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The Potential of Microalgae for the Production of Bioactive Molecules of Pharmaceutical Interest ArchiMer
Mimouni, Virginie; Ulmann, Lionel; Pasquet, Virginie; Mathieu, Marie; Picot, Laurent; Bougaran, Gael; Cadoret, Jean-paul; Morant-manceau, Annick; Schoefs, Benoit.
Through the photosynthetic activity, microalgae process more than 25% of annual inorganic carbon dissolved in oceans into carbohydrates that ultimately, serve to feed the other levels of the trophic networks. Besides, microalgae synthesize bioactive molecules such as pigments and lipids that exhibit health properties. In addition, abiotic stresses, such as high irradiance, nutrient starvation, UV irradiation, trigger metabolic reorientations ending with the production of other bioactive compounds such as omega-3 fatty acids or carotenoids. Traditionally, these compounds are acquired through the dietary alimentation. The increasing, and often unsatisfied, demand for compounds from natural sources, combined with the decrease of the halieutic resources,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bioactive compound; Alga; Pigment; Lipid; Health benefit; Abiotic stress; Metabolic reorientation; Diatom.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00118/22894/20847.pdf
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Transcription factors in microalgae: genome-wide prediction and comparative analysis ArchiMer
Thiriet-rupert, Stanislas; Carrier, Gregory; Chenais, Benoit; Trottier, Camille; Bougaran, Gael; Cadoret, Jean-paul; Schoefs, Benoit; Saint-jean, Bruno.
Background: Studying transcription factors, which are some of the key players in gene expression, is of outstanding interest for the investigation of the evolutionary history of organisms through lineage-specific features. In this study we performed the first genome-wide TF identification and comparison between haptophytes and other algal lineages. Results: For TF identification and classification, we created a comprehensive pipeline using a combination of BLAST, HMMER and InterProScan software. The accuracy evaluation of the pipeline shows its applicability for every alga, plant and cyanobacterium, with very good PPV and sensitivity. This pipeline allowed us to identify and classified the transcription factor complement of the three haptophytes...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Algae; Endosymbiotic gene transfer; Haptophytes; Prediction pipeline; Stramenopiles; Tisochrysis lutea; Transcription factors.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00333/44403/44072.pdf
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Response of CO2-starved diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum to light intensity transition ArchiMer
Heydarizadeh, Parisa; Boureba, Wafaa; Zahedi, Morteza; Huang, Bing; Moreau, Brigitte; Lukomska, Ewa; Couzinet-mossion, Aurelie; Wielgosz-collin, Gaetane; Martin-jezequel, Veronique; Bougaran, Gael; Marchand, Justine; Schoefs, Benoit.
In this study, we investigated the responses of Phaeodactylum tricornutum cells acclimated to 300 mu mol m(-2) s(-1) photon flux density to an increase (1000 mmol m(-2) s(-1)) or decrease (30 mmol m(-2)s(-1)) in photon flux densities. The light shift occurred abruptly after 5 days of growth and the acclimation to new conditions was followed during the next 6 days at the physiological and molecular levels. The molecular data reflect a rearrangement of carbon metabolism towards the production of phosphoenolpyruvic acid (PEP) and/or pyruvate. These intermediates were used differently by the cell as a function of the photon flux density: under low light, photosynthesis was depressed while respiration was increased. Under high light, lipids and proteins...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Phaeodactylum tricornutum; Carbon metabolism; Light regulation; Photosynthesis; Chlorophyll fluorescence; Pyruvate hub.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00395/50620/52341.pdf
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Carbon Orientation in the Diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum: The Effects of Carbon Limitation and Photon Flux Density ArchiMer
Heydarizadeh, Parisa; Veidi, Brigitte; Huang, Bing; Lukomska, Ewa; Wielgosz-collin, Gaetane; Couzinet-mossion, Aurélie; Bougaran, Gael; Marchand, Justine; Schoefs, Benoit.
Diatoms adapt to changing environmental conditions in very efficient ways. Among the mechanisms that can be activated, the reorientation of carbon metabolism is crucial because it allows the storage of energy into energy-dense molecules, typically lipids. Beside their roles in physiology, lipids are commercially interesting compounds. Therefore studies dealing with this topic are relevant for both basic and applied science. Although the molecular mechanisms involved in the reorientation of carbon metabolism as a response to a deficiency in nutrients such as nitrogen or phosphorus has been partially elucidated, the impacts of carbon availability on the implementation of the reorientation mechanisms remain unclear. Indeed, it has not been determined if the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Diatom; Carbon deficiency; Carbon metabolism; Stress; Light intensity; Regulation; Biotechnology; Phosphoenolpyruvate.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00489/60058/63338.pdf
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