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Registros recuperados: 12
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A Comparison of Grassland Management Systems for Beef Cattle Using Self-Contained Farmlets: Effects of Contrasting Nitrogen Inputs and Management Strategies on the Farm Economy AgEcon
Laws, J.A.; Williams, Robert J.; Pain, B.F..
The financial implications of manipulating nitrogen (N) inputs and management strategies for beef production systems were assessed. One-hectare grassland farmlets were grazed to a target sward height by beef steers; herbage surplus to grazing requirements was cut for silage. Three systems were compared: ‘CN’, conventional mineral N application to a grass monoculture and broadcast slurry; ‘TN’, tactical mineral N application at fortnightly intervals to a grass monoculture with slurry injection and the early housing of cattle; ‘GC’, a mixed grass/white clover sward with no mineral N addition and slurry injection. Comparisons were made on two contrasting soil types: a freely-draining sandy loam (site 1) and a poorly drained clay (site 2). Financial budgets...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farmlets; Systems; Beef cattle; Nitrogen; Slurry; Animal production; Economics; UK; Farm Management.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6962
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A Scientific Review of the Impact of UK Ruminant Livestock on Greenhouse Gas Emissions AgEcon
Hopkins, Alan; Lobley, Matt.
Climate change is a subject of global environmental concern. The UK has seen a progressive strengthening of political resolve to address the problems associated with emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), principally carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O). Although agriculture globally, and ruminant livestock production in particular, is a net contributor to GHG emissions, generalizations about impacts on climate change often fail to distinguish between different systems of production, advances in technology, and the role of extensive grazing lands in contributing to ecological services and food production in situations where other forms of farming are impractical. Against this background, the overall aim of this review was therefore to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Climate Change; Ruminant Livestock; Greenhouse Gases; UK; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61030
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Evolution of olive oil import demand structures in nonproducing countries: the cases of Germany and the UK AgEcon
Kavallari, Aikaterini; Maas, Sarah; Schmitz, P. Michael.
Consumption patterns of olive oil have changed over recent years influencing the supply chain. The consumption has increased in countries where olive oil is not part of the traditional diet as for example Germany and the UK, where the average consumption grew by 11 and 13% respectively during the period 1995-2003. The opening of new non-traditional markets has shifted exports and re-structured the supply chain. Mediterranean countries have been the traditional suppliers of olive oil with the EU Mediterranean Member States being the main exporters and with the non-EU Mediterranean countries trying to gain market shares in the EU markets in an attempt to benefit from the preferential access due to the Barcelona Agreement. This paper tries to identify which...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Olive oil; Gravity model; Import demand; Germany; UK; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58073
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Innovation in Food Networks and Organizational Diversity: A Case Study from the UK Retail Cooperative Sector AgEcon
Sodano, Valeria; Hingley, Martin.
The still ongoing processes of consolidation and globalization affect the organizational diversity of the food system in very complex and somehow contradictory ways. The few transnational companies (TNCs) in whose hands the most part of food processing and distribution activities is concentrated, continuously look for organizational innovations to enhance their profits. Inter-firms collaborative arrangements, global sourcing and sector diversification are some of the most widely followed strategies that require (and/or lead to) new organizational forms. The paper identifies some important patterns of organizational structures and innovation in the food (and specifically food retailing) system, in order to evaluate the role and the competitiveness of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cooperatives; Local and global competitiveness; Retailing; Regional sourcing; Socially responsible food networks; UK; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59199
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Local Food Marketing as a Development Opportunity for Small UK Agri-Food Businesses AgEcon
Hingley, Martin; Boone, Julie; Haley, Simon.
Local Food Marketing as a Development Opportunity for Small UK Agri-Food Businesses
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Local food; Marketing; Small-business development; UK; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97022
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Local Food Marketing: Factors for Growth of Small Agri‐food Businesses in the UK AgEcon
Hingley, Martin; Boone, Julie; Haley, Simon.
This study aims to understand local food and explore the barriers to development for small innovative food businesses. Research was conducted through depth interviews and a survey in North‐West England. Results indicate that small business success can be subjective and performance dependent on business aims. Identified were issues concerning access to finance, burden of regulations and the need for support from industry networks and government. Lack of an official and recognised definition of the term “local food” had implications for marketing strategy. Small businesses recognise that customers are increasingly concerned with food provenance and traceability, but that they and their representative associations need to do more to make these links.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Local; Food; Small‐business; Growth; UK; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100458
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MEAT DEMAND IN THE UK: A DIFFERENTIAL APPROACH AgEcon
Fousekis, Panos; Revell, Brian J..
A differential approach is employed to analyze demand for meat in the United Kingdom during 1989-99. Differential demand systems with fixed price effects (Rotterdam and CBS) better explain consumers’ retail purchase allocation decisions for beef, lamb, pork, bacon and poultry compared with models containing variable price effects (NBR and differential AIDS). The real expenditures and the Hicksian demand elasticities are generally found to be quite different from earlier studies using AIDS models. A quality change index of meat consumption is constructed from the estimated CBS model estimation results and decomposed into real expenditure, substitution, trend, seasonal and residual effects.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Meat demand; Differential approach; Model selection; UK; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15401
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Moving from Corporate Social Responsibility to Supply Chain Responsibility: The Case of a Leading UK Food Retailer AgEcon
Spence, Laura; Bourlakis, Michael.
The paper investigates the evolution from corporate social responsibility to supply chain responsibility via the examination of a leading UK food retailer. These two concepts differ substantially and illustrate contrasting approaches in terms of social responsibility development and application. A qualitative case study methodology is used where managers from that leading retailer and its suppliers, industry experts and representatives from professional bodies are interviewed. An observation of an ethical audit with a retailer’s supplier was also conducted. Findings show an example of good practice in the area of corporate social responsibility in the supply chain and illustrate the substantive progress that can be made in achieving supply chain...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Corporate social responsibility; Supply chain responsibility; Food supply chain; UK; Waitrose; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59204
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Technology Adoption And Pest Control Strategies Among UK Cereal Farmers: Evidence from Parametric and Nonparametric Count Data Models AgEcon
Sharma, Abhijit; Bailey, Alastair; Fraser, Iain.
This paper examines technology adoption and integrated pest management strategies employed by UK farmers, using both parametric and nonparametric methods. We employ a unique survey data set collected from UK cereal farmers to assess the determinants of technology adoption in relation to pest management. Our preferred model specification is nonparametric which makes use of the recently developed methods of Li and Racine (2007) and Racine and Li (2004). These methods allow us to combine categorical and continuous data and thereby avoid sample splitting and resulting efficiency losses. Our analysis reveals that total area farmed is positively related to the number of technologies adopted, whereas age is negatively related. We also find evidence of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Technology; Adoption; Cereal farming; UK; Nonparametric; Environmental Economics and Policy; Industrial Organization; Land Economics/Use; Risk and Uncertainty; O14; Q16.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51335
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Using a Discrete Choice Experiment to Elicit Consumers’ WTP for Health Risk Reductions Achieved By Nanotechnology in the UK AgEcon
Erdem, Seda; Rigby, Dan.
We present research findings on consumers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for reductions in the level of foodborne health risks. The research addresses how such valuations are affected by the means of which the risk reduction is delivered and the methods of risk presentations used in choice tasks. In this case, the research has two treatments. In the first treatment, the comparison is between risk reductions achieved by an improvement in the food system in general (e.g., more stringent regulations and inspection regimes) within the slaughter and meat processing stages of the food chain, as opposed to a risk reduction achieved via innovations in food packaging using nanotechnology, which is the use of nanosensors in packaging. If there is a contamination in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Discrete Choice Experiments; Nanotechnology; Nanosensors; Health Risks; Grids; UK; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108950
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USING BEST WORST SCALING TO INVESTIGATE PERCEPTIONS OF CONTROL & CONCERN OVER FOOD AND NON-FOOD RISKS AgEcon
Erdem, Seda; Rigby, Dan.
This research locates a series of risks or hazards within a framework characterised by the level of control respondents believe they have over the risks, and the level of worry the risks prompt. It does this for a set of both food and non-food risks. The means by which this is done is novel, and differs from past risk perception analyses in that it questions people directly regarding their relative assessments of the levels of control and worry over the risks presented. The cognitive burden associated with people ranking and scaling items in large sets is notoriously heavy, so this study uses an elicitation method designed to make the process intuitive and cognitively manageable for respondents. The substantive analysis of the risk perceptions has four...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Best-worst scaling; Risk; Perception; Novel technology; E. coli; UK; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108790
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USING BEST WORST SCALING TO INVESTIGATE PERCEPTIONS OF CONTROL AND CONCERN OVER FOOD AND NON-FOOD RISKS AgEcon
Erdem, Seda; Rigby, Dan.
This research locates a series of risks or hazards within a framework characterized by the level of control respondents believe they have over the risks, and the level of worry the risks prompt. It does this for a set of both food and non-food risks. The means by which this is done is novel and differs from past risk perception analyses in that it asks people directly regarding their relative assessments of the levels of control and worry regarding the risks presented. The cognitive burden associated with people ranking and scaling items in large sets is notoriously heavy and so this study uses an elicitation method designed to make the process intuitive and cognitively manageable for respondents. The substantive analysis of the risk perceptions has 4 main...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Best-worst scaling; Maximum Difference; Food; Risk; Perception; Novel Technology; E.coli; UK; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Risk and Uncertainty; Q18; Q51; D03; D12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61518
Registros recuperados: 12
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