




Barbosa Aguiar, A. C.; Menesguen, Claire; Le Gentil, Sylvie; Schopp, Richard; Carton, Xavier. 
Nearly all the subsurface eddies detected in seismic imaging of sections in the northeast Atlantic have been assumed to be anticyclones containing Mediterranean Water (MW). Fewer MW cyclones have been observed and studied. In this study, the work of previous numerical studies is extended to investigate some characteristics of layering surrounding MW cyclones, using a primitive equation model with equal diffusivities for salinity and temperature to suppress the effects of double diffusion. It is shown that, after a stable state is reached, both anticyclones and cyclones display similar patterns of layering: stacked thin layers of high acoustic reflectivity located above and below the core of each vortex, which do not match isopycnals. The authors conclude... 
Tipo: Text 
Palavraschave: Geographic location/entity; North Atlantic Ocean; Circulation/ Dynamics; Small scale processes; Atm/Ocean Structure/ Phenomena; Eddies; Vortices; Observational techniques and algorithms; Acoustic measurements/effects; Models and modeling; Primitive equations model. 
Ano: 2015 
URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00281/39190/37746.pdf 
 


Assene, Fernand; Morel, Yves; Delpech, Audrey; Aguedjou, Micael; Jouanno, Julien; Cravatte, Sophie; Marin, Frederic; Ménesguen, Claire; Chaigneau, Alexis; Dadou, Isabelle; Alory, Gael; Holmes, Ryan; Bourlès, Bernard; Kochlarrouy, Ariane. 
In this paper, we analyse the results from a numerical model at high resolution. We focus on the formation and maintenance of subsurface equatorial currents in the Gulf of Guinea and we base our analysis on the evolution of potential vorticity (PV). We highlight the link between submesoscale processes (involving mixing, friction and filamentation), mesoscale vortices and the mean currents in the area. In the simulation, eastward currents, the South and North Equatorial Undercurrents (SEUC and NEUC respectively) and the Guinea Undercurrent (GUC), are shown to be linked to the westward currents located equatorward. We show that east of 20∘ W, both westward and eastward currents are associated with the spreading of PV tongues by mesoscale vortices. The... 
Tipo: Text 
Palavraschave: Equatorial atlantic; NEUC (North Equatorial Undercurrents); SEUC (South Equatorial Undercurrents); Vortices; Mixing; Friction. 
Ano: 2020 
URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00645/75697/76601.pdf 
 


Vandermeirsch, Frederic; Carton, Xavier; Morel, Yves. 
The interaction between a stable zonal jet and a vortex is studied numerically with two oneandahalf layer models, one with quasigeostrophic dynamics, the other with shallowwater equations. In both models, simulations on the fplane evidence three regimes occuring with increasing vortex strength: (regime 1) weak vortices do not cross the jet and steadily drift along it; (regime 2) stronger vortices cross the jet, tear an oppositesign meander from the jet with which they pair as a dipole; the trajectory of this dipole depends on the strength of the initial vortex; since most dipoles are asymmetric, they veer back towards the jet axis where they are split apart in the ambient shear; (regime 3) even stronger vortices cross the jet and tear a vorticity... 
Tipo: Text 
Palavraschave: Potential vorticity; Vortices; Jets; Nonlinear equations; Stratified flow; Rotating fluids. 
Ano: 2003 
URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/publication440.pdf 
 


Vandermeirsch, Frederic; Carton, Xavier; Morel, Yves. 
In a twoandahalflayer quasigeostrophic model, a process study is conducted on the interaction between a vortex and a zonal jet, both with constant potential vorticity. The vortex is a stable anticyclone, initially located north of the eastward jet. The potential vorticity of the jet is allowed to have various vertical structures, while the vortex is concentrated in only one layer. The flow parameters are set to values characteristic of the Azores region. First, the jet is stable. Weak vortices steadily drift north of the jet without crossing it while strong vortices can cross the jet and tear off a cyclone with which they pair as a heton (baroclinic dipole). This heton often breaks later in the shear exerted by the jet; the two vortices finally... 
Tipo: Text 
Palavraschave: Potential vorticity; Vortices; Jets; Nonlinear equations; Stratified flow; Rotating fluids. 
Ano: 2003 
URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/publication441.pdf 
 


Nguyen, Hai Yen; Hua, Bachlien; Schopp, Richard; Carton, Xavier. 
This work addresses the linear dynamics underlying the formation of density interfaces at the periphery of energetic vortices, well outside the vortex core, both in the radial and axial directions. We compute numerically the unstable modes of an anticyclonic Gaussian vortex lens in a continuously stratified rotating fluid. The most unstable mode is a slow mode, associated with a critical layer instability located at the vortex periphery. Although the most unstable disturbance has a characteristic vertical scale which is comparable to the vortex height, interestingly, the critical levels of the successively fastest growing modes are closely spaced at intervals along the axial direction that are much smaller than the vortex height. 
Tipo: Text 
Palavraschave: Quasigeostrophic model; Vortices; Stratified flow; Critical level; Flow instability. 
Ano: 2012 
URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00074/18520/16331.pdf 
 


Buckingham, Christian; Gula, Jonathan; Carton, Xavier. 
In this study, we examine the role of curvature in modifying frontal stability. We first evaluate the classical criterion that the Coriolis parameter f multiplied by the Ertel potential vorticity (PV) q is positive for stable flow and that instability is possible when this quantity is negative. The first portion of this statement can be deduced from Ertel’s PV theorem, assuming an initially positive fq. Moreover, the full statement is implicit in the governing equation for the mean geostrophic flow, as the discriminant, fq, changes sign. However, for curved fronts in cyclogeostrophic or gradient wind balance (GWB), an additional term enters the discriminant owing to conservation of absolute angular momentum L. The resulting expression, (1 + Cu)fq < 0 or... 
Tipo: Text 
Palavraschave: Instability; Ocean dynamics; Potential vorticity; Turbulence; Frontogenesis/frontolysis; Fronts; Vortices; Angular momentum. 
Ano: 2021 
URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00677/78920/81288.pdf 
 


Buckingham, Christian; Gula, Jonathan; Carton, Xavier. 
We continue our study of the role of curvature in modifying frontal stability. In Part I, we obtained an instability criterion valid for curved fronts and vortices in gradient wind balance (GWB): Φ′ = L′q′ < 0, where L′ and q′ are the nondimensional absolute angular momentum and Ertel potential vorticity (PV), respectively. In Part II, we investigate this criterion in a parameter space representative of lowRichardsonnumber fronts and vortices in GWB. An interesting outcome is that, for Richardson numbers near 1, anticyclonic flows increase in q′, while cyclonic flows decrease in q′, tending to stabilize anticyclonic and destabilize cyclonic flow. Although stability is marginal or weak for anticyclonic flow (owing to multiplication by L′), the... 
Tipo: Text 
Palavraschave: Eddies; Fronts; Instability; Ocean circulation; Potential vorticity; Frontogenesis/frontolysis; Vortices; Angular momentum. 
Ano: 2021 
URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00677/78919/81286.pdf 
 

 


