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Provedor de dados:  AgEcon
País:  United States
Título:  Agrarpolitische Interessen Frankreichs und Deutschlands – Gemeinsamkeiten und Divergenzen unter sich ändernden Rahmenbedingungen
Agricultural policy interests of France and Germany – similarities and divergences under changing conditions
Autores:  Ahrens, Heinz
Lippert, Christian
Data:  2011-01-14
Ano:  2001
Palavras-chave:  CAP
Agricultural policy
European Union
EEC Treaty
Price cuts
Quantitative restrictions
Agenda 2000
Agricultural and Food Policy
Political Economy
Resumo:  The aim of this contribution is to examine how the French and the German positions on agricultural policy have developed since the foundation of the EEC and what the driving forces were behind. The “general consensus” underlying the EEC treaty, and according to which the common market would be “conquered” by France in the case of the classical agricultural products, could not be translated into practice; for what emerged for these products was not a customs union but a “price support union”. As a consequence French intra-community agricultural exports had to be redirected to the world market. Thus initial positive French income transfers via intracommunity trade were transformed into transfers from the EC budget, an evolution that can be interpreted as a “modification of the general consensus”. However, this was not to last long either since the policy of price support, plus the unlimited obligation for the state to purchase any production surpluses, were bound to cause increasing budget costs and an aggravation of international trade conflicts. The fact that in the ensuing discussions on the CAP France favored price cuts while the Federal Republic pleaded for quantitative restrictions, is explained with the help of a partial analysis model. Moreover, the article also explains further divergences between the French and the German agricultural policy positions. In so doing, account is also taken of (a) the modifications of the German positions after reunification and (b) the new accents that have appeared in French agricultural policy after the change in government in 1997.
Tipo:  Journal Article
Idioma:  Alemão
Identificador:  ISSN 0002-1121
Relação:  German Journal of Agricultural Economics> Volume 50, Issue 3, 2001
Formato:  7

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