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Fine-scale recognition and use of mesoscale fronts by foraging Cape gannets in the Benguela upwelling region ArchiMer
Sabarros, Philippe S.; Gremillet, David; Demarcq, Herve; Moseley, Christina; Pichegru, Lorien; Mullers, Ralf H. E.; Stenseth, Nils C.; Machu, Eric.
Oceanic structures such as mesoscale fronts may become hotspots of biological activity through concentration and enrichment processes. These fronts generally attract fish and may therefore be targeted by marine top-predators. In the southern Benguela upwelling system, such fronts might be used as environmental cues by foraging seabirds. In this study we analyzed high-frequency foraging tracks (GPS, 1 s sampling) of Cape gannets Morus capensis from two colonies located on the west and east coast of South Africa in relation to mesoscale fronts detected on daily high-resolution chlorophyll-a maps (MODIS, 1 km). We tested the association of (i) searching behavior and (ii) diving activity of foraging birds with mesoscale fronts. We found that Cape gannets shift...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seabird; Environmental cue; Behavioral shift; Area-restricted search; Feeding activity; Fractal landscape; Oceanographic fronts; Morus capensis; Southern Benguela; South Africa.
Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00236/34756/34575.pdf
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Context-dependent interplays between truncated demographies and climate variation shape the population growth rate of a harvested species ArchiMer
Hidalgo, Manuel; Rouyer, Tristan; Bartolino, Valerio; Cervino, Santiago; Ciannelli, Lorenzo; Massuti, Enric; Jadaud, Angelique; Saborido-rey, Fran; Durant, Joel M.; Santurtun, Marina; Pineiro, Carmen; Stenseth, Nils C..
Fisheries ecologists traditionally aimed at disentangling climate and fishing effects from the population dynamics of exploited marine fish stocks. However, recent studies have shown that internal characteristics and external forcing (climate and exploitation) have interactive rather than additive effects. Thought most of these studies explored how demographic truncation induced by exploitation affected the response of recruitment to climate, identifying a general pattern revealed to be difficult as interactions are often case-specific. Here we compared five exploited stocks of European hake Merluccius merluccius from the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea to investigate how the interaction between internal characteristics and external forces affect the...
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00079/19008/17561.pdf
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Combined effects of exploitation and temperature on fish stocks in the Northeast Atlantic ArchiMer
Rouyer, Tristan; Fromentin, Jean-marc; Hidalgo, Manuel; Stenseth, Nils C..
Fish stock fluctuations are affected by two potentially confounding forces: the removal of individuals by fisheries and climatic variations affecting the productivity of fish populations. Disentangling the relative importance of these forces has thus been a question of primary importance for fisheries management and conservation. Through the analysis of long-term time-series for 27 fish stocks from the Northeast Atlantic, the present study shows that the sign and intensity of the effect of temperature on biomass are dependent on the geographical location: the stocks located at the southernmost and northernmost latitudes of our study displayed stronger associations with temperature than the stocks located in the middle range of latitudes. As a consequence,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Combined climate/exploitation effect; Exploitation; Fish stocks; Northeast Atlantic; Response to climate; Time-series.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00230/34107/32821.pdf
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