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Approches multifactorielles pour l'étude d'interactions entre l'huître creuse Crassostrea gigas et deux Vibrio pathogènes, V. splendidus et V. aestuarianus : épidémiologie, variabilité de la sensibilité de l'hôte et pathogenèse ArchiMer
De Decker, Sophie.
Oyster production is the main aquaculture activity in France and is dominated by the rearing of Crassostrea gigas. In the aquatic ecosystems where the species is grown, bacteria of the genus Vibrio are found to be dominant. Two Vibrio species, V. splendidus and V. aestuarianus, are frequently associated with Crassostrea gigas summer mortality episodes. The aims of this work were to study Vibrio-oyster interactions and their modulations according to virulence mechanisms and to genetic and physiological parameters of the host. Using specific, sensitive and quantifying diagnostic tools developed in this study, as well as standardized experimental infection trials, some components of the virulence of Vibrio strains and host susceptibility were delineated and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bactériologie; Vibrio pathogène; Interactions Vibrio-huître; Crassostrea gigas; Vibrio splendidus; Vibrio aestuarianus; Epidémiologie; Facteurs de sensibilité.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00016/12697/9618.pdf
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Autophagy in Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Moreau, Pierrick; Moreau, Kevin; Morga, Benjamin; Tourbiez, Delphine; Travers, Marie-agnes; Rubinsztein, David; Renault, Tristan.
Mass mortality outbreaks of Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas, are reported in different areas around the world affecting seriously the shellfish aquaculture sector. Two pathogens are associated with these mortality outbreaks, ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) and Vibrio aestuarianus. In this contexte, a better knowledge is needed in terms of oyster immunity. For this purpose, as an important degradation pathway autophagy was investigated in the Pacific oysters. An in silico research of genes involved in autophagy using the C. gigas genome allowed identification of homologs of ATG1 and ATG8/LC3(Microtubule-associated protein 1A/1B-light chain 3). Gene expression and protein detection were analysed using real-time PCR and western blot, respectively. ATG1 and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Autophagy; Pacific oyster; Crassostrea gigas; OsHV-1; Vibrio aestuarianus.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00218/32876/31345.pdf
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Autophagy plays an important role in protecting Pacific oysters from OsHV-1 and Vibrio aestuarianus infections ArchiMer
Moreau, Pierrick; Moreau, Kevin; Segarra, Amelie; Tourbiez, Delphine; Travers, Marie-agnes; Rubinsztein, David C.; Renault, Tristan.
Recent mass mortality outbreaks around the world in Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas, have seriously affected the aquaculture economy. Although the causes for these mortality outbreaks appear complex, infectious agents are involved. Two pathogens are associated with mass mortality outbreaks, the virus ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) and the bacterium Vibrio aestuarianus. Here we describe the interactions between these 2 pathogens and autophagy, a conserved intracellular pathway playing a key role in innate immunity. We show for the first time that autophagy pathway is present and functional in Pacific oysters and plays an important role to protect animals from infections. This study contributes to better understand the innate immune system of Pacific...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Autophagy; Crassostrea gigas; OsHV-1; Pacific oyster; Vibrio aestuarianus; ATG; Autophagy-related; Atg8-PE; Atg8-phosphatidylethenolamine; DNA; Deoxyribonucleic acid; Hpi; Hours postinfection; LC3-II; Cleaved; Lipidated and autophagosome-associated form of LC3; MAP1LC3A; B (LC3A; B); Microtubule-associated proteins 1 light chain 3 alpha.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00269/37989/36072.pdf
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Caractérisation de la virulence d'une souche de Vibrio aestuarianus, pathogène de l'huître Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Labreuche, Yannick.
In France. shellfish production is a traditional. well-established industry. mainly based upon commercial farming of the Pacifie oyster. Crassostrea gigas. Since the 1980's, annual mass mortalities of C. gigas have been reported during summer. Several studies on this subject have demonstrated that these mortality outbreaks resulted from complex interactions between the physiologieal andJor genetic status of the oysters. environmental factors, and one or more infectious agents, among which are bacteria of the genus Vibrio.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huître; Crassostrea gigas; Bactéries; Vibrio aestuarlanus; Pathogénicité; Produits extracellulaires; Métalloprotéase; Hémocytes; Interactions hôte/pathogène; Oyster; Crassostrea gigas; Bacteria; Vibrio aestuarianus; Pathogenicity; Extracellular products; Metalloprotease; Hemocytes; Host/pathogen interactions.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00034/14561/11859.pdf
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Cellular and molecular hemocyte responses of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, following bacterial infection with Vibrio aestuarianus strain 01/32 ArchiMer
Labreuche, Yannick; Lambert, Christophe; Soudant, Philippe; Boulo, Viviane; Huvet, Arnaud; Nicolas, Jean-louis.
The strategies used by bacterial pathogens to circumvent host defense mechanisms remain largely undefined in bivalve molluscs. In this study, we investigated experimentally the interactions between the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) immune system and Vibrio aestuarianus strain 01/32, a pathogenic bacterium originally isolated from moribund oysters. First, an antibiotic-resistant V. aestuarianus strain was used to demonstrate that only a limited number of bacterial cells was detected in the host circulatory system, suggesting that the bacteria may localize in some organs. Second, we examined the host defense responses to V. aestuarianus at the cellular and molecular levels, using flow-cytometry and real-time PCR techniques. We showed that hemocyte...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Oyster; Pathogenesis; Vibrio aestuarianus; Bivalve immunity.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2182.pdf
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Contribution à l'étude de vibrions pathogènes d'huîtres creuses Crassostrea gigas - Interactions hémocytes-vibrions et développement de tests de diagnostic d'intérêt taxonomique ArchiMer
Duperthuy, Marylise.
Les bactéries du genre Vibrio représentent le groupe le plus fréquemment associé à des maladies infectieuses chez les mollusques marins et notamment l'huître creuse Crassostrea gigas. A ce jour trois espèces de Vibrio pathogènes d'huîtres creuses V. splendidus, V. aestuarianus et récemment V. coralliitycus ont été identifiés en France. La prévention des mortalités associées à ces vibrioses repose sur une meilleure compréhension des interactions hôte-pathogène et sur l'utilisation de techniques de diagnostic rapides à mettre en oeuvre et fiables. Ce travail a permis d'une part de caractériser la dynamique de phagocytose de vibrions par les cellules immunocompétentes de l'huître, les hémocytes. La mise au point d'un protocole d'analyse en cytométrie de flux...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huître creuse; Crassostrea gigas; Vibrio splendidus; Vibrio aestuarianus; Vibrio corralliitycus; Hémocytes; Phagocytose; Cytométrie de flux; Diagnostic; PCRq.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00033/14452/11753.pdf
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Désinfection de l’eau de mer – DESIMER Etude des sous-produits de désinfection ArchiMer
Stavrakakis, Christophe; Papin, Mathias; Dupuy, Beatrice; Riou, Karen; Penisson, Christian; Nourry, Max; Hatt, Philippe-jacques; Buchet, Vincent; Palvadeau, Hubert.
L'eau qui alimente des structures d’élevage ou encore des plateformes expérimentales aquacoles (et potentiellement l’eau qui en est issue) peut être contaminée par des agents pathogènes infectant les coquillages, et plus particulièrement les huîtres, ou encore par des agents pathogènes entériques représentant un risque pour les consommateurs. Par ailleurs, la production possible d'huîtres tétraploïdes dans les installations d’élevage implique l’étude de solutions de traitement adaptées pour éviter tout rejet de gamètes, larves ou naissain d’animaux polyploïdes dans l'environnement. Le projet DESIMER a donc pour objectif d’étudier et de comparer différentes techniques de désinfection de l’eau de mer : la chloration, l’ozonation et le rayonnement UV afin de...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Désinfection; Traitement de l’eau; Sous-produits; Vibrio aestuarianus; OsHV-1; Crassostrea gigas.; Disinfection; Water Treatment; By-products; Vibrio aestuarianus; OsHV-1; Crassostrea gigas..
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00376/48756/49141.pdf
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Development of a duplex Taqman real-time PCR assay for rapid identification of Vibrio splendidus -related and V. aestuarianus strains from bacterial cultures ArchiMer
Saulnier, Denis; De Decker, Sophie; Tourbiez, Delphine; Travers, Marie-agnes.
To enable the rapid and accurate identification of Vibrio splendidus-related and V. aestuarianus strains associated with Pacific cupped oyster Crassostrea gigas mortality, we developed a duplex Taqman real-time PCR assay and evaluated its efficacy. This technique proved to be rapid, sensitive, and specific and will be particularly valuable for epidemiologic studies.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Multiplex real-time PCR; Gene sequencing; Molluscs; Splendidus Glade; Vibrio aestuarianus.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00392/50308/51077.pdf
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Double résistance aux infections dues aux organismes pathogènes Vibrio aestuarianus et OsHV-1 chez l’huître creuse Crassostrea gigas – DORE. Rapport scientifique final de l’étude DORE, convention DPMA-Ifremer 2016 ArchiMer
Degremont, Lionel; Maurouard, Elise; Godfrin, Yoann; Travers, Marie-agnes; Morga, Benjamin; Lamy, Jean-baptiste; Benabdelmouna, Abdellah.
Depuis 2012, le nombre de cas de mortalités d’huîtres creuses adultes (Crassostrea gigas) rapportés dans le cadre des réseaux de surveillance de l’Ifremer, et dans lesquels la bactérie Vibrio aestuarianus a été isolée, a fortement augmenté. Les objectifs de cette étude étaient (1) d’étudier la sensibilité des huîtres C. gigas à une infection à V. aestuarianus pour des lots diploïdes et triploïdes et (2) déterminer la réponse à la sélection pour une meilleure résistance à V. aestuarianus pour des huîtres C. gigas. Neuf stocks ont été utilisés, répartis en trois niveaux de sélection, chacun étant donc répliqué par trois pontes. Pour chaque stock, un lot diploïde (2n), un lot triploïde (3n_chim) produit par la rétention d’un globule polaire, et trois lots...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vibrio aestuarianus; OsHV-1; Sélection; Résistance; Triploïdes; Huître creuse; Crassostrea gigas; Vibrio aestuarianus; OsHV-1; Selective breeding; Disease resistance Pacific oyster; Crassostrea gigas; Triploids.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00404/51530/52140.pdf
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Effects of extracellular products from the pathogenic Vibrio aestuarianus strain 01/32 on lethality and cellular immune responses of the oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Labreuche, Yannick; Soudant, Philippe; Goncalves, Madeleine; Lambert, Christophe; Nicolas, Jean-louis.
Vibrio aestuarianus strain 01/32 was previously shown to be pathogenic to Crassostrea gigas juveniles. To investigate virulence mechanisms of this pathogen, we studied the toxicity to oysters of its extracellular products (ECPs). ECPs displayed lethality to animals, with a LD50 value of 3.3 mu g/g body weight. To determine the oyster cellular immune responses induced by these ECPs, we further examined in vitro their effects on C. gigas hemocytes, using flow cytometric-based hemocyte assays. Treatment of hemolymph with ECPs caused a significant inhibition of hemocyte phagocytosis and adhesive capabilities. In contrast, the pathway of reactive oxygen species production was enhanced by higher ECP concentrations. Exposure of hemocytes to live bacteria induced...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vibrio aestuarianus; ECPs; Crassostrea gigas; ROS production; Adhesion; Phagocytosis; Flow cytometry; Bivalve immunity.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1035.pdf
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Etude de la structure des communautés bactériennes du sédiment et de l'écologie de Vibrio aestuarianus pathogène de l'huître creuse Crassostrea gigas dans deux sites ostréicoles ArchiMer
Azandegbe, Afi.
Since several years, the French oyster farming copes with high mortality affecting juveniles and some adults of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. Studies conducted in the framework of a multidisciplinary project (MOREST) showed that mortality was related to several factors like physiological and genetic status of oyster, pathogens including bacteria of the genus Vibrio, and revealed that the sediment, on which the oyster cages are installed, might play a particular role. This has been suggested because of the concomitance of the mortalities and increased toxic compounds like ammonia and sulphides in the sediment. Moreover, the presence of Vibrio bacteria in the sediment indicates a dual role of sediment in the mortality onset. The physico-chemical...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huître; Crassostrea gigas; Bactéries; Vibrio aestuarianus; Écologie; Sédiment; Ammonium; Sulfures; Oyster; Crassostrea gigas; Bacteria; Vibrio aestuarianus; Ecology; Sediment; Ammonia; Sulphide.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00032/14277/11561.pdf
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First isolation of Nocardia crassostreae from pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas in Europe ArchiMer
Engelsma, M; Roozenburg, I; Joly, Jean-pierre.
In summer 2006 an extensive mortality of Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas occurred in Lake Grevelingen, the Netherlands. A sample of Pacific oysters was investigated for the presence of shellfish pathogens as potential causes of the mortality. Yellow-green lesions were observed in several oysters upon clinical inspection. Histopathology showed that 6 out of 36 oysters had a suspected bacterial infection, including 4 Nocardia-like infections. Two bacterial species, Vibrio aestuarianus and Nocardia crassostreae, were isolated from haemolymph samples and identified using PCR and sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. This is the first isolation of N. crassostreae from shellfish in European waters. The near full-length 16S rRNA sequence of this Dutch Nocardia sp....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Summer mortalities; Ostrea edulis; Crassostrea gigas; Vibrio aestuarianus; Nocardia crassostreae.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4568.pdf
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Les facteurs écophysiologiques et génétiques ainsi que la ploïdie influencent-ils la réponse de l'huître creuse, Crassostrea gigas, à une infection par des Vibrio ? ArchiMer
Castagnet, Sophie.
Depuis une quinzaine d'années, des mortalités massives d'huîtres creuses Crassostrea gigas, sont observées sur le littoral français durant la période estivale. Des études ont démontré que les mortalités sont plurifactorielles et qu'elles sont la résultante d'interactions entre l'environnement, l'huître (physiologie et génétique) et certains agents infectieux. Durant ce stage, les interactions entre l'huître creuse et deux bactéries de genre Vibrio (Vibrio splendidus et Vibrio aestuarianus), fréquemment associées aux mortalités, ont été étudiées, afin de tenter de comprendre le lien entre les facteurs de l'hôte (origine génétique et physiologie de la reproduction) et les vibrions (production d'un facteur de virulence), pouvant impacter la sensibilité de...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecophysiologie; Génétique; Huître creuse; Crassostrea gigas; Vibrio splendidus; Vibrio aestuarianus; Microbiologie.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00033/14442/11741.pdf
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Mass mortality in bivalves and the intricate case of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Barbosa-solomieu, Valerie; Renault, Tristan; Travers, Marie-agnes.
Massive mortality outbreaks in cultured bivalves have been reported worldwide and they have been associated with infection by a range of viral and bacterial pathogens. Due to their economic and social impact, these episodes constitute a particularly sensitive issue in Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) production. Since 2008, mortality outbreaks affecting C. gigas have increased in terms of intensity and geographic distribution. Epidemiologic surveys have lead to the incrimination of pathogens, specifically OsHV-1 and bacteria of the Vibrio genus, in particular Vibrio aestuarianus. Pathogen diversity may partially account for the variability in the outcome of infections. Host factors (age, reproductive status…) including their genetic background that has...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pacific oyster; Spat; OsHV-1; Vibrio aestuarianus; Mortality.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00274/38534/37051.pdf
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Molecular and phenotypic characterization of Vibrio aestuarianus subsp francensis subsp nov., a pathogen of the oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Garnier, Matthieu; Labreuche, Yannick; Nicolas, Jean-louis.
Eleven Vibrio isolates invading the hemolymph of live and moribund oysters (Crassostrea gigas) collected in the field and from a hatchery in France, were characterized by a polyphasic approach. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA, gyrB and toxR genes indicated high homogeneity between these strains and the Vibrio aestuarianus type strain (ATCC35048(T)), and confirmed previous 16S rRNA analysis. In contrast, DNA:DNA hybridization was from 61% to 100%, while phenotypic characters and virulence tests showed a large diversity between the strains. Nevertheless, several common characters allowed the isolates to be distinguished from the reference strain. On the basis of several distinct phenotypic characteristics, it is proposed to establish two subspecies within...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Polyphasic approach; Summer mortalities; Crassostrea gigas; Pathogen; French isolates; Vibrio aestuarianus.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4961.pdf
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Mortalités d'huîtres creuses adultes (Crassostrea gigas) et infection à Vibrio aestuarianus - AESTU ArchiMer
Travers, Marie-agnes; Degremont, Lionel; De Lorgeril, Julien; Azema, Patrick; Montagnani, Caroline; Benabdelmouna, Abdellah; Nicolas, Jean-louis; Le Roux, Frederique.
En 2012, le nombre de cas de mortalités d’huîtres creuses adultes rapportés dans le cadre du réseau Repamo, et dans lesquels la bactérie Vibrio aestuarianus a été isolée, a fortement augmenté. Afin d’apporter de premiers éléments de réponse concernant cette augmentation, les objectifs de cette étude étaient de déterminer si l’émergence/la ré-émergence de V. aestuarianus était associée (i) à l’apparition d’un génotype bactérien particulier et/ou (ii) à une sensibilité accrue de certains animaux. L’Ifremer dispose d’une collection de souches bactériennes appartenant majoritairement au genre Vibrio et qui comporte différents isolats de V. aestuarianus, collectés depuis 2001 pendant ou hors épisodes de mortalité. La comparaison de ces isolats en termes de...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vibrio aestuarianus; Huître creuse; Crassostrea gigas; Bactérie; Ré-émergenece; Virulence; Génome; Statut immunitaire; Génétique.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00229/34037/32430.pdf
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Occurrence and seasonality of Vibrio aestuarianus in sediment and Crassostrea gigas haemolymph at two oyster farms in France ArchiMer
Azandegbe, Afi; Gamier, Matthieu; Andrieux, Francoise; Kerouel, Roger; Philippon, Xavier; Nicolas, Jean-louis.
Vibrio aestuarianus is frequently found in coastal areas and can infect and induce mortalities in the pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. However, nothing is known about its distribution and seasonality in the estuarine environment, especially where oyster farming is practiced. Its occurrence was investigated in sediment and oyster haemolymph at 2 oyster farms in Brittany (France) over 2 yr during 2 periods, from June to September 2007 and from February to June 2008. Total heterotrophic bacteria (HB) were cultured on marine agar while total Vibrio spp. and V. aestuarianus were selectively numerated using thiosulfate citrate bile salts sucrose agar (TCBS agar) and the species-specific hybridisation method, respectively. PCR was performed to detect V....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vibrio aestuarianus; Crassostrea gigas Sediment; Seasonal abundance; Colony-blot.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00017/12813/9756.pdf
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RESCO - Réseau d'observations Conchylicoles : Campagne 2013 ArchiMer
Fleury, Elodie.
The French network RESCO was developed in 2009, following the widespread mortalities in French oysters stocks of Crassostrea gigas that killed a majority of young cultivated oysters in summer 2008. The main objective of this network was to develop a tool of estimation of the mortalities at national scale, through a standardized monitoring of sentinel oysters In 2013, similar batches of spat and 18 month old oysters from different origins were deployed in thirteen sites located all along the French coasts to measure the spatial and temporal evolution of the mortality and growth rates. At the same time, the program provides a high-frequency recording of environmental parameters and the detection of the main infectious agents associated to the oyster...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Huître creuse; Mortalité; Croissance; Température; Enregistrement haute fréquence; Herpes virus; Vibrio aesturianus; Agent pathogène; Crassostrea gigas; Pacific oyster; Mortality; Growth; Temperature; High frequency data acquisition; Herpes virus; Vibrio aestuarianus; Infectious agent.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00197/30851/29212.pdf
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Single or dual experimental infections with Vibrio aestuarianus and OsHV-1 in diploid and triploid Crassostrea gigas at the spat, juvenile and adult stages ArchiMer
Azema, Patrick; Travers, Marie-agnes; Benabdelmouna, Abdellah; Degremont, Lionel.
French production of the Pacific cupped oyster, Crassostrea gigas, is currently threatened by two pathogens, OsHV-1 and V. aestuarianus. While oysters selected for their higher resistance to OsHV-1 are now available for the industry, the impact of V. aestuarianus on such oysters is unknown, especially for triploids. In addition, experimental infection has used the virus or the bacteria alone, but there have been no investigations of dual exposure to these pathogens. This study is the first report of single or dual exposure in spat (Spat1 and Spat2), juvenile and adult naïve oysters. For each of the two stocks evaluated, unselected oysters and oysters selected for their higher resistance to OsHV-1 infection were tested, as well as their triploid siblings of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vibrio aestuarianus; OsHV-1; Dual exposure; Ploidy; Selection; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00347/45835/45918.pdf
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Vibrio aestuarianus zinc metalloprotease causes lethality in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas and impairs the host cellular immune defenses ArchiMer
Labreuche, Yannick; Le Roux, Frederique; Henry, Joel; Zatylny, Celine; Huvet, Arnaud; Lambert, Christophe; Soudant, Philippe; Mazel, Didier; Nicolas, Jean-louis.
Extracellular products (ECPs) of the pathogenic Vibrio aestuarianus 01/32 were previously reported to display lethality in Crassostrea gigas oysters and to cause morphological changes and immunosuppression in oyster hemocytes. To identify the source of this toxicity, biochemical and genetic approaches were developed. ECP protease activity and lethality were shown to be significantly reduced following incubation with metal chelators, suggesting the involvement of a zinc metalloprotease. An open reading frame of 1836 bp encoding a 611-aa metalloprotease (designated yam) was identified. The deduced protein sequence showed high homology to other Vibrio metalloproteases reported to be involved in pathogenicity. To further confirm the role of this enzyme in ECP...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vibrio aestuarianus; Metalloprotease; Crassostrea gigas; Oyster; Hemocytes; Extracellular products.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00015/12649/9588.pdf
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