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Registros recuperados: 21
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Agricultural Land Tenure and Carbon Offsets AgEcon
Claassen, Roger; Morehart, Mitchell J..
Agricultural Land Tenure and Carbon Offsets examines the potential role that land ownership might play in determining the agricultural sector’s involvement in carbon sequestration programs. By estimating the carbon sequestration potential of agricultural producers who own most of the land they operate, this report finds that land ownership should not be a constraining factor in agriculture’s ability to provide carbon offsets.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Keywords: Climate change; Carbon sequestration; Carbon offsets; Cap and trade programs; Farmland ownership; Tenure; Farming practices; Conservation practices; Conservation Reserve Program; Crops; Livestock; Environmental services; ERS; USDA; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58994
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Determinants of Farm Household Income Diversification in the United States: Evidence from Farm-Level Data AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Erickson, Kenneth W.; Harris, James Michael; Hallahan, Charles B.; Uematsu, Hiroki.
This study examines the determinants of income diversification of farm households in the United States. Farm households allocate their time between farm and off-farm activities to help stabilized household income (consumption). What characterizes those households who engage in off-farm activities? Is there any pattern over time? Using 1999, 2003 and 2007 farm-level data from the USDA’s Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS), this study estimates intensity of off-farm income (or income diversification). The results show that older operators, full owners, and small farms have higher intensity of off-farm income in total household income. In contrast, dairy farms, vertically coordinated farms and farms located in the Southern and Pacific regions have...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Tobit; Income diversification; Vertical integration; Tenure; Farm households; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; D1; J2; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61632
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FINANCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NORTH DAKOTA FARMS, 1993-1995 AgEcon
Swenson, Andrew L.; Gustafson, Cole R..
The performance of over 500 North Dakota farms, 1993-1995, is summarized using 16 financial measures. Farms are categorized by geographic region, farm type, farm size, gross cash sales, farm tenure, net farm income, debt-to-asset, and age of farmer to analyze relationships between financial performance and farm characteristics.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm financial management; Farm management; Farm income; Liquidity; Solvency; Profitability; Repayment capacity; Financial efficiency; Financial benchmarks; Tenure; North Dakota.; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23187
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FINANCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NORTH DAKOTA FARMS, 1994-1996 AgEcon
Swenson, Andrew L..
The performance of over 500 North Dakota farms, 1994-1996, is summarized using 16 financial measures. Farms are categorized by geographic region, farm type, farm size, gross cash sales, farm tenure, net farm income, debt-to-asset, and age of farmer to analyze relationships between financial performance and farm characteristics.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm financial management; Farm management; Farm income; Liquidity; Solvency; Profitability; Repayment capacity; Financial efficiency; Financial benchmarks; Tenure; North Dakota; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23393
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FINANCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NORTH DAKOTA FARMS, 1995-1997 AgEcon
Swenson, Andrew L..
The performance of over 550 North Dakota farms, 1995-1997, is summarized using 16 financial measures. Farms are categorized by geographic region, farm type, farm size, gross cash sales, farm tenure, net farm income, debt-to-asset, and age of farmer to analyze relationships between financial performance and farm characteristics. There was severe deterioration of financial performance in 1997 because of poor crop profitability. Livestock farm performance was weak, but improved from 1996. Median net farm income was $14,290 in 1997 compared to $31,603 in 1996. Three out of ten farms had negative net farm income and 57 percent of all farms were not able to make scheduled term debt payments.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm financial management; Farm management; Farm income; Liquidity; Solvency; Profitability; Repayment capacity; Financial efficiency; Financial benchmarks; Tenure; North Dakota; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23200
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FINANCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NORTH DAKOTA FARMS 1996-1998 AgEcon
Swenson, Andrew L..
The performance of over 530 North Dakota farms, 1996-1998, is summarized using 16 financial measures. Farms are categorized by geographic region, farm type, farm size, gross cash sales, farm tenure, net farm income, debt-to-asset, and age of farmer to analyze relationships between financial performance and farm characteristics. There was severe deterioration of financial performance in 1997. Financial performance in 1998, although the second lowest in the 1991-1998 period, improved because strong crop yields and emergency federal aid helped offset low crop and livestock prices. Median farm net income was $19,491 in 1998, $14,290 in 1997 and $31,603 in 1996. One-fourth of farms had negative net farm income and 51 percent of farms were not able to make...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm financial management; Farm management; Farm income; Liquidity; Solvency; Profitability; Repayment capacity; Financial efficiency; Financial benchmarks; Tenure; North Dakota; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23233
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FINANCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NORTH DAKOTA FARMS 1997-1999 AgEcon
Swenson, Andrew L..
The performance of over 530 North Dakota farms, 1997-1999, is summarized using 16 financial measures. Farms are categorized by geographic region, farm type, farm size, gross cash sales, farm tenure, net farm income, debt-to-asset, and age of farmer to analyze relationships between financial performance and farm characteristics. Farm financial trends for the 1991-1999 period are also presented. Financial performance in 1999 was the best since 1993, and had great improvement from 1997 and 1998 when one-fourth of farms had negative net farm income and over one-half of farms were not able to make scheduled term debt payments with the year's income. Although crop prices were low in 1999, there was extraordinary government and crop insurance payments, and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm financial management; Farm management; Farm income; Liquidity; Solvency; Profitability; Repayment capacity; Financial efficiency; Financial benchmarks; Tenure; North Dakota; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23239
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FINANCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NORTH DAKOTA FARMS 1998-2000 AgEcon
Swenson, Andrew L..
The performance of over 530 North Dakota farms, 1998-2000, is summarized using 16 financial measures. Farms are categorized by geographic region, farm type, farm size, gross cash sales, farm tenure, net farm income, debt-to-asset, and age of farmer to analyze relationships between financial performance and farm characteristics. Farm financial trends for the 1991-2000 period are also presented. Financial performance in 2000 and 1999 was the highest since 1993. Performance was much improved from 1997 and 1998 when one-fourth of farms had negative net farm income and over one-half of farms were not able to make scheduled term debt payments with the year's income. Crop prices were low in 2000 and 1999, but yields were generally good, beef cattle prices were...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm financial management; Farm management; Farm income; Liquidity; Solvency; Profitability; Repayment capacity; Financial efficiency; Financial benchmarks; Tenure; North Dakota.; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23487
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FINANCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NORTH DAKOTA FARMS, 1999-2001 AgEcon
Swenson, Andrew L..
The performance of over 530 North Dakota farms, 1999-2001, is summarized using 16 financial measures. Farms are categorized by geographic region, farm type, farm size, gross cash sales, farm tenure, net farm income, debt-to-asset, and age of farmer to analyze relationships between financial performance and farm characteristics. Farm financial trends for the 1992-2001 period are also presented. Financial performance in 2001 declined for all 16 measures, except interest expense ratio, because of lower government subsidies, higher costs and continued low commodity prices. Financial performance in 2000 and 1999 was the highest since 1993 because low crop prices were offset by extraordinary government and crop insurance payments, good yields and improved beef...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm financial management; Farm management; Farm income; Liquidity; Solvency; Profitability; Repayment capacity; Financial efficiency; Financial benchmarks; Tenure; North Dakota.; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23542
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FINANCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NORTH DAKOTA FARMS 2000-2002 AgEcon
Swenson, Andrew L..
The performance of over 500 North Dakota farms, 2000-2002, is summarized using 16 financial measures. Farms are categorized by geographic region, farm type, farm size, gross cash sales, farm tenure, net farm income, debt-to-asset, and age of farmer to analyze relationships between financial performance and farm characteristics. Farm financial trends for the 1993-2002 period are also presented. Financial performance improved in 2002, except for the west region and livestock farms. Crop farm profit was much higher from strong prices and lower costs, although government payments declined sharply and some west and south central areas suffered drought. Median net farm income was $38,079 in 2002, $27,729 in 2001, and $45,085 in 2000. All 16 financial...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm financial management; Farm management; Farm income; Liquidity; Solvency; Profitability; Repayment capacity; Financial efficiency; Financial benchmarks; Tenure; North Dakota.; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23545
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Financial Characteristics of North Dakota Farms 2000-2009 AgEcon
Swenson, Andrew L..
The performance of over 500 North Dakota farms, 2000-2009, is summarized using 16 financial measures. Farms are categorized by geographic region, farm type, farm size, gross cash sales, farm tenure, net farm income, debt-to-asset, and age of farmer to analyze relationships between financial performance and farm characteristics. Five-year averages, 2004-2008, are also presented. In 2009, median and average acreage per farm was 1,995 and 2,516, respectively. Median and average cash farm revenue was $430,321 and $558,305, respectively. Over 70% of farms were crop farms and 42 percent of farms had gross sales exceeding $500,000. Median age of farm operators was 47. Median net farm income in 2009, $47,547, was down sharply from $114,520 in 2008 and $127,791 in...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm financial management; Farm management; Farm income; Liquidity; Solvency; Profitability; Repayment capacity; Financial efficiency; Financial benchmarks; Tenure; North Dakota.; Farm Management; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96655
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FINANCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NORTH DAKOTA FARMS 2001-2003 AgEcon
Swenson, Andrew L..
The performance of over 500 North Dakota farms, 2001-2003, is summarized using 16 financial measures. Farms are categorized by geographic region, farm type, farm size, gross cash sales, farm tenure, net farm income, debt-to-asset, and age of farmer to analyze relationships between financial performance and farm characteristics. Farm financial trends for the 1994-2003 period are also presented. Financial performance in 2003 was the highest of the 1994-2003 period because of a good wheat and barley crop, strong crop prices, and improved livestock profit. Median net farm income was $49,181 in 2003, $38,079 in 2002, and $27,729 in 2001. Financial performance for the 1994-2003 period was poorest in 1997 and 1998 when over one-half of farms could not make...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm financial management; Farm management; Farm income; Liquidity; Solvency; Profitability; Repayment capacity; Financial efficiency; Financial benchmarks; Tenure; North Dakota; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23630
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Financial Characteristics of North Dakota Farms 2001-2010 AgEcon
Swenson, Andrew L..
The performance of over 500 North Dakota farms, 2001-2010, is summarized using 16 financial measures. Farms are categorized by geographic region, farm type, farm size, gross cash sales, farm tenure, net farm income, debt-to-asset, and age of farmer to analyze relationships between financial performance and farm characteristics. Five-year averages, 2005-2009, are also presented. In 2010, median and average acreage per farm was 2,010 and 2,579, respectively. Median and average cash farm revenue was $469,023 and $631,920, respectively. Over 70% of farms were crop farms and 47 percent of farms had gross sales exceeding $500,000. Median age of farm operators was 47. Median net farm income in 2010 was $174,010, up sharply from $47,547 in 2009. Financial measures...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm financial management; Farm management; Farm income; Liquidity; Solvency; Profitability; Repayment capacity; Financial efficiency; Financial benchmarks; Tenure; North Dakota.; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115631
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FINANCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NORTH DAKOTA FARMS 2003-2004 AgEcon
Swenson, Andrew L..
The performance of over 500 North Dakota farms, 2003-2004, is summarized using 16 financial measures. Farms are categorized by geographic region, farm type, farm size, gross cash sales, farm tenure, net farm income, debt-to-asset, and age of farmer to analyze relationships between financial performance and farm characteristics. Five year averages, 1999-2003, and farm financial trends for the 1995-2004 period are also presented. Year-to-year changes in median net farm income averaged nearly 40 percent from 1995 to 2004. Median net farm income fell slightly in 2004 to $44,912, after reaching a 10-year high, $49,181 in 2003. Financial performance was lowest in 1997 and 1998 when over one-half of farms could not make scheduled term debt payments. In 1999,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm financial management; Farm management; Farm income; Liquidity; Solvency; Profitability; Repayment capacity; Financial efficiency; Financial benchmarks; Tenure; North Dakota.; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23543
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FINANCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NORTH DAKOTA FARMS 2004-2005 AgEcon
Swenson, Andrew L..
The performance of over 500 North Dakota farms, 2004-2005, is summarized using 16 financial measures. Farms are categorized by geographic region, farm type, farm size, gross cash sales, farm tenure, net farm income, debt-to-asset, and age of farmer to analyze relationships between financial performance and farm characteristics. Five-year averages, 2000-2004, and farm financial trends for the 1996-2005 period are also presented. Year-to-year changes in median net farm income within regions and farm types averaged 50 percent from 1996 to 2005. Median net farm income fell slightly in 2005 to $42,286, but 19 percent of farms had net farm income greater than $100,000. Financial performance was lowest in 1997 and 1998 when over one-half of farms could not...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm financial management; Farm management; Farm income; Liquidity; Solvency; Profitability; Repayment capacity; Financial efficiency; Financial benchmarks; Tenure; North Dakota.; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23642
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FINANCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NORTH DAKOTA FARMS 2005-2006 AgEcon
Swenson, Andrew L..
The performance of over 500 North Dakota farms, 2005-2006, is summarized using 16 financial measures. Farms are categorized by geographic region, farm type, farm size, gross cash sales, farm tenure, net farm income, debt-to-asset, and age of farmer to analyze relationships between financial performance and farm characteristics. Five-year averages, 2001-2005, and farm financial trends for the 1997-2006 period are also presented. In 2006, median and average acreage per farm was 1,966 and 2,386, respectively. Median and average cash farm revenue was $281,751 and $361,418, respectively. Financial performance is volatile. Year-to-year changes in median net farm income within regions and farm types averaged 50 percent from 1997 to 2006. Median net farm income...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm financial management; Farm management; Farm income; Liquidity; Solvency; Profitability; Repayment capacity; Financial efficiency; Financial benchmarks; Tenure; North Dakota.; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9078
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Financial Characteristics of North Dakota Farms 2006-2007 AgEcon
Swenson, Andrew L..
The performance of over 500 North Dakota farms, 2006-2007, is summarized using 16 financial measures. Farms are categorized by geographic region, farm type, farm size, gross cash sales, farm tenure, net farm income, debt-to-asset, and age of farmer to analyze relationships between financial performance and farm characteristics. Five-year averages, 2002-2006, and farm financial trends for the 1998-2007 period are also presented. In 2007, median and average acreage per farm was 2,000 and 2,478, respectively. Median and average cash farm revenue was $353,252 and $458,843, respectively. Over 70% of farms were crop farms and nearly one-third of farms had gross sales exceeding $500,000. Median age of farm operators was 47. Every financial measure for 2007 was...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm financial management; Farm management; Farm income; Liquidity; Solvency; Profitability; Repayment capacity; Financial efficiency; Financial benchmarks; Tenure; North Dakota.; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/40559
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Financial Characteristics of North Dakota Farms 2007-2008 AgEcon
Swenson, Andrew L..
The performance of over 500 North Dakota farms, 2007-2008, is summarized using 16 financial measures. Farms are categorized by geographic region, farm type, farm size, gross cash sales, farm tenure, net farm income, debt-to-asset, and age of farmer to analyze relationships between financial performance and farm characteristics. Five-year averages, 2003-2007, and farm financial trends for the 1999-2008 period are also presented. In 2008, median and average acreage per farm was 2,000 and 2,578, respectively. Median and average cash farm revenue was $464,464 and $607,623, respectively. Over 70% of farms were crop farms and 47 percent of farms had gross sales exceeding $500,000. Median age of farm operators was 47. Financial measures for 2008 and 2007 were...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm financial management; Farm management; Farm income; Liquidity; Solvency; Profitability; Repayment capacity; Financial efficiency; Financial benchmarks; Tenure; North Dakota.; Farm Management; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60366
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Legal Pluralism and Dynamic Property Rights AgEcon
Meinzen-Dick, Ruth Suseela; Pradhan, Rajendra.
Conventional conceptions of property rights focus on static definitions of property rights, usually as defined in statutory law. However, in practice there is co-existence and interaction between multiple legal orders such as state, customary, religious, project and local laws, all of which provide bases for claiming property rights. Legal anthropological approaches that recognize this legal pluralism are helpful in understanding this complexity. Individuals may choose one or another of these legal frameworks as the basis for their claims on a resource, in a process referred to as “forum shopping.” Legal pluralism can create uncertainty especially in times of conflict because any individual is unlikely to have knowledge of all types of law that might be...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Property rights; Legal pluralism; Conflict; Law uncertainty; Natural resource management; Water; Water rights; Tenure; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55442
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Segurança na propriedade da terra e a conservação de florestas tropicais na Amazônia Oriental: o caso da fronteira agrícola de Uruará, PA. Infoteca-e
WOOD, C. H.; WALKER, R.; PERZ, S.; SILVA, L. G. T.; TONI, F.; CALDAS, M..
1999
Tipo: Comunicado Técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Floresta tropical; Conservação de recurso; Posse de terra; Desmatamento; Uruara; Pará; Amazonia; Brasil; Forest; Resource conservation; Tenure; Deforestation.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/374683
Registros recuperados: 21
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