) of purple nutsedge and barnyardgrass were incorporated into the soil to determine their allelopathic potential on the emergence and seedling growth of corn. Influence of temperature on the magnitude of weed residue effects was also investigated. It was found that soils incorporated with weed residues reduced both the cumulative and the maxi-mal emergence rates of corn at 20 and 25°C but not at 33°C of purple nutsedge treatment. Plant height of corn was enhanced by the increasing temperatures but was retarded in the weed residue-incorporated soils. After one week from planting, high temperature increased plant growth, and hence the total plant and root weights. Effects of weed residue on plant weight,...
Palavras-chave: Allelopathic potential; Purple nutsedge; Barnyardgrass; Corn; Weed residue effect; Temperature; Emergence; Seedling growth [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1992
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Altas temperaturas estacionales del agua como condición disturbadora de las macroalgas del Parque Nacional Tairona, Caribe colombiano: una hipotesis OceanDocs
Bula-Meyer, G..
Con base en observaciones de campo y en mediciones de los factores temperatura, salinidad, nutrientes, transparencia y movimiento del agua, se analizó cada uno de éstos con el fin de conocer el factor más importante en el control del crecimiento y productividad de las macroalgas del Parque Nacional Tairona en la costa Caribe de Colombia. Se hipotetiza que el factor clave que regula estos aspectos fisiológicos de las macroalgas del Parquees la temperatura. Su ascenso por encima de los 26°C, como resultado de la declinación del afloramiento y de otros fenómenos oceanográficos-meteorológicos, produce la disturbancia (remoción de biomasa) de las macroalgas que se observa anualmente en la estación húmeda mayor.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Temperature; Salinity; Nutrients (mineral); Temperature; Salinity; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7657; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6751.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/3882
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An analysis of natural factors of traffic accidents involving Yezo deer (Cervus nippon yesoensis) OAK
Kawata, Yukichika.
In Hokkaido, Japan, the number of Yezo deer (Cervus nippon yesoensis) has recently increased drastically, causing a large number of deer-vehicle traffic accidents. This paper examines conditions related to deer-vehicle traffic accidents by analysing the following relationships: time of accident and lunar phase; time of accidents and time of sunrise/sunset; likelihood of accidents and rainfall patterns, temperature and season (particularly snow and hunting seasons). The results suggest that the potential for deer-vehicle traffic accidents increases during hunting and non-snow seasons when there is little or no rainfall, just before sunrise or just after sunset, or during a full, first quarter, or third quarter moon. A statistically significant relationship...
Palavras-chave: Deer-vehicle traffic accidents; Hunting season; Lunar phase; Rainfall; Snow season; Sunrise/sunset; Temperature.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3079
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Anchovies of the Sea of Azov and The Black Sea: Regularities of wintering migrations (Brief review) IBSS Repository
Shulman, G. E..
Close relation between internal (level of fat stores) and external (temperature fall) impulses of wintering migration of Azov and Black Sea anchovies Engraulis encrasicolus maeoticus and E. e. ponticus (“dosage principle”) was revealed. Schools with high fatness begin migration at more high temperature than that ones with low fatness. Intensity of migration also correlates with level of fatness. Regularities obtained may be used for study of wintering migration of other truly marine fishes.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Anchovy; Migrations; Fat; Temperature; Анчоус; Миграции; Жир; Температура.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://repository.ibss.org.ua/dspace/handle/99011/143
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Anchovy population expansion in the North Sea ArchiMer
Petitgas, Pierre; Alheit, Juergen; Peck, Myron A.; Raab, Kristina; Irigoien, Xabier; Huret, Martin; Van Der Kooij, Jeroen; Pohlmann, Thomas; Wagner, Carola; Zarraonaindia, Iratxe; Dickey-collas, Mark.
The abundance and spatial occupation of European anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus have increased in the North Sea since the mid-1990s. We use a cross-disciplinary approach combining genetics, transport modelling, survey time series analyses and physical oceanographic modelling to investigate 3 hypotheses on the reasons for this change. Evidence from connectivity studies suggests that the population of North Sea anchovy is separate from that in the Bay of Biscay. The recruitment pulses observed in survey data fit a life cycle which includes spawning in early summer and larval development in late summer. This also supports the concept of population expansion originating from local remnant population(s). In terms of growth physiology, suitable thermal windows...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Climate variability; Small pelagic fish; Regime shift; Temperature; Anchovy; North Sea.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00060/17140/14638.pdf
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Antimicrobial activity of lactic acid bacteria and the spectrum of their biopeptides against spoiling germs in foods BABT
Djadouni,Fatima; Kihal,Mebrouk.
The objective of this study was to isolate LAB from dairy, meat products and agro-industrial wastes and to investigate their antagonist activity. A total of 141 isolates were screened for the inhibitory effect on ten indicator strains in the agar spot test. Results showed that strain LBbb0141 contained antimicrobial compound with wide spectrum that inhibited the growth of ten indicator Gram-positive and Gram-negative strains. The bacteriocin activity attained its maximum value using the MRS agar at initial pH 7.5 and 30°C incubation temperature.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Lactobacilli; Enterocoquess; Leuconostoc sp; Bacteriocins activities; Indicators microorganisms; Listeria innovii; Growth media; PH; Temperature.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132012000300015
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Antioxidant activity of corn seeds after thermal stress Ciência Rural
Marini,Patrícia; Bandeira,Juliana de Magalhães; Borba,Isabel Cristina Gouvea de; Martins,Andrea Bicca Noguez; Moraes,Dario Munt de; Amarante,Luciano do; Villela,Francisco Amaral.
The aim of this research was to analyze the effect of different temperatures on physiological quality and relate the responses with the antioxidant activity of three lots of corn seeds. The seeds from three lots were exposed for 24h at temperatures of 15, 25, 35 and 40°C and then evaluated for percentage, speed index and first germination count, as well as early growth and activity of antioxidant enzymes in the seedlings. The experimental design was completely randomized with four replications, with subsequent polynomial regression analysis. The results showed that the seeds from the three lots of corn exposed to temperatures of 15 and 40°C, were of better high physiological quality (vigor), which explains the low activity of enzymes of the antioxidant...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Zea mays; Temperature; Germination; Growth.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782013000600002
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