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Registros recuperados: 46
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Establishment of microbiota in larval culture of Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Asmani, Katia; Petton, Bruno; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Mounier, Jerome; Robert, Rene; Nicolas, Jean-louis.
This study has two main objectives: (1) to implement a recycling aquaculture system (RS) for the larvae of the oyster Crassostrea gigas, and (2) to characterise the bacterial communities established in different compartments of this system. An RS with 25% fresh seawater addition per hour and another with no addition (0%) were compared with a flow-through system (FT). Larval survival was equivalent in RS and FT, but growth rate was 17% slower in RS than in FT. The physical chemical parameters remained stable, except for pH that decreased to 7.75 and salinity that increased to 37.5‰ in the RS 0%. In both systems, the cultivable bacteria were present in similar numbers in seawater (around 105 ml− 1) and in larvae (103 larva− 1) on day 15. Bacterial...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: RAS; Bivalve larvae; Microbiota; Pyrosequencing; Hatchery.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00346/45691/45311.pdf
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Determination of stocking density limits for Crassostrea gigas larvae reared in flow-through and recirculating aquaculture systems and interaction between larval density and biofilm formation ArchiMer
Asmani, Katia; Petton, Bruno; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Mounier, Jerome; Robert, Rene; Nicolas, Jean-louis.
The first aim of this study was to determine the stocking density limits for Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas larvae reared in flow-through system (FTS) and recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS). The second aim was to examine biofilm formation on the larval tank wall and its interaction with larvae growth. Three larvae concentrations were tested: 50, 150, and 300 mL−1. Chemical parameters and larvae performance were measured. The biofilm was observed by scanning electron microscopy, and its bacterial composition was investigated by pyrosequencing analysis of part of the 16S rRNA gene. The highest growth (13 µm day–1), survival (87%) and metamorphosis (50%) rates were observed in FTS at 50 larvae mL–1, while lower and similar performances occurred at...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pacific oyster; Larval culture; High stocking density; Biofilm; Filamentous bacteria.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00395/50611/51324.pdf
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Vibrio crassostreae, a benign oyster colonizer turned into a pathogen after plasmid acquisition ArchiMer
Bruto, Maxime; James, Adele; Petton, Bruno; Labreuche, Yannick; Chenivesse, Sabine; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Polz, Martin F.; Le Roux, Frederique.
Vibrios are frequently associated with oyster mortality; however whether they are the primary causative agent or secondary opportunistic colonizers is not well understood. Here we combine analysis of natural infection dynamics, population genomics and molecular genetics to ask (i) to what extent oysters are passively colonized by Vibrio population present in the surrounding water, (ii) how populations turn over during pathogenicity events and (iii) what genetic factors are responsible for pathogenicity. We identified several populations of Vibrio preferentially associated with oyster tissues. Among these, Vibrio crassostreae is particularly abundant in diseased animals while nearly absent in the surrounding water, and its pathogenicity is correlated with...
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00360/47137/49044.pdf
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Ancestral gene acquisition as the key to virulence potential in environmental Vibrio populations ArchiMer
Bruto, Maxime; Labreuche, Yannick; James, Adele; Piel, Damien; Chenivesse, Sabine; Petton, Bruno; Polz, Martin F.; Le Roux, Frederique.
Diseases of marine animals caused by bacteria of the genus Vibrio are on the rise worldwide. Understanding the eco-evolutionary dynamics of these infectious agents is important for predicting and managing these diseases. Yet, compared to Vibrio infecting humans, knowledge of their role as animal pathogens is scarce. Here we ask how widespread is virulence among ecologically differentiated Vibrio populations, and what is the nature and frequency of virulence genes within these populations? We use a combination of population genomics and molecular genetics to assay hundreds of Vibrio strains for their virulence in the oyster Crassostrea gigas, a unique animal model that allows high-throughput infection assays. We show that within the diverse Splendidus...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00452/56370/57967.pdf
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Pollack (Pollachius pollachius): Acquisition of biologic data in a breeding purpose ArchiMer
Buchet, Vincent; Suquet, Marc; Omnes, Marie-helene; Petton, Bruno; Normant, Yvon; Severe, Armelle; Quemener, Loic; Barone, Herve; Fauvel, Christian; Gaignon, Jean-louis.
The fishing of pollack which concerns essentially, France, United Kingdom and Norway, and at a lower level Ireland and Denmark, is situated between 10 and 15000 tons a year. In 1996, France was the first producer of Pollack. Since 1980, a decrease of production is observed in Europe. In France, landing reached 3000t. in 1998 (Suquet, 2001). However, the demand remaining strong, aquaculture could be a solution to satisfy the deficit between the French production and the domestic demand.
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Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00170/28144/26365.pdf
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The dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum affects development of the oyster Crassostrea gigas, through parental or direct exposure ArchiMer
Castrec, Justine; Hegaret, Helene; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Picard, Mailys; Soudant, Philippe; Petton, Bruno; Boulais, Myrina; Suquet, Marc; Queau, Isabelle; Ratiskol, Dominique; Foulon, Valentin; Le Goic, Nelly; Fabioux, Caroline.
Harmful algal blooms are a threat to aquatic organisms and coastal ecosystems. Among harmful species, the widespread distributed genus Alexandrium is of global importance. This genus is well-known for the synthesis of paralytic shellfish toxins which are toxic for humans through the consumption of contaminated shellfish. While the effects of Alexandrium species upon the physiology of bivalves are now well documented, consequences on reproduction remain poorly studied. In France, Alexandrium minutum blooms have been recurrent for the last decades, generally appearing during the reproduction season of most bivalves including the oyster Crassostrea gigas. These blooms could not only affect gametogenesis but also spawning, larval development or juvenile...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Harmful algal bloom (HAB); Paralytic shellfish toxin (PST); Crassostrea gigas; Gametes; Larvae.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00469/58099/60512.pdf
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Bilan des « Journées Surmortalité des huîtres creuses, Crassostrea gigas » du Programme P7 « Aquaculture Durable » des 8 et 9 décembre 2009 ArchiMer
Cochennec-laureau, Nathalie; Baud, Jean-pierre; Bedier, Edouard; Boudry, Pierre; Huvet, Arnaud; Nicolas, Jean-louis; Pepin, Jean-francois; Petton, Bruno.
Ce bilan comprend deux parties : la première est dédiée à une synthèse des travaux présentés lors des journées « Surmortalités des huîtres creuses, Crassostrea gigas » les 8 et 9 décembre 2009 et, la seconde partie, à une proposition d'un projet de recherche spécifique 2010-2012 en complément des propositions de « sortie de crise ». Contexte Les mortalités estivales de l'huître creuse, Crassostrea gigas, sont décrites depuis une vingtaine d'années en France mais également au Japon, en Corée, aux USA et en Australie. Ces phénomènes ou « syndrome des mortalités estivales » ont fait l'objet d'une étude pluridisciplinaire en France entre 2001 et 2006 (Défi MOREST). Toutefois, en 2008 et 2009, l'ostréiculture française a du faire face à deux épisodes de...
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Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2010/acte-7393.pdf
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Les surmortalités des naissains d’huîtres creuses, Crassostrea gigas : acquis des recherches en 2010 ArchiMer
Cochennec-laureau, Nathalie; Baud, Jean-pierre; Pepin, Jean-francois; Benabdelmouna, Abdellah; Soletchnik, Patrick; Lupo, Coralie; Garcia, Celine; Arzul, Isabelle; Boudry, Pierre; Huvet, Arnaud; Pernet, Fabrice; Bachere, Evelyne; Bedier, Edouard; Petton, Bruno; Gaussem, Florian; Stanisiere, Jean-yves; Degremont, Lionel.
Depuis 2008, la filière ostréicole française doit faire face à des surmortalités exceptionnelles des naissains d’huîtres creuses, Crassostrea gigas, (huîtres de moins d’un an) comprises entre 60 et 90% dans tous les sites d’élevage. Des cas de mortalité similaires ont été décrits en Irlande, dans les îles anglo-normandes, au Portugal en 2009 et au Royaume-Uni en 2010. Récemment deux épisodes de mortalité, associés à la présence d’un virus OsHV1 μvar (ou un variant très proche) ont été également décrits en Nouvelle Zélande (décembre 2010) et en Australie (janvier 2011) soulignant la vulnérabilité de la filière ostréicole dans le monde. L’objectif de ce document est de faire un point sur les recherches menées depuis l’apparition de ce phénomène et de...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00033/14423/11719.pdf
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Influence of one selected Tisochrysis lutea strain rich in lipids on Crassostrea gigas larval development and biochemical composition ArchiMer
Da Costa, F.; Petton, Bruno; Mingant, Christian; Bougaran, Gael; Rouxel, Catherine; Quere, Claudie; Wikfors, G. H.; Soudant, P.; Robert, Rene.
Effects of a remarkably high overall lipid Tisochrysis lutea strain (T+) upon gross biochemical composition, fatty acid (FA), sterol and lipid class composition of Crassostrea gigas larvae were evaluated and compared with a normal strain of Tisochrysis lutea (T) and the diatom Chaetoceros neogracile (Cg). In a first experiment, the influence of different single diets (T, T+ and Cg) and a bispecific diet (TCg) was studied, whereas, effects of monospecific diets (T and T+) and bispecific diets (TCg and T+Cg) were evaluated in a second experiment. The strain T+ was very rich in triglycerides (TAG: 93–95% of total neutral lipids), saturated FA (45%), monounsaturated FA (31–33%) and total fatty acids (4.0–4.7 pg cell−1). Larval oyster survival and growth rate...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Larvae; Lipids; Oyster; Tisochrysis lutea.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00251/36258/36063.pdf
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Immune-suppression by OsHV-1 viral infection causes fatal bacteraemia in Pacific oysters ArchiMer
De Lorgeril, Julien; Lucasson, Aude; Petton, Bruno; Toulza, Eve; Montagnani, Caroline; Clerissi, Camille; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Chaparro, Cristian; Galinier, Richard; Escoubas, Jean Michel; Haffner, Philippe; Degremont, Lionel; Charriere, Guillaume; Lafont, Maxime; Delort, Abigail; Vergnes, Agnes; Chiarello, Marlene; Faury, Nicole; Rubio, Tristan; Leroy, Marc; Perignon, Adeline; Regler, Denis; Morga, Benjamin; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Boudry, Pierre; Le Roux, Frederique; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Gueguen, Yannick; Mitta, Guillaume.
Infectious diseases are mostly explored using reductionist approaches despite repeated evidence showing them to be strongly in fluenced by numerous interacting host and environmental factors. Many diseases with a complex aetiology therefore remain misunderstood. By developing a holistic approach to tackle the complexity of interactions, we decipher the complex intra-host interactions underlying Pacific oyster mortality syndrome affecting juveniles of Crassostrea gigas, the main oyster species exploited worldwide. Using experimental infections reproducing the natural route of infection and combining thorough molecular analyses of oyster families with contrasted susceptibilities, we demonstrate that the disease is caused by multiple infection with an initial...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00461/57234/59228.pdf
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Differential basal expression of immune genes confers Crassostrea gigas resistance to Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome ArchiMer
De Lorgeril, Julien; Petton, Bruno; Lucasson, Aude; Perez, Valérie; Stenger, Pierre-louis; Degremont, Lionel; Montagnani, Caroline; Escoubas, Jean Michel; Haffner, Philippe; Allienne, Jean-françois; Leroy, Marc; Lagarde, Franck; Vidal Dupiol, Jeremie; Gueguen, Yannick; Mitta, Guillaume.
Background: As a major threat to the oyster industry, Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome (POMS) is a polymicrobial disease affecting the main oyster species farmed across the world. POMS affects oyster juveniles and became panzootic this last decade, but POMS resistance in some oyster genotypes has emerged. While we know some genetic loci associated with resistance, the underlying mechanisms remained uncharacterized. So, we developed a comparative transcriptomic approach using basal gene expression profiles between different oyster biparental families with contrasted phenotypes when confronted to POMS (resistant or susceptible). Results: We showed that POMS resistant oysters show differential expression of genes involved in stress responses, protein...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pacific oyster; Oyster disease; Resistance; OsHV-1; Antiviral molecular pathways; Invertebrate immunity..
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00602/71369/69811.pdf
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Temperature modulate disease susceptibility of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas and virulence of the Ostreid herpesvirus type 1 ArchiMer
Delisle, Lizenn; Petton, Bruno; Burguin, Jean Francois; Morga, Benjamin; Corporeau, Charlotte; Pernet, Fabrice.
Temperature triggers marine diseases by changing host susceptibility and pathogen virulence. Oyster mortalities associated with the Ostreid herpesvirus type 1 (OsHV-1) have occurred seasonally in Europe when the seawater temperature range reaches 16–24 °C. Here we assess how temperature modulates oyster susceptibility to OsHV-1 and pathogen virulence. Oysters were injected with OsHV-1 suspension incubated at 21 °C, 26 °C and 29 °C and were placed in cohabitation with healthy oysters (recipients) at these three temperatures according to a fractional factorial design. Survival was followed for 14 d and recipients were sampled for OsHV-1 DNA quantification and viral gene expression. The oysters were all subsequently placed at 21 °C to evaluate the potential...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalve; Health; Marine disease; Mortality risk; Temperature; Virulence.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00442/55337/56847.pdf
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Proteinaceous secretion of bioadhesive produced during crawling and settlement of Crassostrea gigas larvae ArchiMer
Foulon, Valentin; Artigaud, Sebastien; Buscaglia, Manon; Bernay, Benoit; Fabioux, Caroline; Petton, Bruno; Elies, Philippe; Boukerma, Kada; Hellio, Claire; Guerard, Fabienne; Boudry, Pierre.
Bioadhesion of marine organisms has been intensively studied over the last decade because of their ability to attach in various wet environmental conditions and the potential this offers for biotechnology applications. Many marine mollusc species are characterized by a two-phase life history: pelagic larvae settle prior to metamorphosis to a benthic stage. The oyster Crassostrea gigas has been extensively studied for its economic and ecological importance. However, the bioadhesive produced by ready to settle larvae of this species has been little studied. The pediveliger stage of oysters is characterized by the genesis of a specific organ essential for adhesion, the foot. Our scanning electron microscopy and histology analysis revealed that in C. gigas the...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00462/57379/59452.pdf
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Metabolism of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas , is influenced by salinity and modulates survival to the Ostreid herpesvirus OsHV-1 ArchiMer
Fuhrmann, Marine; Delisle, Lizenn; Petton, Bruno; Corporeau, Charlotte; Pernet, Fabrice.
The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, is an osmoconforming bivalve exposed to wide salinity fluctuations. The physiological mechanisms used by oysters to cope with salinity stress are energy demanding and may impair other processes, such as defense against pathogens. This oyster species has been experiencing recurrent mortality events caused by the Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1). The objectives of this study were to investigate the effect of salinity (10, 15, 25 and 35‰) on energetic reserves, key enzyme activities and membrane fatty acids, and to identify the metabolic risk factors related to OsHV-1-induced mortality of oysters. Acclimation to low salinity led to increased water content, protein level, and energetic reserves (carbohydrates and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalve; Disease; Environment; Metabolism; Mortality risk; Salinity.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00427/53886/54958.pdf
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Salinity influences disease-induced mortality of the oyster Crassostrea gigas and infectivity of the ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) ArchiMer
Fuhrmann, Marine; Petton, Bruno; Quillien, Virgile; Faury, Nicole; Morga, Benjamin; Pernet, Fabrice.
Mortality of young Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas associated with the ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) is occurring worldwide. Here, we examined for the first time the effect of salinity on OsHV-1 transmission and disease-related mortality of C. gigas, as well as salinity-related effects on the pathogen itself. To obtain donors for OsHV-1 transmission, we transferred laboratory-raised oysters to an estuary during a disease outbreak and then back to the laboratory. Oysters that tested OsHV-1 positive were placed in seawater tanks (35‰, 21°C). Water from these tanks was used to infect naïve oysters in 2 experimental setups: (1) oysters acclimated or non-acclimated to a salinity of 10, 15, 25 and 35‰ and (2) oysters acclimated to a salinity of 25‰; the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalve; Herpesviridae; Infection; Disease transmission; Risk analysis.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00350/46100/45781.pdf
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Low pH reduced survival of the oyster Crassostrea gigas exposed to the Ostreid herpesvirus 1 by altering the metabolic response of the host ArchiMer
Fuhrmann, Marine; Richard, Gaëlle; Quere, Claudie; Petton, Bruno; Pernet, Fabrice.
Environmental change in the marine realm has been accompanied by emerging diseases as new pathogens evolve to take advantage of hosts weakened by environmental stress. Here we investigated how an exposure to reduced seawater pH influenced the response of the oyster Crassostrea gigas to an infection by the Ostreid herpesvirus type I (OsHV-1). Oysters were acclimated at pH 8.1 or pH 7.8 and then exposed to OsHV-1. Their survival was monitored and oyster tissues were sampled for biochemical analyses. The survival of oysters exposed to OsHV-1 at pH 7.8 was lower (33.5%) than that of their counterparts at pH 8.1 (44.8%) whereas levels of OsHV-1 DNA were similar. Energetic reserves, fatty acid composition and prostaglandin levels in oyster did not vary...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Acidification; Bivalve; Disease; Environment; Metabolism; Mortality risk.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00472/58334/60887.pdf
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Influence de l'hydrodynamique des bassins sur la survie et la croissance des larves de turbot (Psetta maxima) ArchiMer
Gaignon, Jean-louis; Petton, Bruno; Quemener, Loic.
During larval rearing phase of turbot, a substantial variability in survival and growth is frequently observed. In this paper, we studied the effects of hydrodynamics in larvae rearing tanks on the survival and the growth of fed and starved larvae, using the following conditions: water flows of 600 and 1200 ml.mn(-1), constant and progressive ones, air flows of 10 and 30 ml.mn(-1), downward and upward water circulation, with direction change during the rearing phase. We also studied the interactions between water circulation direction and feeding conditions by (1) shifting the first feeding day (4 occasions, at 8 hours intervals, from 52 to 76 hours after 95% of hatching) and (2) using 2 amounts of preys (which differ by a factor 3). The results show that...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Turbot; Techniques d'élevage; Alimentation; Turbot; Rearing methods; Feeding.
Ano: 1998 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00447/55837/62120.pdf
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Connectivities with shellfish farms and channel rivers are associated with mortality risk in oysters ArchiMer
Gangnery, Aline; Normand, Julien; Duval, Cyrielle; Cugier, Philippe; Grangeré, Karine; Petton, Bruno; Petton, Sebastien; Orvain, Francis; Pernet, Fabrice.
Oyster diseases have major consequences on fisheries and aquaculture. In France, young Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas are severely hit by the ostreid herpesvirus, whereas adults suffer mortalities presumably caused by pathogenic bacteria. Here we investigated the origin and spread of mortalities that affect both young and adult oysters, and we identified and compared their risk factors. Mortality was monitored in 2 age classes of oysters deployed in early spring at 39 sites spread over a 37 km2 surface area inside and outside of shellfish farms. Environmental data obtained from numerical modelling were used to investigate risk factors. Mortality of young oysters associated with ostreid herpesvirus occurred in the oyster farming area. Hydrodynamic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Bivalve; Disease; Epidemiology and health; Ecological modelling; Hydrodynamic connectivity.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00588/69983/67896.pdf
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Influence of diet assemblage on Ostrea edulis broodstock conditioning and subsequent larval development ArchiMer
Gonzalez, Ricardo; Mingant, Christian; Petton, Bruno; Robert, Rene.
In contrast with the Japanese oyster Crassostrea gigas and the Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum, Ostrea edulis seed production in the hatchery has been reported to be erratic, with sudden and unexplained larval and post-metamorphosis mortalities. Fecundity and initial larval quality have been related to broodstock conditioning, but effects on larval development and metamorphosis remain poorly understood. In addition, molluscan larval mortalities have been often associated with bacterial contamination and flow-through techniques may help to overcome this problem. Both aspects have been considered in the present work. O. edulis broodstock were conditioned at 19 °C and fed three different microalgal diets. Two were single-species diets: Rhodomonas salina...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ostrea edulis; Feeding; Broodstock conditioning; Larval development; Flow-through.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00090/20093/17732.pdf
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A single regulatory gene is sufficient to alter Vibrio aestuarianus pathogenicity in oysters ArchiMer
Goudenege, David; Travers, Marie-agnes; Lemire, Astrid; Petton, Bruno; Haffner, Philippe; Labreuche, Yannick; Tourbiez, Delphine; Mangenot, Sophie; Calteau, Alexandra; Mazel, Didier; Nicolas, Jean-louis; Jacq, Annick; Le Roux, Frederique.
Oyster diseases caused by pathogenic vibrios pose a major challenge to the sustainability of oyster farming. In France since 2012 a disease affecting specifically adult oysters has been associated with the presence of Vibrio aestuarianus. Here, by combining genome comparison, phylogenetic analyses and high throughput infections of strains isolated before or during the recent outbreaks, we show that virulent strains cluster into two V. aestuarianus lineages independently of the sampling dates. The bacterial lethal dose was not different between strains isolated before or after 2012. Hence the emergence of a new highly virulent clonal strain is unlikely. Each lineage comprises nearly identical strains, the majority of them being virulent, suggesting that...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00226/33685/32530.pdf
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