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A fuzzy system for cloacal temperature prediction of broiler chickens Ciência Rural
Ferreira,Leandro; Yanagi Junior,Tadayuki; Lacerda,Wilian Soares; Rabelo,Giovanni Francisco.
Cloacal temperature (CT) of broiler chickens is an important parameter to classify its comfort status; therefore its prediction can be used as decision support to turn on acclimatization systems. The aim of this research was to develop and validate a system using the fuzzy set theory for CT prediction of broiler chickens. The fuzzy system was developed based on three input variables: air temperature (T), relative humidity (RH) and air velocity (V). The output variable was the CT. The fuzzy inference system was performed via Mamdani's method which consisted in 48 rules. The defuzzification was done using center of gravity method. The fuzzy system was developed using MAPLE® 8. Experimental results, used for validation, showed that the average standard...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Expert system; Fuzzy sets; Thermal environment.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782012000100027
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Adjust of regression models to estimate the rectal temperature of broilers for the first 14 days of life REA
Ponciano,Patrícia F.; Yanagi Junior,Tadayuki; Lima,Renato R. de; Schiassi,Leonardo; Teixeira,Vitor H..
The broiler rectal temperature (t rectal) is one of the most important physiological responses to classify the animal thermal comfort. Therefore, the aim of this study was to adjust regression models in order to predict the rectal temperature (t rectal) of broiler chickens under different thermal conditions based on age (A) and a meteorological variable (air temperature - t air) or a thermal comfort index (temperature and humidity index -THI or black globe humidity index - BGHI) or a physical quantity enthalpy (H). In addition, through the inversion of these models and the expected t rectal intervals for each age, the comfort limits of t air, THI, BGHI and H for the chicks in the heating phase were determined, aiding in the validation of the equations and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Thermal environment; Poultry; Thermal comfort; Mathematical modeling; Physiological responses.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162012000100002
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Available phosphorus levels in diets supplemented with phytase for male broilers aged 22 to 42 days kept in a high-temperature environment R. Bras. Zootec.
Tizziani,Tarciso; Donzele,Rita Flávia Miranda de Oliveira; Donzele,Juarez Lopes; Balbino,Eric Márcio; Silva,Amanda Dione; Figueiredo,Érika Martins de; Muniz,Jorge Cunha Lima; Jacob,Rodrigo de Freitas.
ABSTRACT This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of reduction of the available phosphorus (avP) in diets supplemented with 500 FTU/kg phytase on performance, carcass characteristics, and bone mineralization of broilers aged 22 to 42 days kept in a high-temperature environment. A total of 336 Cobb broilers with an average initial weight of 0.883±0.005 kg were distributed in a completely randomized design with six treatments - a positive control (0.354 and 0.309% avP without addition of bacterial phytase for the phases of 22 to 33 and 34 to 42 days, respectively), and another five diets with inclusion of phytase (500 FTU) and reduction of the level of avP (0.354, 0.294, 0.233, 0.173, and 0.112%; and 0.309, 0.258, 0.207, 0.156, and 0.106% for the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bone mineralization; Carcass characteristics; Heat stress; Performance; Thermal environment.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982016000200048
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Bioclimatic zoning and trend analysis applied to broilers Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Oliveira,P.T.L.; Amaro,A.L.N.; Yanagi Júnior,T.; Ferraz,G.A.S.; Yanagi,S.N.M..
ABSTRACT The objective of the present study was to establish the bioclimatic zoning by the temperature and humidity index (THI), considering a historical period and a future scenario, in order to represent the thermal environment for broiler breeding in the State of Minas Gerais. A historical series (1976 - 2014) of THI minimum, average and maximum calculated based on data from 48 conventional meteorological stations was used, belonging to the National Institute of Meteorology of the State of Minas Gerais. The analysis of the temporal series was based on the Mann-Kendall test and linear regression. A geostatistical analysis was also carried out to determine the comfort zoning of broilers as a function of the THI intervals. In this way, the THI spatial...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Weather change; Thermal environment; Poultry farming; Temperature and humidity index.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352019000501631
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Environment in poultry production covered with thermal and aluminum roofing tiles REA
OLIVEIRA,FERNANDO G. DE; GODOI,WANESSA M.; PASSINI,ROBERTA.
Brazil is a country of tropical climate, a fact that hinders the poultry production in the aspect of thermal comfort. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the thermal environment in commercial poultry houses with different covers during the months of December 2012 to May 2013, in the municipality of Rio Verde, Goiás. The experimental design was completely randomized in split plots with factorial arrangement of treatments 2x3, being two shed models (thermal and aluminum roof tiles) and three sections within each shed (initial, central and final) for 182 days, having the days as replicates. The thermal environment was assessed through thermal comfort indices: Temperature and Humidity Index, Black Globe Temperature and Humidity Index, Radiant Heat Load and Enthalpy....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Thermal environment; Bioclimatic indices; Roofs.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162015000200206
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FUZZY MODEL FOR PREDICTING CLOACAL TEMPERATURE OF BROILER CHICKENS UNDER THERMAL STRESS REA
Abreu,Lucas H. P.; Yanagi Junior,Tadayuki; Campos,Alessandro T.; Lourençoni,Dian; Bahuti,Marcelo.
ABSTRACT Broiler chickens submitted to different intensities and durations of thermal stress are subject to variation in cloacal temperature and, consequently, to a decrease in performance. Given the complexity of these interactions, artificial intelligence is a useful methodology for decision-making. Thus, this study aimed to assess and predict, by means of a fuzzy model, the cloacal temperature of broiler chickens submitted to thermal stress in the second week of life, with varying durations and intensities, in climatized wind tunnels. Mamdani's inference and defuzzification methods by means of the center of gravity were used. One hundred and twenty rules were elaborated. The developed fuzzy model was used to predict the cloacal temperature of broiler...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Physiological response; Thermal environment; Mathematical modeling; Fuzzy logic.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162019000100018
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Nocturnal thermal comfort in facilities for growing swines REA
Sarubbi,Juliana; Rossi,Luiz A.; Moura,Daniella J. de; Oliveira,Rafael A. de; Maia,Ana Paula de A.
In most of Brazilian pig farms, the environmental acclimatization systems run manually. For night and early morning periods, this practice isn't appropriate, because, in general, there are not employees available to run these manual systems. This research aimed to compare the bioclimatic profile of two differently constructed facilities to the external environment, considering the period from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. during the spring, in order to show that night and early morning temperatures do not coincides with growing pig's thermoneutral zone. For this reason, acclimatization must be also carried out at these periods. It was analyzed the dry bulb temperature, relative air humidity, temperature-humidity index (THI) and enthalpy data of the sheds and external...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Thermal environment; Animal welfare; Pig farming; Acclimatization system.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162012000600004
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Noise analysis to evaluate chick thermal comfort Scientia Agricola
Moura,Daniella Jorge de; Nääs,Irenilza de Alencar; Alves,Elaine Cangussu de Souza; Carvalho,Thayla Morandi Ridolfi de; Vale,Marcos Martinez do; Lima,Karla Andrea Oliveira de.
The relationship between thermal environment and chick performance has widely been evaluated, however the consideration that the assessment of the comfort may be estimated by interpreting both amplitude and frequency of bird vocalization under tropical housing conditions is a new concept. This research had as objective of estimating thermal comfort for chicks during the heating phase using this new concept. An experiment was carried out inside a climate controlled chamber (A) for establishing the behavioral pattern related to environmental temperature limits. Forty five chicks were reared inside a 2.3 m² box. A video camera was placed 2.0 m above the birds and the images were captured and registered in a computer. From the pattern determined in the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Broiler production; Analysis of signals; Thermal environment; Behavior.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162008000400018
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Perfomance of an evaporative cooling system of a finishing phase swine barn Scientia Agricola
Sartor,Valmir; Baêta,Fernando da Costa; Tinôco,Ilda de Fátima Ferreira; Luz,Maira Luciana.
The thermal environment inside of a finishing phase swine barn has great influence on the success of swine production. This environment can be characterized by the black globe temperature and humidity index (BGHI), that represents the air temperature, humidity, wind speed and radiation. Due to the small number of Brazilian reports on this specific subject, this experiment was performed to verify the effect of one kind of evaporative cooling system on the thermal comfort of the animal in a swine barn, during the 98/99 summer at Patos de Minas, MG, Brazil. Two constructions were used, divided in 36 barns, each one with 15 animals, 110 to 150 days old. Along a side of one barn, four cooling devices were installed, with a ventilation system connected to a...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ventilation; Thermal environment; Thermal comfort.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162003000100003
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Ractopamine levels for finishing barrows maintained in heat stress R. Bras. Zootec.
Sanches,Josilene Figueiredo; Kiefer,Charles; Carrijo,Alfredo Sampaio; Moura,Mariana Souza de; Silva,Elizangela Alves da; Santos,Alexandre Pereira dos.
The objective of this study was to evaluate performance, quantitative characteristics of carcass, and visceral responses of barrows maintained on heat stress enviroment and fed diets supplemented with ractopamine. It was used 48 animals with initial weight of 67.3 ± 3.8 kg, distributed in a randomized block design with four levels of ractopamine (0, 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg), each one with six replicates with two animals each. The experimental period lasted 28 days. Air temperature was 31.8 ± 2.0ºC, air humidity was 72.6 ± 10.2% and BGHI was 82.7 ± 2.8. Daily feed intake was not affect by the levels of ractopamine but they improved feed conversion and increased daily weight gain and final weight of the animals. The carcass quantitative characteristics were not...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Additive; Carcass; Performance; Thermal environment.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982010000700019
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Thermal environment of table grape packing houses in the São Francisco Valley. Repositório Alice
VASCONCELOS, O.; TURCO, S. H. N.; DACANAL, C.; LUZ, S.; FREITAS, S. T. de.
The aim of this study was to characterize the thermal environment of the sorting and packing sectors of small, medium and large packing houses in the São Francisco Valley, Northeast of Brazil. Micrometeorological data were monitored every 15 minutes for 20 days during winter 2014 and summer 2015. The parameters evaluated were air temperature (oC), relative humidity (%) and radiant thermal load, RTL,(W/m2). External environmental data were obtained from weather stations close to the packing houses. The data obtained show that packing houses minimum and maximum temperatures were reached at 6am and 3pm, respectively, during winter and summer. Both seasons had air temperatures above 20°C, relative humidity below 90% and radiant thermal load above 450 W/m2. The...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Uva de mesa; Vitis vinifera; Ambiente térmicos; Instalações agrícolas; Vale de são francisco; Uva; Thermal environment; Agricultural facilities; Grapes.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1070927
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THERMAL ENVIRONMENT OF TABLE GRAPE PACKING HOUSES IN THE SÃO FRANCISCO VALLEY REA
Vasconcelos,Osvaldo; Turco,Sílvia; Dacanal,Cristiane; Luz,Simone; Freitas,Sergio.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to characterize the thermal environment of the sorting and packing sectors of small, medium and large packing houses in the São Francisco Valley, Northeast of Brazil. Micrometeorological data were monitored every 15 minutes for 20 days during winter 2014 and summer 2015. The parameters evaluated were air temperature (°C), relative humidity (%) and radiant thermal load, RTL,(W/m2). External environmental data were obtained from weather stations close to the packing houses. The data obtained show that packing houses minimum and maximum temperatures were reached at 6am and 3pm, respectively, during winter and summer. Both seasons had air temperatures above 20°C, relative humidity below 90% and radiant thermal load above 450...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Thermal environment; Performance; Agricultural facilities.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162017000100035
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