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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  Development of cultured pearl circles and shape after initial graft and second nucleus insertion in the black-lipped pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera
Autores:  Ky, Chin-long
Demmer, Jonathan
Sham-koua, Manaarii
Cabral, Philippe
Data:  2015-08
Ano:  2015
Palavras-chave:  Pearl oyster
Pinctada margaritifera
Circled pearls
Pearl shapes
Pearl sac
Resumo:  Production of larger, rounder, high-quality cultured pearls with fewer circles is one of the main challenges of Pinctada margaritifera aquaculture faced by every pearl farm in French Polynesia. Although bigger pearl sizes can be achieved through surgreffe operations (implantation of a second nucleus following pearl harvest), control of the development of pearl circles and shapes still remains unclear, as illustrated by grafter’s empirical rules, where often the surgreffe process is only performed after production of uncircled and round pearl shapes. The present study was designed with a real pearl by pearl traceability to reveal for the first time the development of circles and shapes from graft and surgreffe, in relation to the size of the pearl sac. This was indirectly assessed by measuring the differences in diameter (DD) and weight (DW) between standardized surgreffe nuclei and the pearl that had been harvested following the initial graft. An experimental graft and surgreffe experiment was designed using the same criteria: grafter, location, nuclei brand and size for graft and surgreffe, and donor oysters from 10 bi-parental families produced in a hatchery system. We studied the differences between pearls harvested following graft and surgreffe on the same recipient oysters (N = 295 for both graft and surgreffe) in relation to three classes of DD and DW in which the surgreffe nuclei, were: 1) bigger / heavier, 2) equivalent to or 3) smaller/lighter than the harvested pearl. Results revealed that to increase the rate of uncircled pearls following surgreffe, insertion of a nucleus larger than the harvested pearl may be advisable. Indeed, the formation of uncircled pearls following surgreffe was enhanced by inserting bigger / heavier second nucleus, both in animals that had produced a uncircled pearl after the initial graft and in those that had produced a circled pearl . For pearl shape, significantly more round shape pearls were produced after surgreffe, following initial oval and baroque samples from graft, by inserting smaller/lighter and bigger/heavier second nucleus, respectively. Inserting a larger second nucleus will significantly increase the rate of both uncircled and round-shaped pearls. This finding has important implications for surgreffe practices, where recipient oysters with undesirable circle or baroque pearls could now be used in this second stage of production.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Natl Shellfisheries Assoc
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Journal Of Shellfish Research (0730-8000) (Natl Shellfisheries Assoc), 2015-08 , Vol. 34 , N. 2 , P. 319-328
Direitos:  2015 BioOne All rights reserved


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