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Registros recuperados: 37
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Análisis de alternativas para la eliminación de la sobreexplotación de acuíferos en el Valle de Guadalentín AgEcon
Calatrava-Leyva, Javier; Guillem, Amanda; Martinez-Granados, David.
In this paper we analyse the economic impact of alternative water management instruments that allow addressing the problem of non-renewable groundwater pumping in the aquifers of the Guadalentín Valley (southeast Spain). Their impact is assessed using a partial equilibrium mathematical programming model that maximises the farm net margin resulting from the use of the available water resources for irrigation in the area. Our results show that the buyback of groundwater pumping rights is the option with the greatest public budgetary cost and economic impact. On the contrary, the combination of an environmental tax on groundwater pumping and the substitution of groundwater by subsidised desalinised water allow eliminating aquifer overdraft in the area while...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Groundwater; Water economics; Water demand; Mathematical programming; Irrigation; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q25; C61.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120197
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Changing consumption patterns: implications on food and water demand in India AgEcon
Amarasinghe, Upali A.; Shah, Tushaar; Singh, Om Prakash.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food consumption; Cereals; Water demand; Water use; Irrigated farming; Crop production; Grain Livestock; India; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44517
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Cities versus agriculture: Revisiting intersectoral water transfers, potential gains and conflicts AgEcon
Molle, Francois; Berkoff, Jeremy.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water scarcity; Water demand; Water transfer; Water use; Water supply; Water allocation; Environmental effects; Water market; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91817
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Do Consumers React to the Shape of Supply? Water Demand under Heterogeneous Price Structures AgEcon
Olmstead, Sheila M.; Hanemann, W. Michael; Stavins, Robert N..
Urban water pricing provides an opportunity to examine whether consumers react to the shape of supply functions. We carry out an empirical analysis of the influence of price and price structure on residential water demand, using the most price-diverse, detailed, household-level water demand data yet available for this purpose. We adapt the Hausman model of labor supply under progressive income taxation to estimate water demand under non-linear prices. Ours is the first analysis to address both the simultaneous determination of marginal price and water demand under block pricing and the possibility of endogenous price structures in the cross section. In order to examine the possibility that consumers facing block prices are more price-responsive, all else...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Non-linear pricing; Water demand; Price elasticity; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; D12; Q21; Q25; Q28; L95.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10672
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Does Marginal Price Matter? A Regression Discontinuity Approach to Estimating Water Demand AgEcon
Nataraj, Shanthi; Hanemann, W. Michael.
Although complex pricing schedules are increasingly common in utility billing, it is difficult to determine whether consumers respond to complicated marginal prices because price changes are often confounded with simultaneous demand shocks or non-price policies. To overcome this challenge, we exploit a natural experiment - the introduction of a third price block in an increasing block pricing schedule for water - in Santa Cruz, California. Using a regression discontinuity design, we find that consumers do respond to changes in marginal price. Doubling marginal price led to a 12% decrease in water use (500 cubic feet per bill) among high-use households.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water demand; Regression models; Price policy; Consumer behavior; Demand and Price Analysis; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; D12; Q21; Q25; L95.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47078
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Economic Impacts of Reduced Delta Exports Resulting from the Wanger Interim Order for Delta Smelt AgEcon
Sunding, David L.; Ajami, Newsha K.; Hatchett, Steven; Mitchell, David; Zilberman, David.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water transfers; Water supply; Water demand; Water conservation; Water policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51558
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Economics and politics of water resources development: Uda Walawe Irrigation Project, Sri Lanka AgEcon
Molle, Francois; Renwick, Mary E..
The Uda Walawe Irrigation and Resettlement Project (UWIRP) located in the Southern dry zone of Sri Lanka was initiated in the early 1950s. The original plan for the UWIRP was a highly ambitious social, economic and physical engineering project aimed at creating a modern, profitable agriculture sector. This report examines the history of water resources development and investment decisions for the UWIRP over a period of 50 years and uncovers underlying processes that shaped the evolution of the project and highlights the limitation of viewing development as a mere set of technical and social engineering endeavors.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water resources development; Irrigation programs; History; River basins; Rehabilitation; Costs; Crop production; Domestic water; Water use; Reservoirs; Fisheries; Decision making; Cost benefit analysis; Cost recovery; Water requirements; Water demand; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44525
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Estimating Urban Residential Water-Demand with Increasing Block Prices: The Case of Perth, Western Australia AgEcon
Xayavong, Vilaphonh; Burton, Michael P.; White, Benedict.
This study uses panel data at suburb level to estimates the elasticity water demands in Perth, Australia from 1995 to 2005. After deriving the consumer’s water demand under a non-linear budget constraint, we estimate the water demand model, which accounts for how water (and other purchased goods) is used to satisfy fundamental desires of the household. We have applied the specification of price that provided the correctly estimated marginal price from the block tariff structure, and employed a maximum likelihood estimation technique to tackle the endogeneity and heteroskedasticity issues. Our estimation of water demand price elasticities are slightly higher (more elastic) than previous study in Perth, but broadly in line with other estimates in the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water demand; Water pricing; Block pricing; Water resource management; Household model; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q21; Q25; Q23.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7061
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Estimating Urban Residential Water-Demand With Increasing Block Prices: The Case of Perth, Western Australia AgEcon
Xayavong, Vilaphonh; Burton, Michael P.; White, Benedict.
This study uses panel data at suburb level to estimates the elasticity water demands in Perth, Australia from 1995 to 2005. After deriving the consumer’s water demand under a non-linear budget constraint, we estimate the water demand model, which accounts for how water (and other purchased goods) is used to satisfy fundamental desires of the household. We have applied the specification of price that provided the correctly estimated marginal price from the block tariff structure, and employed a maximum likelihood estimation technique to tackle the endogeneity and heteroskedasticity issues. Our estimation of water demand price elasticities are slightly higher (more elastic) than previous study in Perth, but broadly in line with other estimates in the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Water demand; Water pricing; Block pricing; Water resource management; Household model; Demand and Price Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q21; Q25 and Q23.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6010
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Evaluation of historic, current and future water demand in the Olifants River Catchment, South Africa AgEcon
McCartney, Matthew P.; Arranz, Roberto.
Water resource development has played a significant role in the expansion of agriculture and industry in the Olifants River Catchment. However, currently water deficit is one of the major constraints hampering development in the catchment; both the mining and agricultural sectors are producing below optimal levels because of their reliance on insufficient supplies. In this study, the Water Evaluation and Planning (WEAP) model was used to evaluate scenarios of historic, current and future water demand in the catchment. For each scenario, the WEAP model was used to simulate demand in five different sectors (rural, urban, mining, commercial forestry and irrigation) over a 70-year period of varying rainfall and hydrology. Levels of assured supply were...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: River basins; Catchment areas; Water resources development; Water demand; Water allocation; Simulation models; Calibrations; Water use; Irrigation water; Domestic water; Ecology; South Africa; Olifants River Catchment; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61095
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Evaluation of historic, current and future water demand in the Olifants River Catchment, South Africa. AgEcon
McCartney, Matthew P.; Arranz, Roberto.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: River basins; Catchment areas; Water resources development; Water demand; Water allocation; Simulation models; Calibrations; Water use; Irrigation water; Domestic water; Ecology; South Africa; Olifants River Catchment; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57026
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Fixed Effects Estimation of the Intensive and Extensive Margins of Irrigation Water Demand AgEcon
Hendricks, Nathan P.; Peterson, Jeffrey M..
Irrigation water demand is estimated using field-level panel data from Kansas over 16 years. The cost of pumping varies over time due to changes in energy prices and across space due to differences in the depth to water. Exploiting this variation allows us to estimate the demand elasticity while controlling for field-farmer and year fixed effects. Fixed effects also allow us to control for land use without an instrument or assumptions about the distribution of errors. Our estimates of water demand are used to calculate the cost of reducing irrigation water use through water pricing, irrigation cessation, and intensity-reduction programs.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Fixed effects; High Plains Aquifer; Water demand; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122312
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Forecasting Irrigation Water Demand: A Case Study on the Flint River Basin in Georgia AgEcon
Banerjee, Swagata (Ban); Tareen, Irfan Y.; Gunter, Lewell F.; Bramblett, Jimmy; Wetzstein, Michael E..
Southeast drought conditions have accentuated the demand for irrigation in the face of restricted water supply. For allocating this supply, Georgia held an auction for withdrawing irrigated acreage. This auction withdrew 33,000 acres from irrigation, resulting in a physical estimate of a 399 acre-feet daily increase in water flow. The actual reduction is driven by crop distributional changes on the basis of economic substitution and expansion effects. In contrast to the physical estimates, an econometric model that considers these effects is developed. The differences between the physical and econometric models result in an increase in the estimate of water savings of around 19% to 24%.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Acreage response; Crop distribution; Irrigated acreage; Irrigation; Slippage; Water demand; Water saving; Q12; Q24.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37053
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Governance for Integrated Water Resources Management in a River-Basin Context: Proceedings of a Regional Seminar, Bangkok, May 2002 AgEcon
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Water resource management; River basins; Governance; Institutional development; Groundwater irrigation; Water policy; Water allocation; Water demand; Irrigation efficiency; Models; Case studies; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118402
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Groundwater Management and the Cost of Reduced Surface Water Deliveries to Urban Areas: The Case of the Central and West Coast Basins of Southern California AgEcon
Sunding, David L.; Hamilton, Stephen F.; Ajami, Newsha K..
The Central and West Coast groundwater basins (“basins” or “Central and West Coast Basins”) are located in southern Los Angeles County. Groundwater produced from these basins provides approximately forty percent of the water supply for residents and businesses in all or parts of 43 cities. The 4 million residents in the area comprise more than ten percent of the total population of the State of California. This report measures the economic costs and benefits of the various program elements encompassed by the proposed judgment amendments (Judgment Amendments) to pumpers extracting groundwater in the basins. Because those pumpers include water agencies, who collectively serve nearly 4 million customers the economic costs and benefits also extend to the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Groundwater; Water supply; Water costs; Water demand; Water policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51596
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India’s water future to 2025-2050: business-as-usual scenario and deviations AgEcon
Amarasinghe, Upali A.; Shah, Tushaar; Turral, Hugh; Anand, B.K..
With a rapidly expanding economy many changes are taking place in India today. The business-as-usual (BAU) scenario, which assumes the continuation of current trends of key water demand drivers, will meet the future food demand. However, it leads to a severe regional water crisis by 2050, where many river basins will reach closure, will be physically water-scarce and will have regions with severely overexploited groundwater resources. While the alternative scenarios of water demand show both optimistic and pessimistic water futures, the scenario with additional productivity growth is the most optimistic, with significant scope for reducing future water demand.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water demand; Water supply; Population growth; Crop production; Crop yield; Groundwater; Irrigation; Food security; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44522
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Indicators for comparing performance of irrigated agricultural systems AgEcon
Molden, David J.; Sakthivadivel, Ramasamy; Perry, Christopher J.; de Fraiture, Charlotte; Kloezen, Wim H..
Outlines IWMI's external and other comparative performance indicators that allow for analysis of irrigation performance across systems. The purpose of these indicators is to understand the current situation with respect to productive utilization of land and water, to compare relative performance of systems, and to identify where performance can be improved.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigated farming; Irrigation systems; Indicators; Performance indexes; Financing; Crop production; Water demand; Water requirements; Prices; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44581
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Innovative approaches to agricultural water use for improving food security in Sub-Saharan Africa AgEcon
Inocencio, Arlene; Sally, Hilmy; Merrey, Douglas J..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Irrigated farming; Water use; Food security; Water resources; Water supply; Rain; Water harvesting; Wetlands; Food production; Groundwater management; Urbanization; Recycling; Effluents; Waste waters; Water reuse; Water demand; Crop production; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92701
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Integrated development and management of water resources for productive and equitable use in the Indrawati River Basin, Nepal AgEcon
Bhattarai, Madhusudan; Pant, Dhruba; Mishra, V.S.; Devkota, Hari; Pun, Shuku; Kayastha, R.N.; Molden, David J..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: River basin development; Water transfer; Water rights; Water supply; Water demand; Water balance; Environmental effects; Social aspects; Development projects; Non-governmental organizations; Villages; Water users associations; Conflict; Farmers; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92699
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Integrated water resource systems: Theory and policy implications AgEcon
Keller, Andrew; Keller, Jack; Seckler, David.
Presents the concept of integrated water resources systems (IWS) as clearly and simply as possible, with a focus on the irrigation sector-the largest and most complex user of water.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water resource management; Water policy; Irrigation efficiency; Water demand; Leaching; Water use efficiency; Water supply; Evapotranspiration; Models; Water conservation; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52730
Registros recuperados: 37
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