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Registros recuperados: 9
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Effects of soil erosion on agro-ecosystem services and soil functions: A multidisciplinary study in nineteen organically farmed European and Turkish vineyards Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Castaldini, M.; Diago, M.P; Giffard, B.; Lagomarsino, A.; Schroers, H.J.; Priori, S.; Valboa, G.; Agnelli, A.E.; Akca, E.; D'Avino, L.; Fulchin, E.; Gagnarli, E.; Kìraz, M.E.; Knapic, M.; Pelengic, R.; Pellegrini, S.; Perria, R.; Puccioni, S.; Simoni, S.; Tangolar, S.; Tardaguila, J.; Vignozzi, N.; Zombardo, A..
This multidisciplinary research work evaluated the effects of soil erosion on grape yield and quality and on different soil functions, namely water and nutrient supply, carbon sequestration, organic matter recycling, and soil biodiversity, with the aim to understand the causes of soil malfunctioning and work out a proper strategy of soil remediation. Degraded areas in nineteen organically farmed European and Turkish vineyards resulted in producing significantly lower amounts of grapes and excessive concentrations of sugar. Plants suffered from decreased water nutrition, due to shallower rooting depth, compaction, and reduced available water capacity, lower chemical fertility, as total nitrogen and cation exchange capacity, and higher concentration of...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality Crop combinations and interactions Soil biology Composting and manuring Nutrient turnover Soil Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection Landscape and recreation Viticulture.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33472/1/JEM_draft.pdf
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CAUSES OF SOIL MALFUNCTIONING IN DEGRADED AREAS OF EUROPEAN AND TURKISH VINEYARDS Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Priori, S.; Giffard, B.; Fulchin, E.; Tardaguila, J.; Schroers, H.J.; Pelengic, R.; Akca, E.; Tangolar, S.; Valboa, G..
A study was carried out in nineteen vineyards of five countries, well representative of major viticultural districts, which showed areas with fertility problems, consequence of strong soil erosion occurred during either pre-planting or ordinary cultivation. The comparison between degraded and non-degraded areas highlighted that the soil features limiting water nutrition and enhancing potential water stress were the most frequent discriminant soil conditions. Low nitrogen availability was the second most important cause of soil malfunctioning, together with low organic matter content. The degradation was also reflected in the very low values of the C/N ratio, pointing to a difficulty of microbiota in synthetizing humus. Other limiting factor were excessive...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Nutrient turnover; Soil; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33458/1/7906-25845-1-PB.pdf
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Monitoring and mapping soil functionality in degraded areas of organic European vineyards Organic Eprints
Priori, S.; Tardaguila, J.; Diago, M.P; Aquino, A.; D'Avino, L.; Lagomarsino, A.; Pellegrini, S.; Valboa, G.; Costantini, E.A.C..
Soil malfunctioning, caused by an improper land preparation before vine plantation and/or management, is a common problem in European vineyards. Soil malfunctioning can include: reduced contribution of the soil fauna, poor organic matter content, imbalance nutritional status, altered pH, water deficiency, soil compaction and/or scarce oxygenation. To address these problems, ReSolVe, a transnational European research project, aimed at testing the effects of selected agronomic strategies for restoring optimal soil functionality in degraded areas within organic vineyard. The project involves 8 research groups in 6 different EU countries (Italy, Spain, France, Sweden, Slovenia, and Turkey) with experts from several disciplines including soil science, ecology,...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality Soil Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30609/1/Priori_etal_Oregon_Abstract_final.pdf
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Effects of reduced soil functionality in European vineyards Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Priori, S.; Akca, S.; Castaldini, M.; D'Avino, L.; Fulchin, E.; Gagnarli, E.; Giffard, B.; Kìraz, M.E.; Lagomarsino, A.; Landi, S.; Martensson, A.; Pellegrini, S.; Perria, R.; Puccioni, S.; Schroers, H.J.; Simoni, S.; Storchi, P.; Tangolar, S.; Tardaguila, J.; Valboa, G.; Zombardo, A..
Improper or excessive land preparation methods in vineyards before planting can have a considerable impact on soil functionality. They include excessive levelling and deep ploughing leading to disturbances of the natural contour of slopes and destruction, truncation and burial of soil horizons. Manipulations may significantly modify chemical, physical, biological and hydrological balance of soils. Problems that may arise from these interventions relate to the reduction of organic substances, enrichment of calcium carbonate and soluble salts, impacting development and health of grapevines. Reduced water retention capacity can lead to increased water stress during dry season, decreased water permeability and circulation of oxygen in the soil, increased...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Nutrient turnover; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32423/1/EGU2017-2296.pdf
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Effect of organic treatments on soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics in vineyard Organic Eprints
Priori, S.; D'Avino, L.; Agnelli, A.E.; Valboa, G.; Knapic, M.; Schroers, H.J.; Akca, E.; Tangolar, S.; Kìraz, M.E.; Giffard, B.; Fulchin, E..
The work aims to investigate the effects of different soil management strategies on carbon sequestration and total nitrogen in areas of vineyards suffering from loss of soil functionality. Treatments, selected for inter-row management, to re-install soil functionality were based on compost or other organic amendments (COMP), green manure (GM), and dry mulching (DM) strategies using winter legumes and cereals. Cover crops were seeded in fall and mown in late spring, leaved in the ground for mulching in DM or incorporated into the uppermost soil layers in GM. Such approaches were investigated in six vineyards in Italy, six in France, and two vineyards in Slovenia and Turkey. The results showed that COMP significantly increased total organic carbon (TOC)...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Composting and manuring; Nutrient turnover; Soil tillage; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Viticulture.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33464/1/7896-25717-1-PB.pdf
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Soil functionality assessment in degraded plots of vineyards Organic Eprints
Priori, S.; Lagomarsino, A.; Agnelli, A.E.; Valboa, G.; Castaldini, M.; Pellegrini, S.; Simoni, S.; D'Avino, L.; Gagnarli, E.; Guidi, S.; Goggioli, D.; Landi, S.; D'Errico, G.; Perria, R.; Puccioni, S.; Leprini, M.; Zombardo, A.; Storchi, P.; Costantini, E.A.C..
Land transformation to adapt fields to mechanization in perennial crop farming is a common practice which includes land levelling, deep ploughing, stone-breakage and clearing, application of fertilizers and amendments. Manipulation of the natural soil profile along its entire depth can severely disturb the naturally existing chemical physical,biological and hydrological equilibrium (Costantini and Barbetti, 2008; Costantini et al., 2013). The most common effects of the land transformation are mixing of soil horizons and soil truncation, which result in reduction of soil depth and available water, organic matter depletion, enrichment of calcium carbonate content in the topsoil,imbalance of some element ratio, and decline in the activity and diversity of...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Nutrient turnover; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Landscape and recreation; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30955/1/Atti_Congresso_SISS2015.pdf
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Assessment of soil ecosystem in degraded areas of vineyards after organic treatments Organic Eprints
Landi, S.; D'Errico, G.; Gagnarli, E.; Simoni, S.; Goggioli, D.; Guidi, S.; D'Avino, L.; Lagomarsino, A.; Valboa, G.; Castaldini, M.; Agnelli, A.E.; Fantappiè, M.; Lorenzetti, R.; Priori, S.; Costantini, E.A.C..
In Italian vineyards, it is quite common to have areas characterized by problems in vine health, grape production and quality, often caused by improper land preparation before vine plantation and/or management. Causes for soil malfunctioning can include reduced contribution of the soil fauna to the ecosystem services such as nutrient cycles and organic matter turnover. ReSolVe is a transnational and interdisciplinary project, supported by Core-Organic+ program, aimed at testing the effects of selective agronomic strategies for restoring optimal soil functionality in degraded areas within organic vineyard. For this purpose, the evaluation and biomonitoring of the abundance of soil mesofauna, nematodes and microarthropods, represents an efficient tool...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil biology; Nutrient turnover; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32424/1/EGU2017-7025.pdf
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Short-term recovery of soil physical, chemical, micro- and mesobiological functions in a new vineyard under organic farming Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Agnelli, A.E.; Fabiani, A.; Gagnarli, E.; Mocali, S.; Priori, S.; Simoni, S.; Valboa, G..
Deep earthwork activities carried out before vineyard plantation can severely affect soil profile properties. As a result, soil features in the root environment are often much more similar to those of the underlying substratum than those of the original profile. The time needed to recover the original soil functions is ecologically relevant and may strongly affect vine phenology and grape yield, particularly under organic viticulture. The general aim of this work was to investigate soil resilience after vineyard pre-planting earthworks. In particular, an old and a new vineyard, established on the same soil type, were compared over a 5-year period for soil chemical, physical, micro- and mesobiological properties. The investigated vineyards (Vitis...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil tillage; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Landscape and recreation.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/30664/1/soil-1-443-2015.pdf
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Assessment and restoring soil functionality in degraded areas of organic vineyards. The preliminary results of the ReSolVe project in Italy Organic Eprints
Priori, S.; Agnelli, A.E.; Castaldini, M.; D'Avino, L.; D'Errico, G.; Gagnarli, E.; Guidi, S.; Goggioli, D.; Lagomarsino, A.; Landi, S.; Leprini, M.; Pellegrini, S.; Perria, R.; Puccioni, S.; Simoni, S.; Storchi, P.; Valboa, G.; Zombardo, A.; Costantini, E.A.C..
In both conventional and organic Italian vineyards, it is quite common to have areas characterized by problems in vine health, grape production and quality, often caused by improper land preparation before vine plantation and/or management. Causes for soil malfunctioning can include: reduced contribution of the soil fauna to the ecosystem services (i.e. nutrient cycles), poor organic matter content, imbalance of some element ratio, altered pH, water deficiency, soil compaction and/or scarce oxygenation. ReSolVe is a transnational and interdisciplinary 3-years research project aimed at testing the effects of selected organic strategies for restoring optimal soil functionality in degraded areas within vineyard. The different restoring strategies...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30219/1/EGU2016-4501.pdf
Registros recuperados: 9
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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