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Registros recuperados: 12
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Agricultural Market Access: A Moving Target in the WTO Negotiations? 31
Brockmeier, Martina; Pelikan, Janine.
This paper analyses the economic effects of different magnitudes of tariff cuts, different tariff cutting formulas, the implications of tariff capping as well as different numbers and width of tariff bands in the market access pillar of the Doha Round agricultural negotiations. The simulations are conducted with an extended version of the GTAP model and an extended version of the GTAP data base (6.0) including bound and applied rates. The results reveal that the EU-27 experiences a negative change of its trade balance in the highly protected beef and sugar sectors. The relative increase of EU beef and sugar imports is mainly evoked by the magnitude of tariff cuts and, to a lesser extent, by the kind of formula used to implement the tariff cuts. In...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Market access; WTO negotiations; Bound and applied tariffs; CGE modeling; Agricultural trade policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25428
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Can the concept of “food sovereignty” justify increasing agricultural protection in developing countries? 31
Laroche Dupraz, Catherine; Postolle, Angele.
The food crisis has challenged the political legitimacy and economic efficiency of the deregulation and liberalization of international agricultural trade. In the second half of the 20th century, “food security” was put forward as the grounds for the implementation of modern protectionist agricultural policies in developed countries. In response to falling, unstable agricultural prices on world markets, price support mechanisms became the main European agricultural policy tool, generating high tariffs. The protection of agricultural markets was reassessed by the Uruguay Round of the GATT international trade negotiations (1986-1994), resulting in binding commitments to reduce domestic support measures suspected of impacting world prices. The ongoing Doha...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food sovereignty; Developing countries; Protection; Agricultural policy; WTO negotiations; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115435
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Duty-free and quota-free market access for LDCs 31
Vanzetti, David; Peters, Ralf.
Developed countries have agreed to provide duty free and quota free access to imports from LDCs covered by 97 per cent of tariff lines. However, LDCs would like to extend the agreement to 100 per cent coverage, since 3 per cent of tariff lines can cover a substantial proportion of LDC exports. Products of major interest include textiles and clothing and agricultural goods such as rice, oilseeds, sugar and bananas. The potential trade and welfare impacts of expanding the coverage are analysed using a general equilibrium model. Estimates indicate LDCs stand to gain $7.5 billion in additional exports.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: WTO negotiations; Trade; Agricultural tariffs.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47646
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Food Security and Agricultural Protection in South Korea 31
Beghin, John C.; Bureau, Jean-Christophe; Park, Sung Joon.
As part of its food security policy, South Korea has been pursuing food self-sufficiency using high tariffs and high administrative prices in key agricultural and food markets. Using a dual approach to trade and trade restrictiveness indices, we analyze the impact of these market distortions on welfare and trade volume. Then, we compute optimum distortions, which minimize the welfare costs of observed self-sufficiency and production objectives. We rationalize these optimum distortions to what could be claimed as legitimate protection under a "food security" (FS) box in World Trade Organization negotiations. FS-box protection is sensitive to changes in the definition and the extent of the FS objectives. We show that FS via production targets and reliance on...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural distortions; Food security; Korea; Protection; Targeting; WTO negotiations; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18547
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Food sovereignty and agricultural trade policy commitments: How much leeway do West African nations have? 31
Laroche Dupraz, Catherine; Postolle, Angele.
The 2008 food crisis has challenged the political legitimacy and economic efficiency of the liberalization of international agricultural trade. An alternative vision defended by the food sovereignty movement is that longterm food security cannot rely on dependency on food imports, but must be built on the development of domestic production with enough barrier protection to shelter it from world price fluctuations and unfair trading. The purpose of this paper is to look into whether the West African nations can achieve food sovereignty given their various trade commitments and other external constraints. The particularity of our approach is to combine a historical economic analysis with a political approach to food sovereignty and trade commitments. Our...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food sovereignty; West Africa; Protection; Agricultural policy; WTO negotiations; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115439
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Handels- und Budgeteffekte der WTO-Agrarverhandlungen in der Doha-Runde: Der revidierte Harbinson-Vorschlag 31
Brockmeier, Martina; Salamon, Petra.
A great deal of attention is currently being paid to the discussion of the reform of global agricultural trade. In this paper, the effects of the revised Harbinson paper (March 2003) are analysed with an extensively extended GTAP model. With the help of a base run, projections are implemented in the form of economic developments as well as already enacted EU policy reforms and measures (Agenda 2000, Mid-Term Review, EU enlargement, EBA agreement) from 1997 to 2014. The base run is compared with a scenario simulating the Doha Round of the WTO based on the revised draft of the Harbinson proposal. The difference between the base run and the model scenario provides information on the effects on EU trade and budget. The revised Harbinson paper leads to a...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: WTO negotiations; Doha Round; Harbinson paper; GTAP model; Agricultural trade; EU budget; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97452
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Nothing to Declare: Duty-free access to imports from LDCs 31
Vanzetti, David; Peters, Ralf.
Developed countries have agreed to provide duty free and quota free access to imports from LDCs covered by 97 per cent of tariff lines. However, LDCs would like to extend the agreement to 100 per cent coverage, since 3 per cent of tariff lines can cover a substantial proportion of LDC exports. Products of major interest include textiles and clothing and agricultural goods such as rice, oilseeds, sugar and bananas. The potential trade and welfare impacts of expanding the coverage are analysed using a global general equilibrium model. Updated estimates indicate LDCs stand to gain $4.2 billion in additional exports, the bulk of which accrues to Bangladesh, Cambodia and West Africa. A further $1.8 billion increase in exports could be obtained if LDCs had duty...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: WTO negotiations; Trade; Tariffs; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124469
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THE ANTI-DUMPING NEGOTIATIONS: PROPOSALS, POSITIONS AND ANTI-DUMPING PROFILES 31
Young, Linda M.; Wainio, John.
Negotiations over the rules governing the use of anti-dumping duties are occurring in both the World Trade Organization and the Free Trade of the Americas. However, the goal of the negotiations is unclear as some governments want to restrict the use of anti-dumping while others seek to maintain the ability of national governments to use anti-dumping measures. We hypothesize that members who desire to preserve the use of anti-dumping are active in initiating suits. To explore this hypothesis, we examine the positions taken by major actors in the negotiations, and their anti-dumping profile. The anti-dumping profile includes data on a member's AD actions including investigations and measures, as well as the investigations and measures against the member's...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Anti-dumping; WTO negotiations; FTAA negotiations; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20041
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The Antidumping Negotiations: Proposals, Positions and Antidumping Profiles 31
Young, Linda M.; Wainio, John.
Negotiations over the rules governing the use of antidumping (AD) duties are occurring in both the World Trade Organization and the Free Trade Area of the Americas. Unfortunately, the goal of the negotiations is unclear, as some governments want to restrict the use of antidumping while others seek to maintain the ability of national governments to use antidumping measures. We hypothesize that members who desire to preserve the use of antidumping are active in initiating suits. To explore this hypothesis, we examine the positions taken by major actors in the negotiations, and their antidumping profiles. An antidumping profile includes data on a member's AD actions, including investigations and measures the member initiates, as well as investigations and...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Antidumping; FTAA negotiations; WTO negotiations; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23869
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The Cost of Food Self-Sufficiency and Agricultural Protection in South Korea 31
Beghin, John C.; Bureau, Jean-Christophe; Park, Sung Joon.
As part of its food security policy, South Korea has been pursuing food self-sufficiency using high tariffs and high administrative prices in key agricultural and food markets. Using a dual approach to trade and trade restrictiveness indices, we analyze the impact of these market distortions on welfare and trade volume. Then, we compute optimum distortions, which minimize the welfare cost of observed self-sufficiency and production objectives. We rationalize these optimum distortions to what could be claimed as legitimate protection under a "food security" (FS) box in World Trade Organization negotiations. FS-box protection is sensitive to changes in the definition and the extent of the FS objectives. We show that FS via production targets and reliance on...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural distortions; Food security; Korea; Protection; Targeting; WTO negotiations; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24879
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The Effects of Alternative Proposals for Agricultural Export Subsidies in the Current WTO Round 31
Conforti, Piero; Velazquez, Beatriz E..
The article is aimed at assessing the impact of reducing and/or eliminating EU export subsidies within the next WTO round. The Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) model and database are employed to study the effects of the two main proposals put forward on this matter by the EU and the U.S. Results of the simulations confirm the common knowledge that the elimination of EU export subsidies would bring about increases in prices, exports and production for several net exporters of agricultural products. At the same time, such effects are all relatively small in size, particularly the effects on trade, production and welfare, even under the more radical scenario that simulates the elimination of export subsidies. Despite the fact that some net importing...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Export competition; GTAP model; WTO negotiations; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23848
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WTO, FTA and Seeking Common Agricultural Policy in Asia 31
Honma, Masayoshi.
This article examines the current stage of WTO negotiations on agriculture and discusses the power structure in major players in the negotiations. The difficulty to reach agreement in WTO leads many counties to FTA for further liberalization in trade. But agricultural sector tends to be a stumbling block there also. To discuss agricultural issues in FTA three countries of China, Japan and Korea are selected for an example of a multiple country FTA in Asia. Examined are how agricultural should be treated and possibility of substantially including agricultural sector in China-Japan-Korea FTA. Despite the difficulties, agricultural sector should be included in the list of tariff reductions for the C-J-K FTA. It is a good opportunity for reforming agricultural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: WTO negotiations; FTA and agriculture; Globalization; C-J-K FTA; Common Agricultural Policy in Asia; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25539
Registros recuperados: 12
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