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Registros recuperados: 135
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A boundary-spanning organization for transdisciplinary science on land stewardship: The Stewardship Network Ecology and Society
Fischer, A. Paige; School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan; apfisch@umich.edu.
Although people and organizations in the Great Lakes region, USA take seriously their role as stewards of natural resources, many lack capacity to fulfill that role in a meaningful way. Stepping into that gap, The Stewardship Network (TSN) envisions “a world of empowered, connected communities caring for land and water, now and forever,” and fulfills that vision through its mission to “connect, equip, and mobilize people and organizations to care for land and water in their communities.” TSN uses a scalable model of linked local and regional capacity building, science communication, civic engagement, and on-the-ground stewardship activities to achieve these goals. The model engages local and regional groups in an...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Great Lakes; Restoration; Social learning; Stewardship.
Ano: 2015
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A Framework for Resilience-based Governance of Social-Ecological Systems Ecology and Society
Garmestani, Ahjond S; Environmental Protection Agency, USA; garmestani.ahjond@epa.gov; Benson, Melinda Harm; University of New Mexico, USA; mhbenson@unm.edu.
Panarchy provides a heuristic to characterize the cross-scale dynamics of social-ecological systems and a framework for how governance institutions should behave to be compatible with the ecosystems they manage. Managing for resilience will likely require reform of law to account for the dynamics of social-ecological systems and achieve a substantive mandate that accommodates the need for adaptation. In this paper, we suggest expansive legal reform by identifying the principles of reflexive law as a possible mechanism for achieving a shift to resilience-based governance and leveraging cross-scale dynamics to provide resilience-based responses to increasingly challenging environmental conditions.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Adaptive governance; Adaptive management; Environmental governance; Intermediaries; Panarchy; Reflexive law; Resilience; Resilience-based governance.
Ano: 2013
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A Framework for Spatial Risk Assessments: Potential Impacts of Nonindigenous Invasive Species on Native Species Ecology and Society
Allen, Craig R; USGS Nebraska Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit, University of Nebraska; allencr@unl.edu; Johnson, Alan R; Clemson University; alanj@clemson.edu; Parris, Leslie; Clemson University; leslie.parris@us.army.mil.
Many populations of wild animals and plants are declining and face increasing threats from habitat fragmentation and loss as well as exposure to stressors ranging from toxicants to diseases to invasive nonindigenous species. We describe and demonstrate a spatially explicit ecological risk assessment that allows for the incorporation of a broad array of information that may influence the distribution of an invasive species, toxicants, or other stressors, and the incorporation of landscape variables that may influence the spread of a species or substances. The first step in our analyses is to develop species models and quantify spatial overlap between stressor and target organisms. Risk is assessed as the product of spatial overlap and a hazard index based...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Declining species; Invasive species; Nonindigenous species; Risk assessment; Spatial risk..
Ano: 2006
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A Handful of Heuristics and Some Propositions for Understanding Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems Ecology and Society
Walker, Brian; CSIRO; Brian.Walker@csiro.au; Gunderson, Lance; Emory Universitry; lgunder@emory.edu; Kinzig, Ann; Arizona State University; Ann.Kinzig@asu.edu; Folke, Carl; Stockholm University; calle@system.ecology.su.se; Carpenter, Steve; University of Wisconsin; srcarpen@wisc.edu; Schultz, Lisen; Stockholm University; lisen@ecology.su.se.
This paper is a work-in-progress account of ideas and propositions about resilience in social-ecological systems. It articulates our understanding of how these complex systems change and what determines their ability to absorb disturbances in either their ecological or their social domains. We call them “propositions” because, although they are useful in helping us understand and compare different social-ecological systems, they are not sufficiently well defined to be considered formal hypotheses. These propositions were developed in two workshops, in 2003 and 2004, in which participants compared the dynamics of 15 case studies in a wide range of regions around the world. The propositions raise many questions, and we present a list of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Change; Propositions; Synthesis; Theory; Adaptatability; Transformability.
Ano: 2006
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A matter of ephemerality: the study of Kel Tadrart Tuareg (southwest Libya) campsites via quantitative spatial analysis Ecology and Society
Biagetti, Stefano; CaSEs - Complexity and Socio-Ecological Dynamics group; Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Department of Humanities; School of Geography, Archaeology, and Environmental Studies, University of the Witwatersrand; stefano.biagetti@upf.edu; Crema, Enrico R.; CaSEs - Complexity and Socio-Ecological Dynamics group; Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Department of Humanities; UCL Institute of Archaeology; enrico.crema@upf.edu.
We examined the settlement structure from the Kel Tadrart Tuareg, a small pastoral society from southwest Libya. Our objective was to apply spatial analysis to establish the statistical significance of specific patterns in the settlement layout. In particular, we examined whether there is a separation between domestic and livestock spaces, and whether particular residential features dedicated to guests are spatially isolated. We used both established statistical techniques and newly developed bespoke analyses to test our hypotheses, and then discuss the results in the light of possible applications to other case studies.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Campsites; Kel Tadrart Tuareg; Settlement layout; Spatial analysis.
Ano: 2016
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A Systems Approach for Sustainable Development in Coastal Zones Ecology and Society
Newton, Alice; CIMA, UAlg, Portugal; NILU, Norway; anewton@ualg.pt.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Coastal zone development.
Ano: 2012
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Achieving ecological restoration by working with local people: a Chinese scholar seeks win-win paths Ecology and Society
Zheng, Heran; College of Economic Management, Beijing Forestry University; zhengheran@foxmail.com; Wang, Guosheng; China Law Society; gshwang@126.com.
Environmental degradation and poverty are linked, and this means that conservation and poverty reduction must be tackled together. However, finding a successful integrated strategy has been an elusive goal. We describe the career of a Chinese scholar, Shixiong Cao, whose persistent efforts to find and follow win-win paths have led to ecological restoration accompanied by long-term benefits for local residents. Cao’s story illustrates how development that combines environmental and economic perspectives can both help people to escape the poverty trap and restore degraded environments. His experience demonstrates that when environmental managers find solutions that can mitigate or eliminate poverty through the development of green enterprises, they...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Environmental conservation; Environmental policy; Poverty trap; Scientific philosophy; Socioeconomic development.
Ano: 2014
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After the Cap: Risk Assessment, Citizen Science and Disaster Recovery Ecology and Society
McCormick, Sabrina; George Washington University; sabmc@gwu.edu.
I used the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill to examine how crowdsourcing is used as a new form of citizen science that provides real time assessments of health-related exposures. Assessing risks of an oil spill, or disasters more generally, is a challenge complicated by the situated nature of knowledge-generation that results in differential perceptions and responses. These processes are critical in the case of the British Petroleum spill in the Gulf Coast since the identification of risks promises to have ramifications for multiple social actors, as well as the health status and long-term resilience of communities in the area. Qualitative interviews, ethnographic observations, and video data were collected with local social movement organizations,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Deepwater Horizon; Citizen science; Health; Oil spill.
Ano: 2012
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Agricultural Abandonment, Suburban Growth, and Forest Expansion in Puerto Rico between 1991 and 2000 Ecology and Society
Gould, William A; International Institute of Tropical Forestry - USDA Forest Service; wgould@fs.fed.us; Aide, T. Mitchell; University of Puerto Rico; tmaide@yahoo.com.
The response of local economies to the globalization process can have a large effect on population and land-use dynamics. In countries with a high population density and relatively high levels of education, the globalization process has resulted in a shift in the local economy from agriculture to manufacturing, technology, and service sectors. This shift in the economy has impacted land-use dynamics by decreasing agricultural lands, increasing urban growth, and in some cases, increasing forest cover. This process of economic and forest transition has been well documented in Puerto Rico for the period 1950 to 1990, but some authors predicted that poor planning and continued urban growth would eliminate the gains in forest cover. To investigate the impacts...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Agriculture decline; Forest expansion; Forest transition; Globalization; Land use-cover change; Suburban population growth; Puerto Rico.
Ano: 2008
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An Empty Donut Hole: the Great Collapse of a North American Fishery Ecology and Society
Bailey, Kevin M.; Alaska Fisheries Science Center; Kevin.Bailey@NOAA.gov.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Aleutian Basin; Bering Sea; Commercial fisheries; Conservation; North Pacific; Theragra chalcogramma; Walleye pollock.
Ano: 2011
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An Update on the Scholarly Networks on Resilience, Vulnerability, and Adaptation within the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Ecology and Society
Janssen, Marco A; Arizona State University; Marco.Janssen@asu.edu.
In Janssen et al. (2006), we presented a bibliometric analysis of the resilience, vulnerability, and adaptation knowledge domains within the research activities on human dimensions of global environmental change. We have updated the analysis because 2 years have gone by since the original analysis, and 1113 more publications can now be added to the database. We analyzed how the resulting 3399 publications between 1967 and 2007 are related in terms of co-authorship and citations. The rapid increase in the number of publications in the three knowledge domains continued over the last 2 years, and we still see an overlap between the knowledge domains. We were also able to identify the “hot” publications of the last 2 years.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Bibliometric analysis; Citations; Resilience; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2007
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Applied research for enhancing human well-being and environmental stewardship: using complexity thinking in Southern Africa Ecology and Society
Palmer, Carolyn G.; Unilever Centre for Environmental Water Quality, Institute for Water Research, Rhodes University, South Africa; tally.palmer@ru.ac.za; Biggs, Reinette; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Sweden; Centre for Studies in Complexity, Stellenbosch University, South Africa; oonsie.biggs@stockholmresilience.su.se; Cumming, Graeme S.; Percy FitzPatrick Institute, University of Cape Town, South Africa; graeme.cumming@uct.ac.za.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Complexity; Relational; Stewardship; Sufficiency; Well-being.
Ano: 2015
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Applying Landscape Science to Natural Resource Management Ecology and Society
Robinson , Guy M; Centre for Regional Engagement, University of South Australia; Guy.Robinson@unisa.edu.au; Carson, Doris A; Centre for Regional Engagement, University of South Australia; doris.carson@unisa.edu.au.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Australia; Landscape science; Modeling; Natural resource management (NRM); Stakeholder integration.
Ano: 2013
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Assessing Ecological Risks at the Landscape Scale: Opportunities and Technical Limitations Ecology and Society
Kapustka, Lawrence A; ecological planning and toxicology, inc.; Larry_Kapustka@golder.com.
There is a growing awareness that ecological risk assessments (ERAs) could be improved if they made better use of ecological information. In particular, landscape features that determine the quality of wildlife habitat can have a profound influence on the estimated exposure to stressors incurred by animals when they occupy a particular area. Various approaches to characterizing the quality of habitat for a given species have existed for some time. These approaches fall into three generalized categories: (1) entirely qualitative as in suitable or unsuitable, (2) semiquantitative as in formalized habitat suitability index models, or (3) highly quantitative site-specific characterization of population demographic data such as matrix population models or...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Landscape ecology; Wildlife habitat characterization; Habitat suitability index models; Ecological risk assessments.
Ano: 2005
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Assessing ecosystem services for informing land-use decisions: a problem-oriented approach Ecology and Society
Fricke, Roman; Faculty of Biology, Department of Animal Ecology, Philipps University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany; fricker@staff.uni-marburg.de; Kleyer, Michael; Landscape Ecology Group, Institute of Biology and Environmental Sciences, University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany; michael.kleyer@uni-oldenburg.de; Kobbe, Susanne; Department of Animal Ecology and Conservation, University of Hamburg, Biocentre Grindel, Hamburg, Germany; Susanne.Kobbe@uni-hamburg.de; Seppelt, Ralf; UFZ - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Department Computational Landscape Ecology, Leipzig, Germany; Institute of Geoscience & Geography, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), Germany; ralf.seppelt@ufz.de; Settele, Josef; UFZ - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Department of Community Ecology, Animal Ecology and Social-Ecological Research, Halle, Germany; iDiv - German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research, 04103 Leipzig, Germany; josef.settele@ufz.de; Spangenberg, Joachim H.; UFZ - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Department of Community Ecology, Animal Ecology and Social-Ecological Research, Halle, Germany; Sustainable Europe Research Institute SERI Germany, Cologne, Germany; Joachim.Spangenberg@ufz.de; Tekken, Vera; Institute for Geography and Geology, Department of Sustainability Science and Applied Geography, Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany; vera.tekken@posteo.de; Wittmer, Heidi; UFZ - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Department Environmental Politics, Leipzig, Germany; heidi.wittmer@ufz.de.
Assessments of ecosystem services (ES), that aim at informing decisions on land management, are increasing in number around the globe. Despite selected success stories, evidence for ES information being used in decision making is weak, partly because ES assessments are found to fall short in targeting information needs by decision makers. To improve their applicability in practice, we compared existing concepts of ES assessments with focus on informing land use decisions and identified opportunities for enhancing the relevance of ES assessments for decision making. In a process of codesign, building on experience of four projects in Brazil, China, Madagascar, and Vietnam, we developed a step-wise approach for better targeting ES assessments toward...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Decision support; Ecosystem services assessment; Land use; Problem-oriented.
Ano: 2015
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Assessing Management Regimes in Transboundary River Basins: Do They Support Adaptive Management? Ecology and Society
Raadgever, G.T. (Tom); Centre for River Basin Administration, Delft University of Technology; G.T.Raadgever@tudelft.nl; Mostert, Erik; Centre for River Basin Administration, Delft University of Technology; E.Mostert@tudelft.nl; Kranz, Nicole; Ecologic - Institute for International and European Environmental Policy; Kranz@ecologic.de; Interwies, Eduard; InterSus - Sustainability Services; Interwies@intersus.eu; Timmerman, Jos G.; RWS Centre for Water Management; J.G.Timmerman@riza.rws.minvenw.nl.
River basin management is faced with complex problems that are characterized by uncertainty and change. In transboundary river basins, historical, legal, and cultural differences add to the complexity. The literature on adaptive management gives several suggestions for handling this complexity. It recognizes the importance of management regimes as enabling or limiting adaptive management, but there is no comprehensive overview of regime features that support adaptive management. This paper presents such an overview, focused on transboundary river basin management. It inventories the features that have been claimed to be central to effective transboundary river basin management and refines them using adaptive management literature. It then collates these...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Management regime; Orange; Rhine; River basin; Transboundary.
Ano: 2008
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Assessing Risks to Wildlife Populations from Multiple Stressors: Overview of the Problem and Research Needs. Ecology and Society
Munns, Jr., Wayne R.; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; munns.wayne@epa.gov.
Wildlife populations are experiencing increasing pressure from human-induced changes in the landscape. Stressors including agricultural and urban land use, introduced invasive and exotic species, nutrient enrichment, direct human disturbance, and toxic chemicals directly or indirectly influence the quality and quantity of habitat used by terrestrial and aquatic wildlife. Governmental agencies such as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency are required to assess risks to wildlife populations, in its broadest definition, that result from exposure to these stressors, yet considerable uncertainty exists with respect to how such assessments should be conducted. This uncertainty is compounded by questions concerning the interactive effects of co-occurring...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Ecological risk assessment; Multiple stressors; Wildlife populations; Extrapolation; Population models; Research needs.
Ano: 2006
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Biocultural Refugia: Combating the Erosion of Diversity in Landscapes of Food Production Ecology and Society
Barthel, Stephan; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden; Department of History, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; stephan.barthel@historia.su.se; Crumley, Carole L.; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden; Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Swedish Biodiversity Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden; crumley@live.unc.edu; Svedin, Uno; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden ; uno.svedin@gmail.com.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Biocultural refugia; Diversity; Ecosystem restoration; Resilience; Small holders; Stewardship.
Ano: 2013
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Book Review: Goldstein, B. E. 2012. Collaborative Resilience: Moving Through Crisis to Opportunity. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts Ecology and Society
Schultz, Lisen; Stockholm Resilience Centre and Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University; lisen.schultz@stockholmresilience.su.se.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article
Ano: 2012
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Changes in biodiversity and trade-offs among ecosystem services, stakeholders, and components of well-being: the contribution of the International Long-Term Ecological Research network (ILTER) to Programme on Ecosystem Change and Society (PECS) Ecology and Society
Bourgeron, Patrick; Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR), University of Colorado at Boulder, USA; patrick.bourgeron@colorado.edu; Baudry, Jacques; Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), SAD-Paysage, France; jacques.baudry@rennes.inra.fr; Dick, Jan; Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, UK; jand@ceh.ac.uk; Forsius, Martin; Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), Finland; martin.forsius@ymparisto.fi; Halada, Lubos; Institute of Landscape Ecology SAS, Slovakia; lubos.halada@savba.sk; Krauze, Kinga; European Regional Centre for Ecohydrology, PAS, Poland; k.krauze@erce.unesco.lodz.pl; Nakaoka, Masahiro; Akkeshi Marine Station, Field Science Center for Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University, Japan; nakaoka@fsc.hokudai.ac.jp; Orenstein, Daniel E.; Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Israel; DanielO@ar.technion.ac.il; Parr, Terry W.; Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster, UK; twp@ceh.ac.uk; Redman, Charles L.; School of Sustainability, Arizona State University, USA; Charles.Redman@asu.edu; Rozzi, Ricardo; Sub-Antarctic Biocultural Conservation Program, University of North Texas, USA; Institute of Ecology & Biodiversity, Universidad de Magallanes, Omora Ethnobotanical Park, Puerto Williams, Chile; rozzi@unt.edu; Swemmer, Anthony M.; South African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON), South Africa; tony@saeon.ac.za; Vădineanu, Angheluta; Research Centre for Systems Ecology and Sustainability, University of Bucharest, Romania; angheluta.vadineanu@g.unibuc.ro.
The International Long-Term Ecological Research (ILTER) network comprises > 600 scientific groups conducting site-based research within 40 countries. Its mission includes improving the understanding of global ecosystems and informs solutions to current and future environmental problems at the global scales. The ILTER network covers a wide range of social-ecological conditions and is aligned with the Programme on Ecosystem Change and Society (PECS) goals and approach. Our aim is to examine and develop the conceptual basis for proposed collaboration between ILTER and PECS. We describe how a coordinated effort of several contrasting LTER site-based research groups contributes to the understanding of how policies and technologies drive either toward...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Ecosystem integrity; Ecosystem services; ILTER; Long-term ecological research; PECS; Site-based research; Socio-ecosystem research; Trade-offs among ecosystem services; Transdiscipline.
Ano: 2016
Registros recuperados: 135
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